7 Works

Counting the bodies: estimating the numbers and spatial variation of Australian reptiles, birds and mammals killed by two invasive mesopredators

Alyson Stobo-Wilson, Brett Murphy, Sarah Legge, Hernan Caceres-Escobar, David Chapple, Heather Crawford, Stuart Dawson, Chris Dickman, Tim Doherty, Patricia Fleming, Stephen Garnett, Matthew Gentle, Thomas Newsome, Russell Palmer, Matthew Rees, Euan Ritchie, James Speed, John-Michael Stuart, Andres Suarez-Castro, Eilysh Thompson, Ayesha Tulloch, Jeff Turpin & John Woinarski
Aim: Introduced predators negatively impact biodiversity globally, with insular fauna often most severely affected. Here, we assess spatial variation in the number of terrestrial vertebrates (excluding amphibians) killed by two mammalian mesopredators introduced to Australia, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and feral cat (Felis catus). We aim to identify prey groups that suffer especially high rates of predation, and regions where losses to foxes and/or cats are most substantial. Location: Australia Methods: We draw information...

Global invasion history of the emerging plant pathogen Phytophthora multivora

Tetyana Tsykun, Simone Prospero, Corine N. Schoebel, Alexander Rea & Treena I. Burgess
Abstract Background: global trade in living plants and plant material has significantly increased the geographic distribution of many plant pathogens. As a consequence, several pathogens have been first found and described in their introduced range where they may cause severe damage on naïve host species. Knowing the center of origin and the pathways of spread of a pathogen is of importance for several reasons, including identifying natural enemies and reducing further spread. Several Phytophthora species...

Signatures of natural selection in a foundation tree along Mediterranean climatic gradients

João Carlos Filipe
Temperature and precipitation regimes are rapidly changing, resulting in forest dieback and extinction events, particularly in Mediterranean-type climates (MTC). Forest management that enhance forests’ resilience is urgently required, however adaptation to climates in heterogeneous landscapes with multiple selection pressures is complex. For widespread trees in MTC we hypothesized that: patterns of local adaptation are associated with climate; precipitation is a stronger factor of adaptation than temperature; functionally related genes show similar signatures of adaptation; and...

Unexpected morphological diversity in ancient dogs compared to modern relatives

Colline Brassard, Adrian Bălășescu, Rose-Marie Arbogast, Vianney Forest, Céline Bemilli, Adina Boroneant, Fabien Convertini, Muriel Gandelin, Valentin Radu, Patricia Fleming, Claude Guintard, Tracey Kreplins, Cécile Callou, Andréa Filippo, Anne Tresset, Raphaël Cornette, Anthony Herrel & Stéphanie BREHARD
Dogs are among the most variable species today, but little is known about the morphological variability in the early phases of their history. The Neolithic transition to farming may have resulted in an early morphological diversification as a result of changes in the anthropic environment or intentional selection on specific morphologies. Here, we explore the variability and modularity in mandible form by comparing 525 dog mandibles from European archaeological sites ranging from 8,100 to 3,000...

Maximization of fitness by phenological and phenotypic plasticity in range expanding rabbitfish (Siganidae)

Salvador Zarco-Perello
Global warming is modifying the phenology, life-history traits and biogeography of species around the world. Evidence of these effects have increased over recent decades; however, we still have a poor understanding of the possible outcomes of their interplay across global climatic gradients, hindering our ability to accurately predict the consequences of climate change in populations and ecosystems. We examined the effect that changes in biogeography can have on the life-history traits of two of the...

Data from: Variation in red fox Vulpes vulpes diet in five continents

Irene Castañeda, Tim S. Doherty, Patricia A. Fleming, Alyson M. Stobo-Wilson, John C. Z. Woinarski & Thomas M. Newsome
Understanding variation in the diet of widely distributed species can help us to predict how they respond to future environmental and anthropogenic changes. We studied the diet of the red fox Vulpes vulpes, one of the world’s most widely distributed carnivores. We compiled dietary data from 217 studies at 276 locations in five continents to assess how fox diet composition varied according to geographic location, climate, anthropogenic impact and sampling method. The diet of foxes...

Data from: Ontogeny can provide insight into the roles of natural and sexual selection in cricket cuticular hydrocarbon evolution

Leigh W Simmons, Leigh W Simmons, Maxine Lovegrove, Bob Du, Yonglin Ren & Melissa Thomas
The often complex cocktails of hydrocarbon compounds found on the cuticles of insects can serve both naturally and sexually selected functions, contributing to an individual’s ability to withstand water loss and attract mating partners. However, whether natural and sexual selection act synergistically or antagonistically on a species’ cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profile remains unclear. Here we examined the ontogeny of the CHC profile in a species of cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus while manipulating humidity during development. We...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Murdoch University
  • University of Sydney
  • Charles Darwin University
  • University of Queensland
  • University of Melbourne
  • Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute
  • Monash University
  • Deakin University
  • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
  • National Museum of Natural History