Data from: An SSR based approach incorporating a novel algorithm for identification of rare maize genotypes facilitates criteria for landrace conservation in MexicoCorina Hayano-Kanashiro, Octavio Martìnez De La Vega, M. Humberto Reyes-Valdés, José-Luis Pons-Hernández, Fernando Hernández-Godinez, Emigdia Alfaro-Laguna, José Luis Herrera-Ayala, Ma. Cristina Vega-Sánchez, José Alfredo Carrera-Valtierra & June Simpson
Since maize was domesticated in Mexico around 9000 years ago, local farmers have selected and maintained seed stocks with particular traits and adapted to local conditions. In the present day many of these landraces are still cultivated, however increased urbanization and migration from rural areas implies a risk that this invaluable maize germplasm may be lost. In order to implement an efficient mechanism of conservation in situ, the diversity of these landrace populations must be...
The central-abundance hypothesis predicts that local adaptation is a function of the distance to the center of a species’ geographic range. To test this hypothesis, we gathered genomic diversity data from 49 populations, 646 individuals and 33,464 SNPs of two wild relatives of maize, the teosintes Zea mays ssp. parviglumis and Zea. mays. ssp. mexicana. We examined the association between the distance to their climatic and geographic centroids and the enrichment of SNPs bearing signals...
We review a recently discovered white spruce (Picea glauca) chemical defense against spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) involving hydroxyacetophenones. These defense metabolites detected in the foliage accumulate variably as the aglycons, piceol and pungenol, or the corresponding glucosides, picein and pungenin. We summarize current knowledge of the genomic, molecular and biochemical as well as genetic underpinnings of this defense and its effects on C. fumiferana. We present an update with new results on the ontogenic variation...
We characterized the nucleic acid sensing Toll-like receptors (TLR) of a New World bat species, the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), and through a comparative molecular evolutionary approach searched for general adaptation patterns among the nucleic acid sensing TLRs of eight different bats species belonging to three families (Pteropodidae, Vespertilionidae and Phyllostomidae). We found that the bat TLRs are evolving slowly and mostly under purifying selection and that the divergence pattern of such receptors is...
BACKGROUND: American Creole cattle presumably descend from animals imported from the Iberian Peninsula during the period of colonization and settlement, through different migration routes, and may have also suffered the influence of cattle directly imported from Africa. The introduction of European cattle, which began in the 18th century, and later of Zebu from India, has threatened the survival of Creole populations, some of which have nearly disappeared or were admixed with exotic breeds. Assessment of...
Data from: Estimation of genetic parameters associated with frosty pod rot (Moniliophthora roreri) and cacao production in MexicoJosé Luis Solís Bonilla, Uilson Vanderlei Lopes, Alfredo Zamarripa Colmenero, Biaani Beeu Martínez Valencia, Carlos Hugo Avendaño Arrazate & Karina Peres Gramacho
Genetic parameters were estimated for frosty pod rot resistance and yield components in cacao using a linear mixed model approach (Restricted Maximum Likelihood and Best Linear Unbiased Prediction). Two progeny trials established in the Rosario Izapa Experimental Field of the INIFAP in Chiapas, Mexico, were evaluated for frosty pod rot incidence and yield components, including the number of pods per tree, bean dry weight per tree, number of beans per pod, bean dry weight per...
Crop diversity conservation in situ is an ecosystem service with benefits at household, community, and global scales. These include risk reduction and adaptation to changing physical and sociocultural environments—both important given the accelerating changes in climate, human migration, and the industrialization of agriculture. In situ conservation typically occurs as part of small-scale, traditionally based agriculture and can support cultural identity and values. Although decisions regarding crop diversity occur at the household level, few data detail...
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias7
National Autonomous University of Mexico2
Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro1
University of Zaragoza1
University of Lisbon1
University of Paris-Sud1
French National Centre for Scientific Research1
Complutense University of Madrid1
Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria1