27 Works

Data from: High spatiotemporal overlap in the non-breeding season despite geographically dispersed breeding locations in the eastern whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)

Aaron Skinner
The eastern whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) is a Neotropical migrant that has declined by 70% in recent decades, yet when and where populations are limited throughout the annual cycle is poorly understood. We deployed 115 archival GPS tags across a 9.5-degree latitudinal span (~1000 km; midwestern US) on whip-poor-wills in the summers of 2017 and 2019, and extracted data from 52 tags. The associated .csv file exhibits the raw movement data extracted from the archival GPS...

OSU-Honda automobile hood dataset (CarHoods10k)

Satchit Ramnath, Jami J. Shah, Patricia Wollstadt, Mariusz Bujny, Stefan Menzel & Duane Detwiler
The CarHoods10k data set comprises a set of over 10,000 3D mesh geometries for variants of car hood frames, generated through an automated, industry-grade Computer Aided Design (CAD) workflow described in Ramnath (2019). The data set provides realistic designs that were validated by experts with respect to realism, manufacturability, variability, and performance. Variations in geometries were generated by a feature-based approach that varies parameter values describing design features on 109 parameterized base geometries ('skins'). Parameters...

Red coloration and the evolution of aposematism in arboreal sciurids

Alec D. Sheets & Andreas S. Chavez
An animal's coloration is associated with a variety of processes and is therefore subjected to multiple selective pressures. Mammals, especially, are typically inconspicuously colored, or cryptic, to avoid detection by predators. Alternatively, an animal may use conspicuous coloration to advertise the presence of an anti-predator defense. The association between signal and defense is called aposematism. Conspicuous black and white coloration has recently been associated with a range of defenses in mammals, including body size (Howell...

The role of multiple Pleistocene refugia in promoting diversification in the Pacific Northwest

Megan Smith, Jessica Wallace, David Tank, Jack Sullivan & Bryan Carstens
Pleistocene glacial cycles drastically changed the distributions of taxa endemic to temperate rainforests in the Pacific Northwest, with many experiencing reduced habitat suitability during glacial periods. In this study, we investigate whether glacial cycles promoted intraspecific divergence and whether subsequent range changes led to secondary contact and gene flow. For seven invertebrate species endemic to the PNW, we estimated Species Distribution Models (SDMs) and projected them onto current and historical climate conditions to assess how...

Code and data from: Experiential legacies of early-life dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content on juvenile Walleye: Potential impacts from climate change

L. Zoe Almeida, John Grayson, Stuart Ludsin, Konrad Dabrowski & Elizabeth Marschall
Climate-induced shifts in plankton blooms may alter fish recruitment by affecting the fatty acid composition of early-life diets and corresponding performance. Early-life nutrition may immediately affect survival but may also have a lingering influence on size and growth via experiential legacies. We explored the short- and longer-term performance consequences of different concentrations of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for juvenile Walleye (Sander vitreus, Mitchill 1818). For the first 10 d of feeding, juveniles were provided Artemia...

Data from: Pyrophilic plants respond to post-fire soil conditions in a frequently burned longleaf pine savanna

Jacob Hopkins
Fire-plant feedbacks engineer recurrent fires in pyrophilic ecosystems like savannas. The mechanisms sustaining these feedbacks may be related to plant adaptations that trigger rapid responses to fire’s effects on soil. Plants adapted for high fire frequencies should quickly regrow, flower, and produce seeds that mature rapidly and disperse post-fire. We hypothesized that offspring of such plants would germinate and grow rapidly, responding to fire-generated changes in soil nutrients and biota. We conducted an experiment using...

Spatial structure within root systems moderates stability of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal mutualism and plant-soil feedbacks

Jacob Hopkins, Sarah Richardson & James Bever
The persistence of mutualisms is paradoxical, as there are fitness incentives for exploitation. This is particularly true for plant-microbe mutualisms like arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM), which are promiscuously, horizontally-transmitted. Preferential allocation by hosts to the best mutualist can stabilize horizontal mutualisms, however preferential allocation is imperfect, with its fidelity likely depending upon the spatial structure of symbionts in plant roots. In this study, we tested AM mutualisms’ dependence on two dimensions of spatial structure: the initial...

A mechanism for red coloration in vertebrates

Matthew Toomey, Cristiana Marques, Pedro Araújo, Delai Huang, Siqiong Zhong, Yu Liu, Gretchen Schreiner, Connie Myers, Paulo Pereira, Sandra Afonso, Pedro Andrade, Malgorzata Gazda, Ricardo Lopes, Ivan Viegas, Maureen Haynes, Dustin Smith, Yohey Ogawa, Daniel Murphy, Rachel Kopec, David Parichy, Miguel Carneiro & Joseph Corbo
Red coloration is a salient feature of the natural world. Many vertebrates produce red color by converting dietary yellow carotenoids into red ketocarotenoids via an unknown mechanism. Here, we show that two enzymes, cytochrome P450 2J19 (CYP2J19) and 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1-like (BDH1L), are sufficient to catalyze this conversion. In birds, both enzymes are expressed at sites of ketocarotenoid biosynthesis (feather follicles and red cone photoreceptors), and genetic evidence implicates these enzymes in yellow/red color variation...

Analysis of biodiversity data suggests that mammal species are hidden in predictable places

Danielle Parsons, Tara Pelletier, Jamin Wieringa, Drew Duckett & Bryan Carstens
Research in the biological sciences is hampered by the Linnean shortfall, which describes the number of hidden species that are suspected of existing without formal species description. Using machine learning and species delimitation methods, we built a predictive model that incorporates some 5.0 × 105 data points for 117 species traits, 3.3 × 106 occurrence records, and 9.1 × 105 gene sequences from 4,310 recognized species of mammals. Delimitation results suggest that there are hundreds...

Comparative and predictive phylogeography in the South American diagonal of open formations: Unravelling the biological and environmental influences on multitaxon demography

Isabel Bonatelli, Marcelo Gehara, Bryan Carstens, Guarino Colli & Evandro Moraes
Phylogeography investigates historical drivers of species’ geographic distribution. Special attention has been given to ecological, climatic, and geological processes in the diversification of the Neotropical biota. Several species sampled across the dry diagonal of South America (DDSA, comprising the Caatinga, Cerrado, and Chaco biomes) experienced range shifts coincident with Quaternary climatic changes. However, studies across different spatial, temporal, and biological scales on species from South America’s dry biomes are still poorly represented. Here, we combine...

Database for meta-analysis of herbivore impacts on plant-soil feedbacks

Alison Bennett
We conducted a meta-analysis to test for an interaction between plant-soil feedbacks and herbivory, including effects on the magnitude and direction of feedbacks, herbivore consumption and herbivore growth. We identified 197 studies to address herbivore impacts on plant-soil feedbacks and 189 studies to address plant-soil impacts on herbivores. We calculated Hedge’s D values to assess three questions: 1) What is the plant-soil feedback value of plants exposed to herbivory or no herbivory? 2) What is...

Twin epidemics: the effects of HIV and systolic blood pressure on mortality risk in rural South Africa 2010-2019

Nicole Angotti, Samuel Clark, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Brian Houle, Chodziwadziwa Kabudula Whiteson, Jane Menken, Sanyu Mojola , Enid Schatz , Andrea Tilstra , Jill Williams, Vusi Dlamini & Erin Ice

Augmentation and conservation biological control of Tetranychus urticae on hops in Ohio

Susan Ndiaye & Celeste Welty
The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), is a key pest on hops grown in the Midwestern USA, where hop production is a new industry, and little research has been done on the management of T. urticae. In 2016 and 2017, we conducted an experiment to determine the efficacy of augmentative biological control of T. urticae populations on the cultivar ‘Cascade’ at four hop yards. In both years, treatments compared Neoseiulus fallacis Garman...

Supporting trees and alignments for the publication: Cryptic and abundant marine viruses at the evolutionary origins of Earth’s RNA virome

James Wainaina, Ahmed Zayed, Guillermo Dominguez-Huerta, Benjamin Bolduc & Matthew Sullivan
Whereas DNA viruses are known to be abundant, diverse, and commonly key ecosystem players, RNA viruses are relatively understudied outside disease settings. Here, we analyzed ≈28 terabases of Global Ocean RNA sequences to expand Earth’s RNA virus catalogues and their taxonomy, investigate their evolutionary origins, and assess their marine biogeography from pole to pole. Using new approaches to optimize discovery and classification, we identified RNA viruses that necessitate substantive revisions of taxonomy (doubling phyla and...

Genetic characterization of potential venom resistance proteins in California ground squirrels (Otospermophilus beecheyi) using transcriptome analyses

Alexander Ochoa, Alyssa T. B. Hassinger, Matthew L. Holding & H. Lisle Gibbs
Understanding the molecular basis of adaptations in coevolving species requires identifying the genes that underlie reciprocally selected phenotypes, such as those involved in venom in snakes and resistance to venom in their prey. In this regard, California ground squirrels (CGS; Otospermophilus beecheyi) are eaten by northern Pacific rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus oreganus), but individual squirrels may still show substantial resistance to venom and survive bites. A recent study using proteomics identified venom interactive proteins (VIPs) in...

Molecular dynamics simulations of intrinsically disordered proteins p53TAD and Pup

Lei Yu & Rafael Brüschweiler
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are highly dynamic systems that play an important role in cell signaling processes and their misfunction often causes human disease. Proper understanding of IDP function not only requires the realistic characterization of their three-dimensional conformational ensembles at atomic-level resolution but also of the time scales of interconversion between their conformational substates. Large sets of experimental data are often used in combination with molecular modeling to restrain or bias models to improve...

Data from: Temporal variability in snow accumulation and density at Summit Camp, Greenland ice sheet

Ian Howat
A 3-year record of weekly snow water equivalent (SWE) accumulation at Summit Camp, central Greenland ice sheet, obtained by direct sampling, is presented. While the overall SWE accumulation of 24.2 cm w.e. a−1 matches long-term ice core estimates, variability increases at shorter timescales. Half of the annual SWE accumulation occurs during a few large events, with the average accumulation rate decreasing 35% between the first and second halves of the record coinciding with exceptional anticyclonic...

Exposure to urban heavy metal contamination diminishes bumble bee colony growth

Sarah B. Scott, Frances S. Sivakoff & Mary M. Gardiner
As a result of their industrial past, legacy cites often have elevated concentrations of soil heavy metal contamination. Metal pollution can have negative and prolonged ecosystem impacts, and bees that forage in these urban ecosystems are at risk of exposure. Legacy cities are known to support species rich bee communities, which highlights the importance of determining the impact of heavy metal contamination on wild bee health. We examined how oral exposure to concentrations of four...

Data from: Simulated winter warming negatively impacts survival of Antarctica’s only endemic insect

Jack Devlin, Laura Unfried, Melise C. Lecheta, Eleanor A. McCabe, Josiah D. Gantz, Yuta Kawarasaki, Michael A. Elnitsky, Scott Hotaling, Andrew P. Michel, Peter Convey, Scott A. L. Hayward & Nicholas M. Teets
Antarctic winters are challenging for terrestrial invertebrates, and species that live there have specialized adaptations to conserve energy and protect against cold injury in the winter. However, rapidly occurring climate change in these regions will increase the unpredictability of winter conditions, and there is currently a dearth of knowledge on how the highly adapted invertebrates of Antarctica will respond to changes in winter temperatures. We evaluated the response of larvae of the Antarctic midge, Belgica...

Variation in behavior drives multiscale responses to habitat conditions in timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus)

Andrew Hoffman, Annalee Tutterow, Meaghan Gade, Bryce Adams & William Peterman
Variations in both the behavior of wildlife and the scale at which the environment most influences the space use of wild animals (i.e., scale of effect) are critical, but often overlooked in habitat selection modeling. Ecologists have proposed that biological responses happening over longer time frames are influenced by environmental variables at larger spatial scales, but this has rarely been empirically tested. Here, we hypothesized that long-term patterns of behavior (i.e., lasting multiple weeks to...

Data for: Spatial structure within root systems moderates stability of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal mutualism and plant-soil feedbacks

Jacob Hopkins
The persistence of mutualisms is paradoxical, as there are fitness incentives for exploitation. This is particularly true for plant-microbe mutualisms like arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM), which are promiscuously horizontally-transmitted. Preferential allocation by hosts to the best mutualist can stabilize horizontal mutualisms, however, preferential allocation is imperfect, with its fidelity likely depending upon the spatial structure of symbionts in plant roots. In this study, we tested AM mutualisms’ dependence on two dimensions of spatial structure: the initial...

Strategies to Mitigate Enteric Methane Emissions by Ruminants

C. Arndt, A.N. Hristov, W.J. Price, S.C. McClelland, A.M. Pelaez, A.R. Bayat, L.A. Crompton, J. Dijkstra, M.A. Eugène, D. Enahoro, E. Kebreab, M. Kreuzer, M. McGee, C. Martin, C.J. Newbold, C.K. Reynolds, A. Schwarm, K.J. Shingfield, J.B. Veneman, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz & Z. Yu
To meet the 1.5°C target, methane (CH4) from ruminants must be reduced by 11 to 30% of the 2010 level by 2030 and by 24 to 47% by 2050. A meta-analysis identified strategies to decrease product-based [PB; CH4 per unit meat or milk (CH4I)] and absolute (ABS) enteric CH4 emissions while maintaining or increasing animal productivity (AP; weight gain and milk yield). Next the potential of different adoption rates of one PB and/or ABS strategies...

Data from: Food quality, security, and thermal refuge influence use of microsites and patches by pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis) across landscapes and seasons

Peter Olsoy, Charlotte Milling, Jordan D. Nobler, Meghan J. Camp, Lisa A. Shipley, Janet Rachlow & Daniel Thornton

Data from: An integrative skeletal and paleogenomic analysis of stature variation suggests relatively reduced health for early European farmers

Stephanie Marciniak, Christina Bergey, Ana Maria Silva, Agata Hałuszko, Mirosław Furmanek, Barbara Veselka, Petr Velemínský, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Joachim Wahl, Gunita Zarina, Cristina Longhi, Jan Kolář, Rafael Garrido-Pena, Raúl Flores-Fernández, Ana M. Herrero-Corral, Angela Simalcsik, Werner Müller, Alison Sheridan, Žydrūnė Miliauskienė, Rimantas Jankauskas, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Kitti Köhler, Ágnes Király, Beatriz Gamarra, Olivia Cheronet … & George H. Perry
Human culture, biology, and health were shaped dramatically by the onset of agriculture ~12,000 years before present (BP). This shift is hypothesized to have resulted in increased individual fitness and population growth as evidenced by archaeological and population genomic data alongside a decline in physiological health as inferred from skeletal remains. Here, we consider osteological and ancient DNA data from the same prehistoric individuals to study human stature variation as a proxy for health across...

Trends in functional composition of small mammal communities across millennial time scales

Marta Jarzyna & Collin VanBuren
Rich fossil deposits of the late Quaternary help us understand responses of biodiversity to global change and thus predict the future of ecosystems. Studies from the late Quaternary, however, are often limited taxonomically, geographically (often one site), and by their use of largely taxon-based metrics that do not inform about ecosystem-level consequences of biodiversity change. Here, we compare change in functional composition of small mammal communities at El Mirón Cave (Spain) and Samwell Cave (California,...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • The Ohio State University
  • University of Idaho
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • University of Kansas
  • Institute for Anthropological Research
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  • Gustavus Adolphus College
  • Estación Experimental del Zaidín