4 Works

Standardized nuclear markers improve and homogenize species delimitation in Metazoa

Lars Dietz, Jonas Eberle, Christoph Mayer, Sandra Kukowka, Claudia Bohacz, Hannes Baur, Marianne Espeland, Bernhard A. Huber, Carl Hutter, Ximo Mengual, Ralph S. Peters, Miguel Vences, Thomas Wesener, Keith Willmott, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis & Dirk Ahrens
Species are the fundamental units of life and their recognition is essential for science and society. DNA barcoding, the use of a single and often mitochondrial gene, has been increasingly employed as a universal approach for the identification of animal species. However, this approach faces several challenges. Here, we demonstrate with empiricalgenomic data from nine metazoan animal lineages including arthropods and 28 vertebrates that multiple nuclear-encoded markers, so called universal single-copy orthologs (USCOs) performs much...

First Study on Marine Heterobranchia (Gastropoda, Mollusca) in Bangka Archipelago, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Adelfia Papu, Nani Undap, Nancy Armas Martinez, Nathalie Yonow & Heike Wägele
As ephemeral, benthic, secondary consumers usually associated with sessile coral reef organisms, marine heterobranchs are good indicators of the health of marine tropical habitats. Thus, marine Heterobranchia have recently become a major target for monitoring programs. For this work, an extensive survey was made in Bangka Archipelago, the first of its kind in this area. Bangka Archipelago is composed of small islands and the adjacent coastline of North Sulawesi. The substrate is dominated by biogenic...

Second survey of heterobranch sea slugs (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Heterobranchia) from Bunaken National Park, North Sulawesi, Indonesia - how much do we know after 12 years

Fontje Kaligis, Jan-Hendrik Eisenbarth, Dorothee Schillo, Till Schäberle, Nils Böhringer, Robert Bara, Gabriele M. König & Heike Wägele
Bunaken National Park (BNP) is one of the most famous marine national parks in Indonesia with an extraordinary diversity in marine life forms. However, this diversity is threatened by an increasing population on the islands, ongoing destructive fishing techniques and lately by an increase in tourism. Protecting and managing the future use of BNP resources will require the assessment of both, local marine biodiversity through monitoring efforts and the identification and subsequent reduction of any...

Marine Heterobranchia (Gastropoda, Mollusca) in Bunaken National Park, North Sulawesi, Indonesia—A Follow-Up Diversity Study

Jan-Hendrick Eisenbarth, Nani Undap, Adelfia Papu, Dorothee Schillo, Fontje Kaligis, Robert Bara, Till Schäberle, Gabriele M. König, Nathalie Yonow & Heike Wägele
Bunaken National Park has been surveyed for a fourth time in 14 years, in an attempt to establish the species composition of heterobranch sea slugs in a baseline study for monitoring programs and protection of this special park. These molluscs are potentially good indicators of the health of an ecosystem, as many are species-specific predators on a huge variety of marine benthic and sessile invertebrates from almost every taxonomic group. Additionally, they are known to...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig
  • Sam Ratulangi University
  • University of Giessen
  • University of Bonn
  • Swansea University
  • Technische Universität Braunschweig
  • University of Freiburg
  • University of Florida
  • Louisiana State University
  • University of Salzburg