7 Works

Data from: Morphological and digestive adjustments buffer performance: how staging shorebirds cope with severe food declines

Shoudong Zhang, Zhijun Ma, Chi-Yeung Choi, He-Bo Peng, David S. Melville, Tian-Tian Zhao, Qing-Quan Bai, Wen-Liang Liu, Ying-Chi Chan, Jan A. Van Gils & Theunis Piersma
Organisms cope with environmental stressors by behavioral, morphological, and physiological adjustments. Documentation of such adjustments in the wild provides information on the response space in nature and the extent to which behavioral and bodily adjustments lead to appropriate performance effects. Here we studied the morphological and digestive adjustments in a staging population of migrating Great Knots Calidris tenuirostris in response to stark declines in food abundance and quality at the Yalu Jiang estuarine wetland (northern...

Data from: Chiral Majorana fermion modes in a quantum anomalous Hall insulator–superconductor structure

Qing Lin He, Lei Pan, Alexander L. Stern, Edward C. Burks, Xiaoyu Che, , Jing Wang, Biao Lian, Quan Zhou, Eun Sang Choi, Koichi Murata, Xufeng Kou, Zhijie Chen, Tianxiao Nie, Qiming Shao, Yabin Fan, Shou-Cheng Zhang, Kai Liu, Jing Xia & Kang L. Wang
Majorana fermion is a hypothetical particle that is its own antiparticle. We report transport measurements that suggest the existence of one-dimensional chiral Majorana fermion modes in the hybrid system of a quantum anomalous Hall insulator thin film coupled with a superconductor. As the external magnetic field is swept, half-integer quantized conductance plateaus are observed at the locations of magnetization reversals, giving a distinct signature of the Majorana fermion modes. This transport signature is reproducible over...

Data from: Human eutrophication drives biogeographic saltmarsh productivity patterns in China

Xu Xiao, Liu Hao, Liu Yuanzhan, Zhou Chenhao, Pan Lianghao, Fang Changming, Nie Ming & Li Bo
Saltmarshes are important natural carbon sinks with a large capacity to absorb exogenous nutrient inputs. The effects of nutrients on biogeographic productivity patterns, however, have been poorly explored in saltmarshes. We conducted field surveys to examine how complex environments affect productivity of two common saltmarsh plants, invasive Spartina alterniflora and native Phragmites australis, along an 18,000-km latitudinal gradient on the Chinese coastline. We harvested peak aboveground biomass as a proxy for productivity, and measured leaf...

Data from: Axial length elongation and myopia incidence increase in primary school-age children: 3-year follow-up study

Tao Li, Bo Jiang & Xiaodong Zhou
Objective: To investigate the axial length (AL) elongation in primary school-age children during 3-year follow-up period, and evaluate the associations of AL elongation with spherical equivalent (SE), AL at baseline, body height and weight. Design: A 3-year observational cohort study from 2014 to 2017. Setting: Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University in Shanghai. Methods: A total of 452 children successfully completed their measurements in the 3-year follow-up period. Among those children, the mean age was 6.9...

Data from: Mismatches between the resources for adult herbivores and their offspring suggest invasive Spartina alterniflora is an ecological trap

Ke-Ke Sun, Wen-Sheng Yu, Jia-Jia Jiang, Christina Richards, Evan Siemann, Jun Ma, Bo Li & Rui-Ting Ju
1. Plant invasions can alter the behavior and performance of native herbivorous insects because the insects are evolutionarily naïve to the novel plants. An ecological trap results when native insects prefer invasive plants over their native hosts but suffer reduced fitness on the invaders. Although such traps are predicted to occur frequently given the prevalence of invasive plants, empirical support for ecological traps and their underlying mechanisms remains sparse. 2. We examined the potential for...

Data from: Emerging risks of non-native species escapes from aquaculture: call for policy improvements in China and other developing countries

Rui-Ting Ju, Xiao Li, Jia-Jia Jiang, Jihua Wu, Jianguo Liu, Donald R. Strong & Bo Li
1. Global aquaculture relies heavily on the farming of non-native aquatic species (hereafter, NAS). NAS escapes from aquaculture facilities can result in serious aquatic bio-invasions, which has been an important issue in the FAO Blue Growth Initiative. A regulatory quagmire regarding NAS farming and escapes, however, exists in most developing countries. 2. We discuss aquaculture expansion and NAS escapes, illustrate emerging risks, and propose recommendations for improved aquaculture management across developing countries and particularly for...

Data from: Decreased brain connectivity in smoking contrasts with increased connectivity in drinking

Wei Cheng, Edmund T. Rolls, Trevor W. Robbins, Weikang Gong, Zhaowen Liu, Wujun Lv, Jingnan Du, Hongkai Wen, Liang Ma, Erin Burke Quinlan, Hugh Garavan, Eric Artiges, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Michael N. Smolka, Gunter Schumann, Keith Kendrick & Jianfeng Feng
In a group of 831 participants from the general population in the Human Connectome Project, smokers exhibited low overall functional connectivity, and more specifically of the lateral orbitofrontal cortex which is associated with non-reward mechanisms, the adjacent inferior frontal gyrus, and the precuneus. Participants who drank a high amount had overall increases in resting state functional connectivity, and specific increases in reward-related systems including the medial orbitofrontal cortex and the cingulate cortex. Increased impulsivity was...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • Fudan University
    7
  • University of California, Davis
    2
  • Shanghai University
    1
  • Rice University
    1
  • Stanford University
    1
  • University of Queensland
    1
  • University of Cambridge
    1
  • University of Vermont
    1
  • University of Warwick
    1
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
    1