23 Works

Data from: Watershed classification predicts streamflow regime and organic carbon dynamics in the Northeast Pacific Coastal Temperate Rainforest

Ian Giesbrecht, Suzanne Tank, Gordon Frazer, Eran Hood, Santiago Gonzalez Arriola, David Butman, Dave D'Amore, David Hutchinson, Allison Bidlack & Ken Lertzman
Watershed classification has long been a key tool in the hydrological sciences, but few studies have been extended to biogeochemistry. We developed a combined hydro-biogeochemical classification for watersheds draining to the coastal margin of the Northeast Pacific coastal temperate rainforest (1,443,062 km2), including 2,695 small coastal rivers (SCR) and 10 large continental watersheds. We used cluster analysis to group SCR watersheds into 12 types, based on watershed properties. The most important variables for distinguishing SCR...

Data from: Balancing food acquisition and predation risk drives demographic changes in snowshoe hare population cycles

Yasmine Majchrzak
Snowshoe hare cycles are one of the most prominent phenomena in ecology. Experimental studies point to predation as the dominant driving factor, but previous experiments combining food supplementation and predator removal produced unexplained multiplicative effects on density. We examined the potential interactive effects of food limitation and predation in causing hare cycles using an individual based food-supplementation experiment over-winter across three cycle phases that naturally varied in predation risk. Supplementation doubled over-winter survival with the...

Data from: Ontogeny and evolution of the elasmosaurid neck highlight a greater diversity of Antarctic plesiosaurians

Arthur S. Brum, Tiago R. Simões, Geovane A. Souza, André E. P. Pinheiro, Rodrigo G. Figueiredo, Michael W. Caldwell, Juliana M. Sayão & Alexander W. A. Kellner
The Antarctic plesiosaurian record is critical for understanding the evolution of elasmosaurids in the southern hemisphere. Elasmosaurids exhibit some of the most remarkable modifications of the vertebrate axial skeleton given their extreme elongation of the cervical region. Despite a considerable amount of information available on vertebral counts within Plesiosauria throughout the decades, we have a considerably more limited understanding of the diversity of cervical vertebral shapes in elasmosaurids and how these have changed throughout ontogeny...

Data from: Positron-emitting radiotracers spatially resolve unexpected biogeochemical relationships linked with methane oxidation in Arctic soils

Michael Schmidt, Steven Mamet, Curtis Senger, Alixandra Schebel, Mitsuaki Ota, Tony Tian, Umair Aziz, Lisa Stein, Tom Regier, Kevin Stanley, Derek Peak & Steven Siciliano
Arctic soils are marked by cryoturbic features, which impact soil-atmosphere methane (CH4) dynamics vital to global climate regulation. Cryoturbic diapirism alters C/N chemistry within frost boils by introducing soluble organic carbon and nutrients, potentially influencing microbial CH4 oxidation. CH4 oxidation in soils, however, requires a spatio-temporal convergence of ecological factors to occur. Spatial delineation of microbial activity with respect to these key microbial and biogeochemical factors at relevant scales is experimentally challenging in inherently complex...

Model data to investigate wood frog abundance in 17-year post harvest variable retention mixed wood forests

Matthew Robinson
Variable retention forest harvesting aims to reduce negative effect of harvesting on forest biodiversity, but its effectiveness is not well understood for many taxa. To better understand the effects of variable retention forest management and environmental features on amphibians, we used pitfall traps to capture wood frogs (Lithobates sylvaticus) across 4 levels of retention harvest (clearcut [0%], 20%, 50%, and unharvested control [100%]), and 2 forest types (deciduous and coniferous), in 17-year post-harvest forests in...

Data from: Above- and belowground drivers of intraspecific trait variability across subcontinental gradients for five ubiquitous forest plants in North America

Isabelle Aubin, Françoise Cardou, Alison Munson, Madhur Anand, André Arsenault, F. Wayne Bell, Yves Bergeron, Isabelle Boulangeat, Sylvain Delagrange, Nicole J. Fenton, Dominique Gravel, François Hébert, Jill Johnstone, S. Ellen Macdonald, Azim Mallik, Anne C.S. McIntosh, Jennie R. McLaren, Christian Messier, Dave Morris, Bill Shipley, Luc Sirois, Nelson Thiffault, Laura Boisvert-Marsh & Bright B. Kumordzi
Intraspecific trait variability (ITV) provides the material for species adaptation to environmental changes. To advance our understanding of how ITV can contribute to species adaptation to a wide range of environmental conditions, we studied five widespread understory forest species exposed to both continental-scale climate gradients, and local soil and disturbance gradients. We investigated the environmental drivers of between-site leaf and root trait variation, and tested whether higher between-site ITV was associated with increased trait sensitivity...

Discussions of the not-so-fit: how ableism limits diverse thought and investigative potential in evolutionary biology

Amanda N. Klingler, Haley A. Branch, Kelsey J. R. P. Byers, Aaron Panofsky & Danielle Peers
Evolutionary biology and many of its foundational concepts are grounded in a history of ableism and eugenics. The field has not made a concerted effort to divest our concepts and investigative tools from this fraught history and as a result, an ableist investigative lens has persisted into present-day evolutionary research, limiting the scope of research and harming the ability to communicate and synthesize knowledge about evolutionary processes. This failure to divest from our eugenicist and...

Changes in the direction of the diversity-productivity relationship over fifteen years of stand development in a planted temperate forest

Tanvir Ahmed Shovon, Stephanie Kang, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen & Charles A Nock
Experiments manipulating diversity in both forests and grasslands have often observed a positive diversity-productivity relationship (DPR) which tends to strengthen during plant community development. This pattern is generally attributed to an increase in niche complementarity or facilitation. Most analyses do not examine species dominance and density, which also change over time. Moreover, how neighbourhood scale interactions among tree species affect the DPR is not well understood. We analysed growth and mortality data from the Simplex...

Genetic variation in leaf traits and gas exchange response to vapor pressure deficit in two contrasting conifer species

Xiaojing Wei, Andy Benowicz, Jaime Sebastian-Azcona & Barbara Thomas
1. Mechanistically predicting the evolutionary response of tree species to climate change requires an understanding of genetic variation in relevant traits. Here we compared the phenotypic and genetic variation in the Leaf Economics Spectrum (LES) traits and the response of gas exchange to vapor pressure deficit (VPD) in lodgepole pine (Pico) and white spruce (Pigl), an early and a late successional species dominating the boreal forests of western Canada. 2. We measured gas exchange, foliar...

Data from: Predicting multi-predator risk to elk (Cervus canadensis) in summer using predator scats

Kara MacAulay, Eric Spilker, Jodi Berg, Mark Hebblewhite & Evelyn Merrill
1. There is growing evidence that prey perceive the risk of predation and alter their behaviour in response, resulting in changes in spatial distribution and potential fitness consequences. Previous approaches to mapping predation risk across a landscape quantify predator space use to estimate potential predator-prey encounters, yet this approach does not account for successful predator attack resulting in prey mortality. An exception is a prey kill site that reflects an encounter resulting in mortality, but...

Supplementary data, code, and information for ‘Interhemispheric antiphasing of neotropical precipitation during the past millennium’ (PNAS, Steinman et al. 2022)

B.A. Steinman, N. Stansall, M.E. Mann, C.A. Cooke, M.B. Abbott, M. Vuille, B.W. Bird, M.S. Lachniet & A. Fernandez
Uncertainty about the influence of anthropogenic radiative forcing on the position and strength of convective rainfall in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) inhibits our ability to project future tropical hydroclimate change in a warmer world. Paleoclimatic and modeling data inform on the timescales and mechanisms of ITCZ variability; yet a comprehensive, long-term perspective remains elusive. Here, we quantify the evolution of neotropical hydroclimate over the pre-industrial past millennium (850 to 1850 CE) using a synthesis...

Data for Dancing

Joseph D. Birch, James Lutz & Justine Karst

Neighboring edges: interacting edge effects of linear disturbances on vegetation in treed fens

Laureen Francesca Inocian Echiverri, S. Ellen Macdonald & Scott E. Nielsen
The influence of edges on forest biodiversity is an important environmental effect associated with habitat fragmentation, as edge effects can further reduce the remaining ‘interior’ habitat. However, extrapolating the influence of edges across the broader landscape has been difficult, especially regarding how to treat multiple edges in close proximity, where edge effects might interact. In this study, we examined the interaction of edge effects for multiple edges from a dense network of narrow (3-8 m...

Data: Sex-specific effects of capital resources on reproductive timing and success in red squirrels

Jessica Haines, David Delaney, Andrea Wishart, Andrew McAdam, David Coltman, Jeffrey Lane, Ben Dantzer & Stan Boutin
Reproduction is an energetically expensive activity for both sexes. However, if males and females differ in their annual timing of reproduction, such that peak investment for one sex occurs during a more resource-limited period, there is an opportunity for sex-specific selection to act on the acquisition of energetic resources. Both male and female North American red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) cache conifer cones, although males typically have larger caches than females. Peak energetic investment in reproduction...

Mammals adjust diel activity across gradients of urbanization

Travis Gallo, Mason Fidino, Brian Gerber, Adam Ahlers, Julia Angstmann, Max Amaya, Amy Concilio, David Drake, Danielle Gray, Elizabeth Lehrer, Maureen Murray, Travis Ryan, Colleen St. Clair, Carmen Salsbury, Heather Sander, Theodore Stankowich, Jaque Williamson, Amy Belaire, Kelly Simone & Seth Magle
Time is a fundamental component of ecological processes. How animal behavior changes over time has been explored through well-known ecological theories like niche partitioning and predator-prey dynamics. Yet, changes in animal behavior within the shorter 24-hour light-dark cycle have largely gone unstudied. Understanding if an animal can adjust their temporal activity to mitigate or adapt to environmental change has become a recent topic of discussion and is important for effective wildlife management and conservation. While...

Data from: Late Cretaceous European theropod palaeobiodiversity, palaeobiogeography and the intra-Maastrichtian faunal turnover: new contributions from the Iberian fossil site of Laño

Erik Isasmendi, Angelica Torices, José Ignacio Canudo, Philip Currie & Xabier Pereda Suberbiola
A total of 227 theropod teeth have so far been recovered from the late Campanian Laño site (northern Iberian Peninsula). The teeth were studied for their qualitative and quantitative features. From the theropod sample found at Laño, seven morphotypes attributed to five taxa are identified: a medium to large abelisaurid (Arcovenator sp.) and four small coelurosaurians (Dromaeosauridae indet., Paraves indet., cf. Paronychodon sp. and cf. Richardoestesia sp.). Together with the ground bird Gargantuavis and a...

Agroforestry carbon stocks and greenhouse gas emission rates in central Alberta, Canada

Cole D. Gross, Edward W. Bork, Cameron N. Carlyle & Scott X. Chang
Agroforestry systems (AFS) contribute to carbon (C) sequestration and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural lands. However, previously understudied differences among AFS may underestimate their climate change mitigation potential. In this 3-year field study, we assessed various C stocks and greenhouse gas emissions across two common AFS (hedgerows and shelterbelts) and their component land uses: perennial vegetated areas with and without trees (woodland and grassland, respectively), newly planted saplings in grassland, and adjacent annual...

Information on marine management policies for invasive lionfish in the Western Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

Allison C. Candelmo, Aylin Ulman, Fadilah Z. Ali, Stephen R. Gittings, Summer R. Huber, Lauryn E. Magno, Kaylin R. Clements, Burak Ali Çiçek, Jennifer K. Chapman, Fabian C. Kyne, Michel Bariche, Kimani Kitson-Walters, Francesco Tiralongo, Demetris Kletou, Taner Yildiz, Nir Stern, Sara A.A. Al Mabruk, Mohammed Adel, Nejmeddine Bradai, Shevy B.S. Rothman, Vasileios Minasidis, Stephanie J. Green, Jennifer N. Solomon, Holden E. Harris, Philip E. Karp … & James V Hart
The invasion of lionfish (Pterois volitans and P. miles) in the Western Atlantic is perhaps the best studied marine fish invasion to date; meanwhile another lionfish invasion is rapidly evolving in the Mediterranean. We reviewed lionfish management policies from several decades in the Western Atlantic to suggest policy recommendations for the Mediterranean. These strategic recommendations are synthesized in our corresponding manuscript titled: “Lessons from the Western Atlantic lionfish invasion can inform policy and management strategies...

Collaboration for conservation: assessing country-wide carnivore occupancy dynamics from sparse data

Leanne Van Der Weyde, Mathias Tobler, Marie Charlotte Gielen, Gabriele Cozzi, Florian Weise, Tempe Adams, Dominik Bauer, Emily Bennitt, Matthew Bowles, Alienor Brassine, Femke Broekhuis, Michael Chase, Kai Collins, Genevieve Finerty, Krystyna Golabek, Robyn Hartley, Steve Henley, Jessica Isden, Derek Keeping, Kristina Kesch, Rebecca Klein, Morulaganyi Kokole, Robynne Kotze, Eric LeFlore, Glyn Maude … & Michael Flyman
Aim: Assessing the distribution and persistence of species across their range is a crucial component of wildlife conservation. It demands data at adequate spatial scales and over extended periods of time, which may only be obtained through collaborative efforts, and the development of methods that integrate heterogeneous datasets. We aimed to combine existing data on large carnivores to evaluate population dynamics and improve knowledge on their distribution nationwide. Location: Botswana Methods: Between 2010 – 2016,...

Supporting CT Data for: Two exceptionally preserved juvenile specimens of Gorgosaurus libratus (Tyrannosauridae, Albertosaurinae) provide new insight into the timing of ontogenetic changes in tyrannosaurids

Jared Voris, Darla Zelenitsky, Francois Therrien, Ryan Ridgely, Philip Currie & Lawrence Witmer
Known from dozens of specimens discovered since the early 20th century, Gorgosaurus libratus has arguably contributed more than any other taxon to our understanding of the life history of tyrannosaurids. However, juvenile material for this taxon is rare. Here, we describe two small, articulated Gorgosaurus specimens (skull lengths of ~500 mm) that help advance our knowledge of the anatomy and ontogeny of this taxon and of tyrannosaurids in general. The new specimens exhibit hallmark juvenile...

Getting to know our biomonitor neighbours: urban lichens and allied fungi of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Phylogenetic Datasets

Diane Haughland, Alessandra Hood, Darcie Thauvette, Sydney Toni, Ming Cao, Joseph Birch, Joshua Wasyliw, Laura Hjartarson, Mary Villeneuve, Arynn Stordock, David Fielder, Megan Lewis, David Evans, Dominik Royko, Rashell Bolduc, Hayley Webster, Jeremy Singh, Kristen Schafer, Hanna Davidson & Catherine Shier
Here we provide one of the first detailed studies of lichen and allied fungi diversity in a continental North American city (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada), including an annotated checklist, images of all species, dichotomous keys, and local distribution maps. Edmonton is the northernmost city in North America with a population of over one million, and an industrial and transportation gateway for much of northern Canada. Lichen-based biomonitoring could be a tool to track airborne pollutants resulting...

Interspecific differences in root foraging precision cannot be directly inferred from species' mycorrhizal status or fine root economics

Pavlína Stiblíková, Adam Klimeš, James Cahill, Tomáš Koubek & Martin Weiser
Nutrient acquisition in plants can be represented by a suite of intercorrelated root traits such as root diameter, nitrogen content, root tissue density, and specific root length. However, it is unclear how a plant's ability to precisely forage for nutrients in a heterogeneous soil environment (i.e., the precision of placing roots into nutrient-rich areas) relates to these traits. Mycorrhizal symbiosis also affects the relationship between the fine root traits and root foraging precision because fungal...

Data from: imageseg: An R package for deep learning-based image segmentation

Jürgen Niedballa, Jan Axtner, Timm Döbert, Andrew Tilker, An Nguyen, Seth Wong, Christian Fiderer, Marco Heurich & Andreas Wilting
1. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and deep learning are powerful and robust tools for ecological applications, and are particularly suited for image data. Image segmentation (the classification of all pixels in images) is one such application and can for example be used to assess forest structural metrics. While CNN-based image segmentation methods for such applications have been suggested, widespread adoption in ecological research has been slow, likely due to technical difficulties in implementation of CNNs...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    23

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    23

Affiliations

  • University of Alberta
    23
  • University of Saskatchewan
    2
  • Agricultural Research Service
    2
  • Canadian Light Source (Canada)
    1
  • MacEwan University
    1
  • University of Montana
    1
  • California State University, Long Beach
    1
  • University of Washington
    1
  • Eastern Mediterranean University
    1
  • The Nature Conservancy
    1