42 Works

Annual measurements of mass of chinstrap penguins taken on arrival to Signy Island at onset of breeding season, from 1996 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Dirk Briggs, Derren Fox & Tim Morley
This datasets captures the body mass, bill length and bill depth of adult chinstrap penguins immediately after their arrival to Signy Island at the start of the annual breeding from 1996 to 2020. Penguins arriving at the beach were measured for bill length, depth, and body mass before being released where they were captured. These measurements were made in mid/late November, as chinstrap penguins arrive for the austral summer. This monitoring contributes to the CCAMLR...

Annual samples and measurements of diet composition of gentoo penguins at Signy Island, from 1998 to 2010.

Michael J Dunn, Claire Waluda, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Tim Morley & Derren Fox
This dataset captures information on the diet composition and mass of gentoo penguin stomach contents at Signy Island, from 1998 to 2010. The monitoring period occurred over four weeks each year and involved sampling adults returning to feed their chicks during the creche period. Sampling took place approximately every five days. Numbers of birds sampled on each occasion varied over the entire period of the dataset from a maximum of eight to a minimum of...

Annual samples and measurements of diet composition of chinstrap penguins at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Claire Waluda, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Tim Morley & Derren Fox
This dataset captures information on the diet composition and mass of chinstrap penguin stomach contents at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020. The monitoring period occurred over four weeks each year and involved sampling adults returning to feed their chicks during the creche period. Sampling took place approximately every five days. Numbers of birds sampled on each occasion varied over the entire period of the dataset from a maximum of eight to a minimum of...

Evaluating the suitability of close-kin mark-recapture as a demographic modelling tool for a critically endangered elasmobranch population

Aurélien Delaval, Victoria Bendall, Stuart Hetherington, Hans Skaug, Michelle Frost, Catherine Jones & Leslie Noble
Estimating the demographic parameters of contemporary populations is essential to the success of elasmobranch conservation programmes, and to understanding their recent evolutionary history. For benthic elasmobranchs such as skates, traditional fisheries-independent approaches are often unsuitable as the data may be subject to various sources of bias, whilst low recapture rates can render mark-recapture programmes ineffectual. Close-kin mark-recapture (CKMR), a novel demographic modelling approach based on the genetic identification of close relatives within a sample, represents...

Data from: Prey encounters and spatial memory influence use of foraging patches in a marine central place forager

Virginia Iorio-Merlo, Isla M. Graham, Rebecca C. Hewitt, Geert Aarts, Enrico Pirotta, Gordon D. Hastie & Paul M. Thompson
Given the patchiness and long-term predictability of marine resources, memory of high-quality foraging grounds is expected to provide fitness advantages for central place foragers. However, it remains challenging to characterise how marine predators integrate memory with recent prey encounters to adjust fine-scale movement and use of foraging patches. Here, we used two months of movement data from harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to quantify the repeatability in foraging patches as a proxy for memory. We then...

Differential nutrient limitation and tree height control leaf physiology, supporting niche partitioning in tropical dipterocarp forests

David Bartholomew, Lindsay Banin, Paulo Bittencourt, Mohammed Aminur Bin Suis, Lina Mercado, Reuben Nilus, David Burslem & Lucy Rowland
Revealing the mechanisms of environmental niche partitioning within lowland tropical forests is important for understanding the drivers of current species distributions and potential vulnerability to environmental change. Tropical forest structure and species composition change across edaphic gradients in Borneo over short distances. However, our understanding of how edaphic conditions affect tree physiology and whether these relationships drive niche partitioning within Bornean forests remains incomplete. This study evaluated how leaf physiological function changes with nutrient availability...

Figure data and analysis for: The effect of grain size on porewater radiolysis

Joel DeWitt, Sean McMahon & John Parnell
The radiolysis of porewaters by uranium, thorium, and potassium in mineral grains is a recognised source of molecular hydrogen in rock- and sediment-hosted fluids. This radiolytic hydrogen is of geomicrobiological interest as a potential energy source (electron donor) for microbial metabolism, especially in energy-limited settings such as the marine deep biosphere or the subsurface of Mars. Previous efforts to predict the production of radiolytic hydrogen from columns of rock and sediment have tended to rely...

Variation and correlation in the timing of breeding of North Atlantic seabirds across multiple scales

Katharine Keogan, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Richard Phillips, David Alvarez, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert Barrett, Claus Bech, Peter Becker, Per-Arvid Berglund, Sandra Bouwhuis, Zofia Burr, Olivier Chastel, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard, Sébastien Descamps, Tony Diamond, Kyle Elliott, Kjell Einar Erikstad, Mike Harris, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Martin Heubeck, Magdalene Langset, Svein Lorentsen, Heather Major, Mark Mallory … & Stephen Kress
Timing of breeding, an important driver of fitness in many populations, is widely studied in the context of global change, yet despite considerable efforts to identify environmental drivers of seabird nesting phenology, for most populations we lack evidence of strong drivers. Here we adopt an alternative approach, examining the degree to which different populations positively covary in their annual phenology to infer whether phenological responses to environmental drivers are likely to be (i) shared across...

Association of Paraoxonase-1 Genotype and Phenotype with Angiogram Positive Coronary Artery Disease

Sara Saffar Soflaei, Mojtaba Baktashian, Kiana Hosseinpour Moghaddam, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Negin Kosari, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi, Mohsen Mouhebati, Mahsa Amini, Mashallah Dehghani, Habibollah Esmaily, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Homa Falsoleiman, Abolfazl Nosrati-Tirkani, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Gordon A. Ferns, Mansoor Salehi, Alireza Pasdar & Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Abstract Background It has been shown that increased serum PON1 levels are protective against several disorders. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PON1 gene have been reported to be associated with serum enzyme protein levels and activity. Objective To investigate the association of SNPs of PON1 and serum paraoxonase activity with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods A total of 601 unrelated patients who underwent coronary angiography including those who had >50% stenosis (N=266) and...

Additional file 2 of Local CpG density affects the trajectory and variance of age-associated DNA methylation changes

Jonathan Higham, Lyndsay Kerr, Qian Zhang, Rosie M. Walker, Sarah E. Harris, David M. Howard, Emma L. Hawkins, Anca-Larisa Sandu, J. Douglas Steele, Gordon D. Waiter, Alison D. Murray, Kathryn L. Evans, Andrew M. McIntosh, Peter M. Visscher, Ian J. Deary, Simon R. Cox & Duncan Sproul
Additional file 2: Supplementary tables Table S1-7.

Laternula elliptica developmental bulk RNA-Seq data analysis results 2022, collected from Hangar Cove Rothera Point, on Adelaide Island in 2018

Victoria A Sleight, Melody S Clark & Alessandro Cavallo
This dataset comprises mRNA that was extracted from Laternula elliptica developmental stages (blastula to juvenile) and sequenced (n=3 pools of 200 individual per stage). The resulting sequence data was analysed and the following results files and analysis scripts are available here: Results files from differential gene expression analysis in edgeR (directory = edgeR_DE), results files from WGCNA analysis (directory = WGCNA). Data collection was carried out over Hangar Cove Rothera Point, Adelaide Island, in Ryder...

Additional file 2 of Investigating the impact of database choice on the accuracy of metagenomic read classification for the rumen microbiome

Rebecca H. Smith, Laura Glendinning, Alan W. Walker & Mick Watson
Additional file 2: Table S3 A list of the Hungate genome files used to create the simulated data. Shown in the table are the Hungate genome files used to create the simulated data. They are separated into the complete (single-contig) and draft (multi-contig) genomes, as this meant they were treated differently. The tool InSilicoSeq was used to create the simulated data, and has the capability to handle draft genomes. The draft, multi-contig genomes were used...

Additional file 2 of Investigating the impact of database choice on the accuracy of metagenomic read classification for the rumen microbiome

Rebecca H. Smith, Laura Glendinning, Alan W. Walker & Mick Watson
Additional file 2: Table S3 A list of the Hungate genome files used to create the simulated data. Shown in the table are the Hungate genome files used to create the simulated data. They are separated into the complete (single-contig) and draft (multi-contig) genomes, as this meant they were treated differently. The tool InSilicoSeq was used to create the simulated data, and has the capability to handle draft genomes. The draft, multi-contig genomes were used...

Depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms after hyperemesis gravidarum: a prospective cohort study

Kelly Nijsten, Loïs M. van der Minnen, Caitlin Dean, Joke M. J. Bais, Carrie Ris-Stalpers, Rik van Eekelen, Henk A. Bremer, David P. van der Ham, Wieteke M. Heidema, Anjoke Huisjes, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone M. Kuppens, Judith O. E. H. van Laar, Josje Langenveld, Flip van der Made, Dimitri Papatsonis, Marie-José Pelinck, Paula J. Pernet, Leonie van Rheenen-Flach, Robbert J. Rijnders, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers, Tatjana Vogelvang, Ben W. Mol, Miranda Olff, Tessa J. Roseboom … & Rebecca C. Painter
To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) years after hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and its association with HG severity. This prospective cohort study consisted of a follow-up of 215 women admitted for HG, who were eligible to participate in a randomized controlled trial and either declined or agreed to be randomized between 2013 and 2016 in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) six...

Association of Paraoxonase-1 Genotype and Phenotype with Angiogram Positive Coronary Artery Disease

Sara Saffar Soflaei, Mojtaba Baktashian, Kiana Hosseinpour Moghaddam, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Negin Kosari, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi, Mohsen Mouhebati, Mahsa Amini, Mashallah Dehghani, Habibollah Esmaily, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Homa Falsoleiman, Abolfazl Nosrati-Tirkani, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Gordon A. Ferns, Mansoor Salehi, Alireza Pasdar & Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Abstract Background It has been shown that increased serum PON1 levels are protective against several disorders. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PON1 gene have been reported to be associated with serum enzyme protein levels and activity. Objective To investigate the association of SNPs of PON1 and serum paraoxonase activity with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods A total of 601 unrelated patients who underwent coronary angiography including those who had >50% stenosis (N=266) and...

Data from: A warmer environment can reduce sociability in an ectotherm

Natalie Pilakouta, Patrick O'Donnell, Amelie Crespel, Marie Levet, Marion Claireaux, Joseph Humble, Bjarni Kristjansson, Skuli Skulason, Jan Lindstrom, Neil Metcalfe, Shaun Killen & Kevin Parsons
The costs and benefits of being social vary with environmental conditions, so individuals must weigh the balance between these trade-offs in response to changes in the environment. Temperature is a salient environmental factor that may play a key role in altering the costs and benefits of sociality through its effects on food availability, predator abundance, and other ecological parameters. In ectotherms, changes in temperature also have direct effects on physiological traits linked to social behaviour,...

Genomic basis of deep‐water adaptation in Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus) morphs

Tony Kess, J. Brian Dempson, Sarah J. Lehnert, Kara Layton, Anthony Einfeldt, Paul Bentzen, Sarah Salisbury, Amber Messmer, Steven Duffy, Daniel Ruzzante, Cameron Nugent, Moira Ferguson, Jong Leong, Ben Koop, Michael O'Connell, Ian Bradbury, Kara K. S. Layton, Sarah J. Salisbury, Amber M. Messmer, Daniel E. Ruzzante, Cameron M. Nugent, Moira M. Ferguson, Jong S. Leong, Ben F. Koop, Michael F. O’Connell … & Ian R. Bradbury
Colonization of extreme habitats requires extensive adaptation to novel environmental challenges. Deep-water environments (>50 m) have high hydrostatic pressure, low temperature, and low light, requiring physiological and visual system adaptation, but genomic mechanisms underlying evolution in these environments are rarely known. Post-glacial colonization of Gander Lake in Newfoundland, Canada, by Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus) provides the opportunity to study the genomic basis of adaptation to extreme deep-water environments. Here, we compare genomic and morphometric divergence...

Effects of temperature on mating behaviour and mating success: a meta-analysis

Natalie Pilakouta & Anais Baillet
In light of global climate change, there is a pressing need to understand how populations will respond to rising temperatures. Understanding the effects of temperature changes on mating behaviour is particularly important, given its implications for population viability. To this end, we performed a meta-analysis of 53 studies to examine how temperature changes influence mating latency, choosiness, and mating success. We hypothesized that if higher temperatures make mate searching and mate assessment more costly due...

Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries

Chloé Schmidt, Gabriel Muñoz, Lesley T. Lancaster, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Katharine A. Marske, Katie E. Marshall & Colin J. Garroway
Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries (2022) Ecology Letters 25(8) https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/ele.14058
Associated code is available on github: https://github.com/chloewsch/genetics_biogeographic_regions

Landscape-scale drivers of liana load across a Southeast Asian forest canopy differ to the Neotropics

Catherine Waite, Geertje Van Der Heijden, Richard Field, David Burslem, James Dalling, Reuben Nilus, M. Elizabeth Rodriguez-Ronderos, Andrew Marshall & Doreen Boyd
Lianas (woody vines) are a key component of tropical forests, known to reduce forest carbon storage and sequestration and to be increasing in abundance. Analysing how and why lianas are distributed in forest canopies at landscape scales will help us determine the mechanisms driving changes in lianas over time. This will improve our understanding of liana ecology and projections of tropical forest carbon storage now and into the future. Despite competing hypotheses on the mechanisms...

Depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms after hyperemesis gravidarum: a prospective cohort study

Kelly Nijsten, Loïs M. van der Minnen, Caitlin Dean, Joke M. J. Bais, Carrie Ris-Stalpers, Rik van Eekelen, Henk A. Bremer, David P. van der Ham, Wieteke M. Heidema, Anjoke Huisjes, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone M. Kuppens, Judith O. E. H. van Laar, Josje Langenveld, Flip van der Made, Dimitri Papatsonis, Marie-José Pelinck, Paula J. Pernet, Leonie van Rheenen-Flach, Robbert J. Rijnders, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers, Tatjana Vogelvang, Ben W. Mol, Miranda Olff, Tessa J. Roseboom … & Rebecca C. Painter
To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) years after hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and its association with HG severity. This prospective cohort study consisted of a follow-up of 215 women admitted for HG, who were eligible to participate in a randomized controlled trial and either declined or agreed to be randomized between 2013 and 2016 in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) six...

Spatiotemporal connectivity dynamics in spatially structured populations

Joseph Drake, Xavier Lambin & Chris Sutherland
Connectivity is a fundamental concept linking dispersal to the emergent dynamics and persistence of spatially structured populations. Functional measures of connectivity typically seek to integrate aspects of landscape structure and animal movement to describe ecologically meaningful connectedness at the landscape and population scale. Despite this focus on function, traditional measures of landscape connectivity assume it is a static property of the landscape, hence abstracting out the underlying spatiotemporal population dynamics. Connectivity is, arguably, a dynamic...

Observation‐based global soil heterotrophic respiration indicates underestimated turnover and sequestration of soil carbon by terrestrial ecosystem models

Yue He, Jinzhi Ding, Tsechoe Dorji, Tao Wang, Juan Li & Pete Smith
Soil heterotrophic respiration (Rh) refers to the flux of CO2 released from soil to atmosphere as a result of organic matter decomposition by soil microbes and fauna. As one of the major fluxes in the global carbon cycle, the estimation of global Rh still exists large uncertainties, which further limited our current understanding of the carbon accumulation in soils. Here, we applied a Random Forest algorithm to create a global dataset of soil Rh, by...

Additional file 2 of Local CpG density affects the trajectory and variance of age-associated DNA methylation changes

Jonathan Higham, Lyndsay Kerr, Qian Zhang, Rosie M. Walker, Sarah E. Harris, David M. Howard, Emma L. Hawkins, Anca-Larisa Sandu, J. Douglas Steele, Gordon D. Waiter, Alison D. Murray, Kathryn L. Evans, Andrew M. McIntosh, Peter M. Visscher, Ian J. Deary, Simon R. Cox & Duncan Sproul
Additional file 2: Supplementary tables Table S1-7.

Direct and indirect phenotypic effects on sociability indicate potential to evolve

David Fisher
The decision to leave or join a group is important as group size influences many aspects of organisms’ lives and their fitness. This tendency to socialise with others, sociability, should be influenced by genes carried by focal individuals (direct genetic effects) and by genes in partner individuals (indirect genetic effects), indicating the trait’s evolution could be slower or faster than expected. However, estimating these genetic parameters is difficult. Here, in a laboratory population of the...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    42

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    42

Affiliations

  • University of Aberdeen
    40
  • British Antarctic Survey
    7
  • University of Edinburgh
    6
  • Natural Environment Research Council
    6
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    5
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
    5
  • University of Exeter
    5
  • Sabah Forestry Department
    3
  • Beijing Tian Tan Hospital
    2
  • Hebei Normal University
    2