46 Works

Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries

Chloé Schmidt, Gabriel Muñoz, Lesley T. Lancaster, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Katharine A. Marske, Katie E. Marshall & Colin J. Garroway
Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries (2022) Ecology Letters 25(8) https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/ele.14058
Associated code is available on github: https://github.com/chloewsch/genetics_biogeographic_regions

Genomic basis of deep‐water adaptation in Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus) morphs

Tony Kess, J. Brian Dempson, Sarah J. Lehnert, Kara Layton, Anthony Einfeldt, Paul Bentzen, Sarah Salisbury, Amber Messmer, Steven Duffy, Daniel Ruzzante, Cameron Nugent, Moira Ferguson, Jong Leong, Ben Koop, Michael O'Connell, Ian Bradbury, Kara K. S. Layton, Sarah J. Salisbury, Amber M. Messmer, Daniel E. Ruzzante, Cameron M. Nugent, Moira M. Ferguson, Jong S. Leong, Ben F. Koop, Michael F. O’Connell … & Ian R. Bradbury
Colonization of extreme habitats requires extensive adaptation to novel environmental challenges. Deep-water environments (>50 m) have high hydrostatic pressure, low temperature, and low light, requiring physiological and visual system adaptation, but genomic mechanisms underlying evolution in these environments are rarely known. Post-glacial colonization of Gander Lake in Newfoundland, Canada, by Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus) provides the opportunity to study the genomic basis of adaptation to extreme deep-water environments. Here, we compare genomic and morphometric divergence...

Landscape-scale drivers of liana load across a Southeast Asian forest canopy differ to the Neotropics

Catherine Waite, Geertje Van Der Heijden, Richard Field, David Burslem, James Dalling, Reuben Nilus, M. Elizabeth Rodriguez-Ronderos, Andrew Marshall & Doreen Boyd
Lianas (woody vines) are a key component of tropical forests, known to reduce forest carbon storage and sequestration and to be increasing in abundance. Analysing how and why lianas are distributed in forest canopies at landscape scales will help us determine the mechanisms driving changes in lianas over time. This will improve our understanding of liana ecology and projections of tropical forest carbon storage now and into the future. Despite competing hypotheses on the mechanisms...

Association of Paraoxonase-1 Genotype and Phenotype with Angiogram Positive Coronary Artery Disease

Sara Saffar Soflaei, Mojtaba Baktashian, Kiana Hosseinpour Moghaddam, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Negin Kosari, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi, Mohsen Mouhebati, Mahsa Amini, Mashallah Dehghani, Habibollah Esmaily, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Homa Falsoleiman, Abolfazl Nosrati-Tirkani, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Gordon A. Ferns, Mansoor Salehi, Alireza Pasdar & Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Abstract Background It has been shown that increased serum PON1 levels are protective against several disorders. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PON1 gene have been reported to be associated with serum enzyme protein levels and activity. Objective To investigate the association of SNPs of PON1 and serum paraoxonase activity with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods A total of 601 unrelated patients who underwent coronary angiography including those who had >50% stenosis (N=266) and...

Data from: A warmer environment can reduce sociability in an ectotherm

Natalie Pilakouta, Patrick O'Donnell, Amelie Crespel, Marie Levet, Marion Claireaux, Joseph Humble, Bjarni Kristjansson, Skuli Skulason, Jan Lindstrom, Neil Metcalfe, Shaun Killen & Kevin Parsons
The costs and benefits of being social vary with environmental conditions, so individuals must weigh the balance between these trade-offs in response to changes in the environment. Temperature is a salient environmental factor that may play a key role in altering the costs and benefits of sociality through its effects on food availability, predator abundance, and other ecological parameters. In ectotherms, changes in temperature also have direct effects on physiological traits linked to social behaviour,...

Directional hydrophone clusters reveal evasive responses of small cetaceans to disturbance at offshore windfarms

Isla Graham, Douglas Gillespie, Kalliopi Gkikopoulou, Gordon Hastie & Paul Thompson
Mitigation measures to disperse marine mammals prior to pile-driving include acoustic deterrent devices and piling soft starts, but their efficacy remains uncertain. We developed a self-contained portable hydrophone cluster to detect small cetacean movements. Using an array of clusters within 10 km of foundation pile installations, we tested the hypothesis that harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) respond to mitigation measures at offshore windfarm sites by moving away. During baseline periods, porpoise movements were evenly distributed in...

Probing Into the Crust Through eastern Scotland

The PICTS project, standing for Probing Into the Crust Through eastern Scotland, is research to uncover the role that the Highland Boundary Fault (HBF) has played in building Scotland using seismology. Starting in March 2022, we have installed three lines of closely-spaced seismometers for 12 months across the HBF in eastern Scotland. The data collected will help us to determine if it marks a major plate boundary, uncover what role it had in the building...

Spy in the sky: a method to identify pregnant small cetaceans

Barbara Cheney, Julian Dale, Paul Thompson & Nicola Quick
Data on sex ratios, age classes, reproductive success and health status are key metrics to manage populations yet can be difficult to collect in wild cetacean populations. Long-term individual-based studies provide a unique opportunity to apply unoccupied aerial system (UAS) photogrammetry to non-invasively measure body morphometrics of individuals with known life history information. The aims of this study were 1) to compare length measurements from UAS photogrammetry with laser photogrammetry and 2) to explore whether...

Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries

Chloé Schmidt, Gabriel Muñoz, Lesley T. Lancaster, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Katharine A. Marske & Katie E. Marshall
Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries
Associated code is available on github: https://github.com/chloewsch/genetics_biogeographic_regions

Data from: Hierarchical variation in phenotypic flexibility across timescales and associated survival selection shape the dynamics of partial seasonal migration

Paul Acker, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Sarah J. Burthe, Mark A. Newell, Michael P. Harris, Carrie Gunn, Robert Swann, Ana Payo-Payo & Jane M. Reid
Population responses to environmental variation ultimately depend on within-individual and among-individual variation in labile phenotypic traits that affect fitness, and resulting episodes of selection. Yet, complex patterns of individual phenotypic variation arising within and between time periods, and associated variation in selection, have not been fully conceptualised or quantified. We highlight how structured patterns of phenotypic variation in dichotomous threshold traits can theoretically arise and experience varying forms of selection, shaping overall phenotypic dynamics. We...

Demographic consequences of heterogeneity in conspecific density dependence among mast fruiting tropical trees

Michael O'Brien & David Burslem
The role of conspecific density dependence (CDD) in the maintenance of species richness is a central focus of tropical forest ecology. However, tests of CDD often ignore the integrated effects of CDD over multiple life-stages and their long-term impacts on population demography. We combined a 10-year time series of seed production, seedling recruitment and sapling and tree demography of three dominant Southeast Asian tree species that adopt a mast fruiting phenology. We used these data...

Reef effect of offshore structures on the occurrence and foraging activity of harbour porpoises

Oihane Fernandez-Betelu, Isla M. Graham & Paul M. Thompson
With increasing numbers of offshore structures to be decommissioned, a better understanding of their effect on marine predators is timely. There is some evidence that oil and gas platforms may attract marine mammals acting as artificial reefs. However, it is unclear whether different man-made structure designs have similar effects. Further, due to the lack of baseline data prior to installation, it is unknown whether artificial structures modify the diel patterns of occurrence and foraging behaviour...

Summary data for plots in: Eco-evolutionary extinction and recolonization dynamics reduce genetic load and increase time to extinction in highly inbred populations

Anders Poulsen Charmouh, Jane M. Reid, Trine Bilde & Greta Bocedi
Understanding how genetic and ecological effects can interact to shape genetic loads within and across local populations is key to understanding ongoing persistence of systems that should otherwise be susceptible to extinction through mutational meltdown. Classic theory predicts short persistence times for metapopulations comprising small local populations with low connectivity, due to accumulation of deleterious mutations. Yet, some such systems have persisted over evolutionary time, implying the existence of mechanisms that allow metapopulations to avoid...

Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries

Chloé Schmidt, Gabriel Muñoz, Lesley T. Lancaster, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Katharine A. Marske, Katie E. Marshall & Colin J. Garroway
Data from: Population demography maintains biogeographic boundaries (2022) Ecology Letters 25(8) https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/ele.14058
Associated code is available on github: https://github.com/chloewsch/genetics_biogeographic_regions

The missing link in biogeographic reconstruction: Accounting for lineage extinction rewrites history

Leonel Herrera-Alsina, Adam C. Algar, Lesley T. Lancaster, Juan Francisco Ornelas, Greta Bocedi, Alexander S. T. Papadopulos, Cecile Gubry‐Rangin, Owen G. Osborne, Poppy Mynard, I. Made Sudiana, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, Berry Juliandi & Justin M. J. Travis
Aim In the most widely used family of methods for ancestral range estimation (ARE), dispersal, speciation and extirpation events are estimated from information on extant lineages. However, this approach fails to consider the geographic distribution of extinct species and their position on the phylogenetic tree, an omission that could compromise reconstruction. Here, we present a method that models the geographic distribution of extinct species and we quantify the potential inaccuracy in ancestral range estimation when...

Annual arrival dates for chinstrap penguins on Signy Island at onset of breeding season, from 1996 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Dirk Briggs, Derren Fox & Tim Morley
This dataset comprises the annual count of chinstrap penguins arriving to Signy Island each breeding season, from 1996 to 2020. Penguins arriving at the beach in mid to late November (the austral summer) were counted. This monitoring contributes to the CCAMLR (Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources) Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP) and is part of the annual seabird Long Term Monitoring carried out by the British Antarctic Survey at Signy Island. Ecosystems...

Annual samples and measurements of diet composition of Adelie penguins at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Claire Waluda, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Tim Morley & Derren Fox
This dataset captures information on the diet composition and mass of Adelie penguin stomach contents at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020. The monitoring period occurred over four weeks each year and involved sampling adults returning to feed their chicks during the creche period. Sampling took place approximately every five days. Numbers of birds sampled on each occasion varied over the entire period of the dataset from a maximum of eight to a minimum of...

Interspecific coprophagia by wild red foxes: DNA metabarcoding reveals a potentially widespread form of commensalism among animals

Cristian D. Navarro Waggershauser, Pierre Taberlet, Eric Coissac, Kenny Kortland, Catherine Hambly & Xavier Lambin
Vertebrate animals are known to consume other species’ faeces, yet the role of such coprophagy in species dynamics remains unknown, not least due to the methodological challenges of documenting it. In a large-scale metabarcoding study of red fox and pine marten scats, we document a high occurrence of domestic dog DNA in red fox scats and investigate if it can be attributed to interspecific coprophagia. We tested whether experimental artifacts or other sources of DNA...

Data from: Land-based climate solutions for the United States

G. Philip Robertson, Stephen Hamilton, Keith Paustian & Pete Smith
Meeting end-of-century global warming targets requires aggressive action on multiple fronts. Recent reports note the futility of addressing mitigation goals without fully engaging the agricultural sector, yet no available assessments combine both nature-based solutions (reforestation, grassland and wetland protection, and agricultural practice change) and cellulosic bioenergy for a single geographic region. Collectively, these solutions might offer a suite of climate, biodiversity, and other benefits greater than either alone. Nature-based solutions are largely constrained by the...

Additional file 1 of Population dynamics and demographic history of Eurasian collared lemmings

Edana Lord, Aurelio Marangoni, Mateusz Baca, Danijela Popović, Anna V. Goropashnaya, John R. Stewart, Monika V. Knul, Pierre Noiret, Mietje Germonpré, Elodie-Laure Jimenez, Natalia I. Abramson, Sergey Vartanyan, Stefan Prost, Nickolay G. Smirnov, Elena A. Kuzmina, Remi-André Olsen, Vadim B. Fedorov & Love Dalén
Additional file 1: Table S1. Modern Nuclear Genome sample information. Table S2. Ancient Mitogenome Sample Information. Table S3. Modern Mitogenome Sample Information. Table S4. Divergence times for each node in the phylogenetic tree estimated using BEAST. Table S5. The priors used to specify tip-date information for each ancient sample in the phylogenetic analysis. Table S6. Demographic Modelling using Approximate Bayesian Computation. Table S7. Marginal Likelihood Estimation for demographic models: constant size, skyline, skyride. Table S8....

Expanding the Miscanthus market in the UK: Growers in profile and experience, benefits and drawbacks of the bioenergy crop

Rebecca Von Hellfeld, Astley Hastings, Jason Kam, Rebecca Rowe, John Clifton-Brown, Iain Donnison & Anita Shepherd
To achieve net zero greenhouse gas emission by 2050 as set out by the 2019 amendment to the 2008 UK Climate Change Act, a major shift towards renewable energy is needed. This includes the development of new methods along with improving and upscaling existing technologies. One example of new methods in bioenergy is developing new Miscanthus cultivars for electricity generation via thermal power station furnaces. Miscanthus is still relatively new compared to other agriculture practices,...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Aberdeen
  • British Antarctic Survey
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Natural Environment Research Council
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
  • University of Exeter
  • University of St Andrews
  • Sabah Forestry Department
  • Beijing Tian Tan Hospital