7 Works

Towards a stable global Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) taxonomy

Kevin Keegan, Jadranka Rota, Reza Zahiri, Alberto Zilli, Niklas Wahlberg, B. Christian Schmidt, J. Donald Lafontaine, Paul Goldstein & David Wagner
The family Noctuidae is one of the world’s most diverse, ecologically successful, and economically important animal lineages; with over 12,000 species in ~1150 genera. We inferred a phylogeny based on eight protein-coding genes (>6,400 base pairs) for the global fauna, greatly expanding upon previous attempts to stabilize the higher classification of Noctuidae by sampling 70 of the 76 widely recognized family-group taxa: 20 of the 21 subfamilies, 32 of the 35 tribes, and 18 of...

Linking micro and macroevolution of head shape in an island radiation

Maxime Taverne, Hugo Dutel, Michael Fagan, Anamaria Štambuk, Duje Lisičić, Zoran Tadić, Anne-Claire Fabre & Anthony Herrel
Phenotypic traits have been shown to evolve in response to variation in the environment. However, the evolutionary processes underlying the emergence of phenotypic diversity can typically only be understood at the population level. Consequently, how subtle phenotypic differences at the intraspecific level can give rise to larger-scale changes in performance and ecology remains poorly understood. We here tested for the covariation between ecology, bite force, jaw muscle architecture, and the three-dimensional shape of the cranium...

Data from: Telenomus nizwaensis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an important egg parasitoid of the pomegranate butterfly Deudorix livia Klug (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Oman

A. Polaszek, A. Al-Riyami, Z. Lahey, S. A. Al-Khatri, R. H. Al-Shidi & I. C. W. Hardy
The pomegranate butterfly Deudorix (=Virachola) livia is the major pest of pomegranate, a crop of economic importance, in Oman. A species of parasitoid wasp in the hymenopteran family Scelionidae is responsible for high levels of mortality of its eggs. This wasp is described herein as Telenomus nizwaensis Polaszek sp. n. based on morphology and DNA sequence data. Telenomus nizwaensis is currently known only from D. livia, which is also a pest of economic importance on...

Online Supplementary Data: Deep-time biodiversity patterns and the dinosaurian fossil record of the Late Cretaceous Western Interior, USA

Susannah Maidment
In order for palaeontological data to be informative to ecologists seeking to understand the causes of today’s diversity patterns, palaeontologists must demonstrate that actual biodiversity patterns are preserved in our reconstructions of past ecosystems. During the Late Cretaceous, North America was divided into two landmasses, Laramidia and Appalachia. Previous work has suggested strong faunal provinciality on Laramidia at this time, but these arguments are almost entirely qualitative. We quantitatively investigated faunal provinciality in ceratopsid and...

Data associated with: Going round the twist – An empirical analysis of shell coiling in helicospiral gastropods

Katie S. Collins, Roman Klapaukh, James S. Crampton, Michael F. Gazley, C. Ian Schipper, Anton Maksimenko & Benjamin R. Hines
The logarithmic helicospiral has been the most widely accepted model of regularly coiled mollusc form since it was proposed by Moseley (1838) and popularised by Thompson (1942) and Raup (1966). It is based on an explicit assumption that shells are isometric and grow exponentially, and an implicit assumption that the external form of the shell follows the internal shape, which implies that the parameters of the spiral could, theoretically, be reconstructed from the external whorl...

Data from: Taxonomic identification bias does not drive patterns of abundance and diversity in theropod dinosaurs

Daniel Cashmore, Richard Butler & Susannah Maidment
The ability of palaeontologists to correctly diagnose and classify new fossil species from incomplete morphological data is fundamental to our understanding of evolution. Different parts of the vertebrate skeleton have different likelihoods of fossil preservation and varying amounts of taxonomic information, which could bias our interpretations of fossil material. Substantial previous research has focused on the diversity and macroevolution of non-avian theropod dinosaurs. Theropods provide a rich dataset for analysis of the interactions between taxonomic...

Bivalve body size distribution through the Late Triassic mass extinction event

Luis-Felipe Opazo Mella & Richard Twitchett
The synergic relationship between physiology, ecology and evolutionary process makes the body size distribution (BSD) an essential component of the community ecology. Body size is highly susceptible to environmental change, and extreme upheavals, such as during a mass extinction event, could exert drastic changes on a taxon’s BSD. It has been hypothesized that the Late Triassic mass extinction event (LTE) was triggered by intense global warming, linked to massive volcanic activity associated with the Central...

Registration Year

  • 2021
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  • Natural History Museum
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  • Victoria University of Wellington
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  • United States Department of Agriculture
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