114 Works

Data from: Nuclear markers reveal a complex introgression pattern among marine turtle species on the Brazilian coast

Sibelle T. Vilaça, Sarah M. Vargas, Paula Lara-Ruiz, Érica Molfetti, Estéfane C. Reis, Gisele Lôbo-Hajdu, Luciano S. Soares & Fabrício R. Santos
A surprisingly high frequency of interspecific sea turtle hybrids have been previously recorded in a nesting site along a short stretch of the Brazilian coast. Mitochondrial DNA data indicated that as much as 43% of the females identified as E. imbricata are hybrids in this area (Bahia State of Brazil). It is a remarkable find, since most of the nesting sites surveyed worldwide, including some in northern Brazil, presents no hybrids, and rare Caribbean sites...

Data from: Climatic drivers of leaf traits and genetic divergence in the tree Annona crassiflora: a broad spatial survey in the Brazilian savannas

Priciane C. Ribeiro, Matheus L. Souza, Larissa A. C. Muller, Vincenzo A. Ellis, Myriam Heuertz, José P. Lemos-Filho & Maria Bernadete Lovato
The Cerrado is the largest South American savanna and encompasses substantial species diversity and environmental variation. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the influence of the environment on population divergence of Cerrado species. Here, we searched for climatic drivers of genetic (nuclear microsatellites) and leaf trait divergence in Annona crassiflora, a widespread tree in the Cerrado. The sampling encompassed all phytogeographic provinces of the continuous area of the Cerrado and included 397 individuals belonging to 21...

Data from: Biotic and abiotic variables influencing plant litter breakdown in streams: a global study

Luz Boyero, Richard Pearson, Cang Hui, Mark Gessner, Javier Perez, Markos Alexandrou, Manuel Graça, Bradley Cardinale, Ricardo Albariño, M. Arunachalam, Leon Barmuta, Andrew Boulton, Andreas Bruder, Marcos Callisto, Eric Chauvet, Russell Death, David Dudgeon, Andrea Encalada, Veronica Ferreira, Ricardo Figueroa, Alex Flecker, , Julie Helson, Tomoya Iwata, Tajang Jinggut … & Catherine Yule
Plant litter breakdown is a key ecological process in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Streams and rivers, in particular, have high rates of carbon dioxide evasion and they contribute substantially to global carbon fluxes. However, there is little information available on the relative roles of different drivers of plant litter breakdown in fresh waters, particularly at large scales. We present a global-scale study of litter breakdown in streams to compare the roles of biotic, climatic and...

Data from: Assessing the conservation value of secondary savanna for large mammals in the Brazilian Cerrado

Guilherme B. Ferreira, Jorge A. Ahumada, Marcelo J. R. Oliveira, Fernando F. De Pinho, Izabela M. Barata, Chris Carbone & Ben Collen
Debate about the conservation value of secondary habitats has tended to focus on tropical forests, increasingly recognizing the role of secondary forests for biodiversity conservation. However, there remains a lack of information about the conservation value of secondary savannas. Here, we conducted a camera trap survey to assess the effect of secondary vegetation on large mammals in a Brazilian Cerrado protected area, using a single-season occupancy framework to investigate the response of individual species (species-level...

Data from: Habitat attributes similarities reduce impacts of land-use conversion on seed removal

Ananza M. Rabello, Catherine L. Parr, Antônio C.M. Queiroz, Danielle L. Braga, Graziele S. Santiago & Carla R. Ribas
Changes in land use strongly influence habitat attributes (e.g., herbaceous ground cover and tree richness) and can consequently affect ecological functions. Most studies have focused on the response of these ecological functions to land-use changes within only a single vegetation type. These studies have often focused solely on agricultural conversion of forests, making it nearly impossible to draw general conclusions across other vegetation types or with other land use changes (e.g., afforestation). We examined the...

Data from: Females of a solitary bee reject males to collect food for offspring

Ana Laura Dutra, Clemens Schlindwein & Reisla Oliveira
The time dedicated to courtship and copulation is the most general cost of mating for females. However, quantitative estimates of this cost and the consequences for female mating behavior have been investigated for only a few model organisms, and mostly under laboratory conditions. We determined the costs of copulations and persistent courtship by males in terms of time for females of the solitary bee Anthrenoides micans. We estimated the rate and duration of male mating...

Fatal outcome of chikungunya virus infection in Brazil

William Marciel Souza, Shirlene Telmos Silva De Lima, John Washington Cavalcante, Darlan Da Silva Candido, Marcilio Jorge Fumagalli, Jean-Paul Carrera, Leda Maria Simões Mello, Fernanda Montenegro De Carvalho Araújo, Izabel Letícia Cavalcante Ramalho, Francisca Kalline De Almeida Barreto, Deborah Nunes De Melo Braga, Adriana Rocha Simião, Mayara Jane Miranda Da Silva, Rhaquel De Morais Alves Barbosa Oliveira, Clayton Pereira Silva Lima, Camila De Sousa Lins, Rafael Ribeiro Barata, Marcelo Nunes Pereira Melo, Michel Platini Caldas De Souza, Luciano Monteiro Franco, Fábio Rocha Fernandes Távora, Daniele Rocha Queiroz Lemos, Carlos Henrique Morais De Alencar, Ronaldo De Jesus, Vagner De Souza Fonseca … & Fabio Miyajima
Abstract Background Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in the Americas in 2013 and has caused ~2.1 million cases and over 600 deaths. A retrospective investigation was undertaken to describe clinical, epidemiological and virus genomic features associated with deaths caused by CHIKV in Ceará state, northeast Brazil. Methods Sera, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and tissue samples from 100 fatal cases with suspected arbovirus infection were tested for CHIKV, dengue (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV). Clinical, epidemiological and death...

Opposite latitudinal patterns for bird and arthropod predation revealed in the experiments with differently colored artificial prey

Elena Zvereva, Bastien Castagneyrol, Tatiana Cornelissen, Anders Forsman, Juan Antonio Hernández-Agüero, Tero Klemola, Lucas Paolucci, Vicente Polo, Norma Salinas, K. Jurie Theron, Guorui Xu, Vitali Zverev & Mikhail Kozlov
The strength of biotic interactions is generally thought to increase towards the equator, but support for this hypothesis is contradictory. We explored whether predator attacks on artificial prey of eight different colours vary among climates and whether this variation affects the detection of latitudinal patterns in predation. The data set provides number of damage marks on each of 1320 plasticine caterpillars of eight different colours, which were attached to branches of woody plants and exposed...

SNP dataset for Buchenavia oxycarpa

Alison Nazareno
Wallace’s (1854) Riverine Barrier hypothesis is one of the earliest explanations for Amazon biotic diversification. Despite the importance of this hypothesis for explaining speciation in some animal groups, it has not been studied extensively for plant species. In this study we use a prominent Amazon tree, Buchenavia oxycarpa (Mart.) Eichler (Combretaceae), to evaluate Wallace’s hypothesis along the Rio Negro, a major Amazon tributary that has driven allopatric speciation for several animal taxa. We sampled six...

Disentangling the effects of latitudinal and elevational gradients on bee, wasp, and ant diversity in an ancient Neotropical mountain range

Lucas Perillo, Flávio Castro, Ricardo Solar & Frederico Neves
Aim: Ancient tropical mountains are megadiverse, yet little is known about the distribution of their species. We aimed to disentangle the effects of latitudinal and elevational gradients on the distribution of species of Aculeata and to understand the effects of climatic variables across different spatial scales of diversity (α, γ, and β-diversity). Location: Campo rupestre in the Espinhaço Mountain Range, Southeast Brazil. Taxon: Bees, wasps, and ants (Aculeata: Hymenoptera) Methods: We used a unique dataset...

Beta diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages associated with leaf patches in neotropical montane streams

Marcos Callisto, Marden Linares, , Robert Hughes, Marcelo Moretti, Diego Macedo & Ricardo Ribeiro De Castro Solar
Over 70% of the total channel length in all river basins is formed by low order streams, many of which originate on mountaintops. Headwater streams play fundamental roles in processing and transporting terrestrial and aquatic organic matter, often harboring high biodiversity in bottom leaf patches deposited from riparian vegetation. The objective of this study was to assess the variation in taxonomic composition (measured by beta diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates) among stream sites located in the...

By animal, water, or wind: can dispersal mode predict genetic connectivity in riverine plant species?

Alison Nazareno
Seed dispersal is crucial to gene flow among plant populations. Although the effects of geographic distance and barriers to gene flow are well studied in many systems, it is unclear how seed dispersal mediates gene flow in conjunction with interacting effects of geographic distance and barriers. To test whether distinct seed dispersal modes (i.e. hydrochory, anemochory, and zoochory) have a consistent effect on the level of genetic connectivity (i.e., gene flow) among populations of riverine...

Deep vicariance and frequent transoceanic dispersal shape the evolutionary history of a globally distributed fern family

Weston Testo, Andre Gasper, Sonia Molino, José María Gabriel Y Galán, Alexandre Salino, Vinícius Dittrich & Emily Sessa
Premise Historical biogeography of ferns is typically expected to be dominated by long-distance dispersal, due to their minuscule spores. However, few studies have inferred the historical biogeography of a large and widely distributed group of ferns to test this hypothesis. Our aims are to determine the extent to which long-distance dispersal vs. vicariance have shaped the history of the fern family Blechnaceae, to explore ecological correlates of dispersal and diversification, and to determine whether these...

Additional file 1 of Correlation scan: identifying genomic regions that affect genetic correlations applied to fertility traits

Babatunde S. Olasege, Laercio R. Porto-Neto, Muhammad S. Tahir, Gabriela C. Gouveia, Angela Cánovas, Ben J. Hayes & Marina R. S. Fortes
Additional file 1. The number of windows, chromosome number, chromosome coordinates, and correlation estimates of each window for the two trait pairs in Brahman and Tropical Composite population (Table S1-S2).

Differentials in death count records by databases in Brazil in 2010

Victor Hugo Dias Diógenes, Elzo Pereira Pinto Júnior, Marcos Roberto Gonzaga, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz, Everton E. C. Lima, Lilia Carolina C. da Costa, Aline S. Rocha, Andrêa J. F. Ferreira, Camila S. S. Teixeira, Flávia Jôse O. Alves, Leila Rameh, Renzo Flores-Ortiz, Alastair Leyland, Ruth Dundas, Maurício L. Barreto & Maria Yury Travassos Ichihara
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To compare the death counts from three sources of information on mortality available in Brazil in 2010, the Mortality Information System (SIM - Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade ), Civil Registration Statistic System (RC - Sistema de Estatísticas de Resgistro Civil ), and the 2010 Demographic Census at various geographical levels, and to confirm the association between municipal socioeconomic characteristics and the source which showed the highest death count. METHODS This is a...

Mortality differentials in beneficiaries of the National Institute of Social Security of Brazil in 2015

Marcos Roberto Gonzaga, Everton Emanuel Campos Lima, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz, Graziela Ansiliero & Flávio Henrique Miranda de Araújo Freire
ABSTRACT This paper aims to estimate mortality and analyze its differentials by sex, age, and groups of beneficiaries of the Brazilian National Institute of Social Security (INSS) in 2015 and make comparisons with official estimates for the general population, assessing the distribution of deaths by age and of survival after 65 years old. The results reinforce the need for more studies on mortality differentials between beneficiary groups and for continuous investment to improve the quality...

Data for: Evaluating the impact of anatomical partitioning on summary topologies obtained with Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of morphological data

Daniel Casali, Felipe Freitas & Fernando Perini
Morphological data are a fundamental source of evidence to reconstruct the Tree of Life, and Bayesian phylogenetic methods are increasingly being used for this task. Bayesian phylogenetic analyses require the use of evolutionary models, which have been intensively studied in the past few years, with significant improvements to our knowledge. Notwithstanding, a systematic evaluation of the performance of partitioned models for morphological data has never been performed. Here we evaluate the influence of partitioned models,...

Time trends of physical activity for leisure and transportation in the Brazilian adult population: results from Vigitel, 2010-2019

Alessandra de Carvalho Bastone, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Karina Simone de Souza Vasconcelos, Amanda Silva Magalhães, Débora Moraes Coelho, Juliana Ilídio da Silva, Vanessa Moraes Bezerra, Adalberto Aparecido dos Santos Lopes, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa & Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade
This time-series study examined a 10-year historical series of the physical activity prevalence for leisure and transportation in the Brazilian adult population. Information from 512,969 adults interviewed from the Vigitel between 2010 and 2019 was analyzed. Individuals who reported practicing at least 150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity physical activity or at least 75 minutes/week of vigorous-intensity physical activity were considered active during leisure time. Individuals who reported walking or cycling to/from work, course, or school at...

Data from: Climate, physiological tolerance, and sex-biased dispersal shape genetic structure of Neotropical orchid bees

Margarita M. Lopez-Uribe, Kelly R. Zamudio, Carolina F. Cardoso & Bryan N. Danforth
Understanding the impact of past climatic events on the demographic history of extant species is critical for predicting species’ responses to future climate change. Paleoclimatic instability is a major mechanism of lineage diversification in taxa with low dispersal and small geographic ranges in tropical ecosystems. However, the impact of these climatic events remains questionable for the diversification of species with high levels of gene flow and large geographic distributions. In this study, we investigate the...

Data from: High frequency echolocation, ear morphology, and the marine–freshwater transition: a comparative study of extant and extinct toothed whales

Carolina S. Gutstein, Constanza P. Figueroa-Bravo, Nicholas D. Pyenson, Roberto E. Yury-Yañez, Mario A. Cozzuol & Mauricio Canals
This study compares the bony ear morphology of freshwater and marine odontocetes (toothed whales). Odontocetes are unique among marine mammals in two important respects: 1) they use echolocation; 2) at least three lineages have independently evolved obligate freshwater habits from marine ancestries. Freshwater odontocetes include the so-called “river dolphins,” a paraphyletic group that each evolved convergent external morphological characters that distinguish them from oceanic dolphins (Delphinoidea). In addition to their convergent external morphology, “river dolphins”...

Data from: Arthropod distribution in a tropical rainforest: tackling a four dimensional puzzle

Yves Basset, Lukas Cizek, Philippe Cuénoud, Raphael K. Didham, Vojtech Novotny, Frode Ødegaard, Tomas Roslin, Alexey K. Tishechkin, Jürgen Schmidl, Neville N. Winchester, David W. Roubik, Henri-Pierre Aberlenc, Johannes Bail, Héctor Barrios, Jonathan R. Bridle, Gabriela Castaño-Meneses, Bruno Corbara, Gianfranco Curletti, Wesley Duarte Da Rocha, Domir De Bakker, Jacques H.C. Delabie, Alain Dejean, Laura L. Fagan, Andreas Floren, Roger L. Kitching … & Jacques H. C. Delabie
Quantifying the spatio-temporal distribution of arthropods in tropical rainforests represents a first step towards scrutinizing the global distribution of biodiversity on Earth. To date most studies have focused on narrow taxonomic groups or lack a design that allows partitioning of the components of diversity. Here, we consider an exceptionally large dataset (113,952 individuals representing 5,858 species), obtained from the San Lorenzo forest in Panama, where the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa was surveyed using 14...

Data from: Experimentally reducing species abundance indirectly affects food web structure and robustness

Milton Barbosa, G. Wilson Fernandes, Owen T. Lewis & Rebecca J. Morris
Studies on the robustness of ecological communities suggest that the loss or reduction in abundance of individual species can lead to secondary and cascading extinctions. However, most such studies have been simulation-based analyses of the effect of primary extinction on food web structure. In a field experiment we tested the direct and indirect effects of reducing the abundance of a common species, focusing on the diverse and self-contained assemblage of arthropods associated with an abundant...

Data from: Is environmental legislation conserving tropical stream faunas? a large-scale assessment of local, riparian and catchment-scale influences on Amazonian stream fish

Cecília G. Leal, Jos Barlow, Toby Gardner, Robert M. Hughes, Rafael P. Leitão, Ralph Mac Nally, Philip R. Kaufmann, Silvio F. B. Ferraz, Jansen Zuanon, Felipe R. De Paula, Joice Ferreira, James R. Thomson, Gareth D. Lennox, Eurizângela P. Dary, Cristhiana P. Röpke, Paulo S. Pompeu & Toby A. Gardner
1.Agricultural expansion and intensification are major threats to tropical biodiversity. In addition to the direct removal of native vegetation, agricultural expansion often elicits other human-induced disturbances, many of which are poorly addressed by existing environmental legislation and conservation programmes. This is particularly true for tropical freshwater systems, where there is considerable uncertainty about whether a legislative focus on protecting riparian vegetation is sufficient to conserve stream fauna. 2.To assess the extent to which stream fish...

Data from: Safety and immunogenicity of the Na-GST-1 hookworm vaccine in Brazilian and American adults

Amar Jariwala, Anna Yakovleva, Carlos Geraldo Fraga, David J. Diemert, Doreen Campbell, Frederico Talles, Guangzhao Li, Janaína Freire, Jeffrey Bethony, Jill Brelsford, Jin Peng, Maria Flávia Gazzinelli, Maria Victoria Periago, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Martin Enk, Peter Hotez, Robert Hamilton, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira, Shannon Grahek & Vanderson Valente
Necator americanus Glutathione-S-Transferase-1 (Na-GST-1) plays a role in the digestion of host hemoglobin by adult N. americanus hookworms. Vaccination of laboratory animals with recombinant Na-GST-1 is associated with significant protection from challenge infection. Recombinant Na-GST-1 was expressed in Pichia pastoris and adsorbed to aluminum hydroxide adjuvant (Alhydrogel) according to current Good Manufacturing Practice. Two Phase 1 trials were conducted in 142 healthy adult volunteers in the United States and Brazil, first in hookworm-naïve individuals and...

Data from: Floral antagonists counteract pollinator-mediated selection on attractiveness traits in the hummingbird-pollinated Collaea cipoensis (Fabaceae)

Irene Gélvez-Zúñiga, Alberto L. Teixido, Ana Carolina O. Neves & Geraldo Wilson Fernandes
Pollinator-mediated selection towards larger and abundant flowers is common in naturally pollen-limited populations. However, floral antagonists may counteract this effect, maintaining smaller- and few-flowered individuals within populations. We quantified pollinator and antagonist visit rates and determined a multiplicative female fitness component from attacked and non-attacked flowers of the Brazilian hummingbird-pollinated shrub Collaea cipoensis to determine the selective effects of pollinators and floral antagonists on flower size and number. We predicted that floral antagonists reduce the...

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