Data from: Exploring rainforest diversification using demographic model testing in the African foam-nest treefrog (Chiromantis rufescens)Adam Leache, Daniel Portik, Danielle Rivera, Mark-Oliver Rodel, Johannes Penner, Václav Gvoždík, Eli Greenbaum, Gregory Jongsma, Caleb Ofori-Boateng, Marius Burger, Edem Eniang, Rayna Bell & Matthew Fujita
Aim: Species with wide distributions spanning the African Guinean and Congolian rainforests are often composed of genetically distinct populations or cryptic species with geographic distributions that mirror the locations of the remaining forest habitats. We used phylogeographic inference and demographic model testing to evaluate diversification models in a widespread rainforest species, the African Foam-nest Treefrog (Chiromantis rufescens). Location: Guinean and Congolian rainforests, West and Central Africa. Taxon: Chiromantis rufescens. Methods: We collected mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)...
Data from: Probabilistic species tree distances: implementing the multispecies coalescent to compare species trees within the same model-based framework used to estimate themRichard H. Adams & Todd A. Castoe
Despite the ubiquitous use of statistical models for phylogenomic and population genomic inferences, this model-based rigor is rarely applied to post-hoc comparison of trees. In a recent study, Garba and colleagues derived new methods for measuring the distance between two gene trees computed as the difference in their site pattern probability distributions. Unlike traditional metrics that compare trees solely in terms of geometry, these measures consider gene trees and associated parameters as probabilistic models that...
Data from: Natural selection favors a larger eye in response to increased competition in natural populations of a vertebrateShannon M. Beston & Matthew R. Walsh
1.Eye size varies notably across taxa. Much work suggests that this variation is driven by contrasting ecological selective pressures. However, evaluations of the relationship between ecological factors and shifts in eye size have largely occurred at the macroevolutionary scale. Experimental tests in nature are conspicuously absent. 2.Trinidadian killifish, Rivulus hartii, are found across fish communities that differ in predation intensity. We recently showed that increased predation is associated with the evolution of a smaller eye....
Disruptive natural selection within populations exploiting different resources is considered to be a major driver of adaptive radiation and the production of biodiversity. Fitness functions, which describe the relationships between trait variation and fitness, can help to illuminate how this disruptive selection leads to population differentiation. However, a single fitness function represents only a particular selection regime over a single specified time period (often a single season or a year), and therefore might not capture...
Data from: Integrating over uncertainty in spatial scale of response within multispecies occupancy models yields more accurate assessments of community compositionLuke Frishkoff, D. Mahler & Marie-Josee Fortin
Species abundance and community composition are affected not only by the local environment, but also by broader landscape and regional context. Yet, determining the spatial scales at which landscapes affect species remains a persistent challenge, hindering our ability to understand how environmental gradients shape communities. This problem is amplified by data deficient species and imperfect species detection. Here, we present a Bayesian framework that allows uncertainty surrounding the “true” spatial scale of species’ responses (i.e.,...
Data from: Species-specific responses to habitat conversion across scales synergistically restructure Neotropical bird communitiesLuke O. Frishkoff & Daniel S. Karp
Ecologists are increasingly exploring methods for preserving biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Yet because species vary in how they respond to habitat conversion, ecological communities in agriculture and more natural habitats are often distinct. Unpacking the heterogeneity in species responses to habitat conversion will be essential for predicting and mitigating community shifts. Here, we analyze two years of bird censuses at 150 sites across gradients of local land cover, landscape forest amount and configuration, and regional...
The University of Texas at Arlington6
University of Massachusetts Amherst1
University of Washington1
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth1
African Conservation Tillage Network1
The University of Texas at San Antonio1
Universidad San Francisco de Quito1
Faculty for State and European Studies1