49 Works

SEAL3

, &
This array is part of the WOMBAT rolling array. It consist of ~60 short-period (Lennartz 3D-Lite MkII) recording at 25hz. Station spacing is approximately 50 km

Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS-attributed mortalities and associated sociodemographic factors in Papua New Guinea: Evidence from the comprehensive health and epidemiological surveillance system

Bang Nguyen PHAM, Nora Abori, Vinson D. Silas, Ronny Jorry, Chalapati Rao, Anthony D. Okely & William Pomat
Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV/AIDS are public health concerns in Papua New Guinea (PNG). This study examines TB and HIV/AIDS mortalities and associated sociodemographic factors in PNG. Method: As part of a longitudinal study, verbal autopsy (VA) interviews were conducted using the WHO 2016 VA Instrument to collect data of 926 deaths occurred in the communities within the catchment areas of the Comprehensive Health and Epidemiological Surveillance System from 2018-2020. InterVA-5 cause of deaths analytic tool...

MULGA NT Array

, &
A three-month, five-station array targeting aftershocks of the May 20 2016 Peterson Ranges earthquake via 250hz short period sensors.

Future-proofing the koala: synergizing genomic and environmental data for effective species management

Matthew Lott, Belinda Wright, Linda Neaves, Greta Frankham, Siobhan Dennison, Mark Eldridge, Sally Potter, David Alquezar-Planas, Carolyn Hogg, Katherine Belov & Rebecca Johnson
Climatic and evolutionary processes are inextricably linked to conservation. Avoiding extinction in rapidly changing environments often depends upon a species’ capacity to adapt in the face of extreme selective pressures. Here, we employed exon capture and high-throughput next-generation sequencing to investigate the mechanisms underlying population structure and adaptive genetic variation in the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), an iconic Australian marsupial that represents a unique conservation challenge because it is not uniformly threatened across its range. An...

Southern Greater Glider spotlighting surveys conducted in 2021 in the Victorian Central Highlands Australia

David Lindenmayer
Data used for Elevation, disturbance, and forest type drive the occurrence of a specialist arboreal folivore as published in PLOS ONE. These are the results of Spotlighting surveys for Greater Gliders in the Victorian Central Highlands in Australia.

Data from: Composition of a chemical signalling trait varies with phylogeny and precipitation across an Australian lizard radiation

Stephen Zozaya, Luisa Teasdale, Craig Moritz, Megan Higgie & Conrad Hoskin
The environment presents challenges to the transmission and detection of animal signalling systems, resulting in selective pressures that can drive signal divergence among populations in disparate environments. For chemical signals, climate is a potentially important selective force because factors such as temperature and moisture influence the persistence and detection of chemicals. We investigated an Australian lizard radiation (Heteronotia) to explore relationships between a sexually dimorphic chemical signalling trait (epidermal pore secretions) and two key climate...

Current flow files mapped by Omniscape representing the dispersal of saltwater crocodiles

Yusuke Fukuda & Sam Banks
This folder contains raster data in asc format to be used with Omniscape to visualise predicted flow across a study area raster, using the core breeding habitat cells ('Saltwater crocodile core breeding habitat cells.asc') for saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) in the Northern Territory, Australia, the optimized resistance surface ('Saltwater crocodile optimized resistance surface.asc'), and core habitat cells ('Saltwater crocodile core habitat cells.asc') as ground nodes, effectively representing locations where current could ‘settle’.

R script with data for vegetation and macropod scat analysis

Matthew Chard
Fire and herbivores alter vegetation structure and function. Future fire activity is predicted to increase, and quantifying changes in vegetation communities arising from post-fire herbivory is needed to better manage natural environments. We investigated the effects of post-fire herbivory on understory plant communities in a coastal eucalypt forest in south-eastern Australia. We quantified herbivore activity, understory plant diversity, and dominant plant morphology following a wildfire in 2017 using two sizes of exclosures. Statistical analysis incorporated...

Nest architecture is linked with ecological success in songbirds

Iliana Medina, Daniela Perez, Ana C Afonso Silva, Justin Cally, Constanza Leon, Odile Maliet & Ignacio Quintero
Nests are essential constructions that directly determine fitness, yet their structure can vary substantially across bird species. While there is evidence supporting a link between nest architecture and the habitat a species occupies, we still ignore what ecological and evolutionary processes are linked to different nest types. Using information on 3175 species of songbirds, we show that – after controlling for latitude and body size – species that build domed nests (i.e., nests with a...

Mistletoes could moderate drought impacts on woodland birds, but are themselves susceptible to drought-induced dieback

Ross Crates
Mistletoes are hemiparasitic plants and keystone species in many ecosystems globally. Given predicted increases in drought frequency and intensity, mistletoes may be crucial for moderating drought impacts on community structure. Dependent on host vascular flows, mistletoes can succumb to stress when water availability falls, making them susceptible to mortality during drought. We counted mistletoe across >350,000 km2 of south-eastern Australia and conducted standardised bird surveys between 2016 and 2021, spanning a major drought event in...

Population genomics and sexual signals identify reproductive interference in Uperoleia

Renee Catullo, Frederick Jaya, Jessie Tanner, Michael Whitehead, Paul Doughty, Scott Keogh & Craig Moritz
When closely related species come into contact via range expansion, both may experience reduced fitness as a result of the interaction. Selection is expected to favor traits that minimize costly interspecies reproductive interactions (such as mismating) via a phenomenon called reproductive character displacement (RCD). Research on RCD frequently assumes secondary contact between species, but the geographic history of species interactions is often unknown. Landscape genomic data allows tests of geographic hypotheses about species origins and...

Phylogenetic analysis of policistronic amino-acid sequences encoded by 116 flavivirus genomes

Lars Jermiin, Vivek Jayaswal & John Robinson
Recently, Genome Biology and Evolution (11:3341-3352) published three statistical tests for testing whether alignments of sequence data violate the phylogenetic assumption of evolution under homogeneous conditions. The tests extend the matched-pairs tests of symmetry, marginal symmetry, and internal symmetry for pairs of aligned homologous sequences to the case where a whole alignment is considered. Here we reveal that the new tests are misleading. We explain why this is so, reveal how the tests of whole...

Data for: Biogeographic history predicts bee community structure across floral resource gradients in southeast Australia

Julian Brown & Saul Cunningham
Aim: Plants populations are declining in their native ranges around the globe through the expansion of agriculture, urbanization, and plant invasions. We test the hypothesis that animal species that have spent more of their evolutionary history in a region are more dependent on native plants, particularly those plants that have spent more of their evolutionary history in the region, and are therefore more negatively impacted by native plant decline. Location: Yarra Valley landscapes, Australia Methods:...

Novel code for Synchrony in adult survival is remarkably strong among common temperate songbirds across France

Timothée Bonnet
Synchronous variation in demographic parameters across species destabilizes populations, metapopulations and metacommunities and increases extinction risks. Revealing the processes that synchronize population dynamics across species allows to identify trans-specific demographic processes that are subject to environmental forcing of overarching importance. Using a Bayesian, hierarchical multi-site, multi-species mark–recapture model, we investigated synchrony in annual adult local survival across 16 species of songbirds over France for the period 2001–2016, and the contributions of winter and spring weather...

Separating the effects of paternal age and mating history: evidence for sex-specific paternal effect in eastern mosquitofish

Upama Aich
Paternal age and past mating effort by males are often confounded, which can affect our understanding of a father’s age effects. To our knowledge, only a few studies have standardized mating history when testing for effects of paternal age, and none has simultaneously disentangled how paternal age and mating history might jointly influence offspring traits. Here, we experimentally manipulated male mating history to tease apart its effects from those of paternal age on female fertility...

Predicting habitat suitability for wild deer in relation to threatened ecological communities in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia

Heather Burns, Philip Gibbons, Andrew Claridge & David McCreery
Context. High density deer populations can cause ecological damage, yet their distribution and impacts are poorly known across much of Australia. As a result, land managers rely on anecdotal reports to make decisions about management and control measures. Aims. We aimed to model habitat suitability for deer in the South Coast of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, to be used as a baseline for future management and identify which threatened ecological communities (TECs) in the...

TIGGER SP

&
~64 short period sensor array (mostly Sercel L-4C and Willmore MkIIC recording at 20hz) to complement the TIGGER BB broadband network 7H throughout northern Tasmania.

ASR

&
This project was an infill network to cover areas of South Australia that have never had any seismic imaging work done. Instruments are 120s Trillium compacts. We acknowledge the support of the Maralinga Tjarutja people who provided us with access to their lands for this project.

Albany-Fraser Experiment

, , , &
ALFREX (Albany-Fraser experiment) was deployed to image the edge of the WA craton in the Albany-Fraser Orogen. ARC Linkage Grant LP130100413 "Craton modification and growth: The east Albany-Fraser Orogen in 3-D"

Australia-Indonesia Tectonics Observatory 2013-2016

&
This network consists of a series of temporary deployments in Indonesia, targeting urban basins (Jakarta, Bandung and Palu) with dense arrays, and also upper crustal structure in west and east Java using less dense, regional arrays

Data from: Dominant carnivore loss benefits native avian and invasive mammalian scavengers

Matthew Fielding, Calum Cunningham, Jessie Buettel, Dejan Stojanovic, Luke Yates, Menna Jones & Barry Brook
Scavenging by large carnivores is integral for ecosystem functioning by limiting the build-up of carrion and facilitating widespread energy flows. However, top carnivores have declined across the world, triggering trophic shifts within ecosystems. In this study, we use a natural ‘removal experiment’ of disease-driven decline and island extirpation of native mammalian (marsupial) carnivores to investigate top-down control on utilisation of experimentally placed carcasses by two mesoscavengers – the invasive feral cat and native forest raven....

Supplementary material for: nQMaker: estimating time non-reversible amino acid substitution models

Cuong Dang, Minh Bui, Hanon McShea, Joanna Masel, Jennifer James, Vinh Le & Robert Lanfear
Amino acid substitution models are a key component in phylogenetic analyses of protein sequences. All commonly-used amino acid models available to date are time-reversible, an assumption designed for computational convenience but not for biological reality. Another significant downside to time-reversible models is that they do not allow inference of rooted trees without outgroups. In this paper, we introduce a maximum likelihood approach nQMaker, an extension of the recently published QMaker method, that allows the estimation...

Drivers of global variation in land ownership - dataset

Patrick Kavanagh, Michael Gavin, Hannah Haynie, Geoff Kushnick, Bruno Vilela, Ty Tuff, Claire Bowern, Bobbi Low, Carol Ember, Kathryn Kirby & Carlos Botero
Land ownership shapes natural resource management and social–ecological resilience, but the factors determining ownership norms in human societies remain unclear. Here we conduct a global empirical test of long‐standing theories from ecology, economics and anthropology regarding potential drivers of land ownership and territoriality. Prior theory suggests that resource defensibility, subsistence strategies, population pressure, political complexity and cultural transmission mechanisms may all influence land ownership. We applied multi‐model inference procedures based on logistic regression to cultural...

Sex-specific splicing of Z- and W-borne nr5a1 alleles suggests sex determination is controlled by chromosome conformation

Xiuwen Zhang, Susan Wagner, Clare Holleley, Janine Deakin, Kazumi Matsubara, Ira Deveson, Deni O'Meally, Hardip Patel, Tariq Ezaz, Zhao Li, Chexu Wang, Melanie Edwards, Jennifer Marshall Graves & Arthur Georges
Pogona vitticeps has female heterogamety (ZZ/ZW) but the master sex determining gene is unknown, as is the case for all reptiles. We show that nr5a1, a gene that is essential in mammalian sex determination, has alleles on the Z and W chromosomes (Z-nr5a1 and W-nr5a1), which are both expressed and can recombine. Three transcript isoforms of Z-nr5a1 were detected in gonads of adult ZZ males, two of which encode a functional protein. However, ZW females...

Data for: The formation of “mega‐flocks” depends on vegetation structure in montane coniferous forests of Taiwan

Chun-Chieh Liao, Tzung-Su Ding & Chao-Chieh Chen
A mixed-species bird flock is a social assemblage where two or more bird species are moving together while foraging and might benefit from increased foraging efficiency and antipredator vigilance. A “mega-flock,” which includes flocking species from different vegetation layers, often exhibits high species diversity. Mechanisms for the formation of mega-flocks have not yet been explored. In this study, we evaluated the influence of vegetation structure and bird species diversity/richness in driving the occurrence of mega-flocks....

Registration Year

  • 2022
    49

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    49

Affiliations

  • Australian National University
    38
  • Australian National University (ANU, Australia)
    10
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    2
  • National Parks and Wildlife Service
    2
  • University of Melbourne
    2
  • University of Sydney
    2
  • Kaohsiung Medical University
    2
  • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    2
  • University of Western Australia
    2
  • Charles Darwin University
    2