16 Works

Data from: Using structured eradication feasibility assessment to prioritise the management of new and emerging invasive alien species in Europe

Olaf Booy, Peter A. Robertson, Niall Moore, Jess Ward, Helen E. Roy, Tim Adriaens, Richard Shaw, Johan Van Valkenburg, Gabe Wyn, Sandro Bertolino, Olivier Blight, Etienne Branquart, Giuseppe Brundu, Joe Caffrey, Dario Capizzi, Jim Casaer, Olivier De Clerck, Neil Coughlan, Eithne Davis, Jaimie Dick, Franz Essl, Guillaume Fried, Piero Genovesi, Pablo González-Moreno, Frank Hysentruyt … & Aileen C. Mill
Prioritising the management of invasive alien species (IAS) is of global importance and within Europe integral to the EU IAS regulation. To prioritise management effectively the risks posed by IAS need to be assessed, but so too does the feasibility of their management. While risk of IAS to the EU has been assessed, the feasibility of management has not. We assessed the feasibility of eradicating 60 new (not yet established) and 35 emerging (established with...

Data from: Influence of genetic drift on patterns of genetic variation: the footprint of aquaculture practices in Sparus aurata (Teleostei: Sparidae)

Piero Cossu, Fabio Scarpa, Daria Sanna, Tiziana Lai, Gian Luca Dedola, Marco Curini-Galletti, Laura Mura, Nicola Fois & Marco Casu
Aquaculture finfish production based on floating cage technology has raised increasing concerns on the genetic integrity of natural populations. Accidental mass escapes can induce the loss of genetic diversity in wild populations by increasing genetic drift and inbreeding. Farm escapees likely represent an important issue in the gilthead sea bream, which accounted for 76.4% of total escapes recorded in Europe during a three-year survey. Here, we investigated patterns of genetic variation in farmed and wild...

Data from: Ecological niche differentiation in peripheral populations: a comparative analysis of eleven Mediterranean plant species

Guillaume Papuga, Perrine Gauthier, Virginie Pons, Emmanuele Farris & John D. Thompson
Aim: The “central-peripheral” hypothesis has provided a baseline for many studies of population dynamics and genetic variability at species distribution limits. Although peripheral populations are often assumed to occur in ecologically marginal conditions, little is known about whether they effectively occur in a distinct ecological niche. Location: Western Mediterranean basin. Time Period: 2013-2014. Major taxa studied: A cross-taxa analysis of 11 Mediterranean vascular plants. Methods: We quantified variation in the ecological niche between populations at...

Past, present and future of chamois science

Luca Corlatti, Laura Iacolina, Toni Safner, Marco Apollonio, Elena Buzan, Francesco Ferretti, Sabine Hammer, Juan Herrero, Luca Rossi, Emmanuel Serrano, Mari Cruz Arnal, Francesca Brivio, Roberta Chirichella, Antonella Cotza, Barbara Crestanello, Johan Espunyes, Daniel Fernández De Luco, Saskia Friedrich, Dragan Gačić, Laura Grassi, Stefano Grignolio, Heidi Hauffe, Kresmir Kavčić, Andreas Kinser, Francesca Lioce … & Nikica Šprem
The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species, the Northern chamois R. rupicapra and the Southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on taxonomy and systematics, genetics, life history, ecology and behavior, physiology and disease, management, and conservation. Research on Rupicapra has a longstanding...

Data from: Genomic diversity and differentiation of a managed island wild boar population

Laura Iacolina, Massimo Scandura, Daniel J. Goedbloed, Panoraia Alexandri, Richard P. M. A. Crooijmans, Greger Larson, Alan Archibald, Marco Apollonio, Lawrence B. Schook, Martien A. Groenen & Hendrik-Jan Megens
The evolution of island populations in natural systems is driven by local adaptation and genetic drift. However, evolutionary pathways may be altered by humans in several ways. The wild boar (WB) (Sus scrofa) is an iconic game species occurring in several islands, where it has been strongly managed since prehistoric times. We examined genomic diversity at 49 803 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 99 Sardinian WBs and compared them with 196 wild specimens from mainland Europe and...

Data from: Genome-wide SNP data unveils the globalization of domesticated pigs

Bin Yang, Leilei Cui, Miguel Perez-Enciso, Aleksei Traspov, Richard P. M. A. Crooijmans, Natalia Zinovieva, Lawrence B. Schook, Alan Archibald, Kesinee Gatphayak, Christophe Knorr, Alex Triantafyllidis, Panoraia Alexandri, Gono Semiadi, Olivier Hanotte, Deodália Dias, Peter Dovč, Pekka Uimari, Laura Iacolina, Massimo Scandura, Martien A. M. Groenen, Lusheng Huang & Hendrik-Jan Megens
Background: Pigs were domesticated independently in Eastern and Western Eurasia early during the agricultural revolution, and have since been transported and traded across the globe. Here, we present a worldwide survey on 60K genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data for 2093 pigs, including 1839 domestic pigs representing 122 local and commercial breeds, 215 wild boars, and 39 out-group suids, from Asia, Europe, America, Oceania and Africa. The aim of this study was to infer global...

Data from: Molecular analysis of carnivore Protoparvovirus detected in white blood cells of naturally infected cats

Andrea Balboni, Francesca Bassi, Stefano De Arcangeli, Rosanna Zobba, Carla Dedola, Alberto Alberti & Mara Battilani
Background: Cats are susceptible to feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and canine parvovirus (CPV) variants 2a, 2b and 2c. Detection of FPV and CPV variants in apparently healthy cats and their persistence in white blood cells (WBC) and other tissues when neutralising antibodies are simultaneously present, suggest that parvovirus may persist long-term in the tissues of cats post-infection without causing clinical signs. The aim of this study was to screen a population of 54 cats from...

SNPs genotypes of Italian wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations

Massimo Scandura, Giulia Fabbri, Romolo Caniglia, Laura Iacolina, Federica Mattucci, Chiara Mengoni, Giulio Pante, Marco Apollonio & Nadia Mucci
Human activities can globally modify natural ecosystems determining ecological, demographic and range perturbations for several animal species. These changes can jeopardize native gene pools in different ways, leading either to genetic homogenization or, conversely, to the split into genetically divergent demes. In the past decades, most European wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations were heavily managed by humans. Anthropic manipulations have strongly affected also Italian populations through heavy hunting, translocations and reintroductions that might have deeply...

Data from: Forecasting the response to global warming in a heat-sensitive species

Francesca Brivio, Milena Zurmühl, Stefano Grignolio, Jost Von Hardenberg, Marco Apollonio & Simone Ciuti
Avoiding hyperthermia entails considerable metabolic costs for endotherms. Such costs increase in warm conditions, when endotherms may trade food intake for cooler areas to avoid heat stress and maximize their energy balance. The need to reduce heat stress may involve the adoption of tactics affecting space use and foraging behaviour, which are important to understand and predict the effects of climate change and inform conservation. We used resource selection models to examine the behavioural response...

Data from: The behavioral trade-off between thermoregulation and foraging in a heat-sensitive species

Tom H. E. Mason, Francesca Brivio, Philip A. Stephens, Marco Apollonio & Stefano Grignolio
The range-shifts of many species are lagging behind climate change, meaning that those species are likely to experience increases in average ambient temperature. Heat-sensitive species may experience increasingly precarious trade-offs between investment in thermoregulation versus other key processes as the climate warms. We investigated the potential for trade-offs to exist between behavioral thermoregulation and foraging, studying a typical heat-sensitive endotherm: the Alpine ibex (Capra ibex). Ibex use higher altitudes when it is hotter, which could...

Data and scripts from: Long term analysis of social structure: evidence of age-based consistent associations in male Alpine ibex

Alice Brambilla, Achaz Von Hardenberg, Claudia Canedoli, Francesca Brivio, Cédric Sueur & Christina Stanely
The folder contains the data and scripts used to produce the manuscript: "Long term analysis of social structure: evidence of age-based consistent associations in Alpine ibex" by Alice Brambilla, Achaz von Hardenberg, Claudia Canedoli, Francesca Brivio, Cédric Sueur and Christina R Stanley.

Data from: Tradeoffs between maize silage yield and nitrate leaching in a Mediterranean nitrate-vulnerable zone under current and projected climate scenarios

Bruno Basso, Pietro Giola, Benjamin Dumont, Massimiliano De Antoni Migliorati, Davide Cammarano, Giovanni Pruneddu, Francesco Giunta & Massimiliano De Antoni Migliorati
Future climatic changes may have profound impacts on cropping systems and affect the agronomic and environmental sustainability of current N management practices. The objectives of this work were to i) evaluate the ability of the SALUS crop model to reproduce experimental crop yield and soil nitrate dynamics results under different N fertilizer treatments in a farmer’s field, ii) use the SALUS model to estimate the impacts of different N fertilizer treatments on NO3- leaching under...

Data from: Immanent conditions determine imminent collapses: nutrient regimes define the resilience of macroalgal communities

Jordi Boada, Rohan Arthur, David Alonso, Jordi F. Pagès, Albert Pessarrodona, Silvia Oliva, Giulia Ceccherelli, Luigi Piazzi, Javier Romero & Teresa Alcoverro
Predicting where state-changing thresholds lie can be inherently complex in ecosystems characterized by nonlinear dynamics. Unpacking the mechanisms underlying these transitions can help considerably reduce this unpredictability. We used empirical observations, field and laboratory experiments, and mathematical models to examine how differences in nutrient regimes mediate the capacity of macrophyte communities to sustain sea urchin grazing. In relatively nutrient-rich conditions, macrophyte systems were more resilient to grazing, shifting to barrens beyond 1 800 g m−2...

Data from: Evolutionary metabolomics reveals domestication-associated changes in tetraploid wheat kernels

Romina Beleggia, Domenico Rau, Giovanni Laidò, Cristiano Platani, Franca Nigro, Mariagiovanna Fragasso, Pasquale De Vita, Federico Scossa, Alisdair R. Fernie, Zoran Nikoloski & Roberto Papa
Domestication and breeding have influenced the genetic structure of plant populations due to selection for adaptation from natural habitats to agro-ecosystems. Here, we investigate the effects of selection on the contents of 51 primary kernel metabolites and their relationships in three Triticum turgidum L. subspecies (i.e., wild emmer, emmer, durum wheat) that represent the major steps of tetraploid wheat domestication. We present a methodological pipeline to identify the signature of selection for molecular phenotypic traits...

Data from: Genomic signatures of adaptation to wine biological aging conditions in biofilm-forming flor yeasts

Anna-Lisa Coi, Frederic Bigey, Sandrine Mallet, Souhir Marsit, Giacomo Zara, Pierre Gladieux, Virginie Galeote, Marilena Budroni, Sylvie Dequin, Jean-Luc Legras & A. L. Coi
The molecular and evolutionary processes underlying fungal domestication remain largely unknown despite the importance of fungi to bioindustry and for comparative adaptation genomics in eukaryotes. Wine fermentation and biological aging are performed by strains of S. cerevisiae with, respectively, pelagic fermentative growth on glucose, and biofilm aerobic growth utilizing ethanol. Here, we use environmental samples of wine and flor yeasts to investigate the genomic basis of yeast adaptation to contrasted anthropogenic environments. Phylogenetic inference and...

Phylogenetic data for the description of Phytophthora heterospora sp. nov.

Marília Horta Jung, Bruno Scanu, Thomas Jung, Hossein Masigol, Benedetto Linaldeddu, Andrea Brandano, Reza Mostowfizadeh-Ghalamfarsa, Mario Riolo, Santa Olga Cacciola & Josef Janousek Janousek
Since 1999, an unusual Phytophthora species has repeatedly been found associated with stem lesions, root and collar rot on young olive trees in Southern Italy. In all cases, this species was obtained from new commercial plantations or from nursery seedlings. Morphologically the Phytophthora isolates were characterized by the abundant production of caducous conidia and sporangia, resembling P. palmivora var. heterocystica. Additional isolates with similar features were obtained from nursery plants of Ziziphus spina-christi in Iran,...

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