Data from: Titmice are a better indicator of bird density in Northern European than in Western European forestsMira H. Kajanus, Jukka T. Forsman, Maximilian G. R. Vollstädt, Vincent Devictor, Merja Elo, Aleksi Lehikoinen, Mikko Mönkkönen, James T. Thorson & Sami M. Kivelä
Population sizes of many birds are declining alarmingly and methods for estimating fluctuations in species’ abundances at a large spatial scale are needed. The possibility to derive indicators from the tendency of specific species to co-occur with others has been overlooked. Here we tested whether the abundance of resident titmice can act as a general ecological indicator of forest bird density in European forests. Titmice species are easily identifiable and have a wide distribution, which...
Genotype, spatial and morphological data of adults and progeny in a natural population of Leucadendron rubrumJeanne Tonnabel, Etienne K. Klein, Ophélie Ronce, Sylvie Oddou-Muratorio, François Rousset, Isabelle Olivieri, Alexandre Courtiol & Agnès Mignot
We provide a dataset containing data on both female and male plants measured in a natural population of Leucadendron rubrum about plant architecture, and leaf morphology, thus informing about sexual dimorphism in this species. Genotypes of these males and females on eight microsatellites combined with corresponding genotype data in their progeny permits to undertake parentage analyses. Finally, the spatial distribution of both parents and juveniles allows to account for potential spatial biases in sampling juveniles...
Phylogenomic and macroevolutionary evidence for an explosive radiation of a plant genus in the MioceneHanghui Kong, Fabien L. Condamine, Lihua Yang, AJ Harris, Chao Feng, Fang Wen & Ming Kang
Mountain systems harbor a substantial fraction of global biodiversity and, thus, provide excellent opportunities to study rapid diversification and to understand the historical processes underlying the assembly of biodiversity hotspots. The rich biodiversity in mountains is widely regarded as having arisen under the influence of geological and climatic processes as well as the complex interactions among them. However, the relative contribution of geology and climate in driving species radiation is seldom explored. Here, we studied...
Supporting data for: Evolutionary drivers, morphological evolution and diversity dynamics of a surviving mammal clade: cainotherioids at the Eocene-Oligocene transitionRomain Weppe, Maeva Orliac, Guillaume Guinot & Fabien Condamine
The Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) represents a period of global environmental changes particularly marked in Europe and coincides with a dramatic biotic turnover. Here, using an exceptional fossil preservation, we document and analyse the diversity dynamics of a mammal clade, Cainotherioidea (Artiodactyla), that survived the EOT and radiated rapidly immediately after. We infer their diversification history from Quercy Konzentrat-Lagerstätte (South-West France) at the species level using Bayesian birth-death models. We show that cainotherioid diversity fluctuated through...
Transmissible cancers are parasitic malignant cell lineages that acquired the ability to infect new hosts from the same species, or sometimes related species. First described in dogs and Tasmanian devils, transmissible cancers were later discovered in some marine bivalves affected by a leukemia-like disease. In Mytilus mussels, two lineages of Bivalve Transmissible Neoplasia (BTN), both emerged in a M. trossulus founder individual, have been described to date (MtrBTN1 and MtrBTN2). Here, we performed an extensive...
Data from: Selection on growth rate and local adaptation drive genomic adaptation during experimental range expansions in the protist Tetrahymena thermophilaFelix Moerman, Emanuel Fronhofer, Florian Altermatt & Andreas Wagner
1. Populations that expand their range can undergo rapid evolutionary adaptation of life-history traits, dispersal behaviour, and adaptation to the local environment. Such adaptation may be aided or hindered by sexual reproduction, depending on the context. 2. However, few empirical and experimental studies have investigated the genetic basis of adaptive evolution during range expansions. Even less attention has been given to the question how sexual reproduction may modulate such adaptive evolution during range expansions. 3....
Impact of Pleistocene eustatic fluctuations on evolutionary dynamics in Southeast Asian biodiversity hotspotsArni Sholihah, Erwan Delrieu-Trottin, Fabien Condamine, Daisy Wowor, Lukas Rüber, Laurent Pouyaud, Jean-François Agnèse & Nicolas Hubert
Pleistocene Climatic Fluctuations (PCF) are frequently highlighted as important evolutionary engines that triggered cycles of biome expansion and contraction. While there is ample evidence of the impact of PCF on biodiversity for continental biomes, the consequences in insular systems depend on the geology of the islands and the ecology of the taxa inhabiting them. The idiosyncratic aspects of insular systems are exemplified by the islands of the Sunda Shelf in Southeast Asia (Sundaland), where PCF-induced...
Mechanistic models suggest that information acquired by animals (“knowledge”) could shape home range patterns and dynamics, and how neighbours share space. In social species this would suggest that immigrants could bring new knowledge into social groups, potentially affecting the dynamics of home range overlap. We tested this “immigrant knowledge hypothesis” in a wild population of chacma baboons (Papio ursinus). We used data collected between 2005 and 2013 on two neighbouring troops in Namibia, comprising GPS...
Data from: Wolbachia and host intrinsic reproductive barriers contribute additively to post-mating isolation in spider mitesMiguel A. Cruz, Sara Magalhaes, Elio Sucena & Flore Zélé
Wolbachia are maternally-inherited bacteria that induce cytoplasmic incompatibility in many arthropod species. However, the ubiquity of this isolation mechanism for host speciation processes remains elusive, as only few studies have examined Wolbachia-induced incompatibilities when host populations are not genetically compatible. Here, we used three populations of two genetically differentiated colour forms of the haplodiploid spider mite Tetranychus urticae to dissect the interaction between Wolbachia-induced and host-associated incompatibilities, and their relative contribution to post-mating isolation. We...
This is the dataset used for the manuscript Biotic homogenisation in bird communities leads to large-scale changes in species associations Aim: The impact of global change on biodiversity is commonly assessed in terms of changes in species distributions, community richness and community composition. Whether and how much associations between species, i.e. the degree of correlation in their spatial co-occurrence, are also changing is much less documented and mostly limited to local studies of ecological networks....
Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier10
University of Oulu2
University of Jyväskylä2
National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment1
Institut Teknologi Bandung1
Guangxi Institute of Botany1
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology1
University of Cambridge1
University of Edinburgh1
University of Zurich1