166 Works

Data from: Genetic characterization of dog personality traits

Joanna Ilska, Marie J. Haskell, Sarah C. Blott, Enrique Sanchez-Molano, Zita Polgar, Sarah E. Lofgren, Dylan N. Clements & Pamela Wiener
The genetic architecture of behavioural traits in dogs is of great interest to owners, breeders and professionals involved in animal welfare, as well as to scientists studying the genetics of animal (including human) behaviour. The genetic component of dog behaviour is supported by between-breed differences and some evidence of within-breed variation. However, it is a challenge to gather sufficiently large datasets to dissect the genetic basis of complex traits such as behaviour, which are both...

Data from: Drug delivery in a tumour cord model: a computational simulation

Matthew E. Hubbard, Maria Jove, Paul M. Loadman, Roger M. Phillips, Christopher J. Twelves & Stephen W. Smye
The tumour vasculature and microenvironment is complex and heterogeneous, contributing to reduced delivery of cancer drugs to the tumour. We have developed an in silico model of drug transport in a tumour cord to explore the effect of different drug regimes over a 72 h period and how changes in pharmacokinetic parameters affect tumour exposure to the cytotoxic drug doxorubicin. We used the model to describe the radial and axial distribution of drug in the...

Data from: Abiotic environmental variation drives virulence evolution in a fish host-parasite geographic mosaic

Muayad A. Mahmud, Jannette E. Bradley, Andrew D. C. MacColl & Janette E. Bradley
1.Parasite virulence varies greatly. Theory predicts that this arises from parasites optimising a trade-off between the mortality they inflict on current hosts, and their transmission to future hosts. The effect of the environment on this coevolution is rarely considered. 2.Geographic mosaics are fertile systems for studying coevolution, but again, the diversity of outcomes is often assumed to result from co-evolutionary dynamism, rather than being moulded by the environment. 3.Here we quantify variation in virulence among...

Data from: Signatures of selection for environmental adaptation and zebu x taurine hybrid fitness in East African Shorthorn Zebu

Hussain Bahbahani, Abdulfatai Tijjani, Christopher Mukasa, David Wragg, Faisal Almathen, Oyekanmi Nash, Gerald N. Akpa, Mary Mbole-Kariuki, Sunir Malla, Mark Woolhouse, Tad Sonstegard, Curtis Van Tassell, Martin Blythe, Heather Huson & Olivier Hanotte
The East African Shorthorn Zebu (EASZ) cattle are ancient hybrid between Asian zebu × African taurine cattle preferred by local farmers due to their adaptability to the African environment. The genetic controls of these adaptabilities are not clearly understood yet. Here, we genotyped 92 EASZ samples from Kenya (KEASZ) with more than 770,000 SNPs and sequenced the genome of a pool of 10 KEASZ. We observe an even admixed autosomal zebu × taurine genomic structure...

Data from: Social seeking declines in young adolescents

Indu Dubey, Danielle Ropar & Antonia F. De C. Hamilton
The desire to engage with others is an important motivational force throughout our lifespan. It is known that social behaviour and preferences change from childhood to adulthood, but whether this change is linked with any changes in social motivation is not known. We evaluated 255 typically developing participants from ages 4–20 years on a behavioural paradigm ‘Choose a Movie’ (CAM). On every trial, participants had a choice between viewing social or non-social movies presented with...

Data from: Genomic data illuminates demography, genetic structure and selection of a popular dog breed

Pamela Wiener, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Dylan N. Clements, John A. Woolliams, Marie J. Haskell & Sarah C. Blott
Background: Genomic methods have proved to be important tools in the analysis of genetic diversity across the range of species and can be used to reveal processes underlying both short- and long-term evolutionary change. This study applied genomic methods to investigate population structure and inbreeding in a common UK dog breed, the Labrador Retriever. Results: We found substantial within-breed genetic differentiation, which was associated with the role of the dog (i.e. working, pet, show) and...

Methane transport through an agricultural soil following pulse injection of isotopically-enriched methane in the sub-surface

G. Shaw, B. S. Atkinson, W. Meredith, C. Snape, D. A. Lever & A. R. Hoch
Data comprise methane and carbon dioxide concentrations in soil following injection of discrete pulses of methane into subsoil (50 cm depth) below a spring wheat crop during the growing season. Supporting data on soil moisture, soil temperature and meteorology are provided. The data may be useful for testing models of methane and carbon dioxide transport and fate in temperate agricultural soils.

Data from: Reciprocity and the tragedies of maintaining and providing the commons

Simon Gächter, Felix Kölle & Simone Quercia
Social cooperation often requires collectively beneficial but individually costly restraint to maintain a public good, or it needs costly generosity to create one. Status quo effects predict that maintaining a public good is easier than providing a new one. Here, we show experimentally and with simulations that even under identical incentives, low levels of cooperation (the ‘tragedy of the commons’) are systematically more likely in maintenance than provision. Across three series of experiments, we find...

Data from: Environmental drivers of forest structure and stem turnover across Venezuelan tropical forests

Emilio Vilanova, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, Armando Torres-Lezama, Gerardo Aymard, Luis Gámez, Cristabel Durán, Lionel Hernández, Rafael Herrera, Geertje Van Der Heijden, Oliver L. Phillips & Gregory J. Ettl
Using data from 50 long-term permanent plots from across Venezuelan forests in northern South America, we explored large-scale patterns of stem turnover, aboveground biomass (AGB) and woody productivity (AGWP), and the relationships between them and with potential climatic drivers. We used principal component analysis coupled with generalized least squares models to analyze the relationship between climate, forest structure and stem dynamics. Two major axes associated with orthogonal temperature and moisture gradients effectively described more than...

Data from: Antisocial punishment across societies

Benedikt Herrmann, Christian Thöni & Simon Gächter
We document the widespread existence of antisocial punishment, that is, the sanctioning of people who behave prosocially. Our evidence comes from public goods experiments that we conducted in 16 comparable participant pools around the world. However, there is a huge cross-societal variation. Some participant pools punished the high contributors as much as they punished the low contributors, whereas in others people only punished low contributors. In some participant pools, antisocial punishment was strong enough to...

Data from: Nutrient limitation or home field advantage: does microbial community adaptation overcome nutrient limitation of litter decomposition in a tropical peatland?

Jorge Hoyos-Santillan, Barry H. Lomax, Benjamin L. Turner & Sofie Sjögersten
Litter decomposition is an important control on carbon accumulation in tropical peatlands. Stoichiometric theory suggests that decomposition is regulated by elemental ratios in litter while the home field advantage (HFA) hypothesis predicts that decomposer communities are adapted to local conditions. To date, the relative importance of these contrasting theories for litter decomposition and therefore the carbon balance of tropical peatlands remain poorly understood. We conducted two in situ litter decomposition experiments in a lowland tropical...

Data from: Signatures of positive selection in African Butana and Kenana dairy zebu cattle

Hussain Bahbahani, Bashir Salim, Faisal Almathen, Fahad Al Enzi, Joram M. Mwacharo, Olivier Hanotte & Fahad Al Enezi
Butana and Kenana are two types of zebu cattle found in Sudan. They are unique amongst African indigenous zebu cattle because of their high milk production. Aiming to understand their genome structure, we genotyped 25 individuals from each breed using the Illumina BovineHD Genotyping BeadChip. Genetic structure analysis shows that both breeds have an admixed genome composed of an even proportion of indicine (0.75 ± 0.03 in Butana, 0.76 ± 0.006 in Kenana) and taurine...

Data from: Epigenome-wide association study of lung function level and its change

Medea Imboden, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I Rezwan, Andre F S Amaral, Emmanuel Schaffner, Ayoung Jeong, Anna Beckmeyer-Borowko, Sarah E Harris, John M Starr, Ian J Deary, Claudia Flexeder, Melanie Waldenberger, Annette Peters, Holger Schulz, Su Chen, Shadia KHan Sunny, Wilfried J J Karmaus, Yu Jiang, Gertraud Erhart, Florian Kronenberg, Ryan Arathimos, Gemma C Sharp, Alexander John Henderson, Yu Fu, Paivi Piirila … & Nicole M Probst-Hensch
Previous reports link differential DNA methylation (DNAme) to environmental exposures which are associated with lung function. Direct evidence on lung function DNAme is however limited. We undertook an agnostic epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) on pre-bronchodilation lung function and its change in adults. In a discovery-replication EWAS design, DNAme in blood and spirometry were measured twice, six-to-15 years apart, in the same participants of three adult population-based discovery cohorts (n=2,043). Associated DNAme markers (P<5x10-7) were tested...

Data from: Hurricane effects on Neotropical lizards span geographic and phylogenetic scales

Colin Donihue, Alex Kowaleski, Jonathan Losos, Adam Algar, Simon Baeckens, Robert Buchkowski, Anne-Claire Fabre, Hannah Frank, Anthony Geneva, Graham Reynolds, James Stroud, Julián Velasco, Jason Kolbe, Luke Mahler & Anthony Herrel
Extreme climate events such as droughts, cold snaps, and hurricanes can be powerful agents of natural selection, producing acute selective pressures very different from the everyday pressures acting on organisms. However, it remains unknown whether these infrequent but severe disruptions are quickly erased by quotidian selective forces, or whether they have the potential to durably shape biodiversity patterns across regions and clades. Here, we show that hurricanes have enduring evolutionary impacts on the morphology of...

Technetium-99 (99Tc) transformations in aerobic soils following experimental addition of the radioactive anion 99TcO4-

M. Izquierdo, E. Bailey, N. Crout, H. Sanders, S. Young & G. Shaw
The data comprise measurements of the ‘soluble’, ‘adsorbed’ and ‘organically bound’ 99Tc concentrations in a diverse set of soils following experimental addition of 99TcO4- and incubation in the laboratory under controlled temperature conditions for 897 days. The long term behaviour of 99Tc in aerobic soils was studied by conducting a laboratory-based experiment in which a set of 20 topsoils from central England with contrasting properties (e.g. pH, organic matter content, land use) were contaminated with...

Data associated with “Asymmetric magnetic relaxation behavior of domains and domain walls observed through the FeRh first-order metamagnetic phase transition”

Jamie Massey, Rowan Temple, Trevor Almeida, Ray Lamb, Nicolas Peters, Richard Campion, Fan Raymond, Damien McGrouther, Stephen McVitie, Paul Steadman & Christopher Marrows
Open access data deposit to accompany the publication “Asymmetric magnetic relaxation behavior of domains and domain walls observed through the FeRh first-order metamagnetic phase transition”

Ancient geological dynamics impact neutral biodiversity accumulation and are detectable in phylogenetic reconstructions

Leonel Herrera-Alsina, Adam Algar, Greta Bocedi, Cecile Gubry-Rangin, Lesley Lancaster, Poppy Mynard, Owen Osborne, Alexander Papadopulos, Simon Creer, Meis Nangoy, Fahri Fahri, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, I Made Sudiana, Berry Juliandi & Justin Travis
Aim Landmasses have been continuously modified by tectonic activity, the breakup and collision of landmasses is thought to have generated or suppressed ecological opportunities, altering the rates of speciation, dispersal and extinction. However, the extent to which the signatures of past geologic events are retained in modern biodiversity patterns - or obliterated by recent ecological dynamics - remains unresolved. We aim to identify the fingerprint of different scenarios of geological activity on phylogenetic trees and...

Disentangling interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention components

Marlot Kruisbrink, Rik Crutzen, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Kim Delbaere, Ton Ambergen, Kei Long Cheung, Denise Kendrick, Steve Iliffe & G. A. Rixt Zijlstra
Fear of falling (FoF) is a common and debilitating problem for older people. Most multicomponent interventions show only moderate effects. Exploring the effective components may help in the optimization of treatments for FoF. In a systematic review of five scientific literature databases, we identified randomized controlled trials with older community-dwelling people that included FoF as an outcome. There was no restriction on types of interventions. Two reviewers extracted information about outcomes and content of interventions....

Disentangling interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention components

Marlot Kruisbrink, Rik Crutzen, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Kim Delbaere, Ton Ambergen, Kei Long Cheung, Denise Kendrick, Steve Iliffe & G. A. Rixt Zijlstra
Fear of falling (FoF) is a common and debilitating problem for older people. Most multicomponent interventions show only moderate effects. Exploring the effective components may help in the optimization of treatments for FoF. In a systematic review of five scientific literature databases, we identified randomized controlled trials with older community-dwelling people that included FoF as an outcome. There was no restriction on types of interventions. Two reviewers extracted information about outcomes and content of interventions....

Contrast the distribution, transformation, and degradation of dissolved and particulate organic matter in the South Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and its adjacent Kuroshio Current

Chongxiao Ji, Gui-Peng Yang, Yan Chen, Yan Li & Lin Zhang
The detailed information of sampling stations, the carbon, nitrogen, and amino acids levels in DOM and POM, as well as other parameters including temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll-a, and biological parameters (heterotrophic bacteria, Synechococcus, and picoeukaryotes) are dispalyed in this dataset.

Contrast the distribution, transformation, and degradation of dissolved and particulate organic matter in the South Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and its adjacent Kuroshio Current

Chongxiao Ji, Gui-Peng Yang, Yan Chen, Yan Li & Lin Zhang
The detailed information of sampling stations, the carbon, nitrogen, and amino acids levels in DOM and POM, as well as other parameters including temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll-a, and biological parameters (heterotrophic bacteria, Synechococcus, and picoeukaryotes) are dispalyed in this dataset.

Intraspecific genomic variation and local adaptation in a young hybrid species

Angelica Cuevas, Mark Ravinet, Glenn-Peter Sætre & Fabrice Eroukhmanoff
Hybridization increases genetic variation, hence hybrid species may have greater evolutionary potential once their admixed genomes have stabilized and incompatibilities have been purged. Yet, little is known about how such hybrid lineages evolve at the genomic level following their formation, in particular their adaptive potential. Here we investigate how the Italian sparrow (Passer italiae), a homoploid hybrid species, has evolved and locally adapted to its variable environment. Using restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) on several...

Dataframe from: Diversity of European habitat types is correlated with geography more than climate and human pressure

Marco Cervellini, Michele Di Musciano, Piero Zannini, Simone Fattorini, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Emiliano Agrillo, Fabio Attorre, Pierangela Angelini, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Laura Casella, Richard Field, Jan-Christopher Fischer, Piero Genovesi, Samuel Hoffmann, Severin D.H. Irl, Juri Nascimbene, Duccio Rocchini, Manuel Steinbauer, Ole R. Vetaas & Alessandro Chiarucci
We generated this dataframe to model EU habitat richness at continental scale as a function of geographical, climate and anthropogenic variables (please, see Material and Method section in the published paper version for all the details). We found geographical variables were by far the most strongly correlated with habitat richness, followed by climate. However, anthropogenic variables gained importance when consindering their interactions, with important implications for conservation planning.

Predictors of genomic differentiation within a hybrid taxon

Angelica Cuevas, Fabrice Eroukhmanoff, Mark Ravinet, Glenn-Peter Sætre & Anna Runemark
Hybridization is increasingly recognized as an important evolutionary force. Novel genetic methods now enable us to address how the genomes of parental species are combined in hybrid lineages. However, we still do not know the relative importance of admixed proportions, genome architecture and local selection in shaping hybrid genomes. Here, we take advantage of the genetically divergent island populations of Italian sparrow on Crete, Corsica and Sicily to investigate the predictors of genomic variation within...

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