22 Works

Data from: A generalist bird exhibits site-dependent resource selection

Samantha M. Cady, Craig A. Davis, Dwayne R. Elmore, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf, Cameron Duquette, Evan P. Tanner & Matthew J. Carroll
Quantifying resource selection (an organism’s disproportionate use of available resources) is essential to infer habitat requirements of a species, develop management recommendations, predict species responses to changing conditions, and improve our understanding of the processes that underlie ecological patterns. Because study sites, even within the same region, can differ in both the amount and the arrangement of cover types, our objective was to determine whether proximal sites can yield markedly different resource selection results for...

Data for: PickMe: sample selection for species tree reconstruction using coalescent weighted quartets

Joseph Rusinko, Yu Cai, Allison Doherty, Katherine Thompson, Julien Boutte, Mark Fishbein & Shannon Straub
After collecting large data sets of many genes for many species for phylogenomics studies, researchers may make ad hoc decisions about which genes or samples to include in a species tree reconstruction analysis based on various parameters, including the amount of missing data. Optimally, sampling would be maximized, but it can be difficult for empiricists to determine where to draw the line for sample inclusion when data sets are incomplete. Under the multispecies coalescent model,...

Mucilage-binding to ground protects seeds of many plants from harvester ants: a functional investigation

Vincent Pan, Marshall McMunn, Richard Karban, Jake Goidell, Eric LoPresti & Marjorie Weber
The seeds of many plant species produce mucilage on their surfaces that when wetted and dried, firmly adheres seeds to surfaces and substrates. Previous studies have demonstrated that seed anchorage to the ground can reduce seed predation, though only a few species have thus far been tested. Here we investigated whether binding to the ground reduces seed removal by harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex subdentatus), an important granivore, for 53 species with mucilaginous seeds. We also explored...

Sex-specific speed-accuracy tradeoffs shape neural processing of acoustic signals in a grasshopper

Jan Clemens, Bernhard Ronacher & Michael Reichert
Speed-accuracy tradeoffs – being fast at the risk of being wrong – are fundamental to many decisions and natural selection is expected to resolve these tradeoffs according to the costs and benefits of behavior. We here test the prediction that females and males should integrate information from courtship signals differently because they experience different payoffs along the speed-accuracy continuum. We fitted a neural model of decision making (a drift-diffusion model of integration to threshold) to...

Phenotypic and genomic diversification with isolation by environment along elevational gradients in a neotropical treefrog

Ricardo Medina, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Guinevere O.U. Wogan, Ke Bi, Flavia Termignoni-García, Manuel Hernando Bernal, Juan P. Jaramillo-Correa & Ian J. Wang
Understanding how geographic and environmental heterogeneity drive local patterns of genetic variation is a major goal of ecological genomics and a key question in evolutionary biology. The tropical Andes and inter-Andean valleys are shaped by markedly heterogeneous landscapes, where species experience strong selective processes. We examined genome-wide SNP data together with behavioral and ecological traits (mating calls and body size) known to contribute to genetic isolation in anurans in the emerald-eyed treefrog, Boana platanera, distributed...

Acute pseudo-landmarking and Constellation homologies: A generalized workflow to identify and track segmented structures in plant time series images

John Hodge
Assessing plant phenotypes throughout the lifecycle is integral to exploring the development, genetics, and evolution of morphology, and can be critical for agronomic and basic research studies. Although various automated or semi-automated phenomic approaches have been developed, it has been challenging to analyze differential growth because of difficulties in segmenting and annotating specific structures or positions in the plant body and maintaining their identities throughout time-series data. To address this gap, we have developed a...

Inhibitory control, exploration behaviour and manipulated ecological context are associated with foraging flexibility in the great tit

Jenny Coomes, Gabrielle Davidson, Michael Reichert, Ipek Kulahci, Camille Troisi & John Quinn
​​​​​Organisms are constantly under selection to respond effectively to diverse, sometimes rapid, changes in their environment, but not all individuals are equally plastic in their behaviour. Although cognitive processes and personality are expected to influence individual behavioural plasticity, the effects reported are highly inconsistent, which we hypothesise is because ecological context is usually not considered. We explored how one type of behavioural plasticity, foraging flexibility, was associated with inhibitory control (assayed using a detour-reaching task)...

Data from: Drivers of site fidelity in ungulates

Thomas Morrison, Jerod Merkel, J. Grant Hopcraft, Ellen Aikens, Jeffrey Beck, Randall Boone, Alyson Courtemanch, Samantha Dwinnell, Sue Fairbanks, Brad Griffith, Arthur Middleton, Kevin Monteith, Brendan Oates, Louise Riotte-Lambert, Hall Sawyer, Kurt Smith, Jared Stabach, Kaitlyn Taylor & Matthew Kauffman
While the tendency to return to previously visited locations – termed ‘site fidelity’ – is common in animals, the cause of this behaviour is not well understood. One hypothesis is that site fidelity is shaped by an animal’s environment, such that animals living in landscapes with predictable resources have stronger site fidelity. Site fidelity may also be conditional on the success of animals’ recent visits to that location, and it may become stronger with age...

Herbaceous production and soil nitrogen after mesquite mortality

Jim Ansley
In the mixed C3/C4 grassland of the southern Great Plains, USA, the invasive woody legume, honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), affects grass production and composition differently beneath the canopy (subcanopy) than in spaces between trees (intercanopy) due in part to the dominant presence of C3 Texas wintergrass (Nassella leucotricha) beneath the mesquite canopy and soil enrichment from N-fixation by mesquite. This arrangement, unlike most Prosopis systems worldwide that have C4 grass or C3 subshrub understories, uniquely...

Data from: Evolution of dispersal, habit, and pollination in Africa pushed Apocynaceae diversification after the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition

Nicolai M. Nürk, Cássia Bitencourt, Alessandro Rapini, Mark Fishbein, André O. Simões, David J. Middleton, Ulrich Meve, Mary E. Endress & Sigrid Liede-Schumann
Apocynaceae (the dogbane and milkweed family) is one of the ten largest flowering plant families, with approximately 5,350 species and diverse morphology and ecology, ranging from large trees and lianas that are emblematic of tropical rainforests, to herbs in temperate grasslands, to succulents in dry, open landscapes, and to vines in a wide variety of habitats. Despite a specialized and conservative basic floral architecture, Apocynaceae are hyperdiverse in flower size, corolla shape, and especially derived...

Supplementary datasets, data analysis code, and R tutorials for: Phylogenetic analysis of adaptation in comparative physiology and biomechanics: overview and a case study of thermal physiology in treefrogs

Daniel Moen, Elisa Cabrera-Guzmán, Itzue Caviedes-Solis, Edna González-Bernal & Allison Hanna
Comparative phylogenetic studies of adaptation are uncommon in biomechanics and physiology. Such studies require collecting data from many species, a challenge when data collection is experimentally intensive. Moreover, researchers struggle to employ the most biologically appropriate phylogenetic tools for identifying adaptive evolution. Here, we detail an established but greatly underutilized phylogenetic comparative framework—the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process—that explicitly models long-term adaptation. We discuss challenges in implementing and interpreting the model, and we outline potential solutions. We demonstrate...

Woody encroachment of grasslands: near-surface thermal implications through the lens of an astronomical event

Evan Tanner, Samuel Fuhlendorf, John Polo & Jacob Peterson
Temperature has long been understood as a fundamental condition that influences ecological patterns and processes. Heterogeneity in landscapes that is structured by ultimate (climate) and proximate (vegetation, topography, disturbance events, and land use) forces serve to shape thermal patterns across multiple spatio-temporal scales. Thermal landscapes of grasslands are likely shifting as woody encroachment fragments these ecosystems and studies quantifying thermal fragmentation in grassland systems resulting from woody encroachment are lacking. We utilized the August 21st,...

A meta-analysis of the influence of anthropogenic noise on terrestrial wildlife communication strategies

Cameron Duquette, Cameron Duquette, Torre Hovick & Scott Loss
1. Human-caused noise pollution dominates the soundscape of modern ecosystems, from urban centers to national parks. Though wildlife can generally alter their communication to accommodate many types of natural noise (e.g. wind, wave action, heterospecific communication), noise pollution from anthropogenic sources pushes the limits of wildlife communication flexibility by causing loud, low-pitched, and near-continuous interference. Because responses to noise pollution are variable and taxa-specific, multi-species risk assessments and mitigation are not currently possible. 2. We...

Scaling up experimental stress responses of grass invasion to predictions of continental-level range suitability

Bo Zhang, Yingdan Yuan, Lele Shu, Edwin Grosholz, Yuxi Guo, James Cuda, Jinchi Zhang, Lu Zhai & Jiangxiao Qiu
Understanding how the biological invasion is driven by environmental factors will improve model prediction and advance early detection, especially in the context of accelerating anthropogenic ecological changes. Although a large body of studies has examined how favorable environments promote biological invasions, a more comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of invasive species response to unfavorable/stressful conditions is still developing. Grass invasion has been problematic across the globe; in particular, C4 grass invaders, with high drought tolerance, adaptations...

Data from: Inter-annual climate variation influences nest initiation date and nest productivity of the Red-cockaded Woodpecker at the northwestern edge of its range

Matthew Fullerton, Jeffrey Walters, Rodney Will & Scott Loss
Climate change, including directional shifts in weather averages and extremes and increased inter-annual weather variation, is influencing demograhy and distributions for many bird species. We examined how temperature and precipitation coinciding with multiple nesting seasons affected overall nesting success and productivity for two red-cockaded woodpecker (Dryobates borealis, RCW) populations at the species' northwestern range periphery. We used 26 years of nesting data (1991-2016) from the two RCW populations to determine if inter-annual weather variation has...

Why did the chicken NOT cross the road? Anthropogenic development influences the movement of a grassland bird

David Londe, Robert Elmore, Craig Davis, Torre Hovick, Samuel Fuhlendorf & Jimmy Rutledge
Movement and selection are inherently linked behaviors that form the foundation of a species space-use patterns. Anthropogenic development in natural ecosystems can result in a variety of behavioral responses that can involve changes in either movement (speed or direction of travel) or selection (resources used) behaviors which in turn may cause differential population level consequences including loss of landscape level connectivity. Understanding how a species alters these different behaviors in response to human activity is...

Directed movement changes coexistence outcomes in heterogeneous environments

Bo Zhang
Understanding mechanisms of coexistence is a central topic in ecology. Mathematical analysis of models of competition between two identical species moving at different rates of symmetric diffusion in heterogeneous environments show that the slower mover excludes the faster one. The models have not been tested empirically and lack inclusions of a component of directed movement toward favorable areas. To address these gaps, we extended previous theory by explicitly including exploitable resource dynamics and directed movement....

Fine-scale habitat selection limits trade-offs between foraging and temperature in a grassland bird

David Londe, R. Dwayne Elmore, Craig Davis, Samuel Fuhlendorf, Torre Hovick, Barney Luttbeg & Jimmy Rutledge
Many species are frequently faced with the decision about how to balance the use of thermal refuge against access to food resources. We evaluated the habitat use of female greater prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus cupido) to assess the potential for trade-offs between thermal conditions and food resources during the habitat selection process. Our objectives were to 1) compare near-ground temperatures, invertebrate availability, and vegetation characteristics at sites used by greater prairie-chickens to conditions at random landscape locations...

Supplementary files from: Improving inference and avoiding over-interpretation of hidden-state diversification models: Specialized plant breeding has no effect on diversification in frogs

Daniel Moen
The hidden-state speciation and extinction (HiSSE) model helps avoid spurious results when testing whether a character affects diversification rates. However, care must be taken to optimally analyze models and interpret results. Recently, Tonini et al. (2020; TEA hereafter) studied anuran (frog and toad) diversification with HiSSE methods. They concluded that their focal state, breeding in phytotelmata, increases net diversification rates. Yet this conclusion is counterintuitive, because the state that purportedly increases net diversification rates is...

Cognition and covariance in the producer-scrounger game

Michael Reichert, Julie Morand-Ferron, Ipek Kulahci, Josh Firth, Gabrielle Davidson, Sam Crofts & John Quinn
1. The producer-scrounger game is a key element of foraging ecology in many systems. Producing and scrounging typically covary negatively, but partitioning this covariance into contributions of individual plasticity and consistent between individual differences is key to understanding population level consequences of foraging strategies. Furthermore, little is known about the role cognition plays in the producer-scrounger game. 2. We investigated the role of cognition in these alternative foraging tactics in wild mixed-species flocks of great...

Nutrient content of Northern bobwhite arthropod prey collected in Western OK

Jacob Reeves
Insectivores gain macronutrients and elements from consuming arthropod prey, but must also deal with indigestible components (i.e., exoskeleton) of prey. For example, avian chicks (e.g. northern bobwhites; Colinus virginianus) have limited gut space, and ingesting prey with relatively higher proportions of indigestible components may impact assimilation efficiency, growth, and survival. The ability of insectivores to choose higher quality prey would depend on prey taxa varying consistently in nutritional content. We tested if there were consistent...

Information signals impacting perceptions of gluten-free diets

Bailey Norwood
Understanding how people assimilate different types of information for food choices is integral to improving knowledge about diet and human health. This study evaluates the impact that ten information signals have on the perceived healthiness of gluten. Signals include non-social signals like personal eating experiences, scientific studies, and advice from doctors, but also includes social signals like recommendations from attractive people, social media, the layout of a grocery store, and celebrities. In a survey of...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Oklahoma State University
  • North Dakota State University
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • University College Cork
  • University of California, Davis
  • Hobart and William Smith Colleges
  • Ghent University
  • New Mexico State University
  • University of Notre Dame