21 Works

Database outcomes systematic review on participatory restoration ecology scenarios

Laura Catalina Quintero Uribe, Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira & Néstor Fernández
Large-scale ecological restoration is crucial for effective biodiversity conservation and combating climate change. However, perspectives on the goals and values of restoration are highly diverse, as are the different approaches to restoration e.g., ranging from the restoration of cultural ecosystems to rewilding. We assess how the future of nature is envisioned in participatory scenarios, focusing on which elements of rewilding and nature contributions to people have been considered in scenario narratives across Europe. We use...

Demographic rates and stature of tree species in 13 sub-tropical forests: annual growth, annual survival, annual recruitment >( 1 cm dbh), stature (max dbh)

Stephan Kambach, Richard Condit, Salomón Aguilar, Helge Bruelheide, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Yu-Yun Chen, George Chuyong, Stuart J. Davies, Sisira Ediriweera, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Edwino S. Fernando, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Stephen P Hubbell, Akira Itoh, David Kenfack, Somboon Kiratiprayoon, Yi-Ching Lin, Jean-Remy Makana, Mohizah Bt. Mohamad, Nantachai Pongpattananurak, Rolando Pérez, Lillian Jennifer V. Rodriguez, I-Fang Sun … & Nadja Rüger
Organisms of all species must balance their allocation to growth, survival and recruitment. Among tree species, evolution has resulted in different life-history strategies for partitioning resources to these key demographic processes. Life-history strategies in tropical forests have often been shown to align along a trade-off between fast growth and high survival, i.e. the well-known fast-slow continuum. In addition, an orthogonal trade-off has been proposed between tall stature – resulting from fast growth and high survival...

Flying insect biomass is negatively associated with urban cover in surrounding landscapes

Cecilie Svenningsen, Diana Bowler, Susanne Hecker, Jesper Bladt, Volker Grescho, Nicole Van Dam, Jens Dauber, David Eichenberg, Rasmus Ejrnæs, Camilla Fløjgaard, Mark Frenzel, Tobias Frøslev, Anders Hansen, Jacob Heilmann-Clausen, Yuanyuan Huang, Jonas Larsen, Juliana Menger, Nur Liyana Nayan, Lene Pedersen, Anett Richter, Robert Dunn, Anders Tøttrup & Aletta Bonn
Aim In this study, we assessed the importance of local to landscape-scale effects of land cover and land use on flying insect biomass. Our main prediction was that insect biomass would be lower within more intensely used land, especially in urban areas and farmland. Location Denmark and parts of Germany. Methods We used rooftop-mounted car nets in a citizen science project (‘InsectMobile’) to allow for large-scale geographic sampling of flying insects. Citizen scientists sampled insects...

Demographic response to light environment of all species in the Barro Colorado plot: recruitment, growth, and mortality

Nadja Rüger, Stephen P. Hubbell & Richard Condit
We measured growth, death, and recruitment of 250,000 individual trees of 300 species in the Barro Colorado 50-ha plot in Panama. To understand how light limits demography, we also carried out a detailed map of the light environment across the 50 hectares, providing an estimate of the light at the top of every tree in the plot (Rüger et al. 2009, 2011ab, 2012, 2018, 2020). These tables combine results from the three main studies on...

Data from: On the shape and origins of the freshwater species-area relationship

Sophia Passy, Joseph Mruzek, William Budnick, Thibault Leboucher, Aurélien Jamoneau, Jonathan Chase, Janne Soininen, Eric Sokol, Juliette Tison-Rosebery, Annika Vilmi, Jianjun Wang & Chad Larson
The species-area relationship (SAR) has over a 150-year-long history in ecology, but how its shape and origins vary across scales and organisms is still not fully understood. This is the first subcontinental freshwater study to examine both properties of the SAR in a spatially explicit way across major organismal groups (diatoms, insects, and fish), differing in body size and dispersal capacity. First, to describe the SAR shape, we evaluated the fit of three commonly used...

Abiotic and biotic drivers of tree trait effects on soil microbial biomass and soil carbon concentration

Rémy Beugnon, Wensheng Bu, Helge Bruelheide, Andréa Davrinche, Jianqing Du, Sylvia Haider, Matthias Kunz, Goddert Von Oheimb, Maria Perles-Garcia, Mariem Saadani, Thomas Scholten, Steffen Seitz, Bala Singavarapu, Stefan Trogisch, Yanfen Wang, Tesfaye Wubet, Kai Xue, Bo Yang, Simone Cesarz & Nico Eisenhauer
Forests are critical ecosystems to understand the global carbon budget, due to their carbon sequestration potential in both above- and belowground compartments, especially in species-rich forests. Soil carbon sequestration is strongly linked to soil microbial communities, and this link is mediated by the tree community, likely due to modifications of micro-environmental conditions (i.e., biotic conditions, soil properties, and microclimate). We studied soil carbon concentration and the soil microbial biomass of 180 local neighborhoods along a...

Marginal imprint of human land use upon fire history in a mire-dominated boreal landscape of the Veps Highland, North-West Russia

Igor Drobyshev, Nina Ryzhkova, Mats Niklasson, Alexei Zhukov, Irma Mullonen, Guilherme Pinto & Alexander Kryshen'
Spatially explicit reconstructions of fire activity in European boreal forests are rare, limiting our understanding of factors driving vegetation dynamics in this part of the boreal domain. We have developed a spatially explicit dendrochronological reconstruction of a fire regime in a mire-dominated landscape of the Veps Nature Park (North-West Russia) over the 1580-2000 CE period. We dated 74 fire years using 164 fire-scarred living and dead Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees collected on 31...

Canopy structure change throughout a growing season in Trait-Based Experiment in 2014

Claudia Guimarães-Steinicke & Christian Wirth

Biotic filtering by species’ interactions constrains food-web variability across spatial and abiotic gradients

Barbara Bauer, Emilio Berti, Remo Ryser, Benoit Gauzens, Myriam Hirt, Benjamin Rosenbaum, Christoph Digel, David Ott, Stefan Scheu & Ulrich Brose
Despite intensive research on species dissimilarity patterns across communities (i.e. beta-diversity), we still know little about their implications for variation in food-web structures. Our analyses of 50 lake and 48 forest soil communities show that, while species dissimilarity depends on environmental and spatial gradients, these effects are only weakly propagated to the networks. Moreover, our results show that species and food-web dissimilarities are consistently correlated, but that much of the variation in food-web structure across...

Plant cover and plant-pollinator interactions in Central European grasslands (Poland/Czech Republic)

Demetra Rakosy, Elena Motivans, Valentin Ştefan, Arkadiusz Nowak, Sebastian Świerszcz, Reinart Feldmann, Elisabeth Kühn, Costanza Geppert, Neeraja Venkataraman, Anna Sobieraj-Betlińska, Anita Grossmann, Wiktoria Rojek, Katarzyna Pochrząst, Magdalena Cielniak, Anika Kirstin Gathof, Kevin Baumann & Tiffany Marie Knight
Complex socio-economic, political and demographic factors have driven the increased conversion of Europe’s semi-natural grasslands to intensive pastures. This trend is particularly strong in some of the most biodiverse regions of the continent, such as Central and Eastern Europe. Intensive grazing is known to decrease species diversity and alter the composition of plant and insect communities. Comparatively little is known, however, about how intensive grazing influences plant functional traits related to pollination and the structure...

Environmental drivers of local abundance-mass scaling in soil animal communities

Ana Carolina Antunes, Benoit Gauzens, Ulrich Brose, Simone Cesarz, Nico Eisenhauer, Olga Ferlian, Malte Jochum, Anton Potapov, Luca Santini, Stefan Scheu & Myriam Hirt
The relationship between species’ body masses and densities is strongly conserved around a three-quarter power law when pooling data across communities. However, studies of local within-community relationships have revealed major deviations from this general pattern, which has profound implications for their stability and functioning. Despite multiple contributions of soil communities to people, there is limited knowledge on the drivers of body mass-abundance relationships in these communities. We compiled a dataset comprising 155 soil-animal communities across...

Data from: The megaherbivore gap after the non-avian dinosaur extinctions modified trait evolution and diversification of tropical palms

Renske E. Onstein, W. Daniel Kissling & H. Peter Linder
The Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) extinction of the non-avian dinosaurs (66 Ma) led to a 25 million year gap of megaherbivores (>1000 kg) before the evolution of megaherbivorous mammals in the Late Eocene (40 Ma). The botanical consequences of this ‘Paleocene megaherbivore gap’ (PMHG) remain poorly explored. We hypothesize that the absence of megaherbivores should result in changes in the diversification and trait evolution of associated plant lineages. We used phylogenetic time- and trait-dependent diversification models with...

Temperature-dependent evolutionary speed shapes the evolution of biodiversity patterns across tetrapod radiations

Alexander Skeels, Wilhelmine Bach, Oskar Hagen, Walter Jetz & Loic Pellissier
Biodiversity varies predictably with environmental energy around the globe, but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The evolutionary speed hypothesis predicts that environmental energy shapes variation in speciation rates through temperature- or life history-dependent rates of evolution. To test whether variation in evolutionary speed can explain the relationship between energy and biodiversity in birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles, we simulated diversification over 65 million years of geological and climatic change with a spatially explicit eco-evolutionary...

Assessing the effects of survey-inherent disturbance on primate detectability: Recommendations for line transect distance sampling. Dataset

Mattia Bessone, Hjalmar Kühl, Ilka Herbinger, Kouame Paul N'Goran, Papy Asanzi, Barros Pedro Da Costa, Violette Dérozier, Dadis Bush Ernest Fotsing, Beka Bernard Ikembelo, Mpongo Dieumerci Iyomi, Iyomi Bernard Iyatshi, Pierre Kafando, Mbangi Augistin Kambere, Dissondet Baudelaire Moundzoho, Kako Loving Musubaho & Barbara Fruth
Habitat destruction and over-hunting are increasingly threatening the arboreal primates of Central Africa. To establish effective conservation strategies, accurate assessments of primate density, abundance and spatial distribution are required. To date, the method of choice for primate density estimation is line transect distance sampling. However, primates fleeing human observers violate methodological assumptions, biasing the accuracy of resulting estimates. In this study, we used line transect distance sampling to study 5 primate species along 378 km...

From bottom-up to top-down control of invertebrate herbivores in a retrogressive chronosequence

Anne Kempel, Eric Allan, Martin Gossner, Malte Jochum, James B. Grace & David A. Wardle
In the long-term absence of disturbance, ecosystems often enter a decline or retrogressive phase which leads to reductions in primary productivity, plant biomass, nutrient cycling and foliar quality. However, the consequences of ecosystem retrogression for higher trophic levels such as herbivores and predators, are less clear. Using a post-fire forested island-chronosequence across which retrogression occurs, we provide evidence that nutrient availability strongly controls invertebrate herbivore biomass when predators are few, but that there is a...

Data and code from: The functional trait distinctiveness of plant species is scale dependent

Pierre Gauzere, Pierre Gaüzère, Benjamin Blonder, Pierre Denelle, Bertrand Fournier, Matthias Grenié, Leo Delalandre, Tamara Munkemuller, François Munoz, Cyrille Violle & Wilfried Thuiller
Beyond the local abundance of species, their functional trait distinctiveness is now recognized as a key driver of community dynamics and ecosystem functioning. Yet, since the functional distinctiveness of a species is always relative to a given species pool, a species distinct at the regional scale might not necessarily be distinct at the local or community scale, and reciprocally. To assess the importance of scale (i.e the definition of a species pool) when quantifying the...

We need more realistic climate change experiments for understanding ecosystems of the future

Lotte Korell, Harald Auge, Jonathan Chase, W. Stanley Harpole & Tiffany M. Knight
Change in precipitation and temperature manipulated in climate change experiments and predicted by Global Circulation Models (GCMs)

We need more realistic climate change experiments for understanding ecosystems of the future

Lotte Korell, Harald Auge, Jonathan Chase, W. Stanley Harpole & Tiffany M. Knight
Change in precipitation and temperature manipulated in climate change experiments and predicted by Global Circulation Models (GCMs)

Supporting code, tables and data for: Megafrugivores as fading shadows of the past: Extant frugivores and the abiotic environment as the most important determinants of the distribution of palms in Madagascar

Laura Méndez, Duarte S. Viana, Adriana Alzate, Wolf L. Eiserhardt, Roberto Rozzi, W. Daniel Kissling, Mijoro Rakotoarinivo & Renske E. Onstein
The extinction of all Madagascar’s megafrugivores ca. 1000 years ago, may have left its signature on the current distribution of vertebrate-dispersed plants across the island, due to the loss of effective seed dispersal. In this study, we dissect the roles of extinct and extant frugivore distributions, abiotic variables, human impact and spatial predictors on the compositional turnover, or beta-diversity, of palm (Arecaceae) species and their fruit sizes across 40 assemblages on Madagascar. Variation partitioning showed...

Canopy volume throughout a growing season in Trait-Based Experiment in 2014

Claudia Guimarães-Steinicke & Christian Wirth

Eco-evolutionary dynamics modulate plant responses to global change depending on plant diversity and species identity

Peter Dietrich, Jens Schumacher, Nico Eisenhauer & Christiane Roscher
Global change has dramatic impacts on grassland diversity. However, little is known about how fast species can adapt to these changes and how this affects their responses to global change. To close this gap, we performed a common garden experiment testing whether plant responses to global change are influenced by the selection history of the plants and the conditioning history of soil at different levels of plant diversity. Therefore, we collected seeds and took soil...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    21

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    21

Affiliations

  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
    21
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    6
  • Aarhus University
    2
  • University of Göttingen
    2
  • Leipzig University
    2
  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
    2
  • University of Padua
    1
  • Thammasat University
    1
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1