13 Works

A magnetically-induced self-assembled array of the gold pickering ferrofluid emulsion for enhanced infrared absorption from the molecular layer

Paul Okpozo, Dehong Huo, Y Dwivedi & Ketan Pancholi
These data have been produced as part of a research project that aimed to develop a method for the preparation of a magnetically-directed self-assembly of gold pickering ferrofluid emulsion, with the goal of enhancing infrared absorption from the molecular layer. The research was undertaken using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), ultraviolet-visual spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and pattern morphology image analysis. The study found that a regular array of chains are created when using magnetically-directed gold pickering ferrofluid...

Strength and direction of sexual direction and sex roles vary between social groups in a coral reef cardinalfish

Theresa Rueger
The strength and direction of sexual selection can vary among geographically distinct populations, and within populations across time. However, spatial and temporal variability at the level of the social unit is rarely explored. Here we investigate sexual selection and sex roles in the paternally mouthbrooding and site-attached pajama cardinalfish, Sphaeramia nematoptera, where social groups can vary in size and adult sex ratio. We found that reproductive success scaled with mating success for both sexes, consistent...

Historical museum samples enable the examination of divergent and parallel evolution during invasion

Katarina Stuart, William Sherwin, Jeremy Austin, Melissa Bateson, Marcel Eens, Matthew Brandley & Lee Rollins
During the Anthropocene, Earth has experienced unprecedented habitat loss, native species decline, and global climate change. Concurrently, greater globalisation is facilitating species movement, increasing the likelihood of alien species establishment and propagation. There is a great need to understand what influences a species’ ability to persist or perish within a new or changing environment. Examining genes that may be associated with a species’ invasion success or persistence informs invasive species management, assists with native species...

Crushed rock-water experimental data investigating the role of temperature in generating hydrogen and hydrogen peroxide from silicate rocks

Jon Telling, Jordan Stone, John Edgar & Jamie Gould
The data was generated from a range of laboratory experiments where a range of silicate rocks (granite, basalt, peridotite) were crushed in oxygen-free conditions, deoxygenated water added, and the generation of hydrogen gas and hydrogen peroxide followed over a week. Results were compared to rock-free controls. The data was collected to provide insight into the production of oxidants (such as hydrogen peroxide) along tectonically active regions of the subsurface, and how the oxidants might influence...

NOX5-induced uncoupling of endothelial NO synthase is a causal mechanism and theragnostic target of an age-related hypertension endotype

Harald H. H. W. Schmidt, Mahmoud H. Elbatreek, Sepideh Sadegh, Elisa Anastasi, Emre Guney, Cristian Nogales, Tim Kacprowski, Ahmed A. Hassan, Andreas Teubner, Po-Hsun Huang, Chien-Yi Hsu, Paul M. H. Schiffers, Ger M. Janssen, Pamela W. M. Kleikers, Anil Wipat, Jan Baumbach & Jo G. R. De Mey
Hypertension is the most important cause of death and disability in the elderly. In 9 out of 10 cases, the molecular cause, however, is unknown. One mechanistic hypothesis involves impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation through reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. Indeed, ROS forming NADPH oxidase (Nox) genes associate with hypertension, yet target validation has been negative. We re-investigate this association by molecular network analysis and identify NOX5, not present in rodents, as a sole neighbor to human...

Data from: A new lineage of Galapagos giant tortoises identified from museum samples

Evelyn L. Jensen, Maud C. Quinzin, Joshua M. Miller, Michael A. Russello, Ryan Garrick, Danielle L. Edwards, Scott Glaberman, Ylenia Chiari, Nikos Poulakakis, Washington Tapia, James P. Gibbs & Adalgisa Caccone
The Galapagos Archipelago is recognized as a natural laboratory for studying evolutionary processes. San Cristóbal was one of the first islands colonized by tortoises, which radiated from there across the archipelago to inhabit 10 islands. Here, we sequenced the mitochondrial control region from six historical giant tortoises from San Cristóbal (five long deceased individuals found in a cave and one found alive during an expedition in 1906) and discovered that the five from the cave...

Umbrella review data of colour-associated bioactive pigments found in fruit and vegetables, compared to placebo or low intakes, on human health outcomes relevant to public health

Michelle Blumfield, Hannah Mayr, Nienke De Vlieger, Kylie Abbott, Carlene Starck, Flavia Fayet-Moore & Skye Marshall
This dataset comprises data extracted from 86 publications included in an umbrella review which compared the effect of colour-associated bioactive pigments found in fruit and vegetables (carotenoids, flavonoids, betalains and chlorophyll) on human health outcomes relevant to public health. Meta-analysed data from 83 systematic literature reviews were available for 17 different bioactive pigments spanning all colours of fruit and vegetables except green, with additional data from two randomised controlled trials and one cohort study for...

A factorial randomised trial investigating factors influencing general practitioners’ willingness to prescribe aspirin for cancer preventive therapy in Lynch syndrome: a registered report

Kelly Lloyd, Louise Hall, Lucy Ziegler, Robbie Foy, Gillian M. Borthwick, Mairead MacKenzie, David Taylor & Samuel Smith
We investigated the optimal type and level of information to communicate with GPs to increase willingness to prescribe aspirin for colorectal cancer prevention. We recruited GPs in England and Wales (n=672) to an online survey with a 2 by 3 factorial design. GPs were randomised to one of eight vignettes describing a hypothetical patient with Lynch syndrome recommended to take aspirin by a clinical geneticist. Across the vignettes, we manipulated the presence or absence of...

Microsatellite genotypes for temporal monitoring of the Floreana Island Galapagos Giant Tortoise captive breeding program

Evelyn Jensen
Captive breeding programs benefit from genetic analyses that identify relatedness between individuals, assign parentage to offspring, and track levels of genetic diversity. Monitoring these parameters across breeding cycles is critical to the success of a captive breeding program as it allows conservation managers to iteratively evaluate and adjust program structure. However, in practice, genetic tracking of breeding outcomes is rarely conducted. Here, we examined the first three offspring cohorts (2017 – 2020) of the genetically-informed...

Transcript- and annotation-guided genome assembly of the European starling

Katarina Stuart, Richard Edwards, Yuanyuan Cheng, Wes Warren, Dave Burt, William Sherwin, Natalie Hofmeister, Scott Werner, Gregory Ball, Melissa Bateson, Matthew Brandley, Katherine Buchanan, Phillip Cassey, David Clayton, Tim De Meyer, Simone Meddle & Lee Rollins
The European starling, Sturnus vulgaris, is an ecologically significant, globally invasive avian species that is also suffering from a major decline in its native range. Here, we present the genome assembly and long-read transcriptome of an Australian-sourced European starling (S. vulgaris vAU), and a second North American genome (S. vulgaris vNA), as complementary reference genomes for population genetic and evolutionary characterisation. S. vulgaris vAU combined 10x Genomics linked-reads, low-coverage Nanopore sequencing, and PacBio Iso-Seq full-length...

Data from: The evolution of cognitive control in lemurs

Alexandra Rosati, Francesca De Petrillo, Parvathy Nair & Averill Cantwell
Cognitive control, or executive function, is a key feature of human cognition, allowing individuals to plan, acquire new information, or adopt new strategies when the circumstances change. Yet it is unclear which factors promote the evolution of more sophisticated executive function abilities like those possessed by humans. Examining cognitive control in non-human primates, our closest relatives, can help to identify these evolutionary processes. Here we developed a novel battery to experimentally measure multiple aspects of...

GPS vertical time series of solid Earth deformation for the southern Antarctic Peninsula 2010-2020

Achraf Koulali, Pippa Whitehouse, Peter Clarke, Michiel van den Broeke, Grace Nield, Matt King, Michael Bentley, Bert Wouters & Terry Wilson
This dataset contains vertical GPS time series observed from selected sites in the southern Antarctic Peninsula. The dataset contains raw time series and time series corrected for the effect of elastic deformation - induced from the RACMO surface mass balance (SMB) model with a 5.5 km horizontal resolution (van Wessem et al. 2018). Hence there are two time series files for each of ten sites, presented as CSV files. There is a README file which...

Prey preferences of the coyote (Canis latrans) throughout its North American distribution

Matt W. Hayward
The coyote Canis latrans is one of the most studied species in North America with at least 510 papers on its diet alone. While this research has yielded excellent reviews of what coyotes eat, it has been inadequate to draw deeper conclusions because no synthesis to date has considered prey availability. We accounted for prey availability by investigating the prey preferences of coyotes across the species’ distribution using the traditional Jacobs’ index method, as well...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    13

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    13

Affiliations

  • Newcastle University
    13
  • University of Adelaide
    2
  • UNSW Sydney
    2
  • Carnegie Museum of Natural History
    2
  • MacEwan University
    1
  • University of Antwerp
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • University of California, Merced
    1
  • University of Crete
    1
  • Hannover Medical School
    1