7 Works

Data from: Interpreting the FLOCK algorithm from a statistical perspective

Eric C. Anderson & Patrick D. Barry
We show that the algorithm in the program FLOCK (Duchesne & Turgeon 2009) can be interpreted as an estimation procedure based on a model essentially identical to the STRUCTURE (Pritchard et al. 2000) model with no admixture and non-correlated allele frequency priors. Rather than using MCMC, the FLOCK algorithm searches for the maximum-a-posteriori estimate of this STRUCTURE model via a simulated annealing algorithm with a rapid cooling schedule (namely, the exponent on the objective function...

Data from: Does multiple paternity affect seed mass in angiosperms? An experimental test in Dalechampia scandens

C. Pélabon, E. Albertsen, M. Falahati-Anbaran, J. Wright, W. S. Armbruster & W.S. Armbruster
Flowers fertilized by multiple fathers may be expected to produce heavier seeds than those fertilized by a single father. However, the adaptive mechanisms leading to such differences remain unclear, and the evidence inconsistent. Here, we first review the different hypotheses predicting an increase in seed mass when multiple paternity occurs. We show that distinguishing between these hypotheses requires information about average seed mass, but also about within-fruit variance in seed mass, bias in siring success...

Data from: The contemporary genetic pattern of European moose is shaped by postglacial recolonization, bottlenecks, and the geographical barrier of the Baltic Sea

Magdalena Niedziałkowska, Kris J. Hundertmark, Bogumiła Jędrzejewska, Vadim E. Sidorovich, Hanna Zalewska, Rauno Veeroja, Erling J. Solberg, Sauli Laaksonen, Håkan Sand, Vyacheslav A. Solovyev, Andrey Sagaydak, Juha Tiainen, Rimvydas Juškaitis, Gundega Done, Vadim A. Borodulin, Evgenii A. Tulandin & Krzysztof Niedziałkowski
To investigate genetic diversity and the population structure of the European moose (Alces alces), we analyzed 14 microsatellite loci for 694 samples collected across 16 localities. The highest genetic diversity was detected in Belarus and Russia and the lowest was found in Scandinavia. Two major genetic clusters existed, Scandinavian and continental, and some further spatial structure was detected. There was high concordance between the spatial distribution of microsatellite clusters analyzed in the present study and...

Data from: Intra-population variation in the natal origins and wing morphology of overwintering western monarch butterflies Danaus plexippus

Louie H. Yang, Dmitry Ostrovsky, Matthew C. Rogers, Jeffrey M. Welker & Jeffery M. Welker
Understanding the natal origins of migratory animals is critical for understanding their population dynamics and conservation. However, quantitative estimates of population recruitment from different natal habitats can be difficult to assess for many species, especially those with large geographic ranges. These limitations hinder the evaluation of alternative hypotheses about the key movements and ecological interactions of migratory species. Here, we quantitatively investigated intra-population variation in the natal origins of western North American monarch butterflies Danaus...

Data from: Blossom colour change after pollination provides carbon for developing seeds

Christophe Pélabon, Lauriane Hennet, Richard Strimbeck, Hansen Johnson & William Scott Armbruster
1. We tested the hypothesis that greening of the floral (involucral) bracts of Dalechampia scandens blossoms after pollination (when bracts are white) increases carbon assimilation and provides photosynthate to developing seeds. 2. We investigated the importance of the involucral bracts for the process of seed development in two ways. First, we removed or shaded bracts of hand-pollinated blossoms to prevent their photosynthesis and tested the effects of these manipulations on seed development. Secondly, we measured...

Data from: Can the source-sink hypothesis explain macrofaunal abundance patterns in the abyss? A modeling test

Sarah M. Hardy, Craig R. Smith & Andreas M. Thurnherr
Low food availability is a major structuring force in deep-sea benthic communities, sustaining only very low densities of organisms in parts of the abyss. These low population densities may result in an Allee effect, whereby local reproductive success is inhibited, and populations are maintained by larval dispersal from bathyal slopes. This slope–abyss source–sink (SASS) hypothesis suggests that the abyssal seafloor constitutes a vast sink habitat with macrofaunal populations sustained only by an influx of larval...

Data from: Sexual antagonism in the pistil varies among populations of a hermaphroditic mixed-mating plant

Evan Hersh, Josefin A. Madjidian, Stefan Andersson, Maria Strandh, W. Scott Armbruster & Åsa Lankinen
Sexual conflicts and their evolutionary outcomes may be influenced by population-specific features such as mating system and ecological context; however, very few studies have investigated the link between sexual conflict and mating system. The self-compatible, mixed-mating hermaphrodite Collinsia heterophylla (Plantaginaceae) is thought to exhibit a sexual conflict over timing of stigma receptivity. This conflict involves 1) delayed stigma receptivity, which intensifies pollen competition, and 2) early fertilization forced by pollen, which reduces seed set. We...

Registration Year

  • 2015

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Alaska System
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • University of Portsmouth
  • Columbia University
  • Lund University
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
  • University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira
  • Southwest Fisheries Science Center