41 Works

Diary, letters and poems of Marjory Fleming

The correlates of intraspecific variation in nest height and nest building duration in the Eurasian blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus

Dagmar Der Weduwen, Katharine Keogan, Jelmer Samplonius, Albert Phillimore & Jack Shutt
Birds build nests primarily as a receptacle to lay their eggs in, but they can also provide secondary benefits including structural support, camouflage, and adjustment of the microclimate surrounding the eggs and offspring. The factors underlying intraspecific variation in nest characteristics are poorly understood. In this study, we aim to identify the environmental factors that predict nest height variation and the duration of nest building in blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus), evaluating latitude, elevation, temperature, and...

Contributions of genetic and non-genetic sources to variation in cooperative behaviour in a cooperative mammal

Thomas Houslay, Johanna Nielsen & Tim Clutton-Brock
The evolution of cooperative behaviour is a major area of research among evolutionary biologists and behavioural ecologists, yet there are few estimates of its heritability or of its evolutionary potential and long-term studies of identifiable individuals are required to disentangle genetic and non-genetic components of cooperative behaviour. Here we use long-term data on over 1800 individually recognisable wild meerkats (Suricata suricatta) collected over 30 years and a multi-generational genetic pedigree to partition phenotypic variation in...

Rare missense functional variants at COL4A1 and COL4A2 in sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage

Jaeyoon Chung, Graham Hamilton, Minsup Kim, Sandro Marini, Bailey Montgomery, Jonathan Henry, Art Cho, Devin Brown, Bradford Worrall, James Meschia, Scott Silliman, Magdy Selim, David Tirschwell, Chelsea Kidwell, Brett Kissela, Steven Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan, Joshua Goldstein, Carl Langefeld, Kristiina Rannikmae, Catherine Sudlow, Neshika Samarasekera, Mark Rodrigues, Rustam Salman, James Prendergast … & Christopher Anderson
Objective To test the genetic contribution of rare missense variants in COL4A1 and COL4A2 in which common variants are genetically associated with sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), we performed rare variant analysis in multiple sequencing data for the risk for sporadic ICH. Methods We performed sequencing across 559Kbp at 13q34 including COL4A1 and COL4A2 among 2,133 individuals (1,055 ICH cases; 1,078 controls) in US-based and 1,492 individuals (192 ICH cases; 1,300 controls) from Scotland-based cohorts, followed...

Spatiotemporal variation in drivers of parasitism in a wild wood mouse population

Amy Sweeny, Gregory Albery, Saudamini Venkatesan, Andy Fenton & Amy Pedersen
Host-parasite interactions in nature are driven by a range of factors across several ecological scales, so observed relationships are often context-dependent. Importantly, if these factors vary across space and time, practical sampling limitations can limit or bias inferences, and the relative importance of different drivers can be hard to discern. Here we ask to what degree environmental, host, and within-host influences on parasitism are shaped by spatiotemporal variation. We use a replicated, longitudinal dataset of...

Genetic conservation literature review

Melissa Minter, David O'Brien, Joan Cottrell, Richard Ennos, Jane Hill & Jeanette Hall
Genetic diversity is important for species persistence and Gene Conservation Units (GCUs) have been implemented for forest trees to protect genetic diversity and evolutionary processes in situ. The Convention on Biological Diversity stipulates the protection of genetic diversity as an Aichi target, and so we explore the potential for GCUs to be implemented more widely. Our global systematic review showed that GCUs are currently implemented primarily for plant species of economic importance (109/158 species studied),...

Shifting roles of the East China Sea in the phylogeography of Machilus thunbergii (Lauraceae) in East Asia

Kai Jiang, Xin Tong, Yan-Qian Ding, Zheng-Wei Wang, Li-Yuan Miao, Yue-E Xiao, Wei-Chang Huang, Yong-Hong Hu & Xiao-Yong Chen
This dataset contains one README file and two raw data files on the distribution and genetic data described in the paper: Jiang et al. (2021) Shifting roles of the East China Sea in the phylogeography of Machilus thunbergii (Lauraceae) in East Asia. Journal of Biogeography. Ecological niche modeling was employed to predict the potential distribution of M. thunbergii during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the last interglacial period. Nuclear microsatellite and chloroplast markers were...

Flow cytometry analysis of water samples for bacterial and Pico-plankton enumeration, samples collected in the Barents Sea during 2017-2018

Elaine Mitchell, Sharon McNeil, Callum Whyte, Finlo Cottier, Joanne Hopkins & Keith Davidson
Collection and preservation of open ocean water samples from stations along a transect in the Barents Sea over the course of a year from July 2017 - July 2018. Four cruises in total to cover seasonal changes, two on board the James Clark Ross (RRS) and two aboard the Helmer Hansen (RV). A standard CTD cast was deployed to collect the samples, the depths were selected to support Primary Production experiments on board the ship,...

Data from: Multi-level patterns of genetic structure and isolation by distance in the widespread plant Mimulus guttatus

Alex Twyford
An understanding of genetic structure is essential for answering many questions in population genetics. However, complex population dynamics and scale-dependent processes can make it difficult to detect if there are distinct genetic clusters present in natural populations. Inferring discrete population structure is particularly challenging in the presence of continuous genetic variation such as isolation by distance. Here, we use the plant species Mimulus guttatus as a case study for understanding genetic structure at three spatial...

Pathogen dynamics across the diversity of ageing

Jessica Clark, Luke McNally & Tom Little
Reproduction, mortality and immune function often change with age, but do not invariably deteriorate. Across the tree of life, there is extensive variation in age-specific performance and changes to key life-history traits. These changes occur on a spectrum from classic senescence, where performance declines with age, to juvenescence, where performance improves with age. Reproduction, mortality and immune function are also important factors influencing the spread of infectious disease, yet there exists no comprehensive investigation into...

Interference in the shared-stroop task: a comparison of self- and other-monitoring

Martin Pickering, Janet F. McLean & Chiara Gambi
Co-acting participants represent and integrate each other’s actions, even when they are not required to monitor one another. However, monitoring the actions of a partner is an important component of successful interactions, and particularly of linguistic interactions. Moreover, monitoring others may rely on similar mechanisms to those that are involved in self-monitoring. In order to investigate the effect of monitoring on shared linguistic representations, we combined a monitoring task with the shared Stroop task. In...

Data from: Using singleton densities to detect recent selection in Bos taurus

Matthew Hartfield, Nina Aagaard Poulsen, Bernt Guldbrandtsen & Thomas Bataillon
Many quantitative traits are subject to polygenic selection, where several genomic regions undergo small, simultaneous changes in allele frequency that collectively alter a phenotype. The widespread availability of genome data, along with novel statistical techniques, has made it easier to detect these changes. We apply one such method, the ‘Singleton Density Score’, to the Holstein breed of Bos taurus to detect recent selection (arising up to around 740 years ago). We identify several genes as...

Data from: Integrated population models poorly estimate the demographic contribution of immigration

Matthieu Paquet, Jonas Knape, Debora Arlt, Pär Forslund, Tomas Pärt, Øystein Flagstad, Carl G. Jones, Malcolm A. C. Nicoll, Ken Norris, Josephine M. Pemberton, Håkan Sand, Linn Svensson, Vikash Tatayah, Petter Wabakken, Camilla Wikenros, Mikael Åkesson & Matthew Low
Estimating the contribution of demographic parameters to changes in population growth is essential for understanding why populations fluctuate. Integrated Population Models (IPMs) offer a possibility to estimate contributions of additional demographic parameters, for which no data have been explicitly collected: typically immigration. Such parametersare often subsequently highlighted as important drivers of population growth. Yet, accuracy in estimating their temporal variation, and consequently their contribution to changes in population growth rate, has not been investigated. To...

Data from: Sex-specific associations between life history traits and a novel reproductive polymorphism in the Pacific field cricket

Jon Richardson, Justa Heinen-Kay & Marlene Zuk
Associations between heritable polymorphisms and life-history traits, such as development time or reproductive investment, may play an underappreciated role in maintaining polymorphic systems. This is because selection acting on a particular morph could be bolstered or disrupted by correlated changes in life-history or vice versa. In a Hawaiian population of the Pacific field cricket (Teleogryllus oceanicus), a novel mutation (flatwing) on the X-chromosome is responsible for a heritable polymorphism in male wing structure. We used...

Who knows, who cares? Untangling ecological knowledge and nature connection among Amazonian colonist farmers

Katarzyna Mikolajczak, Alexander Lees, Jos Barlow, Frazer Sinclair, Oriana Trindade De Almeida, Agnis Souza & Luke Parry
Conservationists often assume that connection with and caring about nature’s wellbeing is strongly linked to ecological knowledge. Existing evidence on the link between ecological knowledge and psychological nature connection is mixed, geographically limited to countries in the Global North, and does not scrutinize potential differences in determinants of ecological knowledge and nature connection. We investigate the relationship between psychological nature connection and ecological knowledge of local bird species and assess their associations with potential drivers,...

Data from: Location, but not defensive genotype, determines ectomycorrhizal community composition in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings

Jim Downie, Andy F. S. Taylor, Glenn Iason, Ben Moore, Jonathan Silvertown, Stephen Cavers & Richard Ennos
1. For successful colonisation of host roots, ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi must overcome host defence systems, and defensive phenotypes have previously been shown to affect the community composition of EM fungi associated with hosts. Secondary metabolites, such as terpenes, form a core part of these defence systems, but it is not yet understood whether variation in these constitutive defences can result in variation in colonisation of hosts by specific fungal species. 2. We planted seedlings from...

Nectar values from: Quantifying nectar production by flowering plants in urban and rural landscapes

Nicholas Tew, Jane Memmott, Ian Vaughan, Stephanie Bird, Graham Stone, Simon Potts & Katherine Baldock
Floral resources (nectar and pollen) provide food for insect pollinators but have declined in the countryside due to land use change. Given widespread pollinator loss, it is important that we quantify their food supply to help develop conservation actions. While nectar resources have been measured in rural landscapes, equivalent data are lacking for urban areas, an important knowledge gap as towns and cities often host diverse pollinator populations. We quantified the nectar supply of urban...

Benthic silica flux magnitudes and silicon isotopic composition of marine sediment pore waters and solid phase leachates for the Barents Sea (summer 2017-2019)

James PJ Ward, Sian F Henley, Johan C Faust & Felipe Sales de Freitas
This data product comprises 5 files, containing marine sediment pore water and solid phase leachate silicon (Si) isotopic and element concentration data, as well as benthic silica flux magnitudes derived from core incubation experiments and sediment biogenic silica contents. Samples were collected over three cruises of the Changing Arctic Ocean Seafloor (ChAOS) project summer sampling campaigns in the Barents Sea between 2017 and 2019 aboard the RRS James Clark Ross (cruises JR16006, JR17007 and JR18006)....

Fossilization processes have little impact on tip-calibrated divergence time analyses

Joseph O'Reilly
The importance of palaeontological data in divergence time estimation has increased with the introduction of Bayesian Total-Evidence Dating methods which utilise fossil taxa directly for calibration, facilitated by the joint analysis of morphological and molecular data. Fossil taxa are invariably incompletely known as a consequence of taphonomic processes, resulting in the decidedly non-random distribution of missing data. The impact of non-random missing data on the accuracy and precision of clade age estimation is unknown. In...

Data from: Burrowing by translocated boodie (Bettongia lesueur) populations alters soils but has limited effects on vegetation

Bryony Palmer, Leonie Valentine, Cheryl Lohr, Gergana Daskalova & Richard Hobbs
Digging and burrowing mammals modify soil resources, creating shelter for other animals and influencing vegetation and soil biota. The use of conservation translocations to reinstate the ecosystem functions of digging and burrowing mammals is becoming more common. However, in an increasingly altered world, the roles of translocated populations, and their importance for other species, may be different. Boodies (Bettongia lesueur), a commonly translocated species in Australia, construct extensive warrens, but how their warrens affect soil...

Data from: Carry on caring: infected females maintain their parental care despite suffering high mortality

Tom Ratz, Katy Monteith, Pedro Vale & Per Smiseth
Parental care is a key component of an organism’s reproductive strategy that is thought to trade-off with allocation towards immunity. Yet it is unclear how caring parents respond to pathogens: do infected parents reduce care as a sickness behaviour or simply from being ill, or do they prioritise their offspring by maintaining high levels of care? To address this issue, we investigated the consequences of infection by the pathogen Serratia marcescens on mortality, time spent...

Data from: Phylogenetic sampling affects evolutionary patterns of morphological disparity

Thomas Smith, Mark Puttick, Joseph O'Reilly, Davide Pisani & Philip Donoghue
Cladistic character matrices are routinely repurposed in analyses of morphological disparity. Unfortunately, the sampling of taxa and characters within such datasets reflects their intended application - to resolve phylogeny, rather than distinguish between phenotypes - resulting in tree shapes that often misrepresent broader taxonomic and morphological diversity. Here we use tree shape as a proxy to explore how sampling can affect perceptions of evolving morphological disparity. Through analyses of simulated and empirical data, we demonstrate...

UK dogs data from: Genome-wide association studies for canine hip dysplasia in single and multiple populations – implications and potential novel risk loci

Juliane Friedrich, Shizhi Wang, Erling Strandberg, Per Arvelius, Dylan N Clements & Pamela Wiener
Background: Association mapping studies of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for canine hip dysplasia (CHD) can contribute to the understanding of the genetic background of this common and debilitating disease and might contribute to its genetic improvement. The power of association studies for CHD is limited by relatively small sample numbers for CHD records within countries, suggesting potential benefits of joining data across countries. However, this is complicated due to the use of different scoring systems...

Genomic analysis reveals a polygenic architecture of antler morphology in wild red deer (Cervus elaphus)

Lucy Peters, Jisca Huisman, Loeske Kruuk, Josephine Pemberton & Susan Jonston
Sexually-selected traits show large variation and rapid evolution across the animal kingdom, yet genetic variation often persists within populations despite apparent directional selection. A key step in solving this long-standing paradox is to determine the genetic architecture of sexually-selected traits to understand evolutionary drivers and constraints at the genomic level. Antlers are a form of sexual weaponry in male red deer. On the island of Rum, Scotland, males with larger antlers have increased breeding success,...

Data from: Selection on growth rate and local adaptation drive genomic adaptation during experimental range expansions in the protist Tetrahymena thermophila

Felix Moerman, Emanuel Fronhofer, Florian Altermatt & Andreas Wagner
1. Populations that expand their range can undergo rapid evolutionary adaptation of life-history traits, dispersal behaviour, and adaptation to the local environment. Such adaptation may be aided or hindered by sexual reproduction, depending on the context. 2. However, few empirical and experimental studies have investigated the genetic basis of adaptive evolution during range expansions. Even less attention has been given to the question how sexual reproduction may modulate such adaptive evolution during range expansions. 3....

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Bristol
  • Cardiff University
  • Royal Horticultural Society
  • University of Glasgow
  • Georgetown University
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Liverpool
  • Anglia Ruskin University