18 Works

Right temporal cortical hypertrophy in resilience to trauma: an MRI study

André Sevenius Nilsen, Eva Hilland, Norunn Kogstad, Trond Heir, Edvard Hauff, Lars Lien & Tor Endestad
In studies employing physiological measures such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often hard to distinguish what constitutes risk-resilience factors to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure and what the effects of trauma exposure and PTSD are. We aimed to investigate whether there were observable morphological differences in cortical and sub-cortical regions of the brain, 7–8 years after a single potentially traumatic event. Twenty-four participants, who all directly experienced the 2004 Indian Ocean...

Therapist and client perspectives on the alliance in the treatment of traumatized adolescents

Silje M. Ormhaug, Stephen R. Shirk & Tore Wentzel-Larsen
Client ratings of the therapeutic alliance are an important predictor of outcome in the treatment of traumatized adolescents and adults, but less is known about the therapists’ perspective. The aim of this study was to investigate how therapists’ ratings relate to the adolescents’ perspective, how individual therapist and adolescent ratings relate to change in symptoms and treatment satisfaction, and whether discrepant alliance perspectives impact treatment outcome. The sample consisted of 156 youth (mean age 15.1,...

A decennial review of psychotraumatology: what did we learn and where are we going?

Miranda Olff, Ananda Amstadter, Cherie Armour, Marianne S. Birkeland, Eric Bui, Marylene Cloitre, Anke Ehlers, Julian D. Ford, Talya Greene, Maj Hansen, Ruth Lanius, Neil Roberts, Rita Rosner & Siri Thoresen
On 6 December 2019 we start the 10th year of the European Journal of Psychotraumatogy (EJPT), a full Open Access journal on psychotrauma. This editorial is part of a special issue celebrating the 10 years anniversary of the journal and acknowledging some of our most impactful articles of the past decade. In this editorial the editors present a decennial review of the field addressing a range of topics that are core to both the journal...

School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011

Ida Frugård Strøm, Jon-Håkon Schultz, Tore Wentzel-Larsen & Grete Dyb
The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking. This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism, and school support amongst survivors of a terrorist attack in Norway. Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N=64) who successfully completed their 3-year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean...

Stabilizing group treatment for childhood-abuse related PTSD: a randomized controlled trial

Harald Bækkelund, Ida Karlsrud, Asle Hoffart & Espen Ajo Arnevik
Background: Patients with PTSD related to childhood-abuse often experience additional problems such as emotional dysregulation and interpersonal difficulties. Psychotherapy focused on stabilization of symptoms, emotion-regulation, and skills training has been suggested as a treatment for this patient population, either as preparation for further treatment or as a stand-alone intervention. Objective: The present study tests the efficacy of treatment using a group-protocol for stabilizing treatment delivered adjunct with conventional individual therapy. Methods: In a delayed-treatment design...

The relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms and narrative structure among adolescent terrorist-attack survivors

Petra Filkuková, Tine K. Jensen, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Hanne Torvund Minde & Grete Dyb
Background: The structure of trauma narratives is considered to be related to posttraumatic stress symptomatology and thus the capacity to make a coherent narrative after stressful events is crucial for mental health. Objective: The aim of this study is to understand more of the relationship between narrative structure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). More specifically, we investigated whether internal and external focus, organization, fragmentation, and length differed between two groups of adolescent survivors of a...

The relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms and narrative structure among adolescent terrorist-attack survivors

Petra Filkuková, Tine K. Jensen, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Hanne Torvund Minde & Grete Dyb
Background: The structure of trauma narratives is considered to be related to posttraumatic stress symptomatology and thus the capacity to make a coherent narrative after stressful events is crucial for mental health. Objective: The aim of this study is to understand more of the relationship between narrative structure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). More specifically, we investigated whether internal and external focus, organization, fragmentation, and length differed between two groups of adolescent survivors of a...

Violence against children, later victimisation, and mental health: a cross-sectional study of the general Norwegian population

Siri Thoresen, Mia Myhre, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Helene Flood Aakvaag & Ole Kristian Hjemdal
Violence in childhood is associated with mental health problems and risk of revictimisation. Less is known about the relative importance of the various types of childhood and adult victimisation for adult mental health. To estimate the associations between various types of childhood and adult violence exposure, and their combined associations to adult mental health. This study was a cross-sectional telephone survey of the Norwegian adult population; 2,435 women and 2,092 men aged 18–75 participated (19.3%...

Violence against children, later victimisation, and mental health: a cross-sectional study of the general Norwegian population

Siri Thoresen, Mia Myhre, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Helene Flood Aakvaag & Ole Kristian Hjemdal
Violence in childhood is associated with mental health problems and risk of revictimisation. Less is known about the relative importance of the various types of childhood and adult victimisation for adult mental health. To estimate the associations between various types of childhood and adult violence exposure, and their combined associations to adult mental health. This study was a cross-sectional telephone survey of the Norwegian adult population; 2,435 women and 2,092 men aged 18–75 participated (19.3%...

School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011

Ida Frugård Strøm, Jon-Håkon Schultz, Tore Wentzel-Larsen & Grete Dyb
The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking. This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism, and school support amongst survivors of a terrorist attack in Norway. Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N=64) who successfully completed their 3-year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean...

Therapist and client perspectives on the alliance in the treatment of traumatized adolescents

Silje M. Ormhaug, Stephen R. Shirk & Tore Wentzel-Larsen
Client ratings of the therapeutic alliance are an important predictor of outcome in the treatment of traumatized adolescents and adults, but less is known about the therapists’ perspective. The aim of this study was to investigate how therapists’ ratings relate to the adolescents’ perspective, how individual therapist and adolescent ratings relate to change in symptoms and treatment satisfaction, and whether discrepant alliance perspectives impact treatment outcome. The sample consisted of 156 youth (mean age 15.1,...

A decennial review of psychotraumatology: what did we learn and where are we going?

Miranda Olff, Ananda Amstadter, Cherie Armour, Marianne S. Birkeland, Eric Bui, Marylene Cloitre, Anke Ehlers, Julian D. Ford, Talya Greene, Maj Hansen, Ruth Lanius, Neil Roberts, Rita Rosner & Siri Thoresen
On 6 December 2019 we start the 10th year of the European Journal of Psychotraumatogy (EJPT), a full Open Access journal on psychotrauma. This editorial is part of a special issue celebrating the 10 years anniversary of the journal and acknowledging some of our most impactful articles of the past decade. In this editorial the editors present a decennial review of the field addressing a range of topics that are core to both the journal...

Right temporal cortical hypertrophy in resilience to trauma: an MRI study

André Sevenius Nilsen, Eva Hilland, Norunn Kogstad, Trond Heir, Edvard Hauff, Lars Lien & Tor Endestad
In studies employing physiological measures such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often hard to distinguish what constitutes risk-resilience factors to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure and what the effects of trauma exposure and PTSD are. We aimed to investigate whether there were observable morphological differences in cortical and sub-cortical regions of the brain, 7–8 years after a single potentially traumatic event. Twenty-four participants, who all directly experienced the 2004 Indian Ocean...

Mental health in adult refugees from Syria resettled in Norway between 2015 and 2017: a nationwide, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional prevalence study

Alexander Nissen, Prue Cauley, Fredrik Saboonchi, Arnfinn J Andersen & Øivind Solberg
Background: The number of forcibly displaced people globally has never been higher, with refugees from Syria constituting the largest displaced population worldwide. Many studies have documented elevated levels of mental health problems in refugee populations, though prevalence estimates of common mental disorders vary considerably between studies, explained both by methodological and contextual factors. Objective: Using questionnaire-based screening checklists to approximate the prevalence of and investigate risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression...

Early outreach to survivors of the shootings in Norway on the 22nd of July 2011

Grete Dyb, Tine Jensen, Kristin Alve Glad, Egil Nygaard & Siri Thoresen
Under-treatment and unmet needs among survivors have been documented years after terror attacks. Improved early and proactive outreach strategies, including targeted interventions for individuals in need, are required. After the terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011, a national, proactive outreach strategy was developed and implemented to help those who were directly affected. The aims of this study were threefold: (1) to investigate whether the survivors at the island of Utøya had received proactive...

Early outreach to survivors of the shootings in Norway on the 22nd of July 2011

Grete Dyb, Tine Jensen, Kristin Alve Glad, Egil Nygaard & Siri Thoresen
Under-treatment and unmet needs among survivors have been documented years after terror attacks. Improved early and proactive outreach strategies, including targeted interventions for individuals in need, are required. After the terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011, a national, proactive outreach strategy was developed and implemented to help those who were directly affected. The aims of this study were threefold: (1) to investigate whether the survivors at the island of Utøya had received proactive...

Stabilizing group treatment for childhood-abuse related PTSD: a randomized controlled trial

Harald Bækkelund, Ida Karlsrud, Asle Hoffart & Espen Ajo Arnevik
Background: Patients with PTSD related to childhood-abuse often experience additional problems such as emotional dysregulation and interpersonal difficulties. Psychotherapy focused on stabilization of symptoms, emotion-regulation, and skills training has been suggested as a treatment for this patient population, either as preparation for further treatment or as a stand-alone intervention. Objective: The present study tests the efficacy of treatment using a group-protocol for stabilizing treatment delivered adjunct with conventional individual therapy. Methods: In a delayed-treatment design...

Mental health in adult refugees from Syria resettled in Norway between 2015 and 2017: a nationwide, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional prevalence study

Alexander Nissen, Prue Cauley, Fredrik Saboonchi, Arnfinn J Andersen & Øivind Solberg
Background: The number of forcibly displaced people globally has never been higher, with refugees from Syria constituting the largest displaced population worldwide. Many studies have documented elevated levels of mental health problems in refugee populations, though prevalence estimates of common mental disorders vary considerably between studies, explained both by methodological and contextual factors. Objective: Using questionnaire-based screening checklists to approximate the prevalence of and investigate risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression...

Registration Year

  • 2023
    12
  • 2021
    4
  • 2019
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18

Affiliations

  • Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies
    18
  • University of Oslo
    14
  • Center for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway
    6
  • Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group
    2
  • Oslo University Hospital
    2
  • Modum Bad – Gordon Johnsens stiftelse
    2
  • Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
    2
  • University of Haifa
    2
  • University College London
    2
  • Innlandet Hospital Trust
    2