14 Works

Data from: A place-based participatory mapping approach for assessing cultural ecosystem services in urban green space

Lizzie Jones, Robert A. Holland, Jennifer Ball, Tim Sykes, Gail Taylor, Lisa Ingwall-King, Jake L. Snaddon & Kelvin S.-H. Peh
1. Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES) encompass a range of social, cultural and health benefits to local communities, for example recreation, spirituality, a sense of place and local identity. However, these complex and place-specific CES are often overlooked in rapid land management decisions and assessed using broad, top–down approaches. 2. We use the Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA) to examine a novel approach to rapid assessment of local CES provision using inductive, participatory methods....

Modeling human migration across spatial scales in Colombia

Amir Siraj, Alessandro Sorichetta, Guido España, Andrew Tatem & Alex Perkins
Human mobility, both short and long term, are important considerations in the study of numerous systems. Economic and technological advances have led to a more interconnected global community, further increasing the need for considerations of human mobility. While data on human mobility are better recorded in many developed countries, availability of such data remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries around the world, particularly at the fine temporal and spatial scales required by many...

Data from: Cavitation Clusters in Lipid Systems – The Generation of a Bifurcated Streamer and the Dual Collapse of a Bubble Cluster

Silvana Martini, Peter Birkin & Tadd Truscott
Over the past decade several studies have reported the use of high intensity ultrasound (HIU) to induce the crystallization of lipids. The effect that HIU has on lipid crystallization is usually attributed to the generation of cavities but acoustic cavitation has never been fully explored in lipids. The dynamics of a particular cavitation cluster next to a piston like emitter in an oil, was investigated in this study. The lipid systems, which are important in...

Data from: How group composition affects cooperation in fixed networks: can psychopathic traits influence group dynamics?

Martina Testori, Rebecca B. Hoyle & Hedwig Eisenbarth
Static networks have been shown to foster cooperation for specific cost-benefit ratios and numbers of connections across a series of interactions. At the same time, psychopathic traits have been discovered to predict defective behaviours in game theory scenarios. This experiment combines these two aspects to investigate how group cooperation can emerge when changing group compositions based on psychopathic traits. We implemented a modified version of the Prisoner’s Dilemma game which has been demonstrated theoretically and...

Data from: Epigenome-wide association study of lung function level and its change

Medea Imboden, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I Rezwan, Andre F S Amaral, Emmanuel Schaffner, Ayoung Jeong, Anna Beckmeyer-Borowko, Sarah E Harris, John M Starr, Ian J Deary, Claudia Flexeder, Melanie Waldenberger, Annette Peters, Holger Schulz, Su Chen, Shadia KHan Sunny, Wilfried J J Karmaus, Yu Jiang, Gertraud Erhart, Florian Kronenberg, Ryan Arathimos, Gemma C Sharp, Alexander John Henderson, Yu Fu, Paivi Piirila … & Nicole M Probst-Hensch
Previous reports link differential DNA methylation (DNAme) to environmental exposures which are associated with lung function. Direct evidence on lung function DNAme is however limited. We undertook an agnostic epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) on pre-bronchodilation lung function and its change in adults. In a discovery-replication EWAS design, DNAme in blood and spirometry were measured twice, six-to-15 years apart, in the same participants of three adult population-based discovery cohorts (n=2,043). Associated DNAme markers (P<5x10-7) were tested...

Persistence of arctic-alpine flora during 24,000 years of environmental change in the Polar Urals

Charlotte Clarke, Mary Edwards, Ludovic Gielly, Dorothee Ehrich, Paul Hughes, Liudmila Morozova, Haflidi Haflidason, Jan Mangerud, John Inge Svendsen & Inger Alsos
Plants adapted to extreme conditions can be at high risk from climate change; arctic-alpine plants, in particular, could “run out of space” as they are out-competed by expansion of woody vegetation. Mountain regions could potentially provide safe sites for arctic-alpine plants in a warmer climate, but empirical evidence is fragmentary. Here we present a 24,000-year record of species persistence based on sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) from Lake Bolshoye Shchuchye (Polar Urals). We provide robust evidence...

Data from: Spatial clustering of receptors and signaling molecules regulates NK cell response to peptide repertoire changes

Berenice Mbiribindi, Sayak Mukherjee, Dannielle Wellington, Jayajit Das & Salim I. Khakoo
Natural Killer (NK) cell activation requires the integration of inhibitory and activating signaling. Inhibitory signals are determined by members of the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) family, which have major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I ligands. Loss of this inhibitory signal leads to NK cell activation. Thus, down-regulation of MHC I during viral infection or cancer induces NK cells activation. However, NK cell activation in the presence of MHC-I has been demonstrated for HLA-C*0102 through...

Data from: Replanting of first-cycle oil palm results in a second wave of biodiversity loss

Adham Ashton-Butt, Simon Willcock, Dedi Purnomo, Resti Wahyuningsih, Anak A.K. Aryawan, Amelia Hood, Suhardi Suhardi, Mohammad Naim, Guy M. Poppy, Jean-Pierre Caliman, Kelvin S.-H Peh & Jake L. Snaddon
1. Conversion of forest to oil palm plantations results in a significant loss of biodiversity. Despite this, first-cycle oil palm plantations can sustain relatively high biodiversity compared to other crops. However, the long-term effects of oil palm agriculture on flora and fauna are unknown. Oil palm has a 25-year commercial lifespan before it must be replanted, due to reduced productivity and difficulty of harvesting. Loss of the complex vegetation structure of oil palm plantations during...

Data from: Field metabolic rates of teleost fishes are recorded in otolith carbonate

Ming-Tsung Chung, Clive N. Trueman, Jane A. Godiksen, Mathias Engell Holmstrup & Peter Grønkjær
Field metabolic rate (FMR) is key to understanding individual and population-level responses to environmental changes, but is challenging to measure in field conditions, particularly in aquatic environments. Here we show that FMR can be estimated directly from the isotopic composition of carbon in fish otoliths (δ13Coto). We describe the relationship between δ13Coto values and oxygen consumption rate, and report results from laboratory experiments relating individual-level measurements of oxygen consumption rates to δ13Coto values in Atlantic...

Data from: Species richness change across spatial scales

Jonathan M. Chase, Brian J. McGill, Patrick L. Thompson, Laura H. Antão, Amanda E. Bates, Shane A. Blowes, Maria Dornelas, Andrew Gonzalez, Anne E. Magurran, Sarah R. Supp, Marten Winter, Anne D. Bjorkmann, Helge Bruelheide, Jarrett E.K. Byrnes, Juliano Sarmento Cabral, Robin Ehali, Catalina Gomez, Hector M. Guzman, Forest Isbell, Isla H. Myers-Smith, Holly P. Jones, Jessica Hines, Mark Vellend, Conor Waldock & Mary O'Connor
Humans have elevated global extinction rates and thus lowered global-scale species richness. However, there is no a priori reason to expect that losses of global species richness should always, or even often, trickle down to losses of species richness at regional and local scales, even though this relationship is often assumed. Here, we show that scale can modulate our estimates of species richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures, but not in...

Data from: Acute exposure to diesel exhaust induces central nervous system stress and altered learning and memory in honey bees

Christine M. Reitmayer, James M. W. Ryalls, Emily Farthing, Christopher W. Jackson, Robbie D. Girling & Tracey A. Newman
For effective foraging, many insect pollinators rely on the ability to learn and recall floral odours, behaviours that are associated with a complex suite of cellular processes. Here, we investigated how acute exposure to a high-dose of diesel exhaust (containing 19.8 and 17.5 ppm of NO and NO2, respectively) affected associative learning behaviour of honey bees (Apis mellifera) and expression of a ubiquitous heat shock protein, HSP70, in their central nervous system (CNS). To determine...

Pollination by bats enhances both quality and yield of a major cash crop in Mexico

Constance Tremlett, Mandy Moore, Mark Chapman, Veronica Zamora-Gutierrez & Kelvin Peh
We used exclusion experiments to determine the effect of different pollinator taxa on the yield and quality of pitayas (fruit of Stenocereus queretaroensis (F.A.C. Weber) Buxbaum), a major crop in central Mexico. We studied the three most economically important cultivars and wild individuals in the principal region for pitaya production. For each pollinator taxa we recorded fruit set and measured three key parameters of fruit quality: weight, sucrose concentration and seed set. When bats were...

Secondary contacts and genetic admixture shape colonisation by an amphiatlantic epibenthic invertebrate

Jamie Hudson, Kerstin Johannesson, Christopher McQuaid & Marc Rius
Research on the genetics of invasive species often focuses on patterns of genetic diversity and population structure within the introduced range. However, a growing body of literature is demonstrating the need to study the native range, and how native genotypes affect both ecological and evolutionary mechanisms within the introduced range. Here we used genotyping-by-sequencing to study both native and introduced ranges [based on 1,653 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)] of the amphiatlantic marine invertebrate Ciona intestinalis....

Data from: Tracing the rise of malignant cell lines: distribution, epidemiology and evolutionary interactions of two transmissible cancers in Tasmanian devils

Samantha James, Geordie Jennings, Young Mi Kwon, Maximilian Stammnitz, Alexandra Fraik, Andrew Storfer, Sebastien Comte, David Pemberton, Samantha Fox, Bill Brown, Ruth Pye, Gregory Woods, Bruce Lyons, Paul Hohenlohe, Hamish McCallum, Hannah V. Siddle, Frederic Thomas, Beata Ujvari, Elizabeth P. Murchison, Menna Jones & Rodrigo Hamede
Emerging infectious diseases are rising globally and understanding host-pathogen interactions during the initial stages of disease emergence is essential for assessing potential evolutionary dynamics and designing novel management strategies. Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) are endangered due to a transmissible cancer – devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) – that since its emergence in the 1990’s, has affected most populations throughout Tasmania. Recent studies suggest that devils are adapting to the DFTD epidemic and that disease-induced extinction...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    14

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    14

Affiliations

  • University of Southampton
    14
  • Aarhus University
    2
  • University of Edinburgh
    2
  • Nationwide Children's Hospital
    1
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
    1
  • Stanford University
    1
  • University of Würzburg
    1
  • Utah State University
    1
  • University of Wollongong
    1
  • Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment
    1