80 Works

Data from: Artificial light at night confounds broad-scale habitat use by migrating birds

James D. McLaren, Jeffrey J. Buler, Tim Schreckengost, Jaclyn A. Smolinsky, Matthew Boone, E. Emiel Van Loon, Deanna K. Dawson & Eric L. Walters
With many of the world's migratory bird populations in alarming decline, broad-scale assessments of responses to migratory hazards may prove crucial to successful conservation efforts. Most birds migrate at night through increasingly light-polluted skies. Bright light sources can attract airborne migrants and lead to collisions with structures, but might also influence selection of migratory stopover habitat and thereby acquisition of food resources. We demonstrate, using multi-year weather radar measurements of nocturnal migrants across the northeastern...

Data from: Recalibrating timing behavior via expected covariance between temporal cues

Benjamin J. De Corte, Rebecca R. Della Valle & Matthew S. Matell
Individuals must predict future events to proactively guide their behavior. Predicting when events will occur is a critical component of these expectations. Temporal expectations are often generated based on individual cue-duration relationships. However, the durations associated with different environmental cues will often co-vary due to a common cause. We show that timing behavior may be calibrated based on this expected covariance, which we refer to as the 'common cause hypothesis'. In five experiments using rats,...

Colony fitness increases in the honey bee at queen mating frequencies higher than genetic diversity asymptote

Keith S. Delaplane, J. Krispn Given, John Menz & Deborah A. Delaney
Abstract Across the eusocial Hymenoptera, a queen’s mating frequency is positively associated with her workers’ genetic diversity and colony’s fitness. Over 90% of a colony’s diversity potential is achieved by its mother’s tenth effective mating (me); however, many females mate at levels of me > 10, a zone we here call hyperpolyandry. We compared honey bee colony fitness at mating levels near and above this genetic diversity asymptote. We were interested in how hyperpolyandry affects...

Anisotropy of the effective toughness of layered media

Stella Brach, Zubaer Hossain, Blaise Bourdin & Kaushik Bhattacharya
We use the variational phase-field model and the surfing boundary condition to propagate a crack macroscopically in various layered materials. We study two idealized situations, the first where the elastic modulus is uniform while the toughness alternates and a second where the toughness is uniform and elastic modulus alternates. We find that in the first case of toughness heterogeneity the effective toughness displays 'anomalous isotropy' in that it is independent of propagation direction and equal...

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

LncRNA-UCA1 regulates lung adenocarcinoma progression through competitive binding to miR-383

Li Tang, Sheng Wang, Yapeng Wang, Kang Li & Qiang Li
The present study aimed to assess the role of the long non-coding RNA-urothelial cancer associated 1 (lncRNA-UCA1)/microRNA (miR)-383/vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) axis in regulating lung adenocarcinoma physiology through in vivo and in vitro experiments. The expression profile of lncRNA-UCA1 was analyzed by genome-wide analysis from GSE146459. The cell counting Kit-8, colony formation, wound healing and transwell assays were performed to evaluate the effects of lncRNA-UCA1 in vitro. In addition, luciferase reporter assays were...

Additional file 2 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 2: Table S2. RNA-seq data of liver tissues of NAFLD patients and controls.

Additional file 3 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 3: Table S3. Results of GO enrichment on differentially expressed genes from RNA-seq data.

Additional file 5 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 5: Table S5. Results of KEGG enrichment on differentially expressed genes from GSE159676 datasets.

Additional file 6 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 6: Table S6. Results of GO enrichment on differentially expressed genes from GSE159676 datasets.

Salt-induced phosphoproteomic changes in the subfornical organ in rats with chronic kidney disease

Xin Wang, Huizhen Wang, Jiawen Li, Lanying Li, Yifan Wang & Aiqing Li
Subfornical organ (SFO) is vital in chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression caused by high salt levels. The current study investigated the effects of high salt on phosphoproteomic changes in SFO in CKD rats. 5/6 nephrectomized rats were fed a normal-salt diet (0.4%) (NC group) or a high-salt diet (4%) (HC group) for three weeks, while sham-operated rats were fed a normal-salt diet (0.4%) (NS group). For phosphoproteomic analysis of SFO in different groups, TiO2 enrichment,...

Data from: Geographic variation in Megalorchestia californiana allele frequencies may be caused by winter rather than summer temperatures

John H. McDonald & JH McDonald
There are many allozyme polymorphisms with latitudinal clines, for which selection by climate is one obvious explanation. Both warm summer temperatures and cold winter temperatures could plausibly impose selection on enzyme polymorphisms, but because summer and winter temperatures are usually geographically correlated, there has been little attempt to use patterns of geographic variation to discriminate between these possible selective factors. The glucose-6-phosphate isomerase and mannose-6-phosphate isomerase allozyme polymorphisms in the amphipod crustacean Megalorchestia californiana have...

Data from: A connection between colony biomass and death in Caribbean reef-building corals

Daniel J. Thornhill, Randi D. Rotjan, Brian D. Todd, Geoff C. Chilcoat, Roberto Iglesias-Prieto, Todd C. LaJeunesse, Dustin W. Kemp, Jennifer McCabe Reynolds, Gregory W. Schmidt, Thomas Shannon, Mark E. Warner & William K. Fitt
Increased sea-surface temperatures linked to warming climate threaten coral reef ecosystems globally. To better understand how corals and their endosymbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) respond to environmental change, tissue biomass and Symbiodinium density of seven coral species were measured on various reefs approximately every four months for up to thirteen years in the Upper Florida Keys, United States (1994–2007), eleven years in the Exuma Cays, Bahamas (1995–2006), and four years in Puerto Morelos, Mexico (2003–2007). For...

Data and numerical methods for determining the dynamics and kinematics of Newark Bay, NJ

W. Bryce Corlett, W. Rockwell Geyer, Robert Chant, David Ralston & Christopher K. Sommerfield
These observational data and numerical methods were used to investigate the subtidal salt balance of Newark Bay, a sub-estuarine network connected to the Hudson River estuary through New York Harbor. The moored data were collected in 2008 by Chant and Sommerfield, and in 2016 by Corlett, Geyer, and Ralston. Corlett devised the included numerical methods. Shipboard measurements of the vertical salinity profile near each mooring were used to reconstruct the tidally-varying vertical salinity profile from...

Data from: Opsin repertoire and expression patterns in horseshoe crabs: evidence from the genome of Limulus polyphemus (Arthropoda: Chelicerata)

Barbara-Anne Battelle, Joseph F. Ryan, Karen E. Kempler, Spencer R. Saraf, Catherine E. Marten, Wesley C. Warren, Patrick Minx, Michael J. Montague, Pamela J. Green, Skye A. Schmidt, Lucinda Fulton, Nipam H. Patel, Merideth E. Protas, Richard K. Wilson & Megan L. Porter
Horseshoe crabs are xiphosuran chelicerates, the sister group to arachnids. As such, they are important for understanding the most recent common ancestor of Euchelicerata and the evolution and diversification of Arthropoda. Limulus polyphemus is the most investigated of the four extant species of horseshoe crabs, and the structure and function of its visual system have long been a major focus of studies critical for understanding the evolution of visual systems in arthropods. Likewise, studies of...

Data from: Differential introgression and the maintenance of species boundaries in an advanced generation avian hybrid zone

Jennifer Walsh, W. Gregory Shriver, Brian J. Olsen & Adrienne I. Kovach
Background: Evolutionary processes, including selection and differential fitness, shape the introgression of genetic material across a hybrid zone, resulting in the exchange of some genes but not others. Differential introgression of molecular or phenotypic markers can thus provide insight into factors contributing to reproductive isolation. We characterized patterns of genetic variation across a hybrid zone between two tidal marsh birds, Saltmarsh (Ammodramus caudacutus) and Nelson’s (A. nelsoni) sparrows (n = 286), and compared patterns of...

Data from: Predator-guided sampling reveals biotic structure in the bathypelagic

Kelly J. Benoit-Bird, Brandon L. Southall & Mark A. Moline
We targeted habitat used differentially by deep-diving, air-breathing predators to empirically sample their prey’s distributions off southern California. Fine-scale measurements of the spatial variability of potential prey animals from the surface to 1200 m were obtained using conventional fisheries echosounders aboard a surface ship and uniquely integrated into a deep-diving autonomous vehicle. Significant spatial variability in the size, composition, total biomass, and spatial organization of biota was evident over all spatial scales examined and was...

Data from: Soaring across continents: decision-making of a soaring migrant under changing atmospheric conditions along an entire flyway

Wouter Vansteelant, Judy Shamoun-Baranes, James D. McLaren, Jan Van Diermen, Willem Bouten, Wouter M. G. Vansteelant & James McLaren
(1) Thermal soaring birds reduce flight-energy costs by alternatingly gaining altitude in thermals and gliding across the earth’s surface. To find out how soaring migrants adjust their flight behaviour to dynamic atmospheric conditions across entire migration routes, we combined optimal soaring migration theory with high-resolution GPS tracking data of migrating Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus and wind data from a global numerical atmospheric model. (2) We compared measurements of gliding air speeds to predictions based on...

Data from: Effects of cell-cycle-dependent expression on random fluctuations in protein levels

Mohammad Soltani & Abhyudai Singh
Expression of many genes varies as a cell transitions through different cell-cycle stages. How coupling between stochastic expression and cell cycle impacts cell-to-cell variability (noise) in the level of protein is not well understood. We analyse a model where a stable protein is synthesized in random bursts, and the frequency with which bursts occur varies within the cell cycle. Formulae quantifying the extent of fluctuations in the protein copy number are derived and decomposed into...

Data from: Using greenhouse gas fluxes to define soil functional types

Sandra Petrakis, Josep Barba, Benjamin Bond-Lamberty & Rodrigo Vargas
Aim: Soils provide key ecosystem services and directly control ecosystem functions; thus, there is a need to define the reference state of soil functionality. Most common functional classifications are vegetation-centered, such as plant functional types (PFTs), and neglect soil characteristics and processes. We propose Soil Functional Types (SFTs) as a conceptual approach to represent and describe the functionality of soils based on characteristics of their greenhouse gas (GHG) flux dynamics. Methods: We used automated measurements...

A place to land: spatiotemporal drivers of stopover habitat use by migrating birds

Emily Cohen, Jeffrey Buler, Kyle Horton, Andrew Farnsworth, Peter Marra, Hannah Clipp, Jaclyn Smolinsky & Daniel Sheldon
Migrating birds require en route habitats to rest and refuel. Yet habitat use has never been integrated with passage to understand factors that determine where and when birds stopover during spring and autumn migration. Here, we introduce the stopover-to-passage ratio (SPR), the percentage of passage migrants that stop in an area, and use eight years of data from 12 weather surveillance radars to estimate over 50% SPR during spring and autumn through the Gulf of...

Data from: Biodiverse cities: the nursery industry, homeowners, and neighborhood differences drive urban tree composition

Meghan Avolio, Diane Pataki, Tara Trammell, Joanna Endter-Wada, Meghan L. Avolio, Diane E. Pataki & Tara L. E. Trammell
In arid and semi-arid regions, where few if any trees are native, city trees are largely human-planted. Societal factors such as resident preferences for tree traits, nursery offerings, and neighborhood characteristics are potentially key drivers of urban tree community composition and diversity, however they remain critically understudied. We investigated patterns of urban tree structure in residential neighborhoods of the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, combining biological variables, such as neighborhood and plant nursery tree species and...

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Acoustic and fluorescence data from: A marine zooplankton community vertically structured by light across diel to interannual timescales

Laura Hobbs, Neil Banas, Jonathan Cohen, Finlo Cottier, Jørgen Berge & Øystein Varpe
The predation risk of many aquatic taxa is dominated by visually searching predators, commonly a function of ambient light. Several studies propose that changes in visual predation will become a major climate-change impact on polar marine ecosystems. The high Arctic experiences extreme seasonality in the light environment, from 24-h light to 24-h darkness, and therefore provides a natural laboratory for studying light and predation risk over diel to seasonal timescales. Here, we show that zooplankton...

Quantitative assessment of agricultural sustainability reveals divergent priorities among nations

Guolin Yao, Xin Zhang, Srishti Vishwakarma, Carole Dalin, Adam Komarek, David Kanter, Kyle Davis, Kimberly Pfeifer, Jing Zhao, Tan Zou, Paolo D'Odorico, Christian Folberth, Fernando Galeana Rodriguez, Jessica Fanzo, Lorenzo Rosa, William Dennison, Mark Musumba, Amy Heyman & Eric Davidson
Agriculture is fundamental to all three pillars of sustainability, environment, society, and economy. However, the definition of sustainable agriculture and capacities to measure it remain elusive. Independent and transparent measurements of national sustainability are needed to gauge progress, encourage accountability, and inform policy. Here, we developed a Sustainable Agriculture Matrix (SAM) to quantify national performance indicators in agriculture and to investigate the tradeoffs and synergies based on historical data for most countries of the world....

Registration Year

  • 2023
    3
  • 2022
    26
  • 2021
    15
  • 2020
    9
  • 2019
    5
  • 2018
    7
  • 2017
    5
  • 2016
    6
  • 2014
    1
  • 2013
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    80

Affiliations

  • University of Delaware
    80
  • Zhejiang University
    21
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    19
  • Linyi University
    18
  • Sheng Jing Hospital
    18
  • Shandong University
    18
  • Daping Hospital
    16
  • Beijing Chest Hospital
    16
  • George Institute for Global Health
    16
  • Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
    16