4 Works

Mitigating ecosystem service tradeoffs in rangelands by using grazing duration and timing to manage water quality

Kristin Hulvey, Cassie Mellon & Andrew Kleinhesselink
1. Mitigating ecosystem service (ES) tradeoffs is a key management goal in locations where stakeholders value different and potentially conflicting ecosystem services (ESs). However, studies are not often designed to examine how local management actions address ES tradeoffs, and therefore do not provide options that can alleviate conflict. 2. In semi-arid rangelands, we examined the potential for managers to mitigate tradeoffs between livestock production and water quality. To move away from solutions that offer cattle...

Cats and dogs: A mesopredator navigating risk and reward provisioned by an apex predator

Mitchell J. Brunet, Kevin Monteith, Katey Huggler, Justin Clapp, Daniel Thompson, Patrick Burke, Mark Zornes, Patrick Lionberger, Miguel Valdez & Joseph Holbrook
Successfully perceiving risk and reward is fundamental to the fitness of an animal, and can be achieved through a variety of perception tactics. For example, mesopredators may ‘directly’ perceive risk by visually observing apex predators, or may ‘indirectly’ perceive risk by observing habitats used by predators. Direct assessments should more accurately characterize the arrangement of risk and reward; however, indirect assessments are used more frequently in studies concerning the response of GPS-marked animals to spatiotemporally...

Spatiotemporal predictions of the alternative prey hypothesis: Predator habitat use during decreasing prey abundance

Mitchell Brunet, Kevin Monteith, Katey Huggler, Daniel Thompson, Patrick Burke, Mark Zornes, Patrick Lionberger, Miguel Valdez & Joseph Holbrook
The alternative prey hypothesis supposes that predators supported by a primary prey species will shift to consume alternative prey during a decrease in primary prey abundance. The hypothesis implies that during declines of one prey species, a predator modifies their behavior to exploit a secondary, or alternative, species. Despite occurring in many systems, the behavioral mechanisms (e.g., habitat selection) allowing predators to shift toward alternative prey during declines in the abundance of their primary prey...

Risky business: how an herbivore navigates spatio-temporal aspects of risk from competitors and predators

Katey Huggler, Joseph Holbrook, Matthew Hayes, Patrick Burke, Mark Zornes, Daniel Thompson, Justin Clapp, Patrick Lionberger, Miguel Valdez & Kevin Monteith
Understanding factors that influence animal behavior is central to ecology. Basic principles of animal ecology imply that individuals should seek to maximize survival and reproduction, which means carefully weighing risk against reward. Decisions become increasingly complex and constrained, however, when risk is spatiotemporally variable. We advance a growing body of work in predator-prey behavior by evaluating novel questions where a prey species is confronted with multiple predators and a potential competitor. We tested how fine-scale...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Bureau of Land Management
  • University of Wyoming
  • Wyoming Game and Fish Department
  • University of Montana
  • Working Landscapes