34 Works

Linking socioeconomic inequalities and type 2 diabetes through obesity and lifestyle factors among Mexican adults: a structural equations modeling approach

Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Delfino Vargas-Chanes, Sheyla Hernández, David Napier, Simón Barquera & Paloma Muñoz-Aguirre
Objective. To assess the association between type 2 dia­betes (DM2) and socioeconomic inequalities, mediated by the contribution of body mass index (BMI), physical activity (PA), and diet (diet-DII). Materials and methods. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using data of adults participating in the Diabetes Mellitus Survey of Mexico City. Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics as well as height and weight, dietary intake, leisure time activity and the presence of DM2 were measured. We fitted a structural...

Brain size and life history variables in birds

Dante Jiménez-Ortega, Niclas Kolm, Simone Immler, Alexei A. Maklakov & Alejandro González-Voyer
The database contains information on brain size, body mass, life-history traits and development mode for a total of 620 bird species. The taxonomy follows Jetz et. al. (2012). For life-history the database includes information for the following six variables: clutch size, egg size, incubation period, fledging age, maximum longevity; as well as development mode (altricial, semialtricial, precocial and semiprecocial). Additionally, in most cases there is information about the origin or the sampled specimen (captivity vs...

Data from: Too salty for you? Changes of diet in the laughing gull nestlings during the growing period

Erick González-Medina, José Alfredo Castillo-Guerrero, José A. Masero & Guillermo Fernández
In many seabird and waterbird species, salinity can impose physiological stress on recently hatched chicks because they have a limited capacity to excrete salt loads. In response, parents can select low-salt food for their nestlings in the first stage of their growth. We determined the growth-related variation in the diet of laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla nestlings by using stable isotope analysis of feathers. Isotopic measurement of hatchling down reflects the mother's diet before laying eggs....

Diurnal foraging ant–tree co-occurrence networks are similar between canopy and understorey in a Neotropical rain forest

Reuber Antoniazzi, Jose Garcia-Franco, Milan Janda, Maurice Leponce & Wesley Dáttilo
Discussion of the vertical stratification of organisms in tropical forests has traditionally focused on species distribution. Most studies have shown that, due to differences in abiotic conditions and resource distribution, species can be distributed along the vertical gradient according to their eco-physiological needs. However, the network structure between distinct vertical strata remains little-explored. To fill this gap in knowledge, we used baits to sample ants in the canopy and understorey trees of a Mexican tropical...

Data from: Modifications during early plant development promote the evolution of nature’s most complex woods

Joyce G. Chery, Marcelo R. Pace, Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez, Chelsea D. Specht & Carl J. Rothfels
Secondary growth is the developmental process by which woody plants grow radially. The most complex presentations of secondary growth are found in lianas (woody vines) as a result of their unique demand to maintain stems that can twist without breaking. The complex woody forms in lianas arise as non-circular stem outlines, aberrant tissue configurations, and/or shifts in the relative abundance of secondary tissues. Previous studies demonstrate that abnormal activity of the vascular cambium leads to...

Geographic variation in the duets of the Rufous-naped Wren (Campylorhynchus rufinucha) complex

J. Roberto Sosa-López, Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza, Wiliam Ku-Peralta & Luis Sandoval
Acoustic signals used in animal communication play a key role in mate attraction, species recognition and territory defense. Variation in acoustic signals may reflect population structure, lack of gene flow, and phylogenetic relationships. In birds, the study of geographic variation in acoustic signals has been useful for elucidating potential factors involved in phenotypic divergence and for establishing species limits. However, most of the studies on geographic variation have focused on calls and solo songs, with...

Supplementary material from \"Possible fates of the dispersion of SARS-COV-2 in the Mexican context\"

I. Santamaria-Holek & V. M. Castaño
The determination of the adequate time for house confinement and when social distancing restrictions should end are now two of the main challenges that any country has to face in an effective battle against. The possibility of a new outbreak of the pandemic and how to avoid it is, nowadays, one of the primary objectives of epidemiological research. In this work, we go deep in this subject by presenting an innovative compartmental model, that explicitly...

The evolution of sexual signaling is linked to odorant receptor tuning in perfume-collecting orchid bees

Philipp Brand, Ismael A. Hinojosa-Diaz, Ricardo Ayala, Michael Daigle, Carmen L. Yurrita Obiols, Thomas Eltz & Santiago Ramirez
Sexual signaling is an important reproductive barrier known to evolve early during the formation of new species, but the genetic mechanisms that facilitate the divergence of sexual signals remain elusive. Here we isolate a gene linked to the rapid evolution of a signaling trait in a pair of nascent neotropical orchid bee lineages, Euglossa dilemma and E. viridissima. Male orchid bees acquire chemical compounds from their environment to concoct species-specific perfumes to later expose during...

Genomic and chemical evidence for local adaptation in resistance to different herbivores in Datura stramonium

Ivan M. De-La-Cruz, Juha Merila, Pedro Luis Valverde, Cesar Mateo Flores-Ortiz & Juan Núñez-Farfán
Since most species are collections of genetically variable populations distributed to habitats differing in their abiotic/biotic environmental factors and community composition, the pattern and strength of natural selection imposed by species on each others' traits are also expected to be highly spatially variable. Here, we used genomic and quantitative genetic approaches to understand how spatially variable selection operates on the genetic basis of plant defenses to herbivores. To this end, an F2 progeny was generated...

Phylogenomics of scorpions reveal a co-diversification of scorpion mammalian predators and mammal-specific sodium channel toxins

Carlos Santibanez, Shlomi Aharon, Jesús Ballesteros, Guilherme Gainett, Caitlin Baker, Edmundo González-Santillán, Mark Harvey, Mohamed Hassans, Ali Abu-Almaaty, Shorouk Aldeyarbi, Lionel Monod, Andrés Ojanguren-Affilastro, Robert Raven, Ricardo Pinto Da Rocha, Yoram Zvik, Efrat Gavish-Regev & Prashant Sharma
Scorpions constitute a charismatic lineage of arthropods and comprise more than 2,500 described species. Found throughout various tropical and temperate habitats, these predatory arachnids have a long evolutionary history, with a fossil record that began in the Silurian. While all scorpions are venomous, the asymmetrically diverse family Buthidae harbors nearly half the diversity of extant scorpions, and all but one of the 58 species that are medically significant to humans. Many aspects of scorpion evolutionary...

Reconstructing Ecological Niche Evolution via Ancestral State Reconstruction with Uncertainty Incorporated

Hannah Owens, Vivian Ribiero, Erin Saupe, Marlon E. Cobos, Peter Hosner, Jacob Cooper, Abdallah Samy, Vijay Barve, Narayani Barve, Carlos Muñoz & A. Townsend Peterson
Reconstructing ecological niche evolution can provide insight into the biogeography and diversification of evolving lineages. However, comparative phylogenetic methods can infer the history of ecological niche evolution inaccurately because (1) species’ niches are often poorly characterized; and (2) phylogenetic comparative methods rely on niche summary statistics rather than full estimates of species’ environmental tolerances. Here we propose a new framework for coding ecological niches and reconstructing their evolution that explicitly acknowledges and incorporates the uncertainty...

Support for the habitat amount hypothesis from a global synthesis of species density studies

James Watling, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Marion Pfeifer, Lander Baeten, Cristina Banks-Leite, Laura Cisneros, Rebecca Fang, Caroli Hamel-Leigue, Thibault Lachat, Inara Leal, Luc Lens, Hugh Possingham, Dinarzarde Raheem, Danilo Ribeiro, Eleanor Slade, Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, Eric Wood & Lenore Fahrig
Decades of research suggest that species richness depends on spatial characteristics of habitat patches, especially their size and isolation. In contrast, the habitat amount hypothesis predicts that: 1) species richness in plots of fixed size (species density) is more strongly and positively related to the amount of habitat around the plot than to patch size or isolation; 2) habitat amount better predicts species density than patch size and isolation combined, 3) there is no effect...

Evolutionary rate and genetic load in an emblematic Mediterranean tree following an ancient and prolonged population collapse

Santiago C Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan Jaramillo-Correa, Francesca Bagnoli, Delphine Grivet, Bruno Fady, Filippos Aravanopoulos & Giovanni Vendramin
Severe bottlenecks significantly diminish the amount of genetic diversity and the speed at which it accumulates (i.e. evolutionary rate). They further compromise the efficiency of natural selection to eliminate deleterious variants, which may reach fixation in the surviving populations. Consequently, expanding and adapting to new environments may pose a significant challenge when strong bottlenecks result in genetic pauperization. Herein, we surveyed the patterns of nucleotide diversity, molecular adaptation and genetic load across hundreds of loci...

Honey bee lifespan: the critical role of pre-foraging stage

Alberto Prado, Fabrice Requier, Didier Crauser, Yves Le Conte, Vincent Bretagnolle & Cedric Alaux
Assessing the various anthropogenic pressures imposed on honey bees requires characterizing the patterns and drivers of natural mortality. Using automated life-long individual monitoring devices, we monitored worker bees in different geographical, seasonal and colony contexts creating a broad range of hive conditions. We measured their life-history traits and notably assessed whether lifespan is influenced by pre-foraging flight experience. Our results show that the age at the first flight and onset of foraging are critical factors...

Colorful traits in avian females, individual condition, reproductive performance, and male mate preferences: A meta-analytic approach

América Hernández, Margarita Martínez-Gomez, René Beamonte-Barrientos & Bibiana Montoya
Colorful ornaments in females are suggested to have evolved and be maintained by sexual selection. Although several studies have evaluated this idea evidence is still equivocal. Results from empirical studies have been compilated in reviews, but quantitative analyses have seldom been performed. Here, using a meta-analytic approach, we show that evidence from empirical studies conducted in birds, supports the ideas that colorful female ornaments are positively associated with individual condition, reproductive performance, and male-mate preferences....

Supplemented nutrition decreases helminth burden and increases drug efficacy in a natural host-helminth system

Amy Sweeny, Melanie Clerc, Paulina Pontifes, Saudamini Venkatesan, Simon Babayan & Amy Pedersen
Gastrointestinal helminths are common parasites of humans, wildlife, and livestock, causing chronic infections. In humans and wildlife, poor nutrition or limited resources can compromise individuals’ immune response, predisposing them to higher helminth burdens. This relationship has been tested in laboratory models by investigating infection outcomes following reductions of specific nutrients. However, much less is known about how diet supplementation can impact susceptibility to infection, acquisition of immunity, and drug efficacy in natural host-helminth systems. We...

Earthquakes_IINGENUNAM_DEV

This network will be used to monitoring the mexican pacific earthquakes from data geofon sensors will be implemented

Mineralogy and origin of aerosol from an arc basaltic eruption: case study of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka

Michael Zelenski, Vadim Kamenetsky, Yuri Taran & Andrew Kovalskii
Intense emission of volcanic aerosol accompanied the 2012-13 basaltic effusive eruption of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka. The aerosols sampled contain sulfuric acid droplets, glassy particles and 70 mineral phases. All aerosol particles may be classified by their origin. The fragmentation aerosol includes magma fragments: silicate glass clasts, silicate microspheres and small phenocrysts (olivine, pyroxene and magnetite). The alteration aerosol comprises particles of quenched silicate melt covered with secondary minerals (fluorides, sulfates and oxides/hydroxides of rock-forming elements)...

Influence of a magnetic narrow region on the propagation of Type II spicules into the solar corona

José Juan González, Elton E. Díaz-Figueroa & Gonzalo Ares De Parga
In this paper, we study the possible influence of a magnetic narrow region on the propagation of jets with some characteristics of Type II spicules into the solar corona using two approximations: thermo-mechanical (TM) and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD). We motivate the idea of this paper by considering that some advanced 2.5D numerical simulations of radiation MHD of the formation of Type II spicules show the narrowing of the magnetic field lines in the loops where the...

Data from: Volatile fatty acid and aldehyde abundances evolve with behavior and habitat temperature in Sceloporus lizards

Stephanie Campos, Jake Pruett, Helena Soini, J. Jaime Zúñiga-Vega, Jay Goldberg, Cuauhcihuatl Vital-García, Milos Novotny, Diana Hews & Emília Martins
Animal signals evolve by striking a balance between the need to convey information through particular habitats and the limitations of what types of signals can most easily be produced and perceived. Here, we present new results from field measures of undisturbed behavior and biochemical analyses of scent marks from 12 species of Sceloporus lizards to explore whether evolutionary changes in chemical composition are better predicted by measures of species behavior , particularly those associated with...

Data from: Hurricane effects on Neotropical lizards span geographic and phylogenetic scales

Colin Donihue, Alex Kowaleski, Jonathan Losos, Adam Algar, Simon Baeckens, Robert Buchkowski, Anne-Claire Fabre, Hannah Frank, Anthony Geneva, Graham Reynolds, James Stroud, Julián Velasco, Jason Kolbe, Luke Mahler & Anthony Herrel
Extreme climate events such as droughts, cold snaps, and hurricanes can be powerful agents of natural selection, producing acute selective pressures very different from the everyday pressures acting on organisms. However, it remains unknown whether these infrequent but severe disruptions are quickly erased by quotidian selective forces, or whether they have the potential to durably shape biodiversity patterns across regions and clades. Here, we show that hurricanes have enduring evolutionary impacts on the morphology of...

Description of two new species of Paraonidae (Annelida) from the Gulf of Thailand, Western Pacific

Jintana Plathong, Pablo Hernández-Alcántara, Leslie Harris & Sakanan Plathong
Two new species of Aricidea Webster, 1879 (Paraonidae), Aricidea (Acmira) anusakdii sp. nov. and Aricidea (Aricidea) thammapinanae sp. nov. were collected from 10–26.5 m depth, in shallow soft bottoms with mud mixed with sand and shell substrates at Songkhla Sea, the Gulf of Thailand between 2011–2018. Aricidea (Acmira) anusakdii sp. nov. is clearly distinguished from other species of the subgenus Acmira by having a rounded bilobed prostomium divided by a slight notch on the anterior...

Spatial predictors of genomic and phenotypic variation differ in a lowland Middle American bird (Icterus gularis)

Lucas Rocha Moreira, Blanca E. Hernandez-Baños & Brian T. Smith
Spatial patterns of intraspecific variation are shaped by factors such as geographic distance among populations, historical changes in gene flow and interactions with local environments. Although these factors are not mutually exclusive and operate on both genomic and phenotypic variation, it is unclear how they affect these two axes of variation. We address this question by exploring the predictors of genomic and phenotypic divergence in Icterus gularis, a broadly distributed Middle American bird that exhibits...

Data from: Why do bugs perish? range size and local vulnerability traits as surrogates of Odonata extinction risk

Alex Córdoba-Aguilar
Despite claims of an insect decline worldwide, our understanding of extinction risk in insects is incomplete. Using bionomic data of all odonate (603 dragonflies and damselflies) North American species, we assessed: a) regional extinction risk and whether this is related to local extirpation; b) whether these two patterns are similar altitudinally and latitudinally; and, c) areas of conservation concern. We used geographic range size as a predictor of regional extinction risk and body size, thermal...

Data from: The relevance of gene flow with wild relatives in understanding the domestication process

Alejandra Moreno-Letelier, Jonas A Aguirre-Liguori, Daniel Piñero, Alejandra Vázquez-Lobo & Luis E Eguiarte
The widespread use of genomic tools has allowed for a deeper understanding of the genetics and the evolutionary dynamics of domestication. Recent studies have suggested that multiple domestications and introgression are more common than previously thought. However, the ability to correctly infer the domestication process depends on having an adequate representation of wild relatives. Cultivated maize (Zea mays spp. mays) is one of the most important crops in the world, with a long and a...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    34

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    34

Affiliations

  • National Autonomous University of Mexico
    33
  • Instituto de Ecología
    3
  • Instituto Politécnico Nacional
    3
  • University of Oxford
    2
  • Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
    2
  • Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum
    1
  • John Carroll University
    1
  • University of Kansas
    1
  • University of Antwerp
    1
  • Ain Shams University
    1