16 Works

Research data supporting the publication \"Halogenation of Li7La3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolytes: A Combined Solid-State NMR, Computational and Electrochemical Study\"

Bo Dong, Abby Haworth, Stephen Yeandel, Mark Stockham, Matthew James, Jingwei Xiu, Dawei Wang, Pooja Goddard, Karen Johnston & Peter Slater

How 2 and 4 year old children coordinate joint actions with peers

Federico Rossano, Jack Terwilliger, Adrian Bangerter, Emilie Genty, Raphaela Heesen & Klaus Zuberbühler
The interaction engine hypothesis postulates a uniquely human ability and motivation for social interaction. A crucial juncture in the ontogeny of the interaction engine could be around 2-4 years of age, but observational studies of children in natural contexts are lacking. Moreover, data on the ontogenetic development of joint action coordination can provide critical human data for comparative research investigating the phylogenetic roots of the interaction engine. In this study we report on focal observations...

Data from: Chimpanzee communities differ in their inter- and intrasexual social relationships

Bruce Rawlings, Edwin J. C. Van Leeuwen & Marina Davila-Ross
Male and female human social bonding strategies are both culturally and genetically shaped. Chimpanzees, our phylogenetically joint closest living relatives, exhibit complex social structures and show impressive cultural diversity. Whether chimpanzee male and female bonding patterns are culturally shaped remains unclear. Studies of wild chimpanzees bonding across sex show that in some communities males show strong bonds with other males, whereas in others females form particularly strong intra-sex bonds. This suggests that there may be...

Robust analysis of phylogenetic tree space

Martin R. Smith
Phylogenetic analyses often produce large numbers of trees. Mapping trees’ distribution in “tree space” can illuminate the behavior and performance of search strategies, reveal distinct clusters of optimal trees, and expose differences between different data sources or phylogenetic methods—but the high-dimensional spaces defined by metric distances are necessarily distorted when represented in fewer dimensions. Here, I explore the consequences of this transformation in phylogenetic search results from 128 morphological data sets, using stratigraphic congruence—a complementary...

Carbon dioxide flux and isotopic composition from sedimentary rock weathering, Waiapu River catchment, New Zealand

Tobias Roylands, Robert G Hilton, Mark H Garnett & Guillaume Soulet Soulet
These data were collected to study oxidative weathering processes in the Waiapu River catchment, New Zealand, with potential carbon release sourced from the oxidation of petrogenic organic carbon or carbonate dissolution coupled to the oxidation of sulfide minerals. There, in mudstones exposed in a highly erosive gully complex, in situ CO2 emissions were measured with drilled gas accumulation chambers following the design by Soulet et al. (2018, Biogeosciences 15, 4087-4102, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-4087-2018). Temporal and spatial variability...

Dataset associated with \"Magnetoelastic resonance as a probe for exchange springs at antiferromagnet-ferromagnet interfaces\"

Klaus Seemann, Gomonay, Y. Mokrousov, Andreas Hörner, S. Valencia, Pascal Klamser, Florian Kronast, Andreas Erb, Aidan Hindmarch, A. Wixforth, Christopher Marrows & Peter Fischer
Dataset associated with "Magnetoelastic resonance as a probe for exchange springs at antiferromagnet-ferromagnet interfaces" by K. M. Seemann et al.

Data on: The role of technical characteristics in blockchain adoption: survey data from German social media network users

Martin Braches
Blockchain has become a hyped emerging technology that is predicted to be heavily influential in all our lives. Yet, until now, it has failed to deliver most of its advertised benefits. To tackle this problem and provide an explanation for the missing wider success, this study focuses on the role of technology features in the adoption of blockchain. Thus, this research integrates the view on technological characteristics, represented by aspects of the mindfulness concept, with...

The role of population size in folk tune complexity

Sally Street, Tuomas Eerola & Jeremy Kendal
Demography, particularly population size, plays a key role in cultural complexity. However, the relationship between population size and complexity appears to vary across domains: while studies of technology typically find a positive correlation, the opposite is true for language, and the role of population size in complexity in the arts remains to be established. Here, we investigate the relationship between population size and complexity in music using Irish folk session tunes as a case study....

Data from: Group-specific expressions of co-feeding tolerance in bonobos and chimpanzees preclude dichotomous species generalizations

Edwin J. C. Van Leeuwen, Nicky Staes, Stephanie Kordon, Jake Brooker, Suska Nolte, Zanna Clay, Marcel Eens & Jeroen M. G. Stevens
The human species exhibits a remarkable level of social tolerance which has propelled a plethora of behavioural expressions pivotal to our biological success. To date, the evolutionary origins of humans’ “ultra-sociality” remain unclear, despite a substantial research focus on our closest living evolutionary relatives, the great apes. Bonobos are typically portrayed as more socially tolerant than chimpanzees and consequentially (sometimes) presented as a better model to study the evolutionary roots of human sociality. Yet, the...

Convergent evolution of elaborate nests as structural defences in birds

Sally Street, Robert Jaques & Thilina De Silva
The pendent nests of some weaverbird and icterid species are among the most complex structures built by any animal, but why they have evolved remains to be explained. The precarious attachments and extended entrance tunnels characteristic of these nests are widely speculated to act as structural defences against invasion by nest predators, particularly tree-climbing snakes, but this hypothesis has yet to be systematically tested. We use phylogenetic comparative methods to investigate the relationship between nest...

Supporting data and software for: Low-temperature open-air synthesis of PVP-coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Mn upconversion nanoparticles with strong red emission

Lewis MacKenzie, Diana Àlvarez Ruiz & Robert Pal
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have unique photonic properties that make them ideally suited for many applications. They are excited by low-energy near-infrared photons and emit at higher energy (typically visible) wavebands. However, synthesis of UCNPs requires either high pressure reaction chambers or inert atmospheres. Combined with the requirements for high-temperatures (200 to 400 °C) and long reaction times (e.g. up to 24 hours), these place barriers to entry for UCNP research, in terms of both financial...

GPS vertical time series of solid Earth deformation for the southern Antarctic Peninsula 2010-2020

Achraf Koulali, Pippa Whitehouse, Peter Clarke, Michiel van den Broeke, Grace Nield, Matt King, Michael Bentley, Bert Wouters & Terry Wilson
This dataset contains vertical GPS time series observed from selected sites in the southern Antarctic Peninsula. The dataset contains raw time series and time series corrected for the effect of elastic deformation - induced from the RACMO surface mass balance (SMB) model with a 5.5 km horizontal resolution (van Wessem et al. 2018). Hence there are two time series files for each of ten sites, presented as CSV files. There is a README file which...

Data for: Abundance and accessibility of forage for reindeer in forests of Northern Sweden: impacts of landscape and winter climate regime

Ilona Kater & Robert Baxter
The survival of reindeer during winter, their period of greatest food stress, is largely dependent upon the abundance and accessibility of food in their pastures. In Northern Sweden this realised availability of forage is notably affected by snow conditions and the impacts of forestry on understorey in these pastures. Whilst these factors have been examined to some extent in isolation, their combined effect on overall forage availability has, to the best of our knowledge to...

Cognitive flexibility supports the development of cumulative cultural learning in children

Bruce Rawlings
The scale of cumulative cultural evolution (CCE), the improvement of cultural traits over generations via social transmission, is widely believed to be one of humans’ most defining characteristics. Our capacity to build upon others' knowledge, skills, and technologies has produced the most diverse and complex technological repertoire on the planet. Despite growing interest in the field of CCE, the cognitive underpinnings supporting its development remain relatively understudied. In this study, we examined the role that...

The statistics of gaze during VR gaming

Avi Aizenman, George Koulieris, Agostino Gibaldi, Vibhor Sehgal, Dennis Levi & Marty Banks
We present a dataset of eye-movement recordings obtained in virtual reality during videogame play. 10 observers played 4 different videogames which were modeled after popular virtual reality games. These games included a first-person shooter game, a rhythm game, an action rhythm game and an environmental simulation game. The games were presented using the HTC Vive Pro Eye virtual reality head-mounted display (HMD) which has an eye tracker built-in. The dataset includes eye position (in pixel...

Wild herbivores enhance resistance to invasion by exotic cacti in an African savanna

Harry Wells, Ramiro Crego, Jesse Alston, S. Kimani Ndung'u, Leo Khasoha, Courtney Reed, Abdikadir Hassan, Samson Kurukura, Jackson Ekadeli, Mathew Namoni, Peter Stewart, Duncan Kimuyu, Amelia Wolf, Truman Young, Tyler Kartzinel, Todd Palmer, Jacob Goheen & Robert Pringle
1. Whether wild herbivores confer biotic resistance to invasion by exotic plants remains a key question in ecology. There is evidence that wild herbivores can impede invasion by exotic plants, but it is unclear whether and how this generalises across ecosystems with varying wild herbivore diversity and functional groups of plants, particularly over long-term (decadal) time frames. 2. Using data from three long-term (13- to 26-year) exclosure experiments in central Kenya, we tested the effects...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    16

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    16

Affiliations

  • Durham University
    16
  • Utrecht University
    3
  • Princeton University
    2
  • Natural Environment Research Council
    2
  • Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities
    1
  • University of Antwerp
    1
  • The University of Texas at Austin
    1
  • University of Strathclyde
    1
  • Ohio State University
    1
  • University of Neuchâtel
    1