The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species, the Northern chamois R. rupicapra and the Southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on taxonomy and systematics, genetics, life history, ecology and behavior, physiology and disease, management, and conservation. Research on Rupicapra has a longstanding...
Genomic insights into evolution and control of Wohlfahrtia magnifica, a widely distributed myiasis-causing fly of warm-blooded vertebratesZhipeng Jia, Surong Hasi, Claus Vogl & Pamela Burger
Wohlfahrtia magnifica is a pest fly species, invading livestock in many European, African and Asian countries, and causing heavy agro-economic losses. In the life cycle of this obligatory parasite, adult flies infect the host by depositing the first-stage larvae into body cavities or open wounds. The feeding larvae cause severe (skin) tissue damage and potentially fatal infections if untreated. Despite serious health detriments and agro-economic concerns, genomic resources for understanding the biology of W. magnifica...
To provide the most comprehensive picture of species phylogeny and phylogeography of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), we analysed mtDNA control region (610 bp) of 1469 samples of roe deer from Central and Eastern Europe and included in the analyses an additional 1,541 mtDNA sequences from GenBank from other regions of the continent. We detected two mtDNA lineages of the species: European and Siberian (an introgression of C. pygargus mtDNA into C. capreolus). The Siberian...
Raw data of the study "Detection of Pneumocystis and morphological description of fungal distribution and severity of infection in eight mammal orders"; the file contains order, suborder, family, species and breed, age, sex origin, main pathomorphological diagnosis, co-infections and concomitant diseases, and results of in situ hybridization and histopathology of 845 animals
Rising numbers of wild ungulates in human-dominated landscapes of Europe can induce negative effects like damages to forests. Therefore, effective wildlife management, including harvesting through hunting is becoming increasingly important. However, current hunting practices often fail to diminish those negative effects, as many ungulate species retreat to areas unsuitable for hunting. This predator-avoidance behaviour makes it difficult to fulfill the demand of reducing population numbers. Thus, there is an urgent need for innovative and effective...
Mitochondria are fundamental for life and require balanced ion exchange to maintain proper functioning. The mitochondrial cation exchanger LETM1 sparks interest because of its pathophysiological role in seizures in the Wolf Hirschhorn Syndrome (WHS). Despite observation of sleep disorganization in epileptic WHS patients, and growing studies linking mitochondria and epilepsy to circadian rhythms, LETM1 has not been studied from the chronobiological perspective. Here we established a viable letm1 knock-out, using the diurnal vertebrate Danio rerio...
There are only about 7,100 adolescent and adult cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) remaining in the wild. With the majority occurring outside protected areas, their numbers are rapidly declining. Evidence-based conservation measures are essential for the survival of this species. Genetic data is routinely used to inform conservation strategies, e.g., by establishing conservation units (CU). A commonly used marker in conservation genetics is mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Here, we investigated the cheetah’s phylogeography using a large-scale mtDNA data...
The astonishing diversity of brain sizes observed across the animal kingdom is typically explained in the context of trade-offs: the benefits of a larger brain, such as enhanced cognitive ability, are balanced against potential costs, such as increased energetic demands. Several hypotheses have been formulated in this framework, placing different emphasis on ecological, behavioural, or physiological aspects of trade-offs in brain size evolution. Within this body of work, there exists considerable taxonomic bias towards studies...
Genomic analyses show extremely perilous conservation status of African and Asiatic cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus)Stefan Prost, Ana Paula Machado, Julia Zumbroich, Lisa Preier, Sarita Mahtani-Williams, René Meißner, Katerina Guschanski, Jaelle C. Braeley, Carlos Rodriguez Fernandes, Paul Vercammen, Luke T. B. Hunter, Alexei V. Abramov, Martin Plasil, Petr Horin, Lena Godsall-Botriell, Paul Bottriell, Desire Lee Dalton, Antoinette Kotze & Pamela Burger
We live in a world characterised by biodiversity loss and global environmental change. The extinction of large carnivores can have ramifying effects on ecosystems like an uncontrolled increase in wild herbivores, which in turn can have knock-on impacts on vegetation regeneration and communities. Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) serve important ecosystem functions as apex predators; yet, they are quickly heading towards an uncertain future. Threatened by habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and illegal trafficking, there are only approximately...
When ancestors transmit their stress: Prenatal maternal stress transmission across generations in a precocial birdMarion Charrier, Sophie Lumineau, Isabelle George, Maryse Meurisse, Marion Georgelin, Rupert Palme, Frédéric Angelier, Vincent Coustham, Céline Nicolle, Aline Bertin, Anne-Sophie Darmaillacq, Ludovic Dickel, Daniel Guémené, Ludovic Calandreau & Cécilia Houdelier
Prenatal maternal stress (PMS) induces life-long effects in offspring. Accumulating evidence suggests that these effects can be transmitted across generations. Although multigenerational effects (F0 mother to F2 grand-offspring) of PMS have been demonstrated in different species, transgenerational transmission (F0 mother to F3 great-grand-offspring) has been less explored. We showed previously in the Japanese quail that PMS increased F1 offspring’s emotional reactivity related to epigenetic marks levels in their brain and to modulation of testosterone concentrations...
Data for: Fitness costs of female competition linked to resource defence and relatedness of competitorsStefan Fischer, Callum Duffield, Amanda Davidson, Rhiannon Bolton, Jane Hurst & Paula Stockley
Female reproductive success is often limited by access to resources and this can lead to social competition both within and between kin groups. Theory predicts that both resource availability and relatedness should influence the fitness consequences of social competition. However, testing key predictions requires differentiating the effects of these two factors. Here we achieve this experimentally by manipulating the social environment of house mice, a facultative communal breeding species with known kin discrimination ability. Our...
Scaling of metabolic rate in hibernators: Translation of literature data: For a comment to Nespolo et al. (2022)Øivind Tøien, Brian M. Barnes & Thomas Ruf
This spreadsheet provides a translation of data from the literature for the manuscript: Do bears hibernate in the woods? Comment on ‘Why bears hibernate? Redefining the scaling energetics of hibernation’, and includes both the background data for Figure 1 which is presented in the manuscript. Full reference for article it is commented on: Nespolo, R. F., Mejias, C., and Bozinovic, F. Why bears hibernate? Redefining the scaling energetics of hibernation. Proc. R. Soc. B. 2022;...
Sensory receptors evolve, and changes to their response profiles can directly impact sensory perception and affect diverse behaviors, from mate choice to foraging decisions. Although receptor sensitivities can be highly contingent on changes occurring early in a lineage’s evolutionary history, subsequent shifts in a species’ behavior and ecology may exert selective pressure to modify and even reverse sensory receptor capabilities. Neither the extent to which sensory reversion occurs, nor the mechanisms underlying such shifts is...
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna13
University of Zagreb2
Wildlife Conservation Society2
Slovenian Forestry Institute2
University of Belgrade2
University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences2
Max Planck Institute for Ornithology1
University of Padua1
South African National Biodiversity Institute1
Technical University of Zvolen1