43 Works

Conversion of Andean montane forests into plantations: effects on soil characteristics, microorganisms and microarthropods

Franca Marian, Pablo Ramirez Castillo, Carlos Iñiguez Armijos, Sven Günter, Mark Maraun & Stefan Scheu
Tropical montane forests in the Andes are subjected to deforestation and subsequent transformation into pastures. Abandoned pastures are frequently reforested by planting monoculture timber plantations, resulting in reduced aboveground diversity and changes in soil characteristics compared to primary forests. In this study, we evaluated differences in soil properties (litter layer thickness, pH, water content and C-to-N ratio) between degraded primary montane forest and monoculture pine (Pinus patula) and alder (Alnus acuminata) plantations and their effect...

Vascular epiphyte global distributions

Amanda Taylor, Gerhard Zotz, Patrick Weigelt, Lirong Cai, Dirk Karger & Holger Kreft
Aim: Vascular epiphytes are ubiquitous components of wet tropical forests where they contribute substantially to local and regional plant diversity. While some basic epiphyte distribution patterns are relatively well studied, little effort has been made to understand the drivers responsible for constraining their global distribution. This study quantifies the substantial contribution of epiphytes to global gradients and centres of vascular plant diversity and explores whether epiphytes vary from terrestrial plants in relation to contemporary and...

Pacific Introduced Flora (PacIFLora)

Michael Wohlwend, Dylan Craven, Patrick Weigelt, Hanno Seebens, Marten Winter, Holger Kreft, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Mark Van Kleunen, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, James Space, Philip Thomas & Tiffany Knight
The Pacific region has the highest density of naturalized plant species worldwide, which makes it an important area for research on the ecology, evolution and biogeography of biological invasions. While different data sources on naturalized plant species exist for the Pacific, there is no taxonomically and spatially harmonized database available for different subsets of species and islands. A comprehensive, accessible database containing the distribution of naturalized vascular plant species in the Pacific will enable new...

Data from: Functional diversity and redundancy of tropical forests shift with elevation and forest-use intensity

María Leticia Monge González, Nathaly Guerrero Ramírez, Thorsten Krömer, Holger Kreft & Dylan Craven
1. Change and intensification of forest use alter tropical ecosystems, influencing biodiversity and, subsequently, ecosystem functioning. The implications of eroding biodiversity may go beyond decreases in species diversity, resulting in changes of functional diversity, i.e. the diversity of ecological strategies present in the community, and functional redundancy, i.e. how redundant these strategies are to biodiversity loss. However, how environmental conditions and anthropogenic influences shape functional diversity and redundancy in tropical forests remains poorly understood. 2....

Data from: Integrated SDM database: Enhancing the relevance and utility of species distribution models in conservation management

Veronica F. Frans, Amélie A. Augé, Jim Fyfe, Yuqian Zhang, Nathan McNally, Hendrik A. Edelhoff, Niko Balkenhol & Jan O. Engler
1. Species’ ranges are changing at accelerating rates. Species distribution models (SDMs) are powerful tools that help rangers and decision-makers prepare for reintroductions, range shifts, reductions, and/or expansions by predicting habitat suitability across landscapes. Yet, range-expanding or -shifting species in particular face other challenges that traditional SDM procedures cannot quantify, due to large differences between a species’ currently-occupied range and potential future range. The realism of SDMs is thus lost and not as useful for...

Data from: Traits mediate niches and co-occurrences of forest beetles in ways that differ among bioclimatic regions

Ryan C. Burner, Jörg G. Stephan, Lukas Drag, Tone Birkemoe, Jörg Muller, Tord Snäll, Otso Ovaskainen, Mária Potterf, Juha Siitonen, Olav Skarpaas, Inken Doerfler, Martin M. Gossner, Peter Schall, Wolfgang W. Weisser & Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson
Aim To investigate the role of traits in beetle community assembly and test for consistency in these effects among several bioclimatic regions. We asked (1) whether traits predicted species’ responses to environmental gradients (i.e., their niches), (2) whether these same traits could predict co-occurrence patterns, and (3) how consistent were niches and the role of traits among study regions. Location Boreal forests in Norway and Finland, temperate forests in Germany. Methods We complied capture records...

Unexpected cryptic species among streptophyte algae most distant to land plants

Iker Irisarri, Tatyana Darienko, Thomas Pröschold, Janine M. R. Fürst-Jansen, Mahwash Jamy & Jan De Vries
Streptophytes are one of the major groups of the green lineage (Chloroplastida or Viridiplantae). During one-billion-years of evolution, streptophytes have radiated into an astounding diversity of uni- and multicellular green algae as well as land plants. Most divergent from land plants is a clade formed by Mesostigmatophyceae, Spirotaenia spp., and Chlorokybophyceae. All three lineages are species-poor and the Chlorokybophyceae consist of a single described species, Chlorokybus atmophyticus. In this study, we used phylogenomic analyses to...

Data from: The role of the introduced rusa deer Cervus timorensis for wildlife hunting in West Papua, Indonesia

Margaretha Pangau-Adam, Marlina Flassy, Jan-Niklas Trei, Matthias Waltert & Mahmood Soofi
The rusa deer has been introduced to Merauke region and later to Vogelkop Peninsula in Indonesian New Guinea (West Papua) in 1928. It has widely dispersed across much of the West Papuan lowlands, but little is known on population size and its role for the livelihoods of rural communities. Here, our aim was to assess the population status of rusa deer, and to investigate the extent of hunting practices on this mammal in West Papua....

Bioinformatics analysis reveals the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) coexpression network in the tumor microenvironment and prognostic biomarkers in soft tissue sarcomas

Dandan Zou, Yang Wang, Meng Wang, Bo Zhao, Fei Hu, Yanguo Li & Bingming Zhang
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare, heterogeneous mesenchymal neoplasias. Understanding the tumor microenvironment (TME) and identifying potential biomarkers for prognosis associated with the TME of STS might provide effective clues for immune therapy. We evaluated the immune scores and stromal scores of STS patients by using the RNA sequencing dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the ESTIMATE algorithm. Then, the differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs), miRNAs (DEMs) and lncRNAs (DELs) were identified after...

Data from: Floral resource diversification promotes solitary bee reproduction and may offset insecticide effects – evidence from a semi-field experiment

Felix Klaus, Teja Tscharntke, Gabriela Bischoff & Ingo Grass
Pollinator declines in agricultural landscapes are driven by multiple stressors, but potential interactions of these remain poorly studied. Using a highly replicated semi-field study with 56 mesocosms of varying wild plant diversity (2-16 species) and oilseed rape treated with a neonicotinoid, we tested the interacting effects of resource diversity and insecticides on reproduction of a solitary wild bee. Compared to mesocosms with oilseed rape monocultures, availability of resources from wild plants complementing oilseed rape doubled...

Leaf litter mixture experiment in a tropical montane rainforest

Laura Sanchez Galindo
In this dataset are included values of mass loss, microbial biomass, basal respiration, metabolic quotient, and the slope of microbial growth after glucose addition, as well as the abundance of microarthropods (Acari and Collembola) of a litter mixture experiment in a tropical montane rainforest Ecosystem. In the experiment leaves of six native tree species (Cecropia andina, Dictyocaryum lamarckianum, Myrcia pubescens, Cavendishia zamorensis, Graffenrieda emarginata, and Clusia spp.) were used to fill litterbags and were incubated...

Do all roads lead to resistance? State road density is the main impediment to gene flow in a flagship species inhabiting a severely fragmented anthropogenic landscape

Katharina Westekemper, Annika Tiesmeyer, Katharina Steyer & Carsten Nowak
The wildcat population in Germany is currently estimated between 6,000 and 15,000 individuals, and the European wildcat serves as an umbrella species due to its diverse habitat demands. Our study took place in the core range of the European wildcat in Germany, covering an area of ca. 186.000 km², and we used genotypes of 975 pure-bred wildcat individuals. Data were largely based on non-invasively sampled hair, but also included tissue, saliva, faeces and blood samples...

Effects of temperature treatments on cytosine-methylation profiles of diploid and tetraploid plants of the alpine species Ranunculus kuepferi (Ranunculaceae)

Eleni Syngelaki, Christoph C-F. Schinkel, Simone Klatt & Elvira Hörandl
The current dataset refers to the DNA methylation patterns of diploid and tetraploid individuals of Ranunculus kuepferi, obtained with the method of methylation-sensitive AFLPs (MS-AFLPs). The individuals of Ranunculus kuepferi were collected from several locations throughout the distribution of the species in the Alps, transferred to the old Botanical Garden of Göttingen and placed into two climate chambers MC1000E (Snijders Scientific, Tilburg, Netherlands), where the temperature treatment experiments took place. In the first chamber a...

Data from: Thermal differences between juveniles and adults increased over time in European forest trees

Maria Mercedes Caron, Florian Zellweger, Kris Verheyen, Lander Baeten, Radim Hédl, Bernhardt-Römermann Markus, Imre Berki, Jörg Brunet, Guillaume Decocq, Sandra Díaz, Thomas Dirnböck, Tomasz Durak, Thilo Heinken, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Martin Kopecký, Jonathan Lenoir, Martin Macek, Malicki Marek, František Máliš, Thomas Nagel, Michael Perring, Petr Petřík, Kamila Reczyńska, Remigiusz Pielech, Wolfgang Schmidt … & Pieter De Frenne
Woody species’ requirements and environmental sensitivity change from seedlings to adults, a process referred to as ontogenetic shift. Such shifts can be increased by climate change. To assess the changes in the difference of temperature experienced by seedlings and adults in the context of climate change, it is essential to have reliable climatic data over long periods that capture the thermal conditions experienced by the individuals throughout their life cycle. Here we used a unique...

Genetic basis of growth, spring phenology and susceptibility to biotic stressors in maritime pine

Katharina Birgit Budde
Forest ecosystems are increasingly challenged by extreme events, e.g. drought, storms, pest and pathogenic fungi outbreaks, causing severe ecological and economical losses. Understanding the genetic basis of adaptive traits in tree species is of key importance to preserve forest ecosystems, as genetic variation in a trait (i.e. heritability) determines its potential for human-mediated or evolutionary change. Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton), a conifer widely distributed in southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa, grows under contrasted environmental...

Characteristics of the naturalized flora of Southern Africa largely reflect the non-random introduction of alien species for cultivation

Ali Omer, Trevor Fristoe, Qiang Yang, Noëlie Maurel, Patrick Weigelt, Holger Kreft, Jonas Bleilevens, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Jan Pergl, Mark Van Kleunen & Petr Pyšek
This dataset contains data on the cultivated alien and native flora of Southern Africa associated with data on geographic origins, growth form, functional traits, and naturalization status extracted from different data sources described in Omer, A. et al. 2021. Characteristics of the naturalized flora of Southern Africa largely reflect the non-random introduction of alien species for cultivation– Ecography. doi: 10.1111/ecog.05669. It is frequently overlooked, however, that patterns in origin, phylogeny, and traits of naturalized alien...

Bioinformatics analysis reveals the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) coexpression network in the tumor microenvironment and prognostic biomarkers in soft tissue sarcomas

Dandan Zou, Yang Wang, Meng Wang, Bo Zhao, Fei Hu, Yanguo Li & Bingming Zhang
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare, heterogeneous mesenchymal neoplasias. Understanding the tumor microenvironment (TME) and identifying potential biomarkers for prognosis associated with the TME of STS might provide effective clues for immune therapy. We evaluated the immune scores and stromal scores of STS patients by using the RNA sequencing dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the ESTIMATE algorithm. Then, the differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs), miRNAs (DEMs) and lncRNAs (DELs) were identified after...

Microarthropod abundance data of a drought experiment comparing organic and conventional farming

Svenja Meyer
In Central Europe summer droughts are increasing in frequency which threatens production and biodiversity in agroecosystems. The potential of different farming systems to mitigate detrimental drought effects on soil animals is largely unknown. We investigated the effects of simulated drought on the abundance and community composition of soil microarthropods (Collembola, Oribatida, Meso­‑, Pro‑ and Astigmata) in winter wheat fields under long-term conventional and organic farming in the DOK trial, Switzerland. We simulated drought by excluding...

Global maps of current (1979-2013) and future (2061-2080) habitat suitability probability for 1,485 European endemic plant species

Robin Pouteau, Idoia Biurrun, Caroline Brunel, Milan Chytrý, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Trevor Fristoe, Rense Haveman, Carsten Hobohm, Florian Jansen, Holger Kreft, Jonathan Lenoir, Bernd Lenzner, Carsten Meyer, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, Jens-Christian Svenning, Wilfried Thuiller, Patrick Weigelt, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Qiang Yang & Mark Van Kleunen
Aims: The rapid increase in the number of species that have naturalized beyond their native range is among the most apparent features of the Anthropocene. How alien species will respond to other processes of future global changes is an emerging concern and remains largely misunderstood. We therefore ask whether naturalized species will respond to climate and land-use change differently than those species not yet naturalized anywhere in the world. Location: Global Methods: We investigated future...

Earthworm invasion causes declines across soil fauna size classes and biodiversity facets in northern North American forests

Malte Jochum, Olga Ferlian, Madhav Thakur, Marcel Ciobanu, Bernhard Klarner, Jörg-Alfred Salamon, Lee Frelich, Ed Johnson & Nico Eisenhauer
Anthropogenic pressures alter the biodiversity, structure, and organization of biological communities with severe consequences for ecosystem processes. Species invasion is such a human-induced ecosystem change with pronounced impacts on recipient ecosystems. Around the globe, earthworms invade habitats and impact abiotic soil conditions and a wide range of above- and belowground organisms. In northern North America, where earthworms have been largely absent since the last glaciation period and most earthworm species present today have only been...

Social contagion of affiliation in female macaques

Julia Ostner, Jana Wilken & Oliver Schülke
Social contagion of non-interactive behavior is widespread among animals including humans. It is thought to facilitate behavioral synchronization and consequently group cohesion, coordination, and opportunities for social learning. Contagion of interactive behavior - particularly affiliation - has received much less attention. Here, we investigated in female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) the effect of observing group members groom on a subject’s subsequent grooming behavior and the potential modulation of contagion by relationship quality and social status....

Fragmentation in trader preferences among multiple markets: Market coexistence versus single market dominance

Aleksandra Alorić, Robin Nicole & Peter Sollich
Technological advancement has lead to an increase in number and type of trading venues and diversification of goods traded. These changes have re-emphasized the importance of understanding the effects of market competition: does proliferation of trading venues and increased competition lead to dominance of a single market or coexistence of multiple markets? In this paper, we address these questions in a stylized model of Zero Intelligence traders who make repeated decisions at which of three...

Female Assamese macaques bias their affiliation to paternal and maternal kin

Delphine De Moor, Christian Roos, Julia Ostner & Oliver Schülke
Forming strong social bonds can lead to higher reproductive success, increased longevity and/or increased infant survival in several mammal species. Given these adaptive benefits, understanding what determines partner preferences in social bonding is important. Maternal relatedness strongly predicts partner preference across many mammalian taxa. The role of paternal relatedness, however, has received relatively little attention, even though paternal and maternal kin share the same number of genes, and theoretically similar preferences would therefore be expected...

Data from: Opsins in Onychophora (velvet worms) suggest a single origin and subsequent diversification of visual pigments in arthropods

Lars Hering, Miriam J. Henze, Martin Kohler, Almut Kelber, Christoph Bleidorn, Maren Leschke, Birgit Nickel, Matthias Meyer, Martin Kircher, Paul Sunnucks & Georg Mayer
Multiple visual pigments, prerequisites for color vision, are found in arthropods, but the evolutionary origin of their diversity remains obscure. In this study, we explore the opsin genes in five distantly related species of Onychophora, using deep transcriptome sequencing and screening approaches. Surprisingly, our data reveal the presence of only one opsin gene (onychopsin) in each onychophoran species, and our behavioral experiments indicate a maximum sensitivity of onychopsin to blue–green light. In our phylogenetic analyses,...

Data from: BIOVERA-Tree: tree diversity, community composition, forest structure and functional traits along gradients of forest-use intensity and elevation in Veracruz, Mexico

María Leticia Monge González, Patrick Weigelt, Nathaly Guerrero Ramírez, Dylan Craven, Gonzalo Castillo Campos, Thorsten Krömer & Holger Kreft
Here, we describe BIOVERA-Tree, a database on tree diversity, community composition, forest structure, and functional traits collected in 120 forest plots distributed along an extensive elevational gradient in Veracruz State, Mexico. BIOVERA-Tree includes information on forest structure from three levels of forest-use intensity, namely old-growth, degraded, and secondary forest, replicated across eight elevations from sea-level to near the tree line at 3500 m and on size and location of 4549 tree individuals with a diameter...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Göttingen
  • University of Würzburg
  • Stanford University
  • Universidad Mayor
  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
  • Technical University Munich
  • Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg
  • Jilin Jianzhu University
  • Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University
  • Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University