4 Works

Data from: Recurrent gene deletions and the evolution of adaptive cyanogenesis polymorphisms in white clover (Trifolium repens L.)

Kenneth M. Olsen, Nicholas J. Kooyers & Linda L. Small
Understanding the molecular evolution of genes that underlie intraspecific polymorphisms can provide insights into the process of adaptive evolution. For adaptive polymorphisms characterized by gene presence/absence (P/A) variation, underlying loci commonly show signatures of long-term balancing selection, with gene-presence and gene-absence alleles maintained as two divergent lineages. We examined the molecular evolution of two unlinked P/A polymorphisms that underlie a well-documented adaptive polymorphism for cyanogenesis (hydrogen cyanide release with tissue damage) in white clover. Both...

Data from: Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon: a genome-wide view

Pu Huang, Jeanmaire Molina, Jonathan M. Flowers, Samara Rubinstein, Scott A. Jackson, Michael D. Purugganan & Barbara A. Schaal
Asian wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) that ranges widely across the eastern and southern part of Asia is recognized as the direct ancestor of cultivated Asian rice (O. sativa). Studies of the geographic structure of O. rufipogon, based on chloroplast and low-copy nuclear markers, reveal a possible phylogeographic signal of subdivision in O. rufipogon. However, this signal of geographic differentiation is not consistently observed among different markers and studies, with often conflicting results. To more precisely...

Data from: Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships

Kristin I. Powell, Jonathan M. Chase & Tiffany M. Knight
Although invasive plant species often reduce diversity, they rarely cause plant extinctions. We surveyed paired invaded and uninvaded plant communities from three biomes. We reconcile the discrepancy in diversity loss from invaders by showing that invaded communities have lower local richness but steeper species accumulation with area than that of uninvaded communities, leading to proportionately fewer species loss at broader spatial scales. We show that invaders drive scale-dependent biodiversity loss through strong neutral sampling effects...

Data from: Repeatability and contingency in the evolution of a key innovation in phage lambda

Justin R. Meyer, Devin T. Dobias, Joshua S. Weitz, Jeffrey E. Barrick, Ryan T. Quick & Richard E. Lenski
The processes responsible for the evolution of key innovations, whereby lineages acquire qualitatively new functions that expand their ecological opportunities, remain poorly understood. We examined how a virus, bacteriophage λ, evolved to infect its host, Escherichia coli, through a novel pathway. Natural selection promoted the fixation of mutations in the virus’s host-recognition protein, J, that improved fitness on the original receptor, LamB, and set the stage for other mutations that allowed infection through a new...

Registration Year

  • 2012
    4

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    4

Affiliations

  • Washington University in St. Louis
    4
  • University of Georgia
    1
  • New York University
    1
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
    1
  • Michigan State University
    1