51 Works

Atlas of impact-induced, in vivo human brain kinematics

Arnold Gomez, Philip Bayly, John Butman, Dzung Pham, Jerry Prince & Andrew Knutsen
Accelerations cause brain tissue to move, and this data summarizes MRI-based observations of 3D brain movement during an in vivo impact (brain-skull displacement and brain tissue deformation). The data is a group average, or atlas, of indivudial data from two groups of study participants: neck extension (n=10) and neck rotation (n=9).

Prospective Quantification of CSF Biomarkers in Antibody-Mediated Encephalitis

Gregory Day, Melanie L. Yarbrough, Peter Körtvelyessy, Harald Prüss, Robert C. Bucelli, Marvin J. Fritzler, Warren Mason, David F. Tang-Wai, Claude Steriade, Julien Hébert, Rachel L. Henson, Elizabeth M. Herries, Jack H. Ladenson, A. Sebastian Lopez-Chiriboga, Neill R. Graff-Radford, John C. Morris & Anne Fagan
Objective: To determine whether neuronal and neuroaxonal injury, neuroinflammation, and synaptic dysfunction associate with clinical course and outcomes in antibody-mediated encephalitis (AME), we measured biomarkers of these processes in CSF from patients presenting with AME and cognitively normal individuals. Methods: Biomarkers of neuronal (total tau, VILIP-1) and neuroaxonal damage (neurofilament light chain [NfL]), inflammation (YKL-40), and synaptic function (neurogranin, SNAP-25) were measured in CSF obtained from 45 patients at the time of diagnosis of NMDA...

Data and scripts from: Phylogenomic analysis points to a South American origin of Manihot and illuminates the primary gene pool of cassava

Marcelo F. Simon, J. Moises Mendoza F., Márcio Lacerda Lopes Martins, Sergei V. Drovetski, Natalia A. S. Przelomska, Hope Loiselle, Taciana B. Cavalcanti, Peter W. Inglis, Natalie G. Mueller, Robin G. Allaby, Fábio De Oliveira Freitas & Logan Kistler
The genus Manihot, with around 120 known species, is native to a wide range of habitats and regions in the tropical and subtropical Americas. Its high species richness and recent diversification only ~6Mya have significantly complicated previous phylogenetic analyses. Several basic elements of Manihot evolutionary history therefore remain unresolved. Here, we conduct a comprehensive phylogenomic analysis of Manihot, focusing on exhaustive sampling of South American taxa. We find that two recently described species from northeast...

Dynamic changes of plasma extracellular vesicle long RNAs during perioperative period of colorectal cancer

Qing Hua, Wenhao Xu, Xuefang Shen, Xi Tian, Hailiang Zhang, Yan Li & Pingbo Xu
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) long RNAs (exLRs) have been shown to be indicators for the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the dynamic changes of exLRs during perioperative period and their cellular sources in CRC remains largely unknown. In this study, exLR sequencing (exLR-seq) was performed on plasma samples from three CRC patients at four time points (before surgery [T0], after extubation [T1], 1 day after surgery [T2], and 3 days after surgery [T3])....

MicroRNA miR-188-5p as a mediator of long non-coding RNA MALAT1 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma

Hui Liu, Zuofei Chi, Hong Jin & Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of plasma cells mainly derived from the bone marrow, has remained incurable generally. LncRNA MALAT1 has been reported to be upregulated in the MM cells and knockdown of MALAT1 inhibited MM cell cycle progression and enhanced cell apoptosis. Online target prediction showed that two target sites for MALAT1 existed in miR-188-5p, which has been identified as a tumor suppressor in other types of cancers. However, the role of miR-188-5p in...

MicroRNA-146b-3p regulates the dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells via repressing phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit gamma

Xijing Zhuang, Feng Gao, Lei Shi, Wei Liu, Wenjun Wang, Xuezhi He & Yang Gao
MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. The relative expression of miR-146b-3p was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by BrdU assay. Flow cytometry analysis...

Experimental Results of Nanoindentation in Granitic Feldspar and Quartz

Michael Sly, Katharine Padilla, Katharine Flores & Philip Skemer

Data from two dimensional electronic spectroscopy showing that photosynthesis tunes quantum-mechanical mixing of electronic and vibrational states to steer exciton energy transfer

Jacob Higgins, Lawson Lloyd, Sara Sohail, Marco Allodi, John Otto, Rafael Saer, Ryan Wood, Sara Massey, Po-Chieh Ting, Robert Blankenship & Gregory Engel
Raw data from an ultrafast two dimensional electronic spectrometer investigating a series of mutants from the Fenna-Matthews Olson photosynthetic complex from Chlorobaculum tepidum is included here. This data was analyzed and reduced using the enclosed matlab scripts to show that this complex responds to changing oxidation conditions by breaking a resonance between a gap between electronic states and an attendant vibration within the bacteriochlorophyll molecules. Breaking this resonance steers energy differently through the complex and...

Data from: Niche shifts after island colonization spurred adaptive diversification and speciation in a cosmopolitan bird clade

Oriol Lapiedra, Ferran Sayol, Joan Garcia-Porta & Daniel Sol
Islands have long been recognized as key contributors to biodiversity because islands facilitate geographic isolation and ecological divergence from mainland ancestors. However, island colonization has traditionally been considered an evolutionary dead-end process, and its consequences for continental biodiversity remain understudied. Here, we studied the evolutionary radiation of Columbiformes (i.e. pigeons and doves) to examine if ecological niche shifts on islands shaped biological diversification and community composition on continents. We show that the colonization of islands...

Noachian Bedrock at Endeavour Crater: Data Tables, Statistical Modeling and Locator Images

David Mittlefehldt, Ralf Gellert, Scott VanBommel, Raymond Arvidson, James W. Ashley, Benton Clark, Larry S. Crumpler, William H. Farrand, Matthew Golombek, John Grant, Richard Morris & Christian Schröder

Genome-wide comparison of the GRAS protein family in eight Rosaceae species and GRAS gene expression analysis in Chinese white pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehder)

Wenjing Chang, Manyi Sun, Mingyue Zhang, Zikai Tang, Jiawen Sheng, Yueyuan Liu, Bobo Song, Jiaming Li, Kejiao Zhao & Jun Wu
The GRAS protein family encodes a family of plant-specific transcription factors that have diverse and significant functions in regulating plant development and anthocyanin biosynthesis. Our study represents the comprehensive identification and comparison of GRAS protein family genes in the Rosaceae. Here, 535 GRAS genes were screened from eight Rosaceae species. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that whole-genome duplication (WGD) events and dispersed duplication events were the major mechanisms promoting the expansion of the GRAS protein family in...

Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of 13 ornamental herbaceous peony cultivars: a comparative study with stems and leaves

Lei Liu, Yingdan Yuan & Jun Tao
Paeonia lactiflora is an important ornamental and medicinal plant, but after the flowering period, the above-ground parts of ornamental cultivars are often discarded as waste. When considering the development of medicinal plant resources, attention should be paid to the comprehensive development and utilisation of the plant. In this study, 13 ornamental herbaceous peony cultivars were selected, and their stems and leaves were analysed for antioxidant and antibacterial activities. The results showed that total phenolic content...

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

Identification of downstream targets and signaling pathways of long non-coding RNA NR_002794 in human trophoblast cells

Yinyao Ma, Hua Wu, Xuxia Liang, Chun Zhang, Yanhua Ma, Yanfen Wei, Jing Li & Hui Chen
Preeclampsia (PE) is a huge threat to pregnant women. Our previous study demonstrated that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR_002794 was highly expressed in placentas of PE patients and could regulate the phenotypes of trophoblast cells. However, the downstream regulatory mechanisms of NR_002794 remain unknown. In this text, some potential downstream targets or signaling pathways of NR_002794 were identified through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and bioinformatics analysis in SWAN71 trophoblast cells. Western blot assay demonstrated that NR_002794...

MicroRNA-146b-3p regulates the dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells via repressing phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit gamma

Xijing Zhuang, Feng Gao, Lei Shi, Wei Liu, Wenjun Wang, Xuezhi He & Yang Gao
MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. The relative expression of miR-146b-3p was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by BrdU assay. Flow cytometry analysis...

MicroRNA miR-188-5p as a mediator of long non-coding RNA MALAT1 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma

Hui Liu, Zuofei Chi, Hong Jin & Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of plasma cells mainly derived from the bone marrow, has remained incurable generally. LncRNA MALAT1 has been reported to be upregulated in the MM cells and knockdown of MALAT1 inhibited MM cell cycle progression and enhanced cell apoptosis. Online target prediction showed that two target sites for MALAT1 existed in miR-188-5p, which has been identified as a tumor suppressor in other types of cancers. However, the role of miR-188-5p in...

Special electromagnetic field-treated water and far-infrared radiation alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in rats by regulating haptoglobin

Changyong Luo, Yan Li, Xu Liang, Yifan Chen, Qiao Zou, Yurong Kong, Zhengguang Guo, Wei Sun & Xin Wang
Special electromagnetic field-treated water (SEW) and far-infrared radiation (FIR) can reduce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats inflicted by lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). However, little is known about its underlying molecular mechanism. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) of SEW and FIR interventions were obtained from a proteomics database. A total of 89 DEPs were identified. Enrichment analysis of DEPs was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery. These DEPs were associated with the responses...

Characteristic Structural Motifs in Metallic Liquids and Their Relationship to Glass Forming Ability

W. Porter Weeks & Katharine M. Flores

Participation, Survey, and Start-Up License Agreement Data from the LEAP Program at Washington University in St. Louis

Everett Hall, Thomas Krenning, Robert Reardon & Michael Kinch

Simulation of Venus Lightning: Radicals and Electrochemical Processes

Hongkun Qu, Alian Wang & Elijah C. Thimsen

Wild Dictyostelium discoideum social amoebae show plastic responses to the presence of nonrelatives during multicellular development

Suegene Noh, Lauren Christopher, Joan Strassmann & David Queller
When multiple strains of microbes form social groups, such as the multicellular fruiting bodies of Dictyostelium discoideum, conflict can arise regarding cell fate. Both fixed and plastic differences among strains can contribute to cell fate, and plastic responses may be particularly important if social environments frequently change. We used RNA-sequencing and photographic time series analysis to detect possible conflict-induced plastic differences between wild D. discoideum aggregates formed by single strains compared to mixed pairs of...

Habitat structure mediates vulnerability to climate change through its effects on thermoregulatory behavior

Lauren Neel, Michael Logan, Daniel Nicholson, Christina Miller, Albert Chung, Inbar Maayan, Zach Degon, Madeline DuBois, John David Curlis, Q Taylor, Kaitlin Keegan, Owen McMillan, Jonathan Losos & Christian Cox
Tropical ectotherms are thought to be especially vulnerable to climate change because they are thermal specialists, having evolved in aseasonal thermal environments. However, even within the tropics, habitat structure can influence opportunities for behavioral thermoregulation. Open (and edge) habitats likely promote more effective thermoregulation due to the high spatial heterogeneity of the thermal landscape, while forests are thermally homogenous and may constrain opportunities for behavioral buffering of environmental temperatures. Nevertheless, the ways in which behavior...

An aerodynamic perspective on hurricane-induced selection on Anolis lizards

Shamil Debaere, Colin Donihue, Anthony Herrel & Sam Van Wassenbergh
Studies have demonstrated that hurricanes can drive selection in Neotropical anoles. In a recent study it was shown that post-hurricane survivors showed increased toepad areas, and surprisingly, shorter femurs. One potential explanation for the reduction in femur length is that increased drag on individuals with longer femurs causes them to be blown off their perch. Consequently, lizards with shorter femora might survive better in hurricanes. To gain insight into the form-function relationships of drag-reduction in...

Aboveground carbon stocks and dynamics in Andean forests

Alvaro Duque, Miguel Peña, Francisco Cuesta, Sebastián González-Caro, Peter Kennedy, Oliver Phillips, Marco Calderón, Cecilia Blundo, Julieta Carilla, Leslie Cayola, William Farfán-Ríos, Alfredo Fuentes, Ricardo Grau, Jürgen Homeier, María I. Loza-Rivera, Jonathan A. Myers, Oriana Osinaga-Acosta, Manuel Peralvo, Esteban Pinto, Sassan Saatchi, Miles Silman, J. Sebastián Tello, Andrea Terán-Valdez & Kenneth J. Feeley
This dataset (Andean_AGB.xlsx) has the data employed in the paper entitled Old-growth Andean forests as globally important carbon sinks and future carbon refuges. The data was compiled as the results of the work of several research teams spread out across the Andean region. The information available here has data about aboveground carbon stocks and dynamics and the main explanatory variables, such as climate and symbiotic root associations.

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    51

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    51

Affiliations

  • Washington University in St. Louis
    51
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    21
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    21
  • Sichuan University
    19
  • Capital Medical University
    19
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    19
  • Zhejiang University
    17
  • Fudan University
    17
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    17
  • Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    16