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Additional file 2 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 2: Table S1. Statistical analysis of behavioural bioassays. Two-way ANONA method was used to evaluate the significance of the behavioural modifications.

MOESM2 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 2: Table S1. Statistical analysis of behavioural bioassays. Two-way ANONA method was used to evaluate the significance of the behavioural modifications.

MOESM4 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 4: Table S3. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified resistant B. glabrata with reference to the B. glabrata proteome.

MOESM8 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 8: Table S5. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified in susceptible B. glabrata SCW with reference to the S. mansoni proteome, and enriched GO terms related to the proteins.

Intraspecific variation of Phragmites australis: Clinal adaption of functional traits and phenotypic plasticity vary with latitude of origin

Linjing Ren, Xiao Guo, Shuna Liu, Ting Yu, Weihua Guo, Renqing Wang, Siyuan Ye, Carla Lambertini, Hans Brix & Franziska Eller
1. Widespread plant species generally have high intraspecific variation in functional traits, which is reflected in their great variety of phenotypes. This variety can result from both genetic differences due to local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity. With high intraspecific variation and nearly global distribution, the common reed Phragmites australis is a suitable model species for studying the underlying mechanisms of intraspecific trait variation. 2. In this study, 71 genotypes of P. australis from seven phylogeographic...

Composite quasi-likelihood for single-index models with massive datasets

Rong Jiang, Meng-Fan Guo & Xin Liu
The single-index models (SIMs) provide an efficient way of coping with high-dimensional nonparametric estimation problems and avoid the “curse of dimensionality.” Many existing estimation procedures for SIMs were built on least square loss, which is popular for its mathematical beauty but is non-robust to non-normal errors and outliers. This article addressed the question of both robustness and efficiency of estimation methods based on a new data-driven weighted linear combination of convex loss functions instead of...

The type I-E CRISPR-Cas system influences the acquisition of blaKPC-IncF plasmid in Klebsiella pneumonia

Ying Zhou, Yu Tang, Pan Fu, Dongxing Tian, Lianhua Yu, Yunkun Huang, Gang Li, Meng Li, Yong Wang, Zehua Yang, Xiaogang Xu, Zhe Yin, Dongsheng Zhou, Laurent Poirel & Xiaofei Jiang
Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) have disseminated worldwide and emerged as major threats to public health. Of epidemiological significance, the international pandemic of KPC-KP is primarily associated with CG258 isolates and blaKPC-IncF plasmids. CRISPR-Cas system is an adaptive immune system that can hinder gene expansion driven by horizontal gene transfer. Because of blaKPC-IncF plasmids are favored by CG258 K. pneumoniae, it was of interest to examine the co-distribution of CRISPR and blaKPC-IncF plasmids...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Identification of novel tetracycline resistance gene tet(X14) and its co-occurrence with tet(X2) in a tigecycline-resistant and colistin-resistant Empedobacter stercoris

Yingying Cheng, Yong Chen, Yang Liu, Yuqi Guo, Yanzi Zhou, Tingting Xiao, Shuntian Zhang, Hao Xu, Yunbo Chen, Tongling Shan, Yonghong Xiao & Kai Zhou
Tigecycline is one of the last-resort antibiotics to treat severe infections. Recently, tigecycline resistance has sporadically emerged with an increasing trend, and Tet(X) family represents a new resistance mechanism of tigecycline. In this study, a novel chromosome-encoded tigecycline resistance gene, tet(X14), was identified in a tigecycline-resistant and colistin-resistant Empedobacter stercoris strain ES183 recovered from a pig fecal sample in China. Tet(X14) shows 67.14-96.39% sequence identity to the other variants [Tet(X) to Tet(X13)]. Overexpression of Tet(X14)...

ATM loss disrupts the autophagy-lysosomal pathway

Aifang Cheng, Kai-Hei Tse, Hei-Man Chow, Yunqiao Gan, Xuan Song, Fulin Ma, Yi Xuan Yvonne Qian, Weiyi She & Karl Herrup
ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) protein is found associated with multiple organelles including synaptic vesicles, endosomes and lysosomes, often in cooperation with ATR (ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related). Mutation of the ATM gene results in ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), an autosomal recessive disorder with defects in multiple organs including the nervous system. Precisely how ATM deficiency leads to the complex phenotypes of A-T, however, remains elusive. Here, we reported that part of the connection may lie in autophagy...

HIV-1 resists MxB inhibition of viral Rev protein

Zhen Wang, Keli Chai, Qian Liu, Dong-Rong Yi, Qinghua Pan, Yu Huang, Juan Tan, Wentao Qiao, Fei Guo, Shan Cen & Chen Liang
The interferon-inducible myxovirus resistance B (MxB) protein has been reported to inhibit HIV-1 and herpesviruses by blocking the nuclear import of viral DNA. Here, we report a new antiviral mechanism in which MxB restricts the nuclear import of HIV-1 regulatory protein Rev, and as a result, diminishes Rev-dependent expression of HIV-1 Gag protein. Specifically, MxB disrupts the interaction of Rev with the nuclear transport receptor, transportin 1 (TNPO1). Supporting this, the TNPO1-independent Rev variants become...

Silk fibroin hydrogel as mucosal vaccine carrier: induction of gastric CD4+TRM cells mediated by inflammatory response induces optimal immune protection against Helicobacter felis

Chupeng Hu, Wei Liu, Ningyin Xu, An Huang, Zhenxing Zhang, Menghui Fan, Guojing Ruan, Yue Wang, Tao Xi & Yingying Xing
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells, located in the epithelium of most peripheral tissues, constitute the first-line defense against pathogen infections. Our previous study reported that gastric subserous layer (GSL) vaccination induced a “pool” of protective tissue-resident memory CD4+T (CD4+TRM) cells in the gastric epithelium. However, the mechanistic details how CD4+TRM cells form in the gastric epithelium are unknown. Here, our results suggested that the vaccine containing CCF in combination with Silk fibroin hydrogel (SF) broadened...

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

Bioinformatics analysis reveals the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) coexpression network in the tumor microenvironment and prognostic biomarkers in soft tissue sarcomas

Dandan Zou, Yang Wang, Meng Wang, Bo Zhao, Fei Hu, Yanguo Li & Bingming Zhang
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare, heterogeneous mesenchymal neoplasias. Understanding the tumor microenvironment (TME) and identifying potential biomarkers for prognosis associated with the TME of STS might provide effective clues for immune therapy. We evaluated the immune scores and stromal scores of STS patients by using the RNA sequencing dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the ESTIMATE algorithm. Then, the differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs), miRNAs (DEMs) and lncRNAs (DELs) were identified after...

Evaluation of cesarean delivery rates in different levels of hospitals in Jiangsu Province, China, using the 10-Group classification system

Ning Gu, Yimin Dai, Dan Lu, Tingmei Chen, Muling Zhang, Tao Huang, Yalan Qi, Xinning Han, Lihua Xie, Jishi Yang, Chengling Fan, Yunhua Yan, Anhong Zhang, Xiaoping Weng, Huiling Zhang, Li Su, Yingyan Li & Yali Hu
To compare cesarean delivery (CD) rates in referral and non-referral hospitals in Maternal Safety Collaboration in Jiangsu province, China. Sixteen participants (4 referral hospitals, 12 non-referral hospitals) from Drum Tower Hospital Collaboration for Maternal Safety reported CD rates in 2019 using ten-group classification system and maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality. A total of 22,676 CDs were performed among 52,499 deliveries and the average CD rate was 43.2% (range 34.8–69.6%). CD rate in non-referral hospitals (44.7%) was...

The lncRNA RHPN1-AS1 downregulation promotes gefitinib resistance by targeting miR-299-3p/TNFSF12 pathway in NSCLC

Xuehao Li, Xin Zhang, Chunlu Yang, Su Cui, Qiming Shen & Shun Xu
Although epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) gefitinib has exhibited notable clinical efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, its therapeutic efficacy is ultimately limited by the development of gefitinib resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the long non-coding RNA, RHPN1-AS1 on gefitinib resistance in NSCLC and explore the underlying mechanisms. In this study, RHPN1-AS1 was observed to be downregulated in gefitinib resistant patients and NSCLC...

T-box transcription factor TBX1, targeted by microRNA-6727-5p, inhibits cell growth and enhances cisplatin chemosensitivity of cervical cancer cells through AKT and MAPK pathways

Haixia Liu, Mei Song, Xiaoyan Sun, Xin Zhang, Huayan Miao & Yankui Wang
Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most common cancers among women worldwide. T-box transcription factor 1 (TBX1), a member of the T-box family, has anti-tumor effects in some types of cancer, but its role in CC is yet unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the functions and underlying mechanisms of TBX1 in CC. Online database UALCAN showed that TBX1 was down-regulated in CC tissues compared with normal tissues and patients with lower...

A signature of 13 autophagy‑related gene pairs predicts prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma

Jie Cao, Lili Wu, Xin Lei, Keqing Shi & Liang Shi
Growing evidences suggest that autophagy plays a momentous part in the tumorigenesis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there are not many researches to predict the prognosis of HCC using autophagy-related genes. Therefore, based on the clinical information and RNA-Seq data of The Cancer Genome Atlas data portal (TCGA), 13 autophagy‑related gene pairs were screened to build the autophagy‑related signature to predict the prognosis by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis....

MicroRNA miR-188-5p as a mediator of long non-coding RNA MALAT1 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma

Hui Liu, Zuofei Chi, Hong Jin & Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of plasma cells mainly derived from the bone marrow, has remained incurable generally. LncRNA MALAT1 has been reported to be upregulated in the MM cells and knockdown of MALAT1 inhibited MM cell cycle progression and enhanced cell apoptosis. Online target prediction showed that two target sites for MALAT1 existed in miR-188-5p, which has been identified as a tumor suppressor in other types of cancers. However, the role of miR-188-5p in...

A novel ferroptosis-related gene signature for predicting outcomes in cervical cancer

Xingling Qi, Yipeng Fu, Jia Sheng, Meng Zhang, Mingxing Zhang, Yumeng Wang & Guiling Li
Ferroptosis, a newly discovered iron-dependent form of cell death, contributes to various pathologies; however, the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) in cervical cancer (CC) remains unclear. Herein, we identified 15 differentially expressed FRGs based on data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Ten FRGs that correlated with prognosis were screened by univariate Cox regression analysis. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression model was performed to develop a novel prognostic signature. A four-gene...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Genomic population structure of Helicobacter pylori Shanghai isolates and identification of genomic features uniquely linked with pathogenicity

Feng Yang, Jinghao Zhang, Su Wang, Zhaoyang Sun, Jun Zhou, Feng Li, Yue Liu, Li Ding, Yixin Liu, Wenjing Chi, Tao Liu, Yongqun He, Ping Xiang, Zhijun Bao, Michal A. Olszewski, Hu Zhao & Yanmei Zhang
Severe Helicobacter pylori-linked gastric disorders are especially prevalent in the East Asia region. The ability of H. pylori to cause different clinical outcomes is thought to be associated with unique sets of its genetic features. However, only few genetic features have been definitively linked to specific gastrointestinal pathologies. Genome heterogeneity of clinical H. pylori strains from patients with four different gastric disorders was studied to explore the population structure and molecular genomic features and their...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

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