7 Works

Data on flight-induced maternal effects and offspring performance on drought stressed plants in the Speckled Wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria

M. Gibbs, H. Van Dyck & C. Breuker
This dataset contains maternal reproductive output data, embryonic development data and offspring performance data for the Speckled Wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria. The data were collected from a laboratory experiment testing the hypothesis that repeat periods of intensive flight during female oviposition affects egg provisioning and reduces offspring performance when larval development occurs on drought stressed host plants. The experiment involved stimulating female butterflies to fly for 5 minutes for 3 periods during oviposition; removing eggs...

Data from: The Urban Heat Island and its spatial scale dependent impact on survival and development in butterflies of different thermal sensitivity

Aurélien Kaiser, Thomas Merckx & Hans Van Dyck
Climate alteration is one of the most cited ecological consequences of urbanization. However, the magnitude of this impact is likely to vary with spatial scale. We investigated how this alteration affects the biological fitness of insects, which are especially sensitive to ambient conditions and well-suited organisms to study urbanization-related changes in phenotypic traits. We monitored temperature and relative air humidity in wooded sites characterized by different levels of urbanization in the surroundings. Using a split-brood...

Data from: Cooperation-mediated plasticity in dispersal and colonization

Staffan Jacob, Priscilla Wehi, Jean Clobert, Delphine Legrand, Nicolas Schtickzelle, Michele Huet & Alexis Chaine
Kin selection theory predicts that costly cooperative behaviors evolve most readily when directed toward kin. Dispersal plays a controversial role in the evolution of cooperation: dispersal decreases local population relatedness and thus opposes the evolution of cooperation, but limited dispersal increases kin competition and can negate the benefits of cooperation. Theoretical work has suggested that plasticity of dispersal, where individuals can adjust their dispersal decisions according to the social context, might help resolve this paradox...

Data from: Precision grip control while walking down a stair step

Daniela Ebner-Karestinos, Jean-Louis Thonnard & Yannick Bleyenheuft
The aim of this study was to determine whether the internal model regulating grip force (GF)/load force (LF) coordination during a brisk load increase is preserved when the lower extremities produce a perturbation during a single step-down task. We observed the coordination of the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF), GF and LF while holding a handheld object during a single step-down task. The 3 forces (vGRF, GF and LF) decreased during the start of the...

Data from: Biodiversity as insurance for sapling survival in experimental tree plantations

Thomas Van De Peer, Kris Verheyen, Lander Baeten, Quentin Ponette & Bart Muys
Biodiversity can insure ecosystems against declines in their functioning by increasing the mean level of ecosystem processes and decreasing the spatial or temporal variance of these processes. On this basis, mixing tree species is expected to be an effective management strategy to reduce the risk of planting failure in young plantations. We examined the effects of biodiversity insurance on sapling survival in three tree diversity experiments across Belgium. Based on the survival scoring of 89...

Data from: Genetic structure and effective population sizes in European red deer (Cervus elaphus) at a continental scale: insights from microsatellite DNA

Frank E. Zachos, Alain C. Frantz, Ralph Kuehn, Sabine Bertouille, Marc Colyn, Magdalena Niedzialkowska, Javier Pérez-González, Anna Skog, Nikica Šprem & Marie-Christine Flamand
We analysed more than 600 red deer (Cervus elaphus) from large parts of its European distribution range at 13 microsatellite loci, presenting the first continent-wide study of this species using nuclear markers. Populations were clearly differentiated (overall FST = 0.166, Jost’s Dest = 0.385), and the BAPS clustering algorithm yielded mainly geographically limited and adjacent genetic units. When forced into only three genetic clusters our data set produced a very similar geographic pattern as previously...

Data from: Geographic distribution of the invasive cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus, a country-wide survey in Benin

Eva M. De Clercq, S. O. Vanwambeke, M. Sungirai, S. Adehan, R. Lokossou & M. Madder
The cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus is currently invading the West African region, and little information is available on the spread of this exotic tick in this region. We set out a country-wide field survey to determine its current distribution in Benin. Ticks were collected on cattle from 106 farms selected by random sampling covering all regions of the country. Rhipicephalus annulatus was found on 70 % of all farms, R. decoloratus on 42 %, R....

Registration Year

  • 2016
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • Université Catholique de Louvain
    6
  • Ghent University
    1
  • University of Pretoria
    1
  • New Mexico State University
    1
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    1
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    1
  • University of Rennes 1
    1
  • University of Extremadura
    1
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
    1
  • Naturhistorisches Museum
    1