13 Works

Collective detection based on visual information in animal groups

Jacob D. Davidson, Matthew M. G. Sosna, Colin R. Twomey, Vivek H. Sridhar, Simon P. Leblanc & Iain D. Couzin
We investigate key principles underlying individual, and collective, visual detection of stimuli, and how this relates to the internal structure of groups. While the individual and collective detection principles are generally applicable, we employ a model experimental system of schooling golden shiner fish ( Notemigonus crysoleucas ) to relate theory directly to empirical data, using computational reconstruction of the visual fields of all individuals. This reveals how the external visual information available to each group...

Data from: Ecological factors influence balancing selection on leaf chemical profiles of a wildflower

Lauren Carley, Julius Mojica, Baosheng Wang, Chia-Yu Chen, Ya-Ping Lin, Kasavajhala Prasad, Emily Chan, Che-Wei Hsu, Rose Keith, Chase Nuñez, Carrie Olson-Manning, Catherine Rushworth, Maggie Wagner, Jing Wang, Pei-Min Yeh, Michael Reichelt, Kathryn Ghattas, Jonathan Gershenzon, Cheng-Ruei Lee & Thomas Mitchell-Olds
Balancing selection is frequently invoked as a mechanism to maintain variation within and across populations. However, rigorous tests demonstrating balancing selection operating in nature are scarce, particularly on complex traits, which frequently display high levels of variation. Leveraging a focal polymorphism, leaf chemical profile in a perennial wildflower (Boechera stricta, Brassicaceae), we investigated the ecological and genetic mechanisms that may influence the maintenance of variation in this trait. A suite of common garden and greenhouse...

The interplay of wind and uplift facilitates over-water flight in facultative soaring birds

Elham Nourani, Gil Bohrer, Paolo Becciu, Richard O Bierregaard, Olivier Duriez, Jordi Figuerola, Laura Gangoso, Sinos Giokas, Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Christina Kassara, Olga Kulikova, Nicolas Lecomte, Flavio Monti, Ivan Pokrovsky, Andrea Sforzi, Jean-François Therrien, Nikos Tsiopelas, Wouter MG Vansteelant, Duarte S Viana, Noriyuki M Yamaguchi, Martin Wikelski & Kamran Safi
Flying over the open sea is energetically costly for terrestrial birds. Despite this, over-water journeys of many birds, sometimes hundreds of kilometers long, are uncovered by bio-logging technology. To understand how these birds afford their flights over the open sea, we investigated the role of atmospheric conditions, specifically wind and uplift, in subsidizing over-water flight at the global scale. We first established that ∆T, the temperature difference between sea surface and air, is a meaningful...

Animal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags

Rory Wilson, Kayleigh Rose, Richard Gunner, Mark Holton, Nikki Marks, Nigel Bennett, Stephen Bell, Joshua Twining, Jamie Hesketh, Carlos Duarte, Neil Bezodis, Milos Jezek, Michael Painter, Vaclav Silovsky, Margaret Crofoot, Roi Harel, John Arnould, Blake Allan, Desley Whisson, Abdulaziz Alagaili & David Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices have transformed our understanding of vertebrate ecology. To minimize any associated harm, researchers have long advocated that tag masses should not exceed 3% of carrier body mass. However, this ignores tag forces resulting from animal movement. Using data from collar-attached accelerometers on 10 diverse free-ranging terrestrial species from koalas to cheetahs, we detail a tag-based acceleration method to clarify acceptable tag mass limits. We quantify animal athleticism in terms of fractions of animal...

Data from: Drivers of site fidelity in ungulates

Thomas Morrison, Jerod Merkel, J. Grant Hopcraft, Ellen Aikens, Jeffrey Beck, Randall Boone, Alyson Courtemanch, Samantha Dwinnell, Sue Fairbanks, Brad Griffith, Arthur Middleton, Kevin Monteith, Brendan Oates, Louise Riotte-Lambert, Hall Sawyer, Kurt Smith, Jared Stabach, Kaitlyn Taylor & Matthew Kauffman
While the tendency to return to previously visited locations – termed ‘site fidelity’ – is common in animals, the cause of this behaviour is not well understood. One hypothesis is that site fidelity is shaped by an animal’s environment, such that animals living in landscapes with predictable resources have stronger site fidelity. Site fidelity may also be conditional on the success of animals’ recent visits to that location, and it may become stronger with age...

Social and spatial conflict drive resident aggression towards outsiders in a group-living fish

Alex Jordan, Aneesh Bose & Jakob Guebel
Group-living animals often experience within-group competition for resources like shelter and space, as well as for social status. Because of this conflict, residents may aggressively resist joining attempts by new members. Here we asked whether different forms of competition mediate this response, specifically competition over i) shelter abundance, ii) spatial position within groups, and iii) social or sexual roles. We performed experiments on wild groups of Neolamprologus multifasciatus cichlids in Lake Tanganyika, either increasing or...

Fine-scale changes in speed and altitude suggest protean movements in homing pigeon flights

Baptiste Garde, Rory Wilson, Emmanouil Lempidakis, Luca Börger, Steven Portugal, Anders Hedenström, Giacomo Dell'Omo, Michael Quetting, Martin Wikelski & Emily L. C. Shepard
The power curve provides a basis for predicting adjustments that animals make in flight speed, for example in relation to wind, distance, habitat foraging quality and objective. However, relatively few studies have examined how animals respond to the landscape below them, which could affect speed and power allocation through modifications in climb rate and perceived predation risk. We equipped homing pigeons (Columba livia) with high-frequency loggers to examine how flight speed, and hence effort, varies...

Daily ranging and den usage patterns structure fission-fusion dynamics and social associations in spotted hyenas

Eli Strauss, Frants Jensen, Andrew Gersick, Mara Thomas, Kay Holekamp & Ariana Strandburg-Peshkin
Environment structure often shapes social interactions. Spatial attractors that draw multiple individuals may play a particularly important role in dispersed groups, where individuals must first encounter one another to interact. We use GPS data recorded simultaneously from five spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) within a single clan to investigate how communal dens and daily ranging patterns shape fission-fusion dynamics (subgroup splits and merges). We introduce a species-general framework for identifying and characterizing dyadic fission-fusion events and...

Data from: Ecological and social pressures interfere with homeostatic sleep regulation in the wild

J. Carter Loftus, Roi Harel, Chase Nuñez & Margaret Crofoot
Sleep is fundamental to the health and fitness of all animals. The physiological importance of sleep is underscored by the central role of homeostasis in determining sleep investment – following periods of sleep deprivation, individuals experience longer and more intense sleep bouts. Yet, most sleep research has been conducted in highly controlled settings, removed from evolutionarily-relevant contexts that may hinder the maintenance of sleep homeostasis. Using tri-axial accelerometry and GPS to track the sleep patterns...

Data from: Social network architecture and the tempo of cumulative cultural evolution

Mauricio Cantor, Michael Chimento, Simeon Smeele, Peng He, Danai Papageorgiou, Lucy Aplin & Damien Farine
The ability to build upon previous knowledge—cumulative cultural evolution—is a hallmark of human societies. While cumulative cultural evolution depends on the interaction between social systems, cognition and the environment, there is increasing evidence that cumulative cultural evolution is facilitated by larger and more structured societies. However, such effects may be interlinked with patterns of social wiring, thus the relative importance of social network architecture as an additional factor shaping cumulative cultural evolution remains unclear. By...

Environmental and seasonal correlates of capercaillie movement traits in a Swedish wind farm

Jim-Lino Kämmerle, Julia Taubmann, Henrik Andrén, Wolfgang Fiedler & Joy Coppes
Animals continuously interact with their environment through behavioural decisions, rendering the appropriate choice of movement speed and directionality an important phenotypic trait. Anthropogenic activities may alter animal behaviour, including movement. A detailed understanding of movement decisions is therefore of great relevance for science and conservation alike. The study of movement decisions in relation to environmental and seasonal cues requires continuous observation of movement behaviour, recently made possible by high-resolution telemetry. We studied movement traits of...

The potential impacts of climate change on mammal functional groups at regional scale: the case of Iranian terrestrial mammals

Gholam Hosein Yusefi, Kamran Safi, Pedro Tarroso & José Carlos Brito
The negative impacts of climate change on mammals have been largely based on assessments of total species assemblages or individual species at broad scales. Here, we evaluate how the predicted magnitude and velocity of climate change in the arid region of southwest Asia might affect regional functional groups of terrestrial mammals. Location: Iran We gathered data from 186 species to map diversity hotspots of 12 functional groups, threatened species richness, and total species richness. We...

Social network position predicts male mating success in a small passerine

Kristina Beck, Damien Farine & Bart Kempenaers
Individuals differ in the quantity and quality of associations with conspecifics. The resulting variation in the positions that individuals occupy within their social environment can affect several aspects of life history, including reproductive behavior. While research increasingly shows how social factors can predict dyadic mating patterns (i.e. who will breed with whom), much less is known about how an individual’s social position affects it’s overall likelihood to acquire mating partner(s). We studied social networks of...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior
  • University of Konstanz
  • Princeton University
  • Colorado State University
  • Swansea University
  • University of California, Davis
  • Max Planck Institute for Ornithology
  • University of Kansas
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
  • University of Pennsylvania