12 Works

Data from: Molecular diet analysis finds an insectivorous desert bat community dominated by resource sharing despite diverse echolocation and foraging strategies

Rowena Gordon, Sally Ivens, Loren K. Ammerman, M. Brock Fenton, Joanne E. Littlefair, John M. Ratcliffe & Elizabeth L. Clare
Interspecific differences in traits can alter the relative niche use of species within the same environment. Bats provide an excellent model to study niche use because they have a wide variety of behavioural, acoustic and morphological traits that may lead to multi-species, functional groups. Predatory bats have been classified by their foraging location (edge, clutter, open space), ability to aerial hawk and/or substrate glean prey and echolocation call design and flexibility, all of which may...

Genomic footprints of a biological invasion: introduction from Asia and dispersal in Europe of the topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva)

Miguel Baltazar-Soares, Simon Blanchet, Julien Cote, Ali Serkhan Tarkan, Eva Záhorská, Rodolphe Gozlan & Christophe Eizaguirre
Facilitated by the intensification of global trading, the introduction and dispersal of species to areas in which they are historically non-native is nowadays common. From an evolutionary standpoint, invasions are paradoxical: not only non-native environments could be different from native ones for which introduced individuals would be ill-adapted, but also small founding population size should be associated with reduced adaptive potential. As such, biological invasions are considered valuable real-time evolutionary experiments. Here, we investigated the...

Evaluation of the effectiveness of a tailored mobile application in increasing the duration of wear of thermoplastic retainers: a randomised controlled trial

Dalya Al-Moghrabi
The 'My Retainers' mobile application is a patient-informed intervention designed to enhance removable retainer wear and improve patient experiences during the retention phase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of receiving ‘My Retainers’ on objectively-assessed thermoplastic retainer wear time, stability and periodontal outcomes and participants’ experiences and knowledge related to retainers.

Metabarcoding data from the guano of insectivorous bats in Sabah, Malaysia

D. Hemprich-Bennett, V. Kemp, J. Blackman, H. Bernard, S. Rossiter & E. Clare
This dataset includes capture data for insectivorous bats captured with harp traps in Sabah, Malaysia, and dietary metabarcoding data. The dietary data was generated through obtaining bat faeces, extracting the DNA, amplifying it using ZBJ-ArtF1c ZBJ-ArtR2c primers, and then sequencing it on an illumina miseq. Code to aid interpreting the data can be found at https://doi.org/10.17636/01044623 This data was collected as part of the NERC-funded LOMBOK HMTF project, also using a small grant from Bat...

Data from: Phylogenomic resolution of the cetacean tree of life using target sequence capture

Michael McGowen, Georgia Tsagkogeorga, Sandra Álvarez-Carretero, Mario Dos Reis, Monika Struebig, Rob Deaville, Paul Jepson, Simon Jarman, Andrea Polanowski, Phillip Morin & Stephen Rossiter
The evolution of the cetaceans, from their early transition to an aquatic lifestyle to their subsequent diversification, has been the subject of numerous studies. However, while the higher-level relationships among cetacean families have been largely settled, several aspects of the systematics within these groups remain unresolved. Problematic clades include the oceanic dolphins (37 spp.), which have experienced a recent rapid radiation, and the beaked whales (22 spp.), which have not been investigated in detail using...

Migratory divides coincide with reproductive barriers across replicated avian hybrid zones above the Tibetan Plateau

Elizabeth Scordato, Chris C. R. Smith, Georgy A. Semenov, Yu Liu, Matthew R. Wilkins, Wei Liang, Alexander Rubtsov, Gomboobaatar Sundev, Kazuo Koyama, Sheela P. Turbek, Michael B. Wunder, Craig A. Stricker & Rebecca Safran
Migratory divides are proposed to be catalysts for speciation across a diversity of taxa. However, it is difficult to test the relative contributions of migratory behavior vs. other divergent traits to reproductive isolation. Comparing hybrid zones with and without migratory divides offers a rare opportunity to directly examine the contribution of divergent migratory behavior to reproductive barriers. We show that across replicate sampling transects of two pairs of barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) subspecies, strong reproductive...

Linguistic laws in speech: the case of Catalan and Spanish

Ivan González Torre, Antoni Hernández-Fernández, Juan-María Garrido & Lucas Lacasa
In this work we explore in an oral corpus of Catalan and Spanish (Glissando Corpus) four classical linguistic laws (Zipf's law, Herdan's law, Brevity law, and Menzerath-Altmann's law) in oral communication, both in physical units and in symbolic units measured in speech transcriptions, and we also reviewed two more laws recently reformulated: lognormality law and size-rank law. Our results reinforce with empirical evidence in two more languages the 'physical hypothesis' according to which linguistic laws...

Data from: A perceptual bias for man-made objects in humans

Ahamed Miflah Hussain Ismail, Joshua Solomon, Miles Hansard & Isabelle Mareschal
Ambiguous images are widely recognized as a valuable tool for probing human perception. Perceptual biases that arise when people make judgements about ambiguous images reveal their expectations about the environment. While perceptual biases in early visual processing have been well established, their existence in higher-level vision has been explored only for faces, which may be processed differently from other objects. Here we developed a new, highly versatile method of creating ambiguous hybrid images comprising two...

Data from: Ecosystem services provided by bromeliad plants: a systematic review

Geraldine Ladino, Fabiola Ospina-Bautista, Jaime Estévez Varón, Lucie Jerabkova & Pavel Kratina
The unprecedented loss of biological diversity has negative impacts on ecosystems and the associated benefits which they provide to humans. Bromeliads have high diversity throughout the Neotropics, but they have been negatively affected by habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, herbivorous species invasions, and they are also being commercialized for ornamental use. These plants provide direct benefits to the human society and they also form micro ecosystems in which accumulated water and nutrients support the...

Data from: Rapid morphological evolution in placental mammals post-dates the origin of the crown group

Thomas Halliday, Mario Dos Reis, Asif Tamuri, Henry Ferguson-Gow, Ziheng Yang & Anjali Goswami
Resolving the timing and pattern of early placental mammal evolution has been confounded by conflict among divergence date estimates from interpretation of the fossil record and from molecular-clock dating studies. Despite both fossil occurrences and molecular sequences favouring a Cretaceous origin for Placentalia, no unambiguous Cretaceous placental mammal has been discovered. Investigating the differing patterns of evolution in morphological and molecular data reveals a possible explanation for this conflict. Here, we quantified the relationship between...

Data from: Phylogenomics reveals the evolutionary timing and pattern of butterflies and moths

Akito Y. Kawahara, David Plotkin, Marianne Espeland, Karen Meusemann, Emmanuel F. A. Toussaint, Alexander Donath, France Gimnich, Paul B. Frandsen, Andreas Zwick, Mario Dos Reis, Jesse R. Barber, Ralph S. Peters, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Christoph Mayer, Lars Podsiadlowski, Caroline Storer, Jayne E. Yack, Bernhard Misof & Jesse W. Breinholt
Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) are one of the major super-radiations of insects, comprising nearly 160,000 described extant species. As herbivores, pollinators, and prey, Lepidoptera play a fundamental role in almost every terrestrial ecosystem. Lepidoptera are also indicators of environmental change and serve as model organisms for research on mimicry and genetics. They have been central to the development of co-evolutionary hypotheses, such as butterflies with flowering plants, and moths' evolutionary arms race with echolocating bats....

Registration Year

  • 2019
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • Queen Mary University of London
    12
  • Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier
    1
  • Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig
    1
  • Smithsonian Institution
    1
  • King's College London
    1
  • Southwest Fisheries Science Center
    1
  • Boise State University
    1
  • Western University
    1
  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
    1
  • University of Colorado Denver
    1