11 Works

Aerial drones reveal the dynamic structuring of sea turtle breeding aggregations and minimum survey effort required to capture climatic and sex-specific effects

Gail Schofield
Quantifying how animals use key habitats and resources for their survival allows managers to optimise conservation planning; however, obtaining representative sample sizes of wildlife distributions in both time and space is challenging, particularly in the marine environment. Here, we used unoccupied aircraft systems (UASs) to evaluate temporal and spatial variation in the distribution of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) at two high-density breeding aggregations in the Mediterranean, and the effect of varying sample size and...

Data from: Network analysis of sea turtle movements and connectivity: a tool for conservation prioritization

Connie Y. Kot, Susanne Åkesson, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Diego Fernando Amorocho Llanos, Marina Antonopoulou, George H. Balazs, Warren R. Baverstock, Janice M. Blumenthal, Annette C. Broderick, Ignacio Bruno, Ali Fuat Canbolat, Paolo Casale, Daniel Cejudo, Michael S. Coyne, Corrie Curtice, Sarah DeLand, Andrew DiMatteo, Kara Dodge, Daniel C. Dunn, Nicole Esteban, Angela Formia, Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes, Ei Fujioka, Julie Garnier, Matthew H. Godfrey … & Patrick N. Halpin
Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of animal movements is a critical element in conserving long-lived, highly mobile marine species. Analysing networks developed from movements of six sea turtle species reveals marine connectivity and can help prioritize conservation efforts. Location: Global. Methods: We collated telemetry data from 1,235 individuals and reviewed the literature to determine our dataset’s representativeness. We used the telemetry data to develop spatial networks at different scales to examine areas, connections, and their...

Shearwaters sometimes take long homing detours when denied natural outward journey information

Oliver Padget, Natasha Gillies, Martyna Syposz, Emma Lockley & Tim Guilford
The cognitive processes (learning and processing of information) underpinning long-distance navigation of birds are poorly understood. Here, we utilised the homing motivation of the Manx shearwater to investigate navigational decision making in a wild bird by displacing them 294km to the far side of a large island (the Island of Ireland). Since shearwaters are reluctant to fly over land, the island blocked the direct route home, forcing a navigational decision. Further still, on the far...

Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of Zoonoses

Caroline Spence, Sarah Jenkins & Magda Osman
Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) have received scientific and public attention, we know little about how multiple zoonotic diseases vary relative to each other in lay risk perceptions. To this end, we examined public perceptions of eleven zoonoses across twelve qualitative attributes of risk...

BCU Static Scanning Data Sets

Himadri Gupta, Waqas Badar & Martin Knight

Geographical variation in the trait-based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities

Diane S. Srivastava, A. Andrew M. MacDonald, Valério D. Pillar, Pavel Kratina, Vanderlei J. Debastiani, Laura Melissa Guzman, M. Kurtis Trzcinski, Olivier Dézerald, Ignacio M. Barberis, Paula M. De Omena, Gustavo Q. Romero, Fabiola Ospina Bautista, Nicholas A. C. Marino, Céline Leroy, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Barbara A. Richardson, Ana Z. Gonçalves, Bruno Corbara, Jana S. Petermann, Michael J. Richardson, Michael C. Melnychuk, Merlijn Jocqué, Jacqueline T. Ngai, Stanislas Talaga, Gustavo C. O. Piccoli … & Régis Céréghino
It has been argued that the mechanisms structuring ecological communities may be more generalizable when based on traits than on species identities. If so, patterns in the assembly of community-level traits along environmental gradients should be similar in different places in the world. Alternatively, geographic change in the species pool and regional variation in climate might result in site-specific relationships between community traits and local environments. These competing hypotheses are particularly untested for animal communities....

WorldClim, elevation and distribution data for all palms from: The ecology of palm genomes: Repeat-associated genome size expansion is constrained by aridity

Rowan Schley, Jaume Pellicer, Xue-Jun Ge, Craig Barrett, Sidonie Bellot, Maite Guignard, Petr Novak, Donald Fraser, William Baker, Steven Dodsworth, Jiri Macas, Andrew Leitch & Ilia Leitch
Genome size varies 2,400-fold across plants, influencing their evolution through changes in cell size and cell division rates which impact plants’ environmental stress tolerance. Repetitive element expansion explains much genome size diversity, and the processes structuring repeat ‘communities’ are analogous to those structuring ecological communities. However, which environmental stressors influence repeat community dynamics has not yet been examined from an ecological perspective. We measured genome size and leveraged climatic data for 91% of genera within...

Gene expression profiles compared in environmental and malnutrition enteropathy in Zambian children and adults

Paul Kelly, Mubanga Chama, Beatrice Amadi, Kanta Chandwe, Ellen Besa, Kanekwa Zyambo, Phillip I. Tarr, Nurmohammad Shaikh, I Malick Ndao, Chad Storer & Richard Head
Background: Environmental enteropathy (EE) contributes to growth failure in millions of children worldwide, but its relationship to clinical malnutrition has not been elucidated. We used RNA sequencing to compare duodenal biopsies from adults and children with EE, and from children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), to define key features of these malnutrition-related enteropathies. Methods: RNA was extracted and sequenced from biopsies of children with SAM in hospital (n=27), children with non-responsive stunting in the community...

Molecular food webs of bat-plant interactions during an extreme El Nino event

Hernani Oliveira
Interaction network structure reflects the ecological mechanisms acting within biological communities, which are affected by environmental conditions. In tropical forests, higher precipitation usually increases fruit production, which may lead frugivores to increase specialization, resulting in more modular and less nested animal-plant networks. In these ecosystems, El Niño is a major driver of precipitation, however, we still lack knowledge of how species interactions change under this influence. To understand bat-plant network structure during an extreme ENSO...

Environmental nucleic acids: a field-based comparison for monitoring freshwater habitats using eDNA and eRNA

Joanne Littlefair, Michael Rennie & Melania Cristescu
Nucleic acids released by organisms and isolated from environmental substrates are increasingly being used for molecular biomonitoring. While environmental DNA (eDNA) has received attention recently, the potential of environmental RNA as a biomonitoring tool remains less explored. Several recent studies using paired DNA and RNA metabarcoding of bulk samples suggest that RNA might better reflect “metabolically active” parts of the community. However, such studies mainly capture organismal eDNA and eRNA. For larger eukaryotes, isolation of...

Dataset associated with \"Design of a Split Ring Resonator Integrated with On-Chip Terahertz Waveguides for Colon Cancer Detection\"

John Cunningham, Robyn Tucker, Emma Pickwell-MacPherson & SaeJune Park
The results on 'Design of a Split Ring Resonator Integrated with On-Chip Terahertz Waveguides for Colon Cancer Detection'

Registration Year

  • 2022
    11

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    11

Affiliations

  • Queen Mary University of London
    11
  • University of Washington
    2
  • University of Exeter
    2
  • North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
    1
  • Duke University
    1
  • New England Aquarium
    1
  • Tropical Gastroenterology & Nutrition group
    1
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    1
  • West Virginia University
    1
  • Lund University
    1