10 Works

Data from: A quantitative framework for investigating risk of deadly collisions between marine wildlife and boats

Julien Martin, Quentin Sabatier, Timothy A. Gowan, Christophe Giraud, Eliezer Gurarie, Charles Scott Calleson, Joel G. Ortega-Ortiz, Charles J. Deutsch, Athena Rycyk & Stacie M. Koslovsky
Speed regulations of watercraft in protected areas are designed to reduce lethal collisions with wildlife but can have economic consequences. We present a quantitative framework for investigating the risk of deadly collisions between boats and wildlife. We apply encounter rate theory to demonstrate how marine mammal-boat encounter rate can be used to predict the expected number of deaths associated with management scenarios. We illustrate our approach with management scenarios for two endangered species: the Florida...

Data from: Brain regions associated with visual cues are important for bird migration

Orsolya Vincze, Csongor I. Vágási, Péter L. Pap, Gergely Osváth & Anders Pape Møller
Long-distance migratory birds have relatively smaller brains than short-distance migrants or residents. Here, we test whether reduction in brain size with migration distance can be generalized across the different brain regions suggested to play key roles in orientation during migration. Based on 152 bird species, belonging to 61 avian families from six continents, we show that the sizes of both the telencephalon and the whole brain decrease, and the relative size of the optic lobe...

Data from: A longitudinal study of age-related changes in Haemoproteus infection in a passerine bird

Alfonso Marzal, Javier Balbontín, Maribel Reviriego, Luz García-Longoria, Carmen Relinque, Ignacio G Hermosell, Sergio Magallanes, Cosme López-Calderón, Florentino De Lope & Anders Pape Moller
Blood parasites such as malaria and related haemosporidians commonly infect vertebrate species including birds. Understanding age-specific patterns of parasite infections is crucial for quantifying the fitness consequences of parasitism for hosts and for understanding parasite transmission dynamics. We analyzed longitudinal and cross-sectional infection data in house martins Delichon urbica, a migratory bird suffering from intense haemosporidian infection. We separated within- from among-individual effects of age on prevalence. Our results showed that the probability of blood...

Data from: Anthropogenic and natural drivers of gene flow in a temperate wild fruit tree: a basis for conservation and breeding programs in apples

Amandine Cornille, Alice Feurtey, Uriel Gélin, Jeanne Ropars, Kristine Misvanderbrugge, Pierre Gladieux & Tatiana Giraud
Gene flow is an essential component of population adaptation and species evolution. Understanding of the natural and anthropogenic factors affecting gene flow is also critical for the development of appropriate management, breeding and conservation programs. Here, we explored the natural and anthropogenic factors impacting crop-to-wild and within wild gene flow in apples in Europe using an unprecedented dense sampling of 1,889 wild apple (Malus sylvestris) from European forests and 339 apple cultivars (Malus domestica). We...

Data from: Beyond climate: convergence in fast evolving sclerophylls in Cape and Australian Rhamnaceae predates the mediterranean climate

Renske E. Onstein & H. Peter Linder
Morphological convergence in mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) has long been interpreted as adaptation to climatic similarities among the five MTEs of the world. Here, we challenge this model using the globally distributed Rhamnaceae. We collected functional trait data (specific leaf area, leaf area, spinescence, leaf phenology, growth form and leaf margin type) and biome data to test for trait convergence in MTEs, for models of trait evolution and ancestral state reconstruction and for the effect of...

Data from: Distribution and population structure of the anther smut fungus Microbotryum silenes-acaulis parasitizing an arctic-alpine plant

Britta Bueker, Chris Eberlein, Pierre Gladieux, Angela Schaefer, Alodie Snirc, Dominic Bennett, Dominik Begerow, Michael Hood, Tatiana Giraud & Dominic J. Bennett
Cold-adapted organisms with current arctic-alpine distributions have persisted during the last glaciation in multiple ice-free refugia, leaving footprints in their population structure that contrast with temperate plants and animals. However, pathogens that live within hosts having arctic-alpine distributions have been little studied. Here, we therefore investigated the geographical range and population structure of a fungus parasitizing an arctic-alpine plant. A total of 1437 herbarium specimens of the plant Silene acaulis were examined, and the anther...

Data from: Inference of domestication history and differentiation between early- and late-flowering varieties in pearl millet

Yann Dussert, Alodie Snirc & Thierry Robert
Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is a staple crop in Sahelian Africa. Farmers usually grow varieties with different cycle lengths and complementary functions in Sahelian agrosystems. Both the level of genetic differentiation of these varieties and the domestication history of pearl millet have been poorly studied. We investigated the neutral genetic diversity and population genetic structure of early- and late-flowering domesticated and wild pearl millet populations using 18 microsatellite loci and 8 nucleotide sequences. Strikingly, early-...

Data from: Dearth of polymorphism associated with a sustained response to selection for flowering time in maize

Eleonore Durand, Maud I. Tenaillon, Xavier Raffoux, Stéphanie Thépot, Matthieu Falque, Philippe Jamin, Aurélie Bourgais, Adrienne Ressayre & Christine Dillmann
Background: Long term selection experiments bring unique insights on the genetic architecture of quantitative traits and their evolvability. Indeed, they are utilized to (i) monitor changes in allele frequencies and assess the effects of genomic regions involved traits determinism; (ii) evaluate the role of standing variation versus new mutations during adaptation; (iii) investigate the contribution of non allelic interactions. Here we describe genetic and phenotypic evolution of two independent Divergent Selection Experiments (DSEs) for flowering...

Data from: Should the WHO growth charts be used in France?

Pauline Scherdel, Jérémie Botton, Marie-Françoise Rolland-Cachera, Juliane Léger, Fabienne Pelé, Pierre Yves Ancel, Chantal Simon, Katia Castetbon, Benoit Salanave, Hélène Thibault, Sandrine Lioret, Sandrine Péneau, Gaelle Gusto, Marie-Aline Charles & Barbara Heude
Background: Growth charts are an essential clinical tool for evaluating a child's health and development. The current French reference curves, published in 1979, have recently been challenged by the 2006 World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts. Objective: To evaluate and compare the growth of French children who were born between 1981 and 2007, with the WHO growth charts and the French reference curves currently used. Design: Anthropometric measurements from French children, who participated in 12...

Data from: Population genomics reveals additive and replacing horizontal gene transfers in the emerging pathogen Dickeya solani

Slimane Khayi, Pauline Blin, Jacques Pédron, Teik-Min Chong, Kok-Gan Chan, Mohieddine Moumni, Valérie Hélias, Frédérique Van Gijsegem & Denis Faure
Background: Dickeya solani is an emerging pathogen that causes soft rot and blackleg diseases in several crops including Solanum tuberosum, but little is known about its genomic diversity and evolution. Results: We combined Illumina and PacBio technologies to complete the genome sequence of D. solani strain 3337 that was used as a reference to compare with 19 other genomes (including that of the type strain IPO2222 T ) which were generated by Illumina technology. This...

Registration Year

  • 2015
    10

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    10

Affiliations

  • University of Paris-Sud
    10
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    5
  • Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution
    1
  • Université de Sherbrooke
    1
  • University of Malaya
    1
  • University of Extremadura
    1
  • French National Institute for Agricultural Research
    1
  • Paris Descartes University
    1
  • University of Zurich
    1
  • Sorbonne University
    1