Data from: CO2 enrichment and soil type additively regulate grassland productivityH. Wayne Polley, Michael J. Aspinwall, Harold P. Collins, Anne E. Gibson, Richard A. Gill, Robert B. Jackson, Virginia L. Jin, Albina R. Khasanova, Lara G. Reichmann & Philip A. Fay
Atmospheric CO2 enrichment usually increases aboveground productivity (ANPP) of grassland vegetation, but the magnitude of the ANPP-CO2 response differs among ecosystems. Soil properties affect ANPP via multiple mechanisms and vary over topographic to geographic gradients, but have received little attention as potential modifiers of the ANPP-CO2 response. We assessed effects of three soil types, sandy loam, silty clay, and clay, on the ANPP response of perennial C3/C4 grassland communities to a subambient to elevated CO2...
Data from: Plant biomass, not plant economics traits, determines responses of soil CO2 efflux to precipitation in the C4 grass Panicum virgatumRobert Heckman, Albina Khasanova, Nicholas Johnson, Sören Weber, Jason Bonnette, Mike Aspinwall, Lara Reichman, Thomas Juenger, Philip Fay & Christine Hawkes
1. Plant responses to major environmental drivers like precipitation can influence important aspects of carbon (C) cycling like soil CO2 efflux (JCO2). These responses may be predicted by two independent classes of drivers: plant size—larger plants respire more and produce a larger quantity of labile C, and plant economics—plants possessing more acquisitive plant economics strategies (i.e., high metabolic rate and tissue nutrient content) produce higher-quality tissue that respires rapidly and decomposes quickly. 2. At two...
Dental measurement and diet data for mammalsSamantha Hopkins, Samantha Price & Alec Chiono
Because teeth are the most easily preserved part of the vertebrate skeleton and are particularly morphologically variable in mammals, studies of fossil mammals rely heavily on dental morphology. Dental morphology is used both for systematics and phylogeny as well as for inferences about paleoecology, diet in particular. We analyze the influence of evolutionary history on our ability to reconstruct diet from dental morphology in the mammalian order Carnivora, and we find that much of our...
The University of California San Francisco Preoperative Diffuse Glioma MRI (UCSF-PDGM)Evan Calabrese, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Jeffrey Rudie, Andreas Rauschecker, Ujjwal Baid, Spyridon Bakas, Soonmee Cha, John Mongan & Christopher Hess
The publicly available University of California San Francisco Preoperative Diffuse Glioma MRI (UCSF-PDGM) dataset consists of 501 patients with histopathologically-proven World Health Organization (WHO) grade 2-4 diffuse gliomas who were imaged with a standardized 3T preoperative brain tumor MRI protocol featuring predominantly three-dimensional (3D) imaging and including advanced imaging techniques such as high angular resolution diffusion imaging and arterial spin labeling perfusion imaging. The dataset also includes isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation status for all patients...
Hydrology, geochemistry, and microbiology data from meter-scale infiltration experiments exploring the impact of a woodchip soil amendment on nitrate removal during infiltrationSarah Beganskas, Galen Gorski, Tess Weathers, Andrew Fisher, Calla Schmidt, Chad Saltikov, Kaitlyn Redford, Brendon Stoneburner, Ryan Harmon & Walker Weir
We present results from field experiments linking hydrology, geochemistry, and microbiology during infiltration at a field site that is used for managed aquifer recharge (MAR). These experiments measured how a horizontal permeable reactive barrier (PRB) made of woodchips impacted subsurface nitrate removal and microbial ecology. Concentrations of dissolved organic carbon consistently increased in infiltrating water below the PRB, but not in un-amended native soil. The average nitrate removal rate in soils below the PRB was...
Data from: The relationship between post-mating reproductive isolation and reinforcement in PhloxSevan S. Suni & Robin Hopkins
The process of speciation involves the accumulation of reproductive isolation (RI) between diverging lineages. Selection can favor increased RI via the process of reinforcement, whereby costs to hybridization impose selection for increased prezygotic RI. Reinforcement results in phenotypic divergence within at least one taxon, as a result of costly hybridization between sympatric taxa. The strength of selection driving reinforcement is determined by the cost of hybridization and the frequency of hybridization. We investigated the cost...
Data from: Shifts to earlier selfing in sympatry may reduce costs of pollinator sharingApril M. Randle, Rachel B. Spigler & Susan Kalisz
Coexisting plant congeners often experience strong competition for resources. Competition for pollinators can result in direct fitness costs via reduced seed set or indirect costs via heterospecific pollen transfer (HPT), causing subsequent gamete loss and unfit hybrid offspring production. Autonomous selfing may alleviate these costs, but to preempt HPT, selfing should occur early, before opportunities for HPT occur (i.e. “preemptive selfing hypothesis”). We evaluated conditions for this hypothesis in Collinsia sister species, C. linearis and...
CT DICOM studies from: In vivo measurements of lung volumes in ringed seals: insights from biomedical imagingHolly Hermann-Sorensen, Nicole Thometz, Kathleen Woodie, Sophie Dennison-Gibby & Colleen Reichmuth
This dataset supports: Hermann-Sorensen, H., Thometz, N.M., Woodie, K., Dennison-Gibby, S., and Reichmuth, C. In vivo measurements of lung volumes in ringed seals: insights from biomedical imaging. Journal of Experimental Biology. Marine mammals rely on oxygen stored in blood, muscle, and lungs to support breath-hold diving and foraging at sea. Here, we used biomedical imaging to examine lung oxygen stores and other key respiratory parameters in living ringed seals (Pusa hispida). Three-dimensional models created from...
Data for: The climatic variability hypothesis and trade–offs in thermal performance in coastal and inland populations of Mimulus guttatusAlec Chiono & John R. Paul
Ecologists and evolutionary biologists have long predicted that organisms in more climatically variable environments should be adapted to handle a wider range of conditions. This intuitive idea, known as the Climatic Variability Hypothesis, has gained mixed support from empirical studies. We tested the Climatic Variability Hypothesis in a novel system by comparing the thermal breadth of coastal and inland populations of Mimulus guttatus. To quantify thermal breadth, we performed a thermal performance experiment and built...
University of San Francisco9
The University of Texas at Austin2
University of North Florida2
Agricultural Research Service2
University of California, Santa Cruz2
Alaska SeaLife Center1
University of Nevada Reno1
United States Department of Agriculture1