16 Works

Data from: Testing the occurrence of convergence in the cranio-mandibular shape evolution of living carnivorans

Davide Tamagnini, Carlo Meloro, Pasquale Raia & Luigi Maiorano
Convergence consists in the independent evolution of similar traits in distantly related species. The mammalian cranio-mandibular complex constitutes an ideal biological structure to investigate ecomorphological dynamics and the carnivorans, due to their phenotypic variability and ecological flexibility, offer an interesting case-study to explore the occurrence of convergent evolution. Here, we applied multiple pattern-based metrics to test the occurrence of convergence in the cranio-mandibular shape of extant carnivorans. To this aim, we tested for convergence in...

Developmental instability and phenotypic evolution in a small and isolated bear population

Anna Loy, Paolo Ciucci, Giulia Guidarelli, Erika Roccotelli & Paolo Colangelo
We explored fluctuating asymmetry (FA) and morphological integration (MI) in the skull of the small, highly inbred and divergent Apennine bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus), to explore its uniqueness and investigate any potential effects of inbreeding depression. We used 3d geometric morphometrics contrasting 17 Apennine bears with other two large outbred bear populations (22 from Scandinavia and 9 from Kamchatka) as controls. Shape divergence and variability were explored by a PCA on aligned coordinates of 39...

Data from: Global patterns of functional trait variation along aridity gradients in bats

Irene Conenna, Luca Santini, Ricardo Rocha, Ara Monadjem, Mar Cabeza & Danilo Russo
Aim: Our understanding of the biological strategies employed by species to cope with challenges posed by aridity is still limited. Despite being sensitive to water loss, bats successfully inhabit a wide range of arid lands. We here investigated how functional traits of bat assemblages vary along the global aridity gradient to identify traits that favour their persistence in arid environments. Methods: We mapped the assemblage-level averages of four key bat traits describing wing morphology, echolocation...

RETRACE-3D Central Italy Geological Model

Mauro Buttinelli, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Lorenzo Petracchini, Chiara D'Ambrogi, Davide Scrocca, Daniela Di Bucci, Roberto Basili, Pierluigi Cara, Sergio Castenetto, Roberta Giuliani, Ilaria Salvi, Sabina Bigi, Gian Paolo Cavinato, Michele Di Filippo, Paolo Messina, Raffaele Castaldo, Vincenzo De Novellis, Susi Pepe, Giuseppe Solaro, Pietro Tizzani, Marco Anzidei, Christian Bignami, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Daniele Cheloni … & Renato Ventura
Three-dimensional geological model of the area of the central Apennines affected by the 2016-2018 seismic sequence. The model consists of stratigraphic surfaces (top or basal unconformity of units, or sequences of units, with homogeneous behavior) and main faults of the area. The stratigraphic surfaces are, from the oldest to the most recent: the top of pre-Upper Triassic units, the top of the intra-Triassic units, the top of Calcare Massiccio, the top of the Marne a...

Research data supporting the publication \"Facile self-assembly of colloidal diamond from tetrahedral patchy particles via ring selection\"

Andreas Neofytou, Dwaipayan Chakrabarti & Francesco Sciortino

Data from: Exploring the biotic homogenisation and diversity resistance hypotheses: the understorey of non-native and native woodland canopies in three urban areas of Europe

Tommaso Sitzia, Simone Iacopino, Sabina Burrascano, Thomas Campagnaro, Laura Celesti-Grapow, Cecilia Bacchetti, Arne Cierjacks, Ingo Kowarik, Moritz Von Der Lippe & Giovanni Trentanovi
Exploring the biotic homogenisation and diversity resistance hypotheses by assessing the effect of non-native black locust canopy on understorey species turnover. Location: Berlin, the Venetian metropolitan area, and Rome. We modelled the zeta (ζ) expression of diversity to compare the understorey species turnover between the non-native black locust and native woodland canopies across multiple sites and through predictors of anthropogenic pressure (road and built-up density) and interior conditions (tree basal area and mean height). In...

Archived data for: Balancing selection, genetic drift, and human mediated-introgression interplay to shape MHC (functional) diversity in Mediterranean brown trout

Lorenzo Talarico, Silvio Marta, Anna Rita Rossi, Simone Crescenzo, Gerardo Petrosino, Marco Martinoli & Lorenzo Tancioni
The extraordinary polymorphism of Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes is considered a paradigm of pathogen-mediated balancing selection, although empirical evidence is still scarce. Furthermore, the relative contribution of balancing selection to shape MHC population structure and diversity, compared to that of neutral forces, as well as its interaction with other evolutionary processes such as hybridization, remains largely unclear. To investigate these issues, we analysed adaptive (MHC-DAB gene) and neutral (11 microsatellite loci) variation in 156...

Beta redundancy for functional ecology

Carlo Ricotta, Evsey Kosman, Fabien Laroche & Sandrine Pavoine
Functional beta redundancy has been recently defined as the fraction of species dissimilarity between two plots not expressed by functional dissimilarity. As such, it summarizes to what degree the compositional differences between two plots mirror their functional differences. A fundamental condition to obtain an appropriate measure of functional beta redundancy is that the functional dissimilarity between the plots is always lower (or at least not higher) than the corresponding species dissimilarity. However, many of the...

Fitness and fur colouration - testing the camouflage and thermoregulation hypotheses in an Arctic mammal

Cecilia Di Bernardi, Anne-Mathilde Thierry, Nina E. Eide, Diana E. Bowler, Lars Rød-Eriksen, Stefan Blumentrath, Lukas Tietgen, Brett Sandercock, Øystein Flagstad & Arild Landa
1. Selection for crypsis has been recognised as an important ecological driver of animal coloration, whereas the relative importance of thermoregulation is more contentious with mixed empirical support. A potential thermal advantage of darker individuals has been observed in a wide range of animal species. Arctic animals that exhibit colour polymorphisms and undergo seasonal colour moults are interesting study subjects for testing the two alternative hypotheses: demographic performance of different colour morphs might be differentially...

Global impacts of climate change on avian functional diversity

Peter Stewart, Alke Voskamp, Luca Santini, Matthias Biber, Adam Devenish, Christian Hof, Stephen Willis & Joseph Tobias
Climate change is predicted to drive geographical range shifts, leading to fluctuations in species richness worldwide. However, the effect of these changes on functional diversity remains unclear, in part because comprehensive species-level trait data are generally lacking at global scales. Here we use morphometric and ecological traits for 8268 bird species to estimate the impact of climate change on avian functional diversity (FD). We show that future bird assemblages are likely to undergo substantial shifts...

Cross-continental comparison of parasite communities in a wide-ranging carnivore suggests associations with prey diversity and host density

Astrid Stronen, Barbara Molnar, Paolo Ciucci, Chris Darimont, Lorenza Grottoli, Paul Paquet, Tim Sallows, Judit Smits & Heather Bryan
Parasites are integral to ecosystem functioning yet often overlooked. Improved understanding of host-parasite associations is important, particularly for wide-ranging species for which host range shifts and climate change could alter host-parasite interactions and their effects on ecosystem function. Among the most widely distributed mammals with diverse diets, grey wolves (Canis lupus) host parasites that are transmitted among canids and via prey species. Grey wolf-parasite associations may therefore influence the population dynamics and ecological functions of...

Dataset for estimation of the biotic and climatic niche breadths and geographic range size of beech (Fagus) species worldwide

Qiong Cai, Erik Welk, Chengjun Ji, Wenjing Fang, Francesco Maria Sabatini, Jianxiao Zhu, Jiangling Zhu, Zhiyao Tang, Fabio Attorre, Juan Antonio Campos, Andraž Čarni, Milan Chytrý, Süleyman Çoban, Jürgen Dengler, Jiri Dolezal, Richard Field, József Pál Frink, Hamid Gholizadeh, Adrian Indreica, Ute Jandt, Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Jonathan Lenoir, Robert K. Peet, Remigiusz Pielech, Michele De Sanctis … & Helge Bruelheide
This dataset could be used to test whether the commonly observed positive range size–niche breadth relationship, as posited by the “niche breadth hypothesis”, exists for Fagus, one of the most dominant and widespread broad‐leaved deciduous tree genera in temperate forests of the Northern Hemisphere. There are many ways to estimate niche breadth. Here, we estimated biotic and climatic niche breadths per species using plot‐based co‐occurrence data and climate data, respectively. The range sizes of the...

Distribution of large carnivores in Europe 2012 - 2016: Distribution maps for Brown bear, Eurasian lynx, Grey wolf, and Wolverine

Petra Kaczensky, John D.C. Linnell, Djuro Huber, Manuela Von Arx, Henrik Andren, Urs Breitenmoser & Luigi Boitani
Regular assessments of species’ status are an essential component of conservation planning and adaptive management. They allow the progress of past or ongoing conservation actions to be evaluated and can be used to redirect and prioritise future conservation actions. Most countries perform periodic assessments for their own national adaptive management procedures or national red lists. Furthermore, the countries of the European Union have to report on the status of all species listed on the directives...

Drivers of change in the realised climatic niche of terrestrial mammals

Moreno Di Marco, Michela Pacifici, Luigi Maiorano & Carlo Rondinini
The breadth of a species’ climatic niche is an important ecological trait that allows adaptation to climate change, but human activities often reduce realised niche breadth by impacting species distributions. Some life-history traits, such as dispersal ability and reproductive speed, allow species to cope with both human impact and climate change. But how do these traits interact with human pressure to determine niche change? Here we investigate the patterns and drivers of change in the...

R script used for: Telomeres in a spatial context: a tool for understanding ageing pattern variation in wild populations

Pablo Burraco, Pablo M. Lucas & Pablo Salmón
Ageing refers to the loss of organismal functionality with age, a process that is characterised by decreased reproduction and survival probability. In natural populations, it is expected that environmental conditions influence an individual’s ageing trajectory. Understanding the role of environmental heterogeneity on ageing variation could provide criticleinsights into population resilience and species distribution but remains overlooked. Telomeres, the end cap of chromosomes, are a promising integrative physiological marker of an individual’s health and a possible...

Skull shape data for 188 species of living Carnivora

Carlo Meloro & Davide Tamagnini
There are 5 files. Two include 2D coordinates used to quantify cranium and mandible shape for a sample of 188 averaged Carnivora species. These coordinates are in .NTS format. Another file is the phylogenetic tree employed for this study in nexus format. In Excel there is museum catalog list of all the specimens included in the study while the text file RoutineR.txt include most of the scripts employed in this study with examples on how...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    16

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    16

Affiliations

  • Sapienza University of Rome
    15
  • Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
    2
  • Liverpool John Moores University
    2
  • University of Naples Federico II
    2
  • University of the Basque Country
    1
  • University of Padua
    1
  • Yunnan University
    1
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
    1
  • University of Neuchâtel
    1
  • University of Glasgow
    1