2 Works

CT data and 3D models associated with: Palaeoneurology of the Early Cretaceous iguanodont Proa valdearinnoensis and its bearing on the parallel developments of cognitive abilities in theropod and ornithopod dinosaurs

Stephan Lautenschlager, Knoll Fabien, Kawabe Soichiro, Gloria Martínez, Eduardo Espílez, Luis Mampel & Luis Alcalá
Proa valdearinnoensis is a relatively large-headed and stocky iguanodontian dinosaur from the latest Early Cretaceous of Spain. Its braincase is known from three specimens. Similar to that of other dinosaurs, it shows a mosaic ossification pattern in which most of the bones seem to have fused together indistinguishably while a few bones (frontoparietal, basioccipital) might have remained loosely attached. The endocasts of the three specimens are described based on CT data and digital reconstructions. They...

Gudgeon fish with and without genetically determined countershading coexist in heterogeneous littoral environments of an ancient lake

Tomoyuki Kokita
Countershading, characterized by a darker dorsal surface and lighter ventral surface, is common among many animals. This dorsoventral pigment polarity is often thought to be adaptive coloration for camouflage. By contrast, non-countershaded (melanistic) morphs often occur within a species due to genetic color polymorphism in terrestrial animals. However, the polymorphism with either countershaded or melanistic morphs is poorly known in wild aquatic animals. This study explored the genetic nature of diverged color morphs of a...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Fukui Prefectural University
  • Fundacion Agencia Aragonesa para la Investigacion y el Desarrollo
  • Hospital Obispo Polanco
  • University of Birmingham