41 Works

Data from: Demographic histories and genetic diversities of Fennoscandian marine and landlocked ringed seal subspecies

Tommi Nyman, Mia Valtonen, Jouni Aspi, Minna Ruokonen, Mervi Kunnasranta & Jukka U. Palo
Island populations are on average smaller, genetically less diverse, and at a higher risk to go extinct than mainland populations. Low genetic diversity may elevate extinction probability, but the genetic component of the risk can be affected by the mode of diversity loss, which, in turn, is connected to the demographic history of the population. Here, we examined the history of genetic erosion in three Fennoscandian ringed seal subspecies, of which one inhabits the Baltic...

Data from: Interaction effects of cell diffusion, cell density and public goods properties on the evolution of cooperation in digital microbes

Akos Dobay, Homayoun C. Bagheri, Antonio Messina, Rolf Kümmerli & Daniel J. Rankin
Microbial cooperation typically consists in the sharing of secreted metabolites (referred to as public goods) within the community. Although public goods generally promote population growth, they are also vulnerable to exploitation by cheating mutants, which no longer contribute, but still benefit from the public goods produced by others. Although previous studies have identified a number of key factors that prevent the spreading of cheaters, little is known about how these factors interact and jointly shape...

Data from: Incipient habitat race formation in an amphibian

Josh Van Buskirk
Theory defines conditions under which sympatric speciation may occur, and several possible examples of the process in action have been identified. In most cases, organisms specialize onto habitats that fall into discrete categories, such as host species used by herbivores and parasites. Ecological specialization within a continuous habitat gradient is theoretically possible, but becomes less likely with increasing gene flow among clinal habitat types. Here, I show that habitat race formation is underway in a...

Data from: Simple chained guide trees give poorer multiple sequence alignments than inferred trees in simulation and phylogenetic benchmarks

Ge Tan, Manuel Gil, Ari P. Löytynoja, Nick Goldman & Christophe Dessimoz
Multiple sequence aligners typically work by progressively aligning the most closely related sequences or group of sequences according to guide trees. In PNAS, Boyce et al. report that alignments reconstructed using simple chained trees (i.e., comb-like topologies) with random leaf assignment performed better in protein structure-based benchmarks than those reconstructed using phylogenies estimated from the data as guide trees. The authors state that this result could turn decades of research in the field on its...

Data from: Experimental evolution for generalists and specialists reveals multivariate genetic constraints on thermal reaction norms

David Berger, Richard J. Walters & Wolf U. Blanckenhorn
Theory predicts the emergence of generalists in variable environments and antagonistic pleiotropy to favour specialists in constant environments, but empirical data seldom support such generalist–specialist trade-offs. We selected for generalists and specialists in the dung fly Sepsis punctum (Diptera: Sepsidae) under conditions that we predicted would reveal antagonistic pleiotropy and multivariate trade-offs underlying thermal reaction norms for juvenile development. We performed replicated laboratory evolution using four treatments: adaptation at a hot (31 °C) or a...

Data from: Large-scale proteomics of the cassava storage root and identification of a target gene to reduce post-harvest deterioration

Hervé Vanderschuren, Evans Nyaboga, Jacquelyne S. Poon, Katja Baerenfaller, Jonas Grossmann, Matthias Hirsch-Hoffmann, Norbert Kirchgessner, Paolo Nanni & Wilhelm Gruissem
Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is the most important root crop in the tropics, but rapid postharvest physiological deterioration (PPD) of the root is a major constraint to commercial cassava production. We established a reliable method for image-based PPD symptom quantification and used label-free quantitative proteomics to generate an extensive cassava root and PPD proteome. Over 2600 unique proteins were identified in the cassava root, and nearly 300 proteins showed significant abundance regulation during PPD. We identified...

Data from: A relationship between attractiveness and performance in professional cyclists

Erik Postma
Females often prefer to mate with high quality males, and one aspect of quality is physical performance. Although a preference for physically fitter males is therefore predicted, the relationship between attractiveness and performance has rarely been quantified. Here, I test for such a relationship in humans and ask whether variation in (endurance) performance is associated with variation in facial attractiveness within elite professional cyclists that finished the 2012 Tour de France. I show that riders...

Data from: Contrasting reproductive strategies of triploid hybrid males in vertebrate mating systems

Nicolas B. M. Pruvost, Peter Mikulíček, Lukáš Choleva & Heinz-Ulrich Reyer
The scarcity of parthenogenetic vertebrates is often attributed to their ‘inferior’ mode of clonal reproduction, which restricts them to self-reproduce their own genotype lineage and leaves little evolutionary potential with regard to speciation and evolution of sexual reproduction. Here, we show that for some taxa such uniformity does not hold. By using hybridogenetic water frogs (Pelophylax esculentus) as a model system, we demonstrate that triploid hybrid males from two geographic regions exhibit very different reproductive...

Data from: As old as the mountains: the radiations of the Ericaceae

Orlando Schwery, Renske Emilie Onstein, Yanis Bouchenak-Khelladi, Yao-Wu Xing, Richard John Carter, Hans Peter Linder & Yaowu Xing
Mountains are often more species-rich than lowlands. This could be the result of migration from lowlands to mountains, of a greater survival rate in mountains, or of a higher diversification rate in mountains. We investigated this question in the globally distributed family Ericaceae, which includes c. 4426 species ranging from sea level to > 5000 m. We predict that the interaction of low specific leaf area (SLA) and montane habitats is correlated with increased diversification...

Data from: Evolutionary dynamics of interlinked public goods traits: an experimental study of siderophore production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Adin Ross-Gillespie, Zoé Dumas & Rolf Kümmerli
Public goods cooperation is common in microbes, and there is much interest in understanding how such traits evolve. Research in recent years has identified several important factors that shape the evolutionary dynamics of such systems, yet few studies have investigated scenarios involving interactions between multiple public goods. Here we offer general predictions about the evolutionary trajectories of two public goods traits having positive, negative or neutral regulatory influence on one another's expression, and we report...

Data from: Investigating processes of neotropical rain forest tree diversification by examining the evolution and historical biogeography of the Protieae (Burseraceae)

Paul Van Antwerp Fine, Felipe Zapata & Douglas C. Daly
Andean uplift and the collision of North and South America are thought to have major implications for the diversification of the Neotropical biota. However, few studies have investigated how these geological events may have influenced diversification. We present a multilocus phylogeny of 102 Protieae taxa (73% of published species), sampled pantropically, to test hypotheses about the relative importance of dispersal, vicariance, habitat specialization, and biotic factors in the diversification of this ecologically dominant tribe of...

Data from: Female and male genetic effects on offspring paternity: additive genetic (co)variances in female extra-pair reproduction and male paternity success in song sparrows (Melospiza melodia)

Jane M. Reid, Peter Arcese, Lukas F. Keller & Sylvain Losdat
Ongoing evolution of polyandry, and consequent extra-pair reproduction in socially monogamous systems, is hypothesised to be facilitated by indirect selection stemming from cross-sex genetic covariances with components of male fitness. Specifically, polyandry is hypothesised to create positive genetic covariance with male paternity success due to inevitable assortative reproduction, driving ongoing coevolution. However, it remains unclear whether such covariances could or do emerge within complex polyandrous systems. First, we illustrate that genetic covariances between female extra-pair...

Data from: Choice of capture and extraction methods affect detection of freshwater biodiversity from environmental DNA

Kristy Deiner, Jean-Claude Walser, Elvira Mächler & Florian Altermatt
Environmental DNA (eDNA) is used to detect biodiversity by the capture, extraction, and identification of DNA shed to the environment. However, eDNA capture and extraction protocols vary widely across studies. This use of different protocols potentially biases detection results and could significantly hinder a reliable use of eDNA to detect biodiversity. We tested whether choice of eDNA capture and extraction protocols significantly influenced biodiversity detection in aquatic systems. We sampled lake and river water, captured...

Data from: The effect of trait type and strength of selection on heritability and evolvability in an island bird population

Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, Lukas F. Keller & Erik Postma
The heritability (h2) of fitness traits is often low. Although this has been attributed to directional selection having eroded genetic variation in direct proportion to the strength of selection, heritability does not necessarily reflect a trait's additive genetic variance and evolutionary potential (“evolvability”). Recent studies suggest that the low h2 of fitness traits in wild populations is caused not by a paucity of additive genetic variance (VA) but by greater environmental or nonadditive genetic variance...

Data from: Cultural transmission of tool use combined with habitat specializations leads to fine-scale genetic structure in bottlenose dolphins

Anna M. Kopps, Corinne Y. Ackermann, William B. Sherwin, Simon J. Allen, Lars Bejder, Michael Krützen & M. Krutzen
Kopps et al 2014 genotypes

Data from: Climatic adaptation and ecological divergence between two closely related pine species in Southeast China

Yongfeng Zhou, Lirui Zhang, Jianquan Liu, Guili Wu & Outi Savolainen
Climatic selection contributes greatly to local adaptation and intraspecific differentiation, but this kind of selection could have also promoted interspecific divergence through ecological speciation. In this study, we examined genetic variation within and between two closely related pine species, Pinus massoniana and Pinus hwangshanensis. These two species occur in Southeast China and exhibit contrasting ecological preferences, although hybrids are formed where their distributions overlap. We sampled 26 populations of the two species across their distributional...

Data from: Direct and indirect causal effects of heterozygosity on fitness-related traits in Alpine ibex

Alice Brambilla, Iris Biebach, Bruno Bassano, Giuseppe Bogliani & Achaz Von Hardenberg
Heterozygosity–fitness correlations (HFCs) are a useful tool to investigate the effects of inbreeding in wild populations, but are not informative in distinguishing between direct and indirect effects of heterozygosity on fitness-related traits. We tested HFCs in male Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) in a free-ranging population (which suffered a severe bottleneck at the end of the eighteenth century) and used confirmatory path analysis to disentangle the causal relationships between heterozygosity and fitness-related traits. We tested HFCs...

Data from: Modelling the two-locus architecture of divergent pollinator adaptation: how variation in SAD paralogues affects fitness and evolutionary divergence in sexually deceptive orchids

Shuqing Xu & Philipp M. Schlueter
Divergent selection by pollinators can bring about strong reproductive isolation via changes at few genes of large effect. This has recently been demonstrated in sexually deceptive orchids, where studies (1) quantified the strength of reproductive isolation in the field; (2) identified genes that appear to be causal for reproductive isolation; and (3) demonstrated selection by analysis of natural variation in gene sequence and expression. In a group of closely related Ophrys orchids, specific floral scent...

Data from: Modelling plant species distribution in alpine grasslands using airborne imaging spectroscopy

Julien Pottier, Zbyněk Malenovský, Achilleas Psomas, Lucie Homolová, Michael E. Schaepman, Philippe Choler, Wilfried Thuiller, Antoine Guisan & Niklaus E. Zimmermann
Remote sensing using airborne imaging spectroscopy (AIS) is known to retrieve fundamental optical properties of ecosystems. However, the value of these properties for predicting plant species distribution remains unclear. Here, we assess whether such data can add value to topographic variables for predicting plant distributions in French and Swiss alpine grasslands. We fitted statistical models with high spectral and spatial resolution reflectance data and tested four optical indices sensitive to leaf chlorophyll content, leaf water...

Data from: Reconstructing the demographic history of orang-utans using approximate Bayesian computation

Alexander Nater, Maja P. Greminger, Natasha Arora, Carel P. Van Schaik, Benoit Goossens, Ian Singleton, Ernst J. Verschoor, Kristen S. Warren, Michael Krützen & Kristin S. Warren
Investigating how different evolutionary forces have shaped patterns of DNA variation within and among species requires detailed knowledge of their demographic history. Orang-utans, whose distribution is currently restricted to the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo (Pongo pygmaeus) and Sumatra (Pongo abelii), have likely experienced a complex demographic history, influenced by recurrent changes in climate and sea levels, volcanic activities and anthropogenic pressures. Using the most extensive sample set of wild orang-utans to date, we employed...

Data from: Genic rather than genome-wide differences between sexually deceptive Ophrys orchids with different pollinators

Khalid E. M. Sedeek, Giovanni Scopece, Yannick M. Staedler, Jürg Schönenberger, Salvatore Cozzolino, Florian P. Schiestl & Philipp M. Schlüter
High pollinator specificity and the potential for simple genetic changes to affect pollinator attraction make sexually deceptive orchids an ideal system for the study of ecological speciation, in which change of flower odour is likely important. This study surveys reproductive barriers and differences in floral phenotypes in a group of four closely related, co-flowering sympatric Ophrys species, and uses a genotyping by sequencing (GBS) approach to obtain information on the proportion of the genome that...

Data from: A palaeoequatorial Ornithischian and new constraints on early dinosaur diversification

Paul M. Barrett, Richard J. Butler, Roland Mundil, Torsten M. Scheyer, Randall B. Irmis, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra & M. R. Sanchez-Villagra
Current characterizations of early dinosaur evolution are incomplete: existing palaeobiological and phylogenetic scenarios are based on a fossil record dominated by saurischians and the implications of the early ornithischian record are often overlooked. Moreover, the timings of deep phylogenetic divergences within Dinosauria are poorly constrained owing to the absence of a rigorous chronostratigraphical framework for key Late Triassic–Early Jurassic localities. A new dinosaur from the earliest Jurassic of the Venezuelan Andes is the first basal...

Data from: Heterostyly promotes disassortative pollination and reduces sexual interference in Darwin’s primroses: evidence from experimental studies

Barbara Keller, James D. Thomson & Elena Conti
Different strategies to reduce selfing and promote outcrossing have evolved in hermaphroditic flowers. Heterostyly, a complex floral polymorphism that occurs in at least 27 families of angiosperms, is hypothesized to achieve both goals by optimizing cross-pollination (via disassortative pollen transfer) and restricting gamete wastage to autogamy (via the reduction of sexual interference between male and female organs). In heterostylous flowers, the reciprocal positioning of sexual organs in different morphs and the pollen incompatibility-system within flower...

Data from: Female house mice avoid fertilization by t haplotype incompatible males in a mate choice experiment

Andri Manser, Barbara König & Anna K. Lindholm
The t haplotype in house mice is a well-known selfish genetic element with detrimental, nonadditive fitness consequences to its carriers: recessive lethal mutations cause t/t homozygotes to perish in utero. Given the severe genetic incompatibility imposed by the t haplotype, we predict females to avoid fertilization by t haplotype incompatible males. Indeed, some of the strongest evidence for compatibility mate choice is related to the t haplotype in house mice. However, all previous evidence for...

Data from: Condition dependence and the maintenance of genetic variance in a sexually dimorphic black scavenger fly

Cait Dmitriew & Wolf U. Blanckenhorn
The maintenance of genetic variation in traits under strong sexual selection is a longstanding problem in evolutionary biology. The genic capture model proposes that this problem can be explained by the evolution of condition dependence in exaggerated male traits. We tested the predictions that condition dependence should be more pronounced in male sexual traits and that genetic variance in expression of these traits should increase under stress as among-genotype variation in overall condition is exposed....

Registration Year

  • 2014

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Zurich
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
  • Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics
  • Murdoch University
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Lausanne
  • Philipp University of Marburg
  • University of Bern
  • University of British Columbia