27 Works

The Trump effect in miniature: a case study of Geelong, Australia

Andrew Vandenberg, Amy Nethery, Philip David Marshall & Maria Rae

Australian fur seal foraging consistency data

Cassie Speakman, John Arnould, Sebastian Lloyd, Elodie Camprasse, Andrew Hoskins, Mark Hindell, Daniel Costa & John Arnould
Substantial variation in foraging strategies can exist within populations, even those typically regarded as generalists. Specialisations arise from the consistent exploitation of a narrow behavioural, spatial or dietary niche over time, which may reduce intra-specific competition and influence adaptability to environmental change. However, few studies have investigated whether behavioural consistency confers benefits at the individual and/or population level. While still recovering from commercial sealing over-exploitation, Australian fur seals (AUFS; Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus) represent the largest...

Data for: Mapping the evolution of accurate Batesian mimicry of social wasps in hoverflies

Alice Leavey, Christopher Taylor, Matthew Symonds, Francis Gilbert & Tom Reader
Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) provide an excellent opportunity to study the evolution of Batesian mimicry, where defenceless prey avoid predation by evolving to resemble defended ‘model’ species. While some hoverflies beautifully resemble their hymenopteran models, others seem to be poor mimics or are apparently non-mimetic. The reasons for this variation are still enigmatic despite decades of research. Here, we address this issue by mapping social-wasp mimicry across the phylogeny of Holarctic hoverflies. Using the ‘distance transform’...

Barriers to restoration: Pollution alters nurse effects for an ecosystem engineer

Hayley Cameron, Michael Amor & Alecia Bellgrove
Nurse plants modify the environment to facilitate the recruitment of propagules, and are potentially valuable tools for ecological restoration. Yet empirical tests, particularly in polluted environments, remain rare. The few studies that have examined nurse-effects in polluted environments report exclusively positive effects, but most tests have focused on pollution-tolerant species in metal contaminated environments. Biotic interactions are highly context-dependent, however, such that extrapolations to other suites of species and pollutant types appear premature. We examined...

Larger cells have relatively smaller nuclei across the Tree of Life

Martino E. Malerba
Larger cells have larger nuclei, but the precise relationship between cell size and nucleus size remains unclear, and the evolutionary forces that shape this relationship are debated. We compiled data for almost 900 species – from yeast to mammals – at three scales of biological organisation: among‐species, within‐species, and among‐lineages of a species that was artificially selected for cell size. At all scales, we showed that the ratio of nucleus size to cell size (the...

Civil war is associated with longer escape distances among Sri Lankan birds - flight-initiation distances of Sri Lankan birds

Michael Weston & Matthew Symonds
War influences wildlife in a variety of ways but may influence their escape responses to approaching threats, including humans, because of its effect on human populations and behaviour, and landscape change. We collected 1,400 Flight-Initiation Distances (FIDs) from 157 bird species in the dry zone of Sri Lanka, where civil war raged for 26 years, ending in 2009. Accounting for factors known to influence FIDs (phylogeny, starting distance of approaches, body mass, prevailing human density,...

Chronic insomnia and bed partner actigraphy data

Maia Angelova, Shitanshu Kusmakar, Chandan Karmakar, Ye Zhu, Sergiy Shelyag, Sean Drummond & Jason Ellis
The files contain seven nights of continuous actigraphy measurements of 40 subjects with chronic insomnia and their 40 bed partners. Wrist actigraphy was used, collected for one week using Respironics Actiwatch Spectrum Pro and Actiware software (Respironics, Bend, OR, USA), with movement counts were sampled in 60-second epochs. All recruited subjects wore the devices at all times during day and night. All subjects were free to move and were not prohibited from doing any activities...

Full data for: Predators, prey or temperature? Mechanisms driving niche use of a foundation plant species by specialist lizards

Kristian Bell, Timothy Doherty & Don Driscoll
Foundation species interact strongly with other species to profoundly influence communities, such as by providing food, refuge from predators, or beneficial microclimates. We tested relative support for these mechanisms using spinifex grass (Triodia spp.), which is a foundation species of arid Australia that provides habitat for diverse lizard communities. We first compared the attributes of live and dead spinifex, bare ground and a structurally similar plant (Lomandra effusa), and then tested the relative strength of...

Data for: Spontaneous choices for insect-pollinated flower shapes by wild non-eusocial halictid bees

Scarlett Howard, Kit Prendergast, Matthew Symonds, Mani Shrestha & Adrian Dyer
The majority of angiosperms require animal pollination for reproduction and insects are the dominant group of animal pollinators. Bees are considered one of the most important and abundant insect pollinators. Research into bee behaviour and foraging decisions has typically centred on managed eusocial bee species, Apis mellifera and Bombus terrestris. Non-eusocial bees are understudied with respect to foraging strategies and decision-making, such as flower preferences. Understanding whether there are fundamental foraging strategies and preferences which...

Bisulfite sequencing (RRBS-seq): CpG methylation reports for Australian invasive cane toads

Roshmi Rekha Sarma, Michael R Crossland, Harrison J.F Eyck, Jayna L DeVore, Richard J Edwards, Michael Cocomazzo, Jia Zhou, Gregory P Brown, Richard Shine & Lee Ann Rollins
In response to novel environments, invasive populations often evolve rapidly. Standing genetic variation is an important predictor of evolutionary response but epigenetic variation may also play a role. Here we use an iconic invader, the cane toad (Rhinella marina), to investigate how manipulating epigenetic status affects phenotypic traits. We collected wild toads from across Australia, bred them, and experimentally manipulated DNA methylation of the subsequent two generations (G1, G2) through exposure to the DNA methylation...

Aboveground carbon stocks and dynamics in Andean forests

Alvaro Duque, Miguel Peña, Francisco Cuesta, Sebastián González-Caro, Peter Kennedy, Oliver Phillips, Marco Calderón, Cecilia Blundo, Julieta Carilla, Leslie Cayola, William Farfán-Ríos, Alfredo Fuentes, Ricardo Grau, Jürgen Homeier, María I. Loza-Rivera, Jonathan A. Myers, Oriana Osinaga-Acosta, Manuel Peralvo, Esteban Pinto, Sassan Saatchi, Miles Silman, J. Sebastián Tello, Andrea Terán-Valdez & Kenneth J. Feeley
This dataset (Andean_AGB.xlsx) has the data employed in the paper entitled Old-growth Andean forests as globally important carbon sinks and future carbon refuges. The data was compiled as the results of the work of several research teams spread out across the Andean region. The information available here has data about aboveground carbon stocks and dynamics and the main explanatory variables, such as climate and symbiotic root associations.

Effectiveness of community-based health education and home support program to reduce blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled hypertension in Nepal: A cluster-randomized trial

Mahesh Kumar Khanal, Pratiksha Bhandari, Raja Ram Dhungana, Pratik Bhandari, Lal Rawal, Yadav Gurung, K. N. Paudel, Amit Singh, Surya Devkota & Barbora De Courten
Background: Hypertension is a major global public health problem. Elevated blood pressure can cause cardiovascular and kidney diseases. We assessed the effectiveness of health education sessions and home support programs in reducing blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled hypertension in a suburban community of Nepal. Methods: We conducted a community-based, open-level, parallel-group, cluster randomized controlled trial in Birendranagar municipality of Surkhet, Nepal. We randomly assigned four clusters (wards) into intervention and control arms. We provided...

Bird community recovery following invasive tree removal

Roslyn Gleadow, Benjamin O'Leary, Martin Burd & Susanna Venn
Invasive plants can lead to significant changes in the abundance and diversity of the existing flora. Restoration programs, therefore, largely focus on the recovery of the vegetation. Faunal responses have received less attention. Here we examined whether or not bird communities recovered following removal of a native, invasive tree in South Eastern Australia with a view to evaluating whether this could be used as a tool for assessing the effectiveness of the remediation programs. Pittosporum...

Microplastics monitoring protocol in surface waters

Alessandra Sutti
This project aims at Beta-testing the "Microplastics monitoring protocol in surface waters" developed by Deakin University in collaboration with Labter-Crea MN and Globe Italia. As part of the project, students and teachers will be trained on a newly-established image dataset that allows recognition of common items expected to be present in surface waters. This dataset includes a selection of naturally occurring particles. These could be of biological or mineral origin.

Prospective associations between life stress, allostatic load, and combined modifiable lifestyle behaviours over 12-year in the Longitudinal Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study

Vooi Khong (Raymond) Siew
The research seek to examine the effect of life stress at baseline on the development of allostatic load at 12-year follow-up, and to determine the extent to which combined modifiable lifestyle behaviours mediate this association using community dwelling adults (≥25 years) from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study. The Australian National Health Survey found an upward trend in prevalence of psychological distress among Australian adults from 2014 to 2018. It was estimated that...

Prospective associations between work stress, allostatic load, and combined modifiable lifestyle behaviours over 12 years in the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life study

Vooi Khong (Raymond) Siew
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of work stress at baseline on the development of allostatic load at 12-year follow-up, and to determine the extent to which combined modifiable lifestyle behaviours mediate this association using the Australian PATH Through Life study. The data was collected by a group of researchers across Australian institutions such as University of New South Wales and Australian National University. The data was collected using validated instruments...

Data for meta-analysis and systematic review from tactile-mediated vection research

Lars Kooijman, Houshyar Asadi, Shady Mohamed & Saeid Nahavandi

Kimberley Fish microsatellite genotypes

Adam Miller & Owen Holland
Dispersal is a critically important process that dictates population persistence, gene flow and evolutionary potential and is an essential element for identifying species conservation risks. This project aims to investigate the contributions of dispersal syndromes and hydrographic barriers on patterns of population connectivity and genetic structure in fishes occupying the particularly rugged and fragmented landscape of the Kimberley Plateau, Western Australia. We assessed population genetic structure between three neighbouring catchments (the Mitchell, King Edward and...

Does varying the ingestion duration of sodium citrate influence blood alkalosis and gastrointestinal symptoms?

Charles Urwin
Objectives: To compare blood alkalosis, gastrointestinal symptoms and indicators of strong ion difference after ingestion of 500 mg.kg-1 BM sodium citrate over four different durations. Methods: Sixteen healthy and active participants ingested 500 mg.kg-1 BM sodium citrate in gelatine capsules over a 15, 30, 45 or 60 min period using a randomized cross-over experimental design. Gastrointestinal symptoms questionnaires and venous blood samples were collected before ingestion, immediately post-ingestion, and every 30 min for 480 min...

Explaining species diversity in a fractal world

Barbara Downes, Rebecca Lester, Georgia Dwyer, Stephen Rice, Caroline Lancaster, Lewis Slater & Courtney Cummings
We investigated emergent rock (ER) distributions from two sets of streams in SE Scotland and SE Australia. ER were counted and channel morphology noted in contiguous 5-m segments along the study lengths (685 - 1000 m of each stream). ER of the Scottish streams were originally surveyed by Lancaster et al. [2010] and the Australian streams were surveyed during the Austral summer (December - February) of 2016/17. ER were defined as any rock protruding above...

Animal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags

Rory Wilson, Kayleigh Rose, Richard Gunner, Mark Holton, Nikki Marks, Nigel Bennett, Stephen Bell, Joshua Twining, Jamie Hesketh, Carlos Duarte, Neil Bezodis, Milos Jezek, Michael Painter, Vaclav Silovsky, Margaret Crofoot, Roi Harel, John Arnould, Blake Allan, Desley Whisson, Abdulaziz Alagaili & David Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices have transformed our understanding of vertebrate ecology. To minimize any associated harm, researchers have long advocated that tag masses should not exceed 3% of carrier body mass. However, this ignores tag forces resulting from animal movement. Using data from collar-attached accelerometers on 10 diverse free-ranging terrestrial species from koalas to cheetahs, we detail a tag-based acceleration method to clarify acceptable tag mass limits. We quantify animal athleticism in terms of fractions of animal...

White stork tri-axial accelerometer data with behaviour labels

Hui Yu & Marcel Klaassen
The tri-axial ACC demo dataset from white stork (Ciconia ciconia) (data accessible from the AcceleRater website: http://accapp.move-ecol-minerva.huji.ac.il/) was measured at 10.54 Hz. Forty tri-axial measurements, totalling 3.8 seconds, were used to form a behaviour segment. The dataset includes 1746 segments each forming a row in the dataset. Each row contains 121 columns. The first 120 columns are ACC measurements from three orthogonal axes, arranged as x, y, z, x, y, z, ...,x, y, z. The...

A preliminary phylogeny and review of the genus Tasmanitachoides, with descriptions of two new species (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Bembidarenini)

David Maddison & Nick Porch
We review Tasmanitachoides Erwin, a genus of very small carabid beetles endemic to Australia. Although uncommon in collections, we found them to be abundant and diverse on banks of fine gravel or coarse sand next to bodies of fresh water; our samples from southeastern Australia suggest numerous undescribed species. We present an initial phylogenetic hypothesis for the genus, including 19 of the 32 species of which we are aware. The inferred phylogeny, based upon one...

Far Eastern Curlew and Whimbrel prefer flying low: wind support and good visibility appear only secondary factors in determining migratory flight altitude

Batbayar Galtbalt, Amanda Lilleyman, Jonathan T Coleman, Chuyu Cheng, Zhijun Ma, Danny I Rogers, Bradley K Woodworth, Richard A Fuller, Stephen T Garnett & Marcel Klaassen
Background: In-flight conditions are hypothesized to influence the timing and success of long-distance migration. Wind assistance and thermal uplift are thought to reduce the energetic costs of flight, humidity, air pressure and temperature may affect the migrants’ water balance, and clouds may impede navigation. Recent advances in animal-borne long-distance tracking enable evaluating the importance of these factors in determining animals’ flight altitude. Methods: Here we determine the effects of wind, humidity, temperature, cloud cover, and...

A Bayesian optimal escape model reveals bird species differ in their capacity to habituate to humans

Nicholas Sutton, Michael Weston, Patrick Guay, Jenna Tregoweth & James O'Dwyer
The capacity to habituate to, or tolerate, the close proximity of humans varies among wildlife species and may mediate population and species viability. Some species readily habituate to human proximity while others remain sensitive. These differences are important for predicting human impact on wildlife, but can be difficult to quantify given wildlife responses are highly idiosyncratic and are often context-dependent. A general method for assimilating multiple sources of information and variation in individual responses is...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Deakin University
  • Monash University
  • Columbus State University
  • Consortium for Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion
  • University of Pretoria
  • Queen's University Belfast
  • University of Queensland
  • Oregon State University
  • Fudan University
  • University of Minnesota