9 Works

Whole genome resequencing reveals signatures of rapid selection in a virus affected commercial fishery

Owen Holland, Madeline Toomey, Collin Ahrens, Ary Hoffman, Larry Croft, Craig Sherman & Adam Miller
Infectious diseases are recognised as one of the greatest global threats to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Consequently, there is a growing urgency to understand the speed at which adaptive phenotypes can evolve and spread in natural populations to inform future management. Here we provide evidence of rapid genomic changes in wild Australian blacklip abalone (Haliotis rubra) following a major population crash associated with an infectious disease. Genome scans on H. rubra were performed using pooled...

Data from: Thermal adaptation best explains Bergmann's and Allen's rule across ecologically diverse shorebirds

Alexandra McQueen, Marcel Klaassen, Glenn Tattersall, Robyn Atkinson, Roz Jessop, Chris Hassell, Maureen Christie, , & Matthew Symonds
Bergmann’s and Allen’s rules state that endotherms should be larger and have shorter appendages in cooler climates. However, the drivers of these rules are not clear. Both rules could be explained by adaptation for improved thermoregulation, including plastic responses to temperature in early life. Non-thermal explanations are also plausible as climate impacts other factors that influence size and shape, including starvation risk, predation risk, and foraging ecology. We assess the potential drivers of Bergmann’s and...

Counting the bodies: estimating the numbers and spatial variation of Australian reptiles, birds and mammals killed by two invasive mesopredators

Alyson Stobo-Wilson, Brett Murphy, Sarah Legge, Hernan Caceres-Escobar, David Chapple, Heather Crawford, Stuart Dawson, Chris Dickman, Tim Doherty, Patricia Fleming, Stephen Garnett, Matthew Gentle, Thomas Newsome, Russell Palmer, Matthew Rees, Euan Ritchie, James Speed, John-Michael Stuart, Andres Suarez-Castro, Eilysh Thompson, Ayesha Tulloch, Jeff Turpin & John Woinarski
Aim: Introduced predators negatively impact biodiversity globally, with insular fauna often most severely affected. Here, we assess spatial variation in the number of terrestrial vertebrates (excluding amphibians) killed by two mammalian mesopredators introduced to Australia, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and feral cat (Felis catus). We aim to identify prey groups that suffer especially high rates of predation, and regions where losses to foxes and/or cats are most substantial. Location: Australia Methods: We draw information...

Data from: Network analysis of sea turtle movements and connectivity: a tool for conservation prioritization

Connie Y. Kot, Susanne Åkesson, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Diego Fernando Amorocho Llanos, Marina Antonopoulou, George H. Balazs, Warren R. Baverstock, Janice M. Blumenthal, Annette C. Broderick, Ignacio Bruno, Ali Fuat Canbolat, Paolo Casale, Daniel Cejudo, Michael S. Coyne, Corrie Curtice, Sarah DeLand, Andrew DiMatteo, Kara Dodge, Daniel C. Dunn, Nicole Esteban, Angela Formia, Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes, Ei Fujioka, Julie Garnier, Matthew H. Godfrey … & Patrick N. Halpin
Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of animal movements is a critical element in conserving long-lived, highly mobile marine species. Analysing networks developed from movements of six sea turtle species reveals marine connectivity and can help prioritize conservation efforts. Location: Global. Methods: We collated telemetry data from 1,235 individuals and reviewed the literature to determine our dataset’s representativeness. We used the telemetry data to develop spatial networks at different scales to examine areas, connections, and their...

Data from: Ecological and environmental predictors of escape among birds on a large tropical island

Kasun B. Ekanayake, Jonathan J. Gnanapragasam, Kithsiri Ranawana, Dulan R. Vidanapathirana, U. Tiran Abeyawardhana, Chandima Fernando, Alexandra McQueen, Michael A. Weston & Matthew R.E. Symonds
Ecological and environmental traits can influence avian escape behaviour but most data underpinning our current understanding relates to continental and temperate areas and species. We conducted a phylogenetically controlled comparative analysis of flight-initation distance (FID) against a variety of environmental, behavioural and life-history attributes for Sri Lankan birds (202 species; n = 2540). As with other studies, body mass was positively associated with FID, and longer FIDs occurred in areas where human population density was...

Transmissible cancer influences immune gene expression in an endangered marsupial, the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii)

Nynke Raven, Beata Ujvari, Marcel Klaassen, Rodrigo Hamede, Fred Thomas & Thomas Madsen
Understanding wildlife diseases’ effects on populations requires insight into local environmental conditions, host defence mechanisms, host life-history trade-offs, pathogen population dynamics, and their interactions. The survival of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) is challenged by a novel, fitness limiting pathogen, Tasmanian devil facial tumour disease (DFTD), a clonally transmissible, contagious cancer. In order to understand the devils’ capacity to respond to DFTD, it is crucial to gain information on factors influencing the devils’ immune system. By...

Randomised trials in maternal and perinatal health in low- and middle-income countries from 2010 to 2019: A systematic scoping review

Alexander Eggleston, Annabel Richards, Elise Farrington, Wai Chung Tse, Jack Williams, Ayeshini Sella Hewage, Steve McDonald, Tari Turner & Joshua Vogel
Objectives: To identify and map all trials in maternal health conducted in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) over the 10-year period 2010-2019, to identify geographical and thematic trends, as well as compare to global causes of maternal death and pre-identified priority areas. Design: Systematic scoping review. Primary and secondary outcome measures: Extracted data included location, study characteristics and whether trials corresponded to causes of mortality and identified research priority topics. Results: Our search identified 7,269...

Year-round at-sea movements of fairy prions from south-eastern Australia

Aymeric Fromant, Yonina Eizenberg, Timothee Poupart, Paco Bustamante & John Arnould
Effective conservation assessments require detailed information of species’ ecological niches during the whole annual cycle. For seabirds, this implies investigating the at-sea distribution and foraging behaviour during both the breeding and non-breeding periods. However, until recently, collecting information about the smallest species has been precluded by the excessive size of the required devices. This lack of knowledge is exacerbated in the case of polytypic genera with species sharing very similar appearance and behaviour, such as...

Pacific black ducks tri-axial accelerometer data with behaviour labels

Hui Yu, Jian Deng, Trent Leen, Guozheng Li & Marcel Klaassen
The tri-axial accelerometer datasets from Pacific black ducks (Anas superciliosa) was measured at 25 Hz. Fifty tri-axial measurements, totalling 2 seconds, were used to form a behaviour segment. Each dataset includes 9343 segments each forming a row in the dataset. Each row contains 151 columns. The first 150 columns are ACC measurements from three orthogonal axes, arranged as x, y, z, x, y, z, ...,x, y, z. The final column is of type character containing...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Deakin University
  • University of Melbourne
  • Monash University
  • University of Washington
  • North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
  • Duke University
  • New England Aquarium
  • Murdoch University
  • University of Queensland
  • Lund University