13 Works

Data from: Multilocus genetic diversity and historical biogeography of the endemic wall lizard from Ibiza and Formentera, Podarcis pityusensis (Squamata: Lacertidae)

Virginia Rodríguez, Richard P. Brown, Barbara Terrasa, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Jose A. Castro, Antonia Picornell & M. Misericordia Ramon
Two monophyletic sister species of wall lizards inhabit the two main groups of Balearic Islands: Podarcis lilfordi from islets and small islands around Mallorca and Menorca and Podarcis pityusensis from Ibiza, Formentera and associated islets. Genetic diversity within the endangered P. lilfordi has been well characterized, but P. pityusensis has not been studied in depth. Here, 2430 bp of mtDNA and 15 microsatellite loci were analysed from P. pityusensis populations from across its natural range....

Analysis of RNA-seq, DNA target enrichment, and Sanger nucleotide sequence data resolves deep splits in the phylogeny of cuckoo wasps (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae)

Thomas Pauli, Karen Meusemann, Sandra Kukowka, Manuela Sann, Alexander Donath, Christoph Mayer, Jan Philip Oeyen, Yolanda Ballesteros, Alexander Berg, Eric Van Den Berghe, Hermes Escalona, Adalgisa Guglielmino, Manfred Niehuis, Massimo Olmi, Lars Podsiadlowski, Carlo Polidori, Jeroen De Rond, Paolo Rosa, Thomas Schmitt, Franco Strumia, Mareike Wurdack, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof, Ralph Peters … & Oliver Niehuis
The wasp family Chrysididae (cuckoo wasps, gold wasps) comprises exclusively parasitoid and kleptoparasitic species, many of which feature a stunning iridescent coloration and phenotypic adaptations to their parasitic life style. Previous attempts to infer phylogenetic relationships among the family’s major lineages (subfamilies, tribes, genera) based on Sanger sequence data were insufficient to statistically resolve the monophyly and the phylogenetic position of the subfamily Amiseginae and the phylogenetic relationships among the tribes Allocoeliini, Chrysidini, Elampini, and...

Data from: Drought legacies are short, prevail in dry conifer forests and depend on growth variability.

Antonio Gazol, J. Julio Camarero, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, Sergio Vicente-Serrano, Xavier Serra-Maluquer, Emilia Gutiérrez, Martín De Luis, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda, Klemen Novak, Vicente Rozas, Pedro A. Tiscar, Juan C. Linares, Edurne Martínez Del Castillo, Montse Ribas, Ignacio García-González, Fernando Silla, Álvaro Camisón, Mar Genova, Jose Miguel Olano, Ana-Maria Hereș, Jorge Curiel-Yuste, Luis A. Longares, Andrea Hevia, Miquel Tomas-Burguera & Juan Galván
The negative impacts of drought on forest growth and productivity last for several years generating legacies, although the factors that determine why such legacies vary across sites and tree species remain unclear. We used an extensive network of tree-ring width (RWI, ring-width index) records of 16 tree species from 567 forests, and high-resolution climate and NDVI datasets across Spain during the common period 1982‒2008 to test the hypothesis that climate conditions and growth features modulate...

Data from: Genetic diversity and historical biogeography of the Maltese wall lizard, Podarcis filfolensis (Squamata: Lacertidae)

Virginia Rodríguez, Richard P. Brown, Bàrbara Terrasa, Valentín Pérez-Mellado, Antònia Picornell, José A. Castro & Cori Ramon
Podarcis filfolensis is an endemic lizard from the Maltese archipelago. There is evidence of human-mediated decline and even extirpation of some insular populations of this species. However, information about the intraspecific genetic diversity and phylogeographic patterns of this species is limited. Here we analyze genetic markers from a multi-locus dataset (mtDNA, 2,533 bp; nuclear c-mos gene, 353 bp; 11 microsatellites) for individuals from extant populations of P. filfolensis. Despite generally low genetic variability, two main...

Data from: Beta diversity and oligarchic dominance in the tropical Forests of Southern Costa Rica

Albert Morera-Beita, Damián Sánchez, Wolfgang Wanek, Florian Hofhansl, Huber Werner, Eduardo Chacón-Madrigal, Jorge L. Montero-Muñoz & Fernando Silla.
Recent studies have reported a consistent pattern of strong dominance of a small subset of tree species in Neotropical forests. These species have been called ‘hyperdominant’ at large geographical scales and ‘oligarchs’ at regional-landscape scales when being abundant and frequent. Forest community assembly is shaped by environmental factors and stochastic processes, but so far the contribution of oligarchic species to the variation of community composition (i.e. beta diversity) remains poorly known. To that end, we...

Data from: Dissecting the hydrological niche: soil moisture, space and lifespan

Gonzalo García-Baquero, Jonathan Silvertown, David J. Gowing & Cipriano J. Valle
Questions: Are communities structured on a hydrological (soil moisture) gradient? Is there spatial segregation into hydrological niches? What is the shape of the hydrological niches of individual species? Controlling for spatial autocorrelation, how much of the spatial structure in the community is due to variation in hydrology? Do annuals and perennials behave alike with respect to the above questions? Locations: La Mina in Moscosa Farm, Salamanca, western Spain (dehesa community) and Laguna Larga in the...

Tree growth response to drought partially explains regional-scale growth and mortality patterns in Iberian forests

Antonio Gazol, J. Julio Camarero, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, Miguel A. Zavala, Xavier Serra-Maluquer, Emilia Gutiérrez, Martín De Luis, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda, Klemen Novak, Vicente Rozas, Pedro A. Tíscar, Juan C. Linares, Edurne Martínez Del Castillo, Montse Ribas, Ignacio García-González, Fernando Silla, Álvaro Camison, Mar Génova, José M. Olano, Ana-Maria Hereş, Jorge Curiel Yuste, Luis A. Longares, Andrea Hevia, J. Diego Galván & Paloma Ruiz-Benito
To quantify responses to drought from different data sources we take advantage of an extensive network of cross-dated tree-ring data with increment cores from 16 tree species sampled across the Spanish Iberian Peninsula (hereafter abbreviated as RWI-net), and of the Spanish National Forest Inventory (hereafter abbreviated as NFI) sampling tree and plot level data each km in forested areas. We selected the five most severe droughts that have affected each selected RWI-net population in the...

Data from: Does functional soil microbial diversity contribute to explain within-site plant β-diversity in an alpine grassland and a dehesa meadow in Spain?

Yoseph N. Araya, Maik Bartelheimer, Cipriano J. Valle, Rosa M. Crujeiras & Gonzalo García-Baquero
Questions Once effects of hydrological and chemical soil properties have been accounted for, does soil microbial diversity contribute to explain change in plant community structure (i.e. within-site β-diversity)? If so, at what spatial scale does microbial diversity operate? Location La Mina in Moscosa Farm, Salamanca, western Spain (dehesa community) and Laguna Larga in the Urbión Peaks, Soria, central-northern Spain (alpine grassland). Methods The abundance of vascular plant species, soil Gram-negative microbial functional types and soil...

Data from: SSR Markers for Filago subgen. Filago (Gnaphalieae: Asteraceae) and cross-amplification in three other subgenera

David Gutiérrez-Larruscain, Teresa Malvar Ferreras, M. Montserrat Martínez-Ortega, Enrique Rico, Santiago Andrés-Sánchez & Davi Larruscain
• Premise of the study: Microsatellite primers were developed for the first time in the genus Filago (Gnaphalieae: Asteraceae). These markers will facilitate low-scale phylogenetic, phylogeographic and population genetics studies within the genus Filago. • Methods and Results: Nine pairs of microsatellite primers were identified and optimized on two species of Filago using a microsatellite-enrichment library method and 454 GS-FLX technique. The set of primers amplified tri- to hexanucleotide repeats, and showed one to six...

Ecological and geographical marginality in rear edge populations of Palaearctic forest birds (data)

José Luis Tellería, Ricardo Hernández-Lambraño & Roberto Carbonell
The centre–periphery hypothesis predicts that habitat suitability will decrease at the edge of a species' range, a pattern often questioned by empirical data. Here we explore if habitat suitability decreases southwards and shapes the abundance distribution of rear edge populations of forest birds within the restricted geographical setting of the south-western Palaearctic. We also test if birds endemic to the area fit more poorly to the latitudinal decrease of habitat suitability due to the putative...

Local anisotropy control of Pt/Co/Ir thin film with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy by surface acoustic waves - dataset

Jintao Shuai, Mannan Ali, Luis Lopez Diaz, John Cunningham & Thomas Moore
The control of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in thin films by strain has considerable potential for energy-efficient information storage and data processing. Here, we report on the control of PMA in Pt/co/Ir thin films by the strain produced by standing surface acoustic waves (SAWs). A significant (~21%) coercivity reduction (from 4.80 +/- 0.03 to 3.80 +/- 0.02 mT) can be obtained by applying a standing SAW with a center frequency of 93.35 MHz. Furthermore, the...

Data from: Facilitation beyond species richness

Julia Vega-Álvarez, José Antonio García Rodríguez & Luis Cayuela
1. Facilitation studies have previously focused on the effects of plant-plant interactions on species richness and, more recently, on functional traits or phylogenetic aspects. Little is known, however, about the simultaneous effects that facilitation have on overall biodiversity, jointly considering taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity. 2. In this study, we investigated shrub facilitation on herb communities in a Mediterranean grassland over a 9-year period (2007-2015), each year representing different water availability conditions. Taxonomic, functional and...

Data from: Input matters matter: bioclimatic consistency to map more reliable species distribution models

Jennifer Morales-Barbero & Julia Vega-Álvarez
1. Accuracy of global bioclimatic databases is essential to understand biodiversity-environment relationships. Many studies have explored biases and uncertainties related to species distribution models (SDMs) but the effect of choosing a specific database among the different alternatives has not been previously assessed. 2. The lack of bioclimatic congruence (degree of agreement) between different databases is a main concern in distribution modelling and it is critical in single-source models, for which the database choice is decisive....

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