183 Works

Online learning versus workshops: a rank minimized trial comparing the effect of two knowledge translation strategies designed to alter knowledge, readiness to change, and self-efficacy with respect to rehabilitation outcome measures

Mike Szekeres & Joy C. MacDermid
Traditional face-to-face learning is often replaced by virtual learning because it can be more feasible and cost-effective, and more recently due to the need for social distancing. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of two innovative knowledge translation (KT) interventions; in-person stakeholder-hosted, interactive, problem-based seminars (SHIPS) versus online problem-based tutorials (e-PBL) in changing knowledge, readiness to change, and self-efficacy with respect to the use of rehabilitation outcome measures. Physical and occupational therapists (n =...

Plasticity in floral longevity and sex-phase duration of Lobelia siphilitica in response to simulated pollinator declines

Christina Caruso & Kiana Lee
Premise: Pollinator declines can reduce the quantity and quality of pollination services, resulting in less pollen deposited on flowers and lower seed production by plants. In response to these reductions, plants can increase the opportunity for pollination by plastically adjusting their floral traits, including floral longevity and sex-phase duration. However, studies of plant responses to pollinator declines have primarily focused on floral evolution across generations rather than plasticity in floral traits within a generation. Methods:...

Data from: Multi-decadal changes in phytoplankton biomass in northern temperate lakes as seen through the prism of landscape properties

Aleksey Paltsev
Ecologists collectively predict that climate change will enhance phytoplankton biomass in northern lakes. Yet there are unique variations in the structures and regulating functions of lakes to make this prediction challengeable and, perhaps, inaccurate. We used archived Landsat TM/ETM+ satellite products to estimate epilimnetic chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a) as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass in 281 northern temperate lakes over 28 years. We explored the influence of climate (air temperature, precipitation) and landscape proxies for nutrient...

Data From: Long-term winter food supplementation shows no significant impact on reproductive performance in Mountain Chickadees in the Sierra Nevada Mountains

Benjamin Sonnenberg, Joseph Welklin, Carrie Branch, Angela Pitera, Lauren Benedict, Virginia Heinen, Dovid Kozlovsky, Eli Bridge & Vladimir Pravosudov
Supplemental feeding of wild animal populations is popular across many areas of the world and has long been considered beneficial, especially to avian taxa. Over four billion dollars are spent by hobby bird feeders in the United States each year alone. However, there is mixed evidence whether wildlife feeding is beneficial, including when it is implemented as a conservation management tool, a targeted experimental design, or an avocation. Much of the current evidence suggests that...

Stable-isotopes (δ2H, δ13C) within feathers from harvested American black ducks (2017-2020)

Jackson Kusack, Douglas Tozer, Michael Schummer & Keith Hobson
Stable isotope data from American Black Duck feathers (n = 665) and associated harvest data. The first primary feather (P1) was collected from wings submitted to the Species Composition Survey in Canada and Parts Collection Survey in the United States. From available feathers, we selected individuals for stable-isotope analysis stratified by black duck conservation region, sex, age, and date of harvest, where possible. These data are those that were selected for stable-hydrogen isotope analysis. See...

Data: Sex-specific effects of capital resources on reproductive timing and success in red squirrels

Jessica Haines, David Delaney, Andrea Wishart, Andrew McAdam, David Coltman, Jeffrey Lane, Ben Dantzer & Stan Boutin
Reproduction is an energetically expensive activity for both sexes. However, if males and females differ in their annual timing of reproduction, such that peak investment for one sex occurs during a more resource-limited period, there is an opportunity for sex-specific selection to act on the acquisition of energetic resources. Both male and female North American red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) cache conifer cones, although males typically have larger caches than females. Peak energetic investment in reproduction...

Data from: Familiar size affects perception differently in virtual reality and the real world

Anna M. Rzepka, Kieran J. Hussey, Margaret V. Maltz, Karsten Babin, Laurie M. Wilcox & Jody C. Culham
The promise of virtual reality as a tool for perceptual and cognitive research rests on the assumption that perception in virtual environments generalizes to the real world. Here, we conducted two experiments to compare size and distance perception between virtual reality and physical reality (Maltz et al., 2021). In Experiment 1, we used virtual reality (VR) to present dice and Rubik’s cubes at their typical sizes or reversed sizes at distances that maintained a constant...

Additional file 10 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 10: Table S9. The list of representative DEGs related to phytohormone metabolism and signalling.

Additional file 11 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 11: Table S10. The list of representative DEGs related to carbon metabolism (associated with energy production).

LINC02535/miR-30a-5p/GALNT3 axis contributes to lung adenocarcinoma progression via the NF- κ B signaling pathway

Yue Li, Jian Zhao, Weijie Zhang, Anqi Wang, Min Jiao, Xin Cai, Jianjie Zhu, Zeyi Liu & Jian-an Huang
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNA) play important roles in multiple types of cancers. We addressed the role of LINC02535 by regulating the miR-30a-5p /GalNAc Transferase 3 (GALNT3) axis to promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cells. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database screened differentially expressed lncRNAs. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis (qRT-PCR) confirmed that LINC02535 is highly expressed in LUAD tissues and cells. In vitro experiments showed that LINC02535 promotes the proliferation, migration,...

Additional file 10 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 10: Table S9. The list of representative DEGs related to phytohormone metabolism and signalling.

Additional file 14 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 14: Table S13. The general information of sequencing reads and reads that mapped to the reference genome.

Additional file 3 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 3: Table S2. The list of annotated DEGs identified in MXXZ-T vs. MXXZ-C.

Additional file 4 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 4: Table S3. The list of annotated DEGs identified in MXXZ-C vs. JXZ-C.

Additional file 9 of Comparative transcriptomic analysis provides insights into the molecular basis underlying pre-harvest sprouting in rice

Dong Liu, Mingyang Zeng, Yan Wu, Yanli Du, Jianming Liu, Shaoqiang Luo & Yongjun Zeng
Additional file 9: Table S8. Summary of GO results of the DEGs in MXXZ-T vs. MXXZ-C.

sj-spv-3-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 – for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial

Babac Salmani & Harry Prapavessis
j-spv-3-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial by Babac Salmani and Harry Prapavessis in Journal of Health Psychology

sj-spv-4-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 – for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial

Babac Salmani & Harry Prapavessis
sj-spv-4-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial by Babac Salmani and Harry Prapavessis in Journal of Health Psychology

sj-spv-4-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 – for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial

Babac Salmani & Harry Prapavessis
sj-spv-4-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial by Babac Salmani and Harry Prapavessis in Journal of Health Psychology

sj-spv-5-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 – for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial

Babac Salmani & Harry Prapavessis
sj-spv-5-hpq-10.1177_13591053221144977 for Using a protection motivation theory framework to reduce vaping intention and behaviour in Canadian university students who regularely vape: A randomized controlled trial by Babac Salmani and Harry Prapavessis in Journal of Health Psychology

Data from: NREM2 and sleep spindles are instrumental to the consolidation of motor sequence memories

Samuel Laventure, Stuart Fogel, Ovidiu Lungu, Geneviève Albouy, Pénélope Sévigny-Dupont, Catherine Vien, Chadi Sayour, Julie Carrier, Habib Benali & Julien Doyon
Although numerous studies have convincingly demonstrated that sleep plays a critical role in motor sequence learning (MSL) consolidation, the specific contribution of the different sleep stages in this type of memory consolidation is still contentious. To probe the role of stage 2 non-REM sleep (NREM2) in this process, we used a conditioning protocol in three different groups of participants who either received an odor during initial training on a motor sequence learning task and were...

Data from: The first extracellular domain plays an important role in unitary channel conductance of Cx50 gap junction channels

Xiaoling Tong, Hiroshi Aoyama, Swathy Sudhakar, Honghong Chen, Brian H Shilton, Donglin Bai & Brian H. Shilton
Gap junction (GJ) channels provide direct passage for ions and small molecules to be exchanged between neighbouring cells and are crucial for many physiological processes. GJ channels can be gated by transjunctional voltage (known as Vj-gating) and display a wide range of unitary channel conductance (γj), yet the domains responsible for Vj-gating and γj are not fully clear. The first extracellular domain (E1) of several connexins has been shown to line part of their GJ...

Data from: Effects of mountaintop removal mining and valley filling on the occupancy and abundance of stream salamanders

Steven J. Price, Brenee' L. Muncy, Simon J. Bonner, Andrea N. Drayer & Christopher D. Barton
Human-induced land-use changes are among the primary causes of ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss. Across central Appalachia (USA), mountaintop removal mining and valley filling (MTR/VF) is the prevailing form of land-use change and represents a stressor to stream ecosystems. Salamanders are the dominant vertebrate in Appalachian headwater streams. Thus, we addressed the question: Is salamander occupancy and conditional abundance reduced in streams impacted by MTR/VF? We conducted repeated counts of adult and larval salamanders within...

Data from: Optimizing stimulation and analysis protocols for neonatal fMRI

Rhodri Cusack, Conor J. Wild, Annika C. Linke, Tomoki Arichi, David S. C. Lee, Victor K. Han & Conor Wild
The development of brain function in young infants is poorly understood. The core challenge is that infants have a limited behavioral repertoire through which brain function can be expressed. Neuroimaging with fMRI has great potential as a way of characterizing typical development, and detecting abnormal development early. But, a number of methodological challenges must first be tackled to improve the robustness and sensitivity of neonatal fMRI. A critical one of these, addressed here, is that...

Data from: Spectral and temporal acoustic features modulate response irregularities within primary auditory cortex columns

Andres Carrasco, Trecia A. Brown & Stephen G. Lomber
Assemblies of vertically connected neurons in the cerebral cortex form information processing units (columns) that participate in the distribution and segregation of sensory signals. Despite well-accepted models of columnar architecture, functional mechanisms of inter-laminar communication remain poorly understood. Hence, the purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effects of sensory information features on columnar response properties. Using acute recording techniques, extracellular response activity was collected from the right hemisphere of eight mature cats...

Data from: An inordinate fondness for beetles? Variation in seasonal dietary preferences of night roosting big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus)

Elizabeth L. Clare, William O. C. Symondson & Melville Brockett Fenton
Generalist species with numerous food web interactions are thought to provide stability to ecosystem dynamics; however, it is not always clear whether habitat generality translates into dietary diversity. Big brown bats are common across North America and employ a flexible foraging strategy over water, dense forests, forest edges and rural and urban settings. Despite this generalist use of habitat, they are paradoxically characterized as beetle specialists. However, hard carapaces may preferentially survive digestion leading to...

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