98 Works

Tree communities and soil properties influence fungal community assembly in neotropical forests

Heidy Schimann, Jason Vleminckx, Christopher Baraloto, Julien Engel, Gaelle Jaouen, Eliane Louisanna, Sophie Manzi, Audrey Sagne & Mélanie Roy
The influence exerted by tree communities, topography and soil chemistry on the assembly of macrofungal communities remains poorly understood, especially in highly diverse tropical forests. Here, we used a large dataset that combines inventories of macrofungal Basidiomycetes fruiting bodies, tree species composition and measurements for 16 soil physico-chemical parameters, collected in 34 plots located in four sites of lowland rainforests in French Guiana. Plots were established on three different topographical conditions: hilltop, slope and seasonally...

Light organ photosensitivity in deep-sea shrimp may suggest a novel role in counterillumination

Danielle DeLeo, Heather Bracken-Grissom, Megan L. Porter, Tom Iwanicki, Jamie Sickles & Tamara M. Frank
Extraocular photoreception, the ability to detect and respond to light outside of the eye, has not been previously described in deep-sea invertebrates. Here, we investigate photosensitivity in the bioluminescent light organs (photophores) of deep-sea shrimp, an autogenic system in which the organism possesses the substrates and enzymes to produce light. Through the integration of transcriptomics, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry we find evidence for the expression of opsins and phototransduction genes known to play a...

Confronting assumptions about prey selection by lunge-feeding whales using a process-based model

Ellen Chenoweth, Kevin Boswell, Ari Friedlaender, Megan McPhee, Julia Burrows, Ron Heintz & Jan Straley
The relative energetic benefits of foraging on one type of prey rather than another are not easily measured, particularly for large free-ranging predators. Nonetheless, assumptions about preferred and alternative prey are frequently made when predicting how a predator may impact its environment, adapt to environmental change, or interact with human activities. We developed and implemented a process-based model to investigate the potential energetic benefit (PEB) of in situ foraging opportunities in rorqual whales. The model...

Bamboo phenology and life cycle drive seasonal and long-term functioning of Amazonian bamboo-dominated forests

Belen Fadrique, Daniel Gann, Bruce Nelson, Sassan Saatchi & Kenneth Feeley
1. Bamboo-dominated forests (BDF) extend over large areas in the drought-prone Southwestern Amazon, yet little is known about the dynamics of these ecosystems. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that bamboo modulates large-scale ecosystem dynamics through competition with coexisting trees for water. 2. We examined spatio-temporal patterns of remotely sensed metrics (Enhanced Vegetation Index [EVI], Normalized Difference Moisture Index [NDMI]) in >300 Landsat images as proxies for canopy leaf phenology and water content at two time...

Data From: Conservation planning in an uncertain climate: identifying projects that remain valuable and feasible across future scenarios

Sean Wineland, Rachel Fovargue Fovargue, Ken Gill, Shabnam Rezapour & Thomas Neeson
Conservation actors face the challenge of allocating limited resources despite uncertainty about future climate. A key goal is to minimize the potential for negative outcomes under future scenarios. Thus, we address a global conservation challenge: how to allocate conservation investments given high uncertainty about future climate conditions. To that end, we present a method for identifying projects that remain valuable and feasible across climate scenarios and apply our framework to freshwater biodiversity conservation in the...

Data from: Biogeographic history and habitat specialisation shape floristic and phylogenetic composition across Amazonian forests

Christopher Baraloto, Jason Vleminckx, Julien Engel, Pascal Petronelli, Nállarett Dávila, Marcos Ríos, Elvis Harry Valderrama Sandoval, Italo Mesones, Juan Ernesto Guevara Andino, Claire Fortunel, Elodie Allie, C. E. Timothy Paine, Aurélie Dourdain, Jean-Yves Goret, Oscar J. Valverde-Barrantes, Freddie Draper & Paul V. A. Fine
A major challenge remains to understand the relative contributions of history, dispersal and environmental filtering to the assembly of hyperdiverse communities across spatial scales. Here, we examine the extent to which biogeographical history and habitat specialization have generated turnover among and within lineages of Amazonian trees across broad geographic and environmental gradients. We replicated standardised tree inventories in 102 0.1-ha plots located in two distant regions - the western Amazon and the eastern Guiana shield....

Biweekly soil-moisture in the 18 CARBONO Project plots, La Selva Biological Station, March 1998-October 2018

Deborah Clark & Steven Oberbauer
This publication presents the complete 20-year record of volumetric soil moisture in the 18 plots of the CARBONO Project in the old-growth tropical rainforest at La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. The measurements were made biweekly through the period March 1998 – October 2018. Volumetric soil moisture was assessed over the top 30 cm of soil. The publication consists of the full data record and documentation of the cross-sensor regressions.

Data from: A global perspective on the trophic geography of sharks

Christopher Stephen Bird, Ana Veríssimo, Sarah Magozzi, Kátya G. Abrantes, Alex Aguilar, Hassan Al-Reasi, Adam Barnett, Dana M. Bethea, Gérard Biais, Asuncion Borrell, Marc Bouchoucha, Mariah Boyle, Edward J. Brooks, Juerg Brunnschweiler, Paco Bustamante, Aaron Carlisle, Diana Catarino, Stéphane Caut, Yves Cherel, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Diana Churchill, Javier Ciancio, Julien Claes, Ana Colaço, Dean L. Courtney … & Clive N. Trueman
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits...

Data from: A phylogenomic framework, evolutionary timeline and genomic resources for comparative studies of decapod crustaceans

Joanna M. Wolfe, Jesse W. Breinholt, Keith A. Crandall, Alan R. Lemmon, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Laura E. Timm, Mark E. Siddall & Heather D. Bracken-Grissom
Comprising over 15 000 living species, decapods (crabs, shrimp and lobsters) are the most instantly recognizable crustaceans, representing a considerable global food source. Although decapod systematics have received much study, limitations of morphological and Sanger sequence data have yet to produce a consensus for higher-level relationships. Here, we introduce a new anchored hybrid enrichment kit for decapod phylogenetics designed from genomic and transcriptomic sequences that we used to capture new high-throughput sequence data from 94...

Data from: Morphological and molecular evolution and their consequences for conservation and taxonomy in the Le Conte's Thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei)

Hernán Vázquez-Miranda, Josie A. Griffin, Jay M. Sheppard, Jordan M. Herman, Octavio Rojas-Soto & Robert M. Zink
We evaluated geographic variation and subspecific taxonomy in the Le Conte's Thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei) by analyzing DNA sequences from 16 nuclear loci, one mitochondrial DNA locus, and four study skin characters, and compared these data sets with previously published data on plumage coloration and different mtDNA genes. Morphological support for the southernmost taxon, T. l. arenicola, is relatively weak: multivariate analyses of morphometrics or back coloration do not provide diagnostic support, although one color character...

Data from: Conserved genetic regions across angiosperms as tools to develop single copy nuclear markers in gymnosperms: an example using cycads

Dayana E. Salas-Leiva, Alan W. Meerow, Javier Francisco-Ortega, Michael Calonje, M. Patrick Griffith, Dennis W. Stevenson & Kyoko Nakamura
Several individuals of the Caribbean Zamia clade and other cycad genera were used to identify single copy nuclear genes for phylogeographic and phylogenetic studies in Cycadales. Two strategies were employed to select target loci: 1) a tblastX search of Arabidopsis conserved ortholog sequence (COS) set and, 2) a tblastX search of Arabidopsis-Populus-Vitis-Oryza Shared Single Copy genes (APVO SSC) against the EST Zamia databases in Genbank. From the first strategy, 30 loci were selected, and from...

Data from: Thermal quality influences habitat use of two anole species

Michelle E. Thompson, Brian J. Halstead & Maureen A. Donnelly
Regeneration of secondary forests on previously deforested or degraded land is one of the most dominant forms of land-use change in the tropics. However, the response of animal communities to forest regeneration is poorly understood. To evaluate support for thermal quality as a mechanism driving reptile species distributions during secondary forest succession, we measured operative temperatures and occupancy in three successional forest stages (pasture, secondary forest, and old growth forest) for two anole species common...

Data from: Testing and interpreting the shared space-environment fraction in variation partitioning analyses of ecological data

David Bauman, Jason Vleminckx, Olivier J. Hardy & Thomas Drouet
Variation partitioning analyses combined with spatial predictors (Moran’s eigenvector maps, MEM) are commonly used in ecology to test the fractions of species abundance variation purely explained by environment and space. However, while these pure fractions can be tested using a classical residuals permutation procedure, no specific method has been developed to test the shared space-environment fraction (SSEF). Yet, the SSEF is expected to encompass a major driver of community assembly, that is, an induced spatial...

Data from: Symbiotic immuno-suppression: is disease susceptibility the price of bleaching resistance?

Daniel G. Merselis, Diego Lirman & Mauricio Rodriguez-Lanetty
Accelerating anthropogenic climate change threatens to destroy coral reefs worldwide through the processes of bleaching and disease. These major contributors to coral mortality are both closely linked with thermal stress intensified by anthropogenic climate change. Disease outbreaks typically follow bleaching events, but a direct positive linkage between bleaching and disease has been debated. By tracking 152 individual coral ramets through the 2014 mass bleaching in a South Florida coral restoration nursery, we revealed a highly...

Data from: When is an herbivore not an herbivore? Detritivory facilitates herbivory in a freshwater system

Jessica L. Sanchez & Joel C. Trexler
1. Herbivory is thought to be an inefficient diet, but it independently evolved from carnivorous ancestors in many metazoan groups, suggesting that plant-eating is adaptive in some circumstances. In this study, we tested two hypotheses to explain the adaptive evolution of herbivory: 1) the Heterotroph Facilitation hypothesis (herbivory is adaptive because herbivores supplement their diets with heterotrophic microbes); and 2) the Lipid Allocation hypothesis (herbivory is adaptive because algae, which have high lipid concentrations, are...

Data from: Quantity over quality: light intensity, but not red/far-red ratio, affects extrafloral nectar production in Senna mexicana var. chapmanii

Ian M. Jones & Suzanne Koptur
Extrafloral nectar (EFN) mediates food-for-protection mutualisms between plants and insects and provides plants with a form of indirect defense against herbivory. Understanding sources of variation in EFN production is important because such variations affect the number and identity of insect visitors and the effectiveness of plant defense. Light represents a potentially crucial tool for regulating resource allocation to defense, as it not only contributes energy but may help plants to anticipate future conditions. Low red/far-red...

Data from: The changing nature of collaboration in tropical ecology and conservation

Timothy M. Perez & J. Aaron Hogan
Collaboration can improve conservation initiatives through increases in article impact and by the building scientific understating required for conservation practice. We investigated temporal trends in collaboration in the tropical ecology and conservation literature by examining patterns of authorship for 2,271 articles published from 2000 to 2016 in Biotropica and the Journal of Tropical Ecology. Consistent with trends in other studies and scientific disciplines, we found that the mean number of authors per article increased from...

Data from: Nonlinearity of root trait relationships and the root economics spectrum

Deliang Kong, Junjian Wang, Huifang Wu, Oscar J. Valverde-Barrantes, Ruili Wang, Hui Zeng, Paul Kardol, Haiyan Zhang & Yulong Feng
The root economics spectrum (RES), a common hypothesis postulating a tradeoff between resource acquisition and conservation traits, is being challenged by conflicting relationships between root diameter, tissue density (RTD) and root nitrogen concentration (RN). Here, we analyze a global trait dataset of absorptive roots for over 800 plant species. For woody species (but not for non-woody species), we find nonlinear relationships between root diameter and RTD and RN, which stem from the allometric relationship between...

Data from: The emergence of the lobsters: phylogenetic relationships, morphological evolution and divergence time comparisons of an ancient group (Decapoda: Achelata, Astacidea, Glypheidea, Polychelida)

Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Shane T. Ahyong, Richard D. Wilkinson, Rodney M. Felmann, Carrie E. Schweitzer, Jesse W. Breinholt, Matthew Bendall, Ferran Palero, Tin-Yam Chan, Darryl L. Felder, Rafael Robles, Ka-Hou Chu, Ling-Ming Tsang, Dohyup Kim, Joel W. Martin, Keith A. Crandall & Rodney M. Feldmann
Lobsters are a ubiquitous and economically important group of decapod crustaceans that includes the infraorders Polychelida, Glypheidea, Astacidea and Achelata. They include familiar forms such as the spiny, slipper, clawed lobsters and crayfish and unfamiliar forms such as the deep-sea and “living fossil” species. The high degree of morphological diversity among these infraorders has led to a dynamic classification and conflicting hypotheses of evolutionary relationships. In this study, we estimated phylogenetic relationships amongst the major...

Data from: A phylogenetic backbone for Bivalvia: an RNA-seq approach

Vanessa L. González, Sónia C. S. Andrade, Rüdiger Bieler, Timothy M. Collins, Casey W. Dunn, Paula M. Mikkelsen, John D. Taylor, Gonzalo Giribet & V. L. Gonzalez
Bivalves are an ancient and ubiquitous group of aquatic invertebrates with an estimated 10 000–20 000 living species. They are economically significant as a human food source, and ecologically important given their biomass and effects on communities. Their phylogenetic relationships have been studied for decades, and their unparalleled fossil record extends from the Cambrian to the Recent. Nevertheless, a robustly supported phylogeny of the deepest nodes, needed to fully exploit the bivalves as a model...

Literature review dataset on predation-risk effects

Scott Peacor, David Kimbro, Nathan Dorn, Justine Smith, Michael Sheriff & Michael Cherry
A well-accepted narrative in ecology is that prey modify traits to reduce predation risk, and the trait modification has costs large enough to cause ensuing demographic, trophic and ecosystem consequences, with implications for conservation, management, and agriculture. But ecology has a long history of emphasizing that quantifying the importance of an ecological process ultimately requires evidence linking a process to unmanipulated field patterns. We suspected that such process-linked-to pattern (PLP) studies were poorly represented in...

Bamboo climatic tolerances are decoupled from leaf functional traits across an Andean elevation gradient

Belen Fadrique, Chris Baraloto, Catherine Bravo-Avila & Kenneth Feeley
Widespread changes in temperature and precipitation patterns present plant species with new and combined stresses that affect their performance and distribution. Functional traits are indicators of plant resource use-acquisition strategies and thus they are commonly used to understand the geographic distributions of plant species and species’ potential responses to climate change. To date, most studies have targeted a few easy-to-measure leaf traits even though other traits, such as climatic tolerances, could provide valuable information directly...

Data from: Temporal population-genetic structure of eastern mosquitofish in a dynamic aquatic landscape

Thomas C McElroy, Karen L Kandl & Joel C Trexler
We analyzed the effect of periodic drying in the Florida Everglades on spatio-temporal population genetic structure of eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki). Severe periodic drying events force individuals from disparate sources to mix in dry-season relatively deep-water refuges. In 1996 (a wet year) and 1999 (a dry year), we sampled mosquitofish at 20 dry-season refuges distributed in three water-management regions and characterized genetic variation for 10 allozyme and 3 microsatellite loci. In 1996, most of the...

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