32 Works

Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) dataset

Jeanette Bailey, Charles Opondo, Natasha Lelijveld, Bethany Marron, Pamela Onyoo, Eunice Musyoki, Susan Adongo, Andre Briend, Mark Manary & Marko Kerac

The impact of genetic adaptation on chimpanzee subspecies differentiation

Joshua Schmidt, Sergi Castellano, Marc De Manuel, Aida Andrés & Tomas Marques-Bonet
Chimpanzees, humans’ closest relatives, are in danger of extinction. Aside from direct human impacts such as hunting and habitat destruction, a key threat is transmissible disease. As humans continue to encroach upon their habitats, which shrink in size and grow in density, the risk of inter-population and cross-species viral transmission increases, a point dramatically made in the reverse with the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. Inhabiting central Africa, the four subspecies of chimpanzees differ in demographic history...

Data from: Is it possible to reconstruct an accurate cell lineage using CRISPR recorders?

Irepan Salvador-Martínez, Marco Grillo, Michalis Averof & Maximilian J. Telford
Cell lineages provide the framework for understanding how multicellular organisms are built and how cell fates are decided during development. Describing cell lineages in most organisms is challenging, given the number of cells involved; even a fruit fly larva has ~50,000 cells and a small mammal has more than 1 billion cells. Recently, the idea of using CRISPR to induce mutations during development as heritable markers for lineage reconstruction has been proposed and trialled by...

Climate drives community-wide divergence within species over a limited spatial scale: evidence from an oceanic island

Antonia Salces-Castellano, Jairo Patiño, Nadir Alvarez, Carmelo Andújar, Paula Arribas, Juan J. Braojos-Ruiz, Marcelino Del Arco-Aguilar, Víctor García-Olivares, Dirk Karger, Heriberto López, Ioanna Manolopoulou, Pedro Oromí, Antonio J. Pérez-Delgado, William W. Peterman, Kenneth F. Rijsdijk & Brent C. Emerson
Geographic isolation substantially contributes to species endemism on oceanic islands when speciation involves the colonisation of a new island. However, less is understood about the drivers of speciation within islands. What is lacking is a general understanding of the geographic scale of gene flow limitation within islands, and thus the geographic scale and drivers of geographical speciation within insular contexts. Using a community of beetle species, we show that when dispersal ability and climate tolerance...

Intergroup aggression in meerkats

Mark Dyble, Thomas Houslay, Marta Manser & Tim Clutton-Brock
Violent conflicts between groups have been observed among many species of group living mammals and can have important fitness consequences, with individuals being injured or killed and with losing groups surrendering territory. Here, we explore between-group conflict among meerkats (Suricata suricatta), a highly social and cooperatively breeding mongoose. We show that interactions between meerkat groups are frequently 18 aggressive and sometimes escalate to fighting and lethal violence and that these interactions have consequences for group...

Data from: Early consequences of allopolyploidy alter floral evolution in Nicotiana (Solanaceae)

Elizabeth W. McCarthy, Jacob B. Landis, Amelda Kurti, Amber J. Lawhorn, Mark W. Chase, Sandra Knapp, Steven C. Le Comber, Andrew R. Leitch & Amy Litt
Background: Polyploidy has played a major role in angiosperm evolution. Previous studies have examined polyploid phenotypes in comparison to their extant progenitors, but not in context of predicted progenitor phenotypes at allopolyploid origin. In addition, differences in the trends of polyploid versus diploid evolution have not been investigated. We use ancestral character-state reconstructions to estimate progenitor phenotype at allopolyploid origin to determine patterns of polyploid evolution leading to morphology of the extant species. We also...

Data from: Natural history of limb girdle muscular dystrophy R9 over 6 years: searching for trial endpoints

Alexander P. Murphy, Jasper Morrow, Julia R. Dahlqvist, Tanya Stojkovic, Tracey A. Willis, Christopher D. J. Sinclair, Stephen Wastling, Tarek Yousry, Michael S. Hanna, Meredith K. James, Anna Mayhew, Michelle Eagle, Laurence E. Lee, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Pierre G. Carlier, John S. Thornton, John Vissing, Kieren G. Hollingsworth & Volker Straub
Objective: Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type R9 (LGMD R9) is an autosomal recessive muscle disease for which there is currently no causative treatment. The development of putative therapies requires sensitive outcome measures for clinical trials in this slowly progressing condition. This study extends functional assessments and MRI muscle fat fraction measurements in an LGMD R9 cohort across 6 years. Methods: Twenty‐three participants with LGMD R9, previously assessed over a 1‐year period, were re‐enrolled at 6...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    32

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    32

Affiliations

  • University College London
    32
  • Imperial College London
    3
  • University of Zurich
    2
  • Royal Museum for Central Africa
    1
  • University of Baghdad
    1
  • Plymouth University
    1
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • New York University Abu Dhabi
    1
  • Université de Sherbrooke
    1