57 Works

Mg/Ca ratios from multiple species of planktonic foraminifera from the Middle Miocene to modern from multiple sites in the global ocean

E.M. Mawbey, F. Boscolo-Galazzo, B.S. Wade & P.N. Pearson
Mg/Ca in multiple species of planktonic foraminifera from five time slices since the Middle Miocene to present (target ages 15, 12.5, 10, 7.5, 4.5, 2.5 and 0 Ma). These samples are from a range of globally and latitudinally distributed DSDP (Deep Sea Drilling Program), ODP (Ocean Drilling Program), IODP (International Ocean Discovery Program) open ocean sites. From low to high latitudes these are: Site U1338, U1489 (Eastern and Western Equatorial Pacific), Sites 871, 872, and...

Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) Impact Evaluation Survey 2009

Arianna Legovini, Pedro Carneiro &

Full-likelihood genomic analysis clarifies a complex history of species divergence and introgression: the example of the erato-sara group of Heliconius butterflies

Yuttapong Thawornwattana, Fernando Seixas, Ziheng Yang & James Mallet
Introgressive hybridization plays a key role in adaptive evolution and species diversification in many groups of species. However, frequent hybridization and gene flow between species make estimation of the species phylogeny and key population parameters challenging. Here, we show that by accounting for phasing and using full-likelihood methods, introgression histories and population parameters can be estimated reliably from whole-genome sequence data. We employ the multispecies coalescent (MSC) model with and without gene flow to infer...

Bushmeat yields, species extinction rates and ecosystem-level impacts of bushmeat harvesting as predicted by the Madingley General Ecosystem Model

Tatsiana Barychka, Georgina Mace & Drew Purves
The datasets contain data generated using the Madingley General Ecosystem Model for experiments decribed in the paper: "T. Barychka, G.M.Mace and D.W.Purves (2021) The Madingley General Ecosystem Model predicts bushmeat yields, species extinction rates and ecosystem-level impacts of bushmeat harvesting. Oikos." The Madingley General Ecosystem Model was used to generate predictions of bushmeat yields, extinction rates and broader ecosystem impacts for a range of harvesting intensities of duiker-sized endothermic herbivores. Duiker antelope (such as Cephalophus...

Analysis of independent cohorts of outbred CFW mice reveals novel loci for behavioral and physiological traits and identifies factors determining reproducibility

Jennifer Zou, Shyam Gopalakrishnan, Clarissa Parker, Jerome Nicod, Richard Mott, Na Cai, Arimantas Lionikas, Robert Davies, Abraham Palmer & Jonathan Flint
Combining samples for genetic association is standard practice in human genetic analysis of complex traits, but is rarely undertaken in rodent genetics. Here, using 23 phenotypes and genotypes from two independent laboratories, we obtained a sample size of 3,076 commercially available outbred mice and identified 70 loci, more than double the number of loci identified in the component studies. Fine-mapping in the combined sample reduced the number of likely causal variants, with a median reduction...

Data from: Palaeontology meets metacommunity ecology: The Maastricthian dinosaur fossil record of North America as a case study

Jorge García-Girón, Jani Heino, Janne Alahuhta, Alfio Alessandro Chiarenza & Steve Brusatte
Documenting the patterns and potential associated processes of ancient biotas has always been a central challenge in palaeontology. Over the last decades, intense debate has focused on the organisation of dinosaur–dominated communities, yet no general consensus has been reached on how these communities were organised in a spatial context and if primarily affected by abiotic or biotic agents. Here, we used analytical routines typically applied in metacommunity ecology to provide novel insights into dinosaurian distributions...

Immigrant males’ memory acts to reduce ranging overlap and mating competition in wild baboons

Julien Collet, Nathalie Pettorelli, Alice Baniel, Alecia Carter, Elise Huchard, Andrew King, Alexander Lee, Harry Marshall & Guy Cowlishaw
Mechanistic models suggest that information acquired by animals (“knowledge”) could shape home range patterns and dynamics, and how neighbours share space. In social species this would suggest that immigrants could bring new knowledge into social groups, potentially affecting the dynamics of home range overlap. We tested this “immigrant knowledge hypothesis” in a wild population of chacma baboons (Papio ursinus). We used data collected between 2005 and 2013 on two neighbouring troops in Namibia, comprising GPS...

How bulk and surface properties of Ti4SiC3, V4SiC3, Nb4SiC3 and Zr4SiC3 tune reactivity: a computational study - data

Matthew Quesne, Nora H De Leeuw & C Richard A Catlow
The bulk and surface properties of early transition metal silicon carbides as well as their activity towards the reduction of CO2 is examined in this first principles DFT study. Data for basal (0001) planes of Ti4C3Si, V4C3Si, Nb4C3Si & Zr4C3Si is stored in one .xlsx file. The first sheet gives formation energies for each silicon carbide as related to the parent monocarbide material. Sheet 2 gives the density of states for each material. Sheet 3...

Iron-Nickel-Sulfide Characterisation and Catalytic Testing Data

Claire Mitchell, David Santos-Carballal, Andrew M Beale, Wilm Jones, Sankar Meenakshisundaram & Nora H De Leeuw
Catalytic data describing the production of formate from the hydrogenation of CO2 using iron-sulfide, iron-nickel-sulphide and nickel-sulfide catalysts prepared with different heat treatments under a range of reaction conditions. Catalyst characterisation of these materials include XRD analysis, giving an understanding of the violarite phase and crystallinity. XPS analysis gains understanding of the iron, nickel and sulphur species, and how sulphide and oxide species change under thermal oxidation. XAS analysis employed is vital to gain more...

Free energy calculations of noble-gas containing liquid iron and silicate melt

Y Li
Free energy calculations of noble-gas containing liquid iron and silicate melts at 50 GPa (3500 K) and 135 GPa (4200 K). The chemical potentials of noble gases can be obtained from these calculations. The Gibbs free energy of a series of iron and silicate melts with different concentrations of He were calculated. Then the chemical potentials of He can be derived from the concentration dependent Gibbs free energies. The chemical potentials of Ne, Ar, Kr...

Structural brain network abnormalities and the probability of seizure recurrence after epilepsy surgery: supplementary material

Nishant Sinha, Yujiang Wang, Nádia Moreira Da Silva, Anna Miserocchi, Andrew McEvoy, Jane De Tisi, Sjoerd Vos, Gavin Winston, John Duncan & Peter Taylor
Objective: We assessed pre-operative structural brain networks and clinical characteristics of patients with drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to identify correlates of post-surgical seizure recurrences. Methods: We examined data from 51 TLE patients who underwent anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR) and 29 healthy controls. For each patient, using the preoperative structural, diffusion, and post-operative structural MRI, we generated two networks: ‘pre-surgery’ network and ‘surgically-spared’ network. Standardising these networks with respect to controls, we determined...

Imaging mass cytometry data: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissue section

Jessica Timms, James Opzoomer, Kevin Blighe, Thanos Mourikis, Nicolas Chapuis, Richard Bekoe, Sedigeh Kareemaghay, Paola Nocerino, Mahvash Tavassoli, Claire Harrison, Francesca Ciccarelli, Peter Parker, James Arnold, Benedetta Apollonio, Alan Ramsay, Michaela Fontenay, Paul Barber, James Arnold & Shahram Kordasti
High dimensional cytometry is an innovative tool for immune monitoring in health and disease, it has provided novel insight into the underlying biology as well as biomarkers for a variety of diseases. However, the analysis of multiparametric “big data” usually requires specialist computational knowledge. Here we describe ImmunoCluster (https://github.com/kordastilab/ImmunoCluster) an R package for immune profiling cellular heterogeneity in high dimensional liquid and imaging mass cytometry, and flow cytometry data, designed to facilitate computational analysis by...

REMI-seq analysis of D. discoideum cells treated with Lithium or Valproic acid

Christopher Thompson
A critical aspect of toxicity evaluation is developmental and reproductive toxicity (DART) testing. Traditionally, DART testing has been conducted in vivo in mammalian model systems. New legislation aimed at reducing animal use and the prohibitive costs associated with DART testing, together with a need to understand the genetic pathways underlying developmental toxicity means there is a growing demand for alternative model systems for toxicity evaluation. Here we explore the potential of the eukaryotic social amoeba...

Data from: Sex differences in costly signalling in rural Western China

Dongzhi Cairang, Erhao Ge & Ruth Mace
Numerous empirical studies suggest that individuals convey their commitment to communities and impart the qualities of being a reliable partner through costly behaviours. We collected religious practices data ranging from daily trivial practices to infrequent grand distant pilgrimages in an agricultural Tibetan village. We predict that 1) villagers who invest more in religious practices are more likely to be nominated as having various prosocial qualities. 2) Investment in grand distant pilgrimages has more efficacy than...

Quantitative assessment of agricultural sustainability reveals divergent priorities among nations

Guolin Yao, Xin Zhang, Srishti Vishwakarma, Carole Dalin, Adam Komarek, David Kanter, Kyle Davis, Kimberly Pfeifer, Jing Zhao, Tan Zou, Paolo D'Odorico, Christian Folberth, Fernando Galeana Rodriguez, Jessica Fanzo, Lorenzo Rosa, William Dennison, Mark Musumba, Amy Heyman & Eric Davidson
Agriculture is fundamental to all three pillars of sustainability, environment, society, and economy. However, the definition of sustainable agriculture and capacities to measure it remain elusive. Independent and transparent measurements of national sustainability are needed to gauge progress, encourage accountability, and inform policy. Here, we developed a Sustainable Agriculture Matrix (SAM) to quantify national performance indicators in agriculture and to investigate the tradeoffs and synergies based on historical data for most countries of the world....

Risky decision and happiness task: The Great Brain Experiment smartphone app

Robb B. Rutledge
This resource consists of data from a risky decision and happiness task that was part of The Great Brain Experiment (GBE) smartphone app. Data were collected from 47,067 participants aged 18+ between March 8, 2013 and October 5, 2015. These anonymous unpaid participants completed the task a total of 91,058 times making approximately 2.7 million choices and 1.1 million happiness ratings in total. This resource represents at least 6,000 hours of task data. A subset...

Design of a custom-made device for real-time optical measurement of differential mineral concentrations in 3D scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

Joseph Lovecchio, Valentina Betti, Marilisa Cortesi, Enrico Ravagli, Stefano Severi & Emanuele Giordano
Monitoring bone tissue engineered constructs during their maturation is important to ensure the quality of applied protocols. Several destructive, mainly histochemical, methods are conventionally used to this aim, requiring the sacrifice of the investigated samples. This implies i) to plan several scaffold replicates, ii) expensive and time consuming procedures and iii) to infer the maturity level of a given tissue construct from a cognate replica. To solve these issues, non-destructive techniques such as light spectroscopy-based...

A reassessment of the enigmatic diapsid Paliguana whitei and the early history of Lepidosauromorpha

David Paul Ford, Susan Evans, Jonah Choiniere, Vincent Fernandez & Roger Benson
Lepidosaurs include lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians and the tuatara, comprising a highly speciose evolutionary radiation with widely varying anatomical traits. Their stem-lineage originated by the late middle Permian 259 million years ago, but its early fossil record is poorly documented, obscuring the origins of key anatomical and functional traits of the group. Paliguana whitei, from the Early Triassic of South Africa, is an enigmatic fossil species with potential to provide information on this. However, its anatomy...

Research data supporting \"The Missing N1 or Jittered P2: Electrophysiological Correlates of Pattern-Glare in the Time and Frequency Domai\"n

Austyn Tempesta, Claire E. Miller, Vladimir Litvak, Howard Bowman & Andrew Schofield

Zircon U-Pb Sediment provenance data for Miocene to recent sediments collected at Site U1521 during International Ocean Discovery Programme (IODP) Expedition 374 to the Ross Sea, Antarctica

Pieter Vermeesch, Andy Carter & James Marschalek
This dataset comprises zircon U-Pb data on 11 samples, each containing ~90-150 individual grains. This method was applied to sediment samples from IODP Expedition 374 Site U1521 to the Ross Sea, collected on the RV JOIDES Resolution. Shipboard biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy suggests the samples are mainly early Miocene in age (McKay et al., 2019). The uppermost samples do, however, include younger Plio-Pleistocene sediments. Samples were measured using an Agilent 7900 laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass...

Examining the relationship between processing fluency and memory for source information

Tina Huang & David Shanks
Familiarity-based processes such as processing fluency can influence memory judgements in tests of item recognition. Many conventional accounts of source memory assume minimal influence of familiarity on source memory, but recent work has suggested that source memory judgements are affected when test stimuli are processed with greater fluency as a result of priming. The present experiments investigated the relationship between fluency and the accuracy of source memory decisions. Participants studied words presented with different source...

Proteomics and Transcriptomics of the Hippocampus and Cortex in SUDEP and High-Risk SUDEP Patients

Dominique Leitner, James D. Mills, Geoffrey Pires, Arline Faustin, Eleanor Drummond, Evgeny Kanshin, Shruti Nayak, Manor Askenazi, Chloe Verducci, Bei Jun Chen, Michael Janitz, Jasper J. Anink, Johannes C. Baayen, Sander Idema, Erwin A. Van Vliet, Sasha Devore, Daniel Friedman, Beate Diehl, Catherine Scott, Roland Thijs, Thomas Wisniewski, Beatrix Ueberheide, Maria Thom, Eleonora Aronica & Orrin Devinsky
To identify the molecular signaling pathways underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and high-risk SUDEP compared to control patients with epilepsy. For proteomics analyses, we evaluated the hippocampus and frontal cortex from microdissected postmortem brain tissue of 12 patients with SUDEP and 14 with non-SUDEP epilepsy. For transcriptomics analyses, we evaluated hippocampus and temporal cortex surgical brain tissue from patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: 6 low-risk and 8 high-risk SUDEP as determined by...

RepeatModeler and RepeatMasker output files

Reuben Nowell, Christopher Wilson, Pedro Almeida, Philipp Schiffer, Diego Fontaneto, Lutz Becks, Fernando Rodriguez, Irina Arkhipova & Timothy Barraclough
Transposable elements (TEs) are selfish genomic parasites whose ability to spread autonomously is facilitated by sexual reproduction in their hosts. If hosts become obligately asexual, TE frequencies and dynamics are predicted to change dramatically, but the long-term outcome is unclear. Here, we test current theory using whole-genome sequence data from eight species of bdelloid rotifers, a class of invertebrates in which males are thus far unknown. Contrary to expectations, we find a variety of active...

Data from: What factors increase the vulnerability of native birds to the impacts of alien birds?

Thomas Evans, Jonathan Jeschke, Liu Chunlong, David Redding, Çağan Şekercioğlu & Tim Blackburn
This dataset accompanies a published paper (Evans et al. 2021) which aims to identify the factors that influence the vulnerability of native bird species to the impacts of alien bird species. In this paper we used mixed-effects models to test 14 variables that we hypothesised to influence vulnerability: this is a dataset of the 14 varaibles. We carried out our analyses using ten sets of these 14 variables: we provide all ten sets of these...

Differential perception of work in a technology company workplace

Kerstin Sailer, Petros Koutsolampros & Rosica Pachilova
The impact of the physical workplace on behaviors and attitudes at work is a much-studied topic. Major research streams over the last decades investigated either satisfaction with offices in relation to physical comfort, or how layout decisions influenced interaction and collaboration in the workplace with a focus on open-plan offices. Rather little is known on the effect a workplace layout (for example its openness) has on perceptions of staff regarding teamwork, focused work and perceived...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    57

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    57

Affiliations

  • University College London
    56
  • King's College London
    4
  • The Francis Crick Institute
    4
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
    3
  • University of Glasgow
    3
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • Cardiff University
    3
  • University of Oxford
    3
  • New York University Langone Medical Center
    2
  • University of Cambridge
    2