237 Works

Additional file 1 of A CT-based nomogram for differentiating invasive fungal disease of the lung from bacterial pneumonia

Meilin Gong, Jingmei Xu, Kang Li, Ke Li, Yuwei Xia, Yang Jing, Jiafei Chen, Jing Li, Jing Yang, Mingshan Du, Wenjing Hou, Yuan Ou, Lian Li & Wei Chen
Additional file 1. On the orininal data of the study.

The unfolded protein response regulates hepatic autophagy by sXBP1-mediated activation of TFEB

Zeyuan Zhang, Qingwen Qian, Mark Li, Fan Shao, Wen-Xing Ding, Vitor A. Lira, Sophia X. Chen, Sara C. Sebag, Gökhan S. Hotamisligil, Huojun Cao & Ling Yang
Defective macroautophagy/autophagy and a failure to initiate the adaptive unfolded protein response (UPR) in response to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction. However, whether and how unresolved ER stress leads to defects in the autophagy pathway and to the progression of obesity-associated hepatic pathologies remains unclear. Obesity suppresses the expression of hepatic spliced XBP1 (X-box binding protein 1; sXBP1), the key transcription factor that promotes the adaptive UPR. Our RNA-seq analysis...

The unfolded protein response regulates hepatic autophagy by sXBP1-mediated activation of TFEB

Zeyuan Zhang, Qingwen Qian, Mark Li, Fan Shao, Wen-Xing Ding, Vitor A. Lira, Sophia X. Chen, Sara C. Sebag, Gökhan S. Hotamisligil, Huojun Cao & Ling Yang
Defective macroautophagy/autophagy and a failure to initiate the adaptive unfolded protein response (UPR) in response to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction. However, whether and how unresolved ER stress leads to defects in the autophagy pathway and to the progression of obesity-associated hepatic pathologies remains unclear. Obesity suppresses the expression of hepatic spliced XBP1 (X-box binding protein 1; sXBP1), the key transcription factor that promotes the adaptive UPR. Our RNA-seq analysis...

Additional file 15 of Genome-wide identification and characterization of lncRNAs in sunflower endosperm

Shuai Yu, Zhichao Zhang, Jing Li, Yanbin Zhu, Yanzhe Yin, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yuxin Dai, Ao Zhang, Cong Li, Yanshu Zhu, Jinjuan Fan, Yanye Ruan & Xiaomei Dong
Additional file 15. GTF File of candidate lncRNAs identified in sunflower endosperm.

Additional file 3 of Genome-wide identification and characterization of lncRNAs in sunflower endosperm

Shuai Yu, Zhichao Zhang, Jing Li, Yanbin Zhu, Yanzhe Yin, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yuxin Dai, Ao Zhang, Cong Li, Yanshu Zhu, Jinjuan Fan, Yanye Ruan & Xiaomei Dong
Additional file 3: Table S3. GO Gene Ontology analysis of co-expressed protein-coding genes with all candidate lncRNAs.

Additional file 1 of Genetic diversity in the transmission-blocking vaccine candidate Plasmodium vivax gametocyte protein Pvs230 from the China–Myanmar border area and central Myanmar

Xin Zhao, Yubing Hu, Yan Zhao, Lin Wang, Zifang Wu, Myat Thu Soe, Myat Phone Kyaw, Liwang Cui, Xiaotong Zhu & Yaming Cao
Additional file 1: Table S1. Primers used in Pvs230 amplification and sequencing.

Seminatural habitat surrounding farms promotes multifunctionality in avian ecosystem services

Elissa Olimpi, Karina Garcia, David Gonthier, Claire Kremen, William Snyder, Erin Wilson-Rankin & Daniel Karp
Farmland birds can suppress insect pests, but may also consume beneficial insects, damage crops, and potentially carry foodborne pathogens. As bird communities shift in response to farming practices, so too do the benefits (services) and costs (disservices) from birds. Understanding how and why ecosystem services and disservices covary can inform management interventions that enhance synergies, avoid tradeoffs, and promote multifunctionality. We investigated how farmland diversification practices influence the services and disservices provided by wild birds...

Interactive effects of multiscale diversification practices on farmland bird stress

Elissa Olimpi, Hallie Daly, Karina Garcia, Victoria Glynn, David Gonthier, Claire Kremen & Leithen M'Gonigle
Farmland diversification practices (i.e., methods used to produce food sustainably by enhancing biodiversity in cropping systems) are sometimes considered beneficial to both agriculture and biodiversity, but most studies of these practices rely on species richness, diversity, or abundance as a proxy for habitat quality. Biodiversity assessments may miss early clues that populations are imperiled when species presence does not imply persistence. Physiological stress indicators may help identify low-quality habitats before population declines occur. We explored...

Design, synthesis and biological characteristics of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives as potential VEGFR-2 inhibitors - Supporting Information

Dan-Xia Ying, Ju Wang, Xiu-Fang Li, Wen Zhang & Guo-Wu Rao
Supplementary: The 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS data of synthesized compounds I-1 to 6. Supplementary 1: I-1 Supplementary: The 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS data of synthesized compounds Ⅱ-1 to 6. Supplementary 7: II-1

Source Data.xlsx

Yuan Yang, Ruizeng Luo, Shengyu Chao, Jiangtao Xue, Dongjie Jiang, Yun Hao Feng, Xin Dong Guo, Dan Luo, Jiaping Zhang, Zhou Li & Zhong Lin Wang
Improved pharmacodynamics of epidermal growth factor via microneedles-based self-powered transcutaneous electrical stimulation

Reproducibility Package for: Sources of Family Income Across Childhood in Families with Nonresident Fathers

Paula Fomby, Hope Harvey & Kelly Musick
PI Provided Abstract: Unpartnered mothers rely upon a variety of formal and informal sources of income to support their coresident minor children. We build upon work that has focused on selective populations and shorter time horizons to describe the family income sources that U.S. women and their minor children rely upon over up to 17 years following an unpartnered birth or union dissolution (Panel Study of Income Dynamics 2001-2017, N=12,369 person-year records from 3,164 children)....

Identification of downstream targets and signaling pathways of long non-coding RNA NR_002794 in human trophoblast cells

Yinyao Ma, Hua Wu, Xuxia Liang, Chun Zhang, Yanhua Ma, Yanfen Wei, Jing Li & Hui Chen
Preeclampsia (PE) is a huge threat to pregnant women. Our previous study demonstrated that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR_002794 was highly expressed in placentas of PE patients and could regulate the phenotypes of trophoblast cells. However, the downstream regulatory mechanisms of NR_002794 remain unknown. In this text, some potential downstream targets or signaling pathways of NR_002794 were identified through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and bioinformatics analysis in SWAN71 trophoblast cells. Western blot assay demonstrated that NR_002794...

Data from: Cast adrift on an island: introduced populations experience an altered balance between selection and drift

Eric M. O'Neill, Karen H. Beard & Michael E. Pfrender
A long-standing question in evolutionary biology is what becomes of adaptive traits when a species expands its range into novel environments. Here we report the results of a study on an adaptive colour pattern polymorphism (stripes) of the coqui frog following its introduction to Hawaii from Puerto Rico. We compared population differentiation (φ'ST and FST) for the stripes locus —which underlies this colour pattern polymorphism— with neutral microsatellite loci to test for a signature of...

Data from: Multiple aspects of plasticity in clutch size vary among populations of a globally distributed songbird

David F. Westneat, Veronika Bókony, Terry Burke, Olivier Chastel, Henrik Jensen, Thomas Kvalnes, Ádám Z. Lendvai, András Liker, Douglas Mock, Julia Schroeder, P. L. Schwagmeyer, Gabriele Sorci & Ian R. K. Stewart
1. Plasticity in life-history characteristics can influence many ecological and evolutionary phenomena, including how invading organisms cope with novel conditions in new locations or how environmental change affects organisms in native locations. Variation in reaction norm attributes is a critical element to understanding plasticity in life history, yet we know relatively little about the ways in which reaction norms vary within and among populations. 2. We amassed data on clutch size from marked females in...

Data from: Molecular phylogenetics of Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) based on multiple nuclear genes and implications for classification

Barbara J. Sharanowski, Ashley P.G. Dowling & Michael J. Sharkey
This study examined subfamilial relationships within Braconidae, using 4kb of sequence data for 139 taxa. Genetic sampling included previously used markers for phylogenetic studies of Braconidae (28S and 18S rDNA) as well as new nuclear protein-coding genes (CAD and ACC). Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference of the concatenated dataset recovered a robust phylogeny, particularly for early divergences within the family. This study focused primarily on non-cyclostome subfamilies, but the monophyly of the cyclostome complex was...

Data from: Individual quality and personality: bolder males are less fecund in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

Danielle Bridger, Simon J. Bonner & Mark Briffa
One explanation for animal personality is that different behavioural types derive from different life-history strategies. Highly productive individuals, with high growth rates and high fecundity, are assumed to live life at a fast pace showing high levels of boldness and risk taking, compared with less productive individuals. Here, we investigate among-individual differences in mean boldness (the inverse of the latency to recover from a startling stimulus) and in the consistency of boldness, in male hermit...

Data from: Author-suggested reviewers: gender differences and influences on the peer review process at an ecology journal

Charles W. Fox, C. Sean Burns, Anna D. Muncy & Jennifer A. Meyer
Peer review is the primary method by which journals evaluate the quality and importance of scientific papers. To help editors find suitable reviewers, many journals allow or require authors to suggest names of preferred and nonpreferred reviewers. Though authors should know best who is qualified to review their papers, they also have a strong incentive to suggest reviewers that they expect to review their paper positively. In this study, we examine the reviewers that are...

Data from: Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment

Habacuc Flores-Moreno, Peter B. Reich, Eric M. Lind, Lauren L. Sullivan, Eric W. Seabloom, Laura Yahdjian, Andrew S. MacDougall, Lara G. Reichmann, Juan Alberti, Selene Báez, Jonathan D. Bakker, Marc W. Cadotte, Maria C. Caldeira, Enrique J. Chaneton, Carla M. D'Antonio, Philip A. Fay, Jennifer Firn, Nicole Hagenah, W. Stanley Harpole, Oscar Iribarne, Kevin P. Kirkman, Johannes M. H. Knops, Kimberly J. La Pierre, Ramesh Laungani, Andrew D. B. Leakey … & Elizabeth T. Borer
Ecosystem eutrophication often increases domination by non-natives and causes displacement of native taxa. However, variation in environmental conditions may affect the outcome of interactions between native and non-native taxa in environments where nutrient supply is elevated. We examined the interactive effects of eutrophication, climate variability and climate average conditions on the success of native and non-native plant species using experimental nutrient manipulations replicated at 32 grassland sites on four continents. We hypothesized that effects of...

Data from: Effects of mountaintop removal mining and valley filling on the occupancy and abundance of stream salamanders

Steven J. Price, Brenee' L. Muncy, Simon J. Bonner, Andrea N. Drayer & Christopher D. Barton
Human-induced land-use changes are among the primary causes of ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss. Across central Appalachia (USA), mountaintop removal mining and valley filling (MTR/VF) is the prevailing form of land-use change and represents a stressor to stream ecosystems. Salamanders are the dominant vertebrate in Appalachian headwater streams. Thus, we addressed the question: Is salamander occupancy and conditional abundance reduced in streams impacted by MTR/VF? We conducted repeated counts of adult and larval salamanders within...

Data from: Delayed dispersal and prolonged brood care in a family-living beetle

Jacqueline R. Dillard & Thomas A. Maigret
Delayed juvenile dispersal is an important prerequisite for the evolution of family-based social systems, such as cooperative breeding and eusociality. In general, young adults forego dispersal if there are substantial benefits to remaining in the natal nest and/or the likelihood of dispersing and breeding successfully is low. We investigate some general factors thought to drive delayed juvenile dispersal in the horned passalus beetle, a family-living beetle in which young adults remain with their families in...

Data from: Demographic modelling reveals a history of divergence with gene flow for a glacially tied stonefly in a changing post-Pleistocene landscape

Scott Hotaling, Clint C. Muhlfeld, J. Joseph Giersch, Omar A. Ali, Steve Jordan, Michael R. Miller, Gordon Luikart & David W. Weisrock
Aim: Climate warming is causing extensive loss of glaciers in mountainous regions, yet our understanding of how glacial recession influences evolutionary processes and genetic diversity is limited. Linking genetic structure with the influences shaping it can improve understanding of how species respond to environmental change. Here, we used genome-scale data and demographic modelling to resolve the evolutionary history of Lednia tumana, a rare, aquatic insect endemic to alpine streams. We also employed a range of...

Data from: Exogenous kisspeptin enhances seasonal reproductive function in male Siberian hamsters

Allison M. Bailey, Sandra J. Legan & Gregory E. Demas
Animals living in temperate climates are faced with the challenge of reproducing only when environmental conditions are suitable for offspring survival. Environmental cues signalling current and future energy availability (e.g., food availability and photoperiod respectively) are used to appropriately time reproduction. The precise neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating reproduction in response to these cues are unknown. The goal of the present study was to investigate a functional role for kisspeptin, a neuropeptide that shows promise as a...

Data from: Evolution of larval competitiveness and associated life history traits in response to host shifts in a seed beetle

Charles W. Fox & Frank J. Messina
Resource competition is frequently strong among parasites that feed within small discrete resource patches, such as seeds or fruits. The properties of a host can influence the behavioral, morphological, and life history traits of associated parasites, including traits that mediate competition within the host. For seed parasites, host size may be an especially important determinant of competitive ability. Using the seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus, we performed replicated, reciprocal host shifts to examine the role of...

Data from: Sensitivity of global soil carbon stocks to combined nutrient enrichment

Thomas W. Crowther, Charlotte Riggs, Eric M. Lind, Elizabeth T. Borer, Eric W. Seabloom, Sarah E. Hobbie, E. R. Jasper Wubs, Peter B. Adler, Jennifer Firn, Laureano Gherardi, Nicole Hagenah, Kirsten S. Hofmockel, Johannes M. H. Knops, Rebecca L. McCulley, Andrew MacDougall, Pablo L. Peri, Suzanne M. Prober, Carly J. Stevens & Devin Routh
Soil stores approximately twice as much carbon as the atmosphere and fluctuations in the size of the soil carbon pool directly influence climate conditions. We used the Nutrient Network global change experiment to examine how anthropogenic nutrient enrichment might influence grassland soil carbon storage at a global scale. In isolation, enrichment of nitrogen and phosphorous had minimal impacts on soil carbon storage. However, when these nutrients were added in combination with potassium and micronutrients, soil...

Data from: Age and sex differences in burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being in US neurologists

Kathrin LaFaver, Janis M. Miyasaki, Christopher M. Keran, Carol Rheaume, Lisa Gulya, Kerry H. Levin, Elaine C. Jones, Heidi B. Schwarz, Jennifer R. Molano, Amy Hessler, Divya Singhal, Tait D. Shanafelt, Jeff A. Sloan, Paul J. Novotny, Terrence L. Cascino & Neil A. Busis
Objective: To examine age and sex differences in burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being in US neurologists. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative analyses of men’s (n = 1,091) and women’s (n = 580) responses to a 2016 survey of US neurologists. Results: Emotional exhaustion in neurologists initially increased with age, then started to decrease as neurologists got older. Depersonalization decreased as neurologists got older. Fatigue and overall quality of life in neurologists initially worsened with age, then...

Registration Year

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    10
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • University of Kentucky
    237
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    57
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    53
  • Zhejiang University
    50
  • University of California, San Francisco
    50
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  • Sichuan University
    49
  • Shandong University
    49
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    49
  • Capital Medical University
    47