Data from: Herbivory and eutrophication mediate grassland plant nutrient responses across a global climatic gradientT. Michael Anderson, Daniel M. Griffith, James B. Grace, Eric M. Lind, Peter B. Adler, Lori A. Biederman, Dana M. Blumenthal, Pedro Daleo, Jennifer Firn, Nicole Hagenah, W. Stanley Harpole, Andrew S. MacDougall, Rebecca L. McCulley, Suzanne M. Prober, Anita C. Risch, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Schütz, Eric W. Seabloom, Carly J. Stevens, Lauren L. Sullivan, Peter D. Wragg & Elizabeth T. Borer
Plant stoichiometry, the relative concentration of elements, is a key regulator of ecosystem functioning and is also being altered by human activities. In this paper we sought to understand the global drivers of plant stoichiometry and compare the relative contribution of climatic vs. anthropogenic effects. We addressed this goal by measuring plant elemental (C, N, P and K) responses to eutrophication and vertebrate herbivore exclusion at eighteen sites on six continents. Across sites, climate and...
A comprehensive dataset of extreme hydrological events (EHEs) – floods and droughts, consisting of 2,171 occurrences worldwide, during 1960‐2014 was compiled, and then their economic losses were normalized using a price index in U.S. dollar. The dataset showed a significant increasing trend of EHEs before 2000, while a slight post‐2000 decline. Correspondingly, the EHEs‐caused economic losses increased obviously before 2000 followed by a slight decrease; the post‐2000 decline could be partially attributed to the decreases...
Data from: Meta-analysis of yield response of foliar fungicide-treated hybrid corn in the United States and Ontario, CanadaKiersten A. Wise, Damon L. Smith, Anna Freije, Daren S. Mueller, Yuba Kandel, Tom Allen, Carl A. Bradley, Emmanuel Byamukama, Martin Chilvers, Travis Faske, Andrew Friskop, Clayton Hollier, Tamra A. Jackson-Ziems, Heather Kelly, Bob Kemerait, Paul Price, Alison Robertson & Albert Tenuta
Background: Foliar fungicide applications to corn (Zea mays) occur at one or more application timings ranging from early vegetative growth stages to mid-reproductive stages. Previous studies indicated that fungicide applications are profitable under high disease pressure when applied during the tasseling to silking growth stages. Few comprehensive studies in corn have examined the impact of fungicide applications at an early vegetative growth stage (V6) compared to late application timings (VT) for yield response and return...
Data from: Meta-analytic and economic approaches for evaluation of pesticide impact on Sclerotinia stem rot control and soybean yield in the North Central U.S.Jaime F. Willbur, Paul Mitchell, Mamadou L. Fall, Adam M. Byrne, Scott Chapman, Crystal M. Floyd, Carl A. Bradley, Keith Ames, Martin I. Chilvers, Nathan Kleczewski, Dean Malvick, Brian Mueller, Daren Mueller, Mehdi Kabbage, Shawn P. Conley & Damon Smith
As complete host resistance in soybean has not been achieved, Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR) caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum continues to be of major economic concern for farmers. Thus, chemical control remains a prevalent disease management strategy. Pesticide evaluations were conducted in Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Wisconsin from 2009 to 2016, for a total of 25 site-years (n = 2057 plot-level data points). These studies were used in network meta-analyses to evaluate the...
Data from: Replicated latitudinal clines in reproductive traits of European and North American yellow dung fliesStephanie S. Bauerfeind, Martin A. Schäfer, David Berger, Wolf U. Blanckenhorn & Charles W. Fox
Geographic variation in phenotypic traits is commonly correlated with spatial variation in the environment, e.g., seasonality and mean temperature, providing evidence that natural selection generates such patterns. In particular, both body size and egg size of ectothermic animals are commonly larger in northern climates, and temperature induces plastic responses in both traits. Size-independent egg quality can also vary with latitude, though this is rarely investigated. For the widespread yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria; Diptera: Scathophagidae),...
Stable isotope analysis of rat tissues to determine effects of gonadectomization. Four groups - female, ovarectomized, male, and castrated male - were fed a constant diet for 30 days. Fat, muscle, liver, and kidney were sampled at the experiment's end while serum and blood were sampled at days 0, 1, and 30. We found that sex and removal of gonadal hormones are factors either individually or interactive for carbon and nitrogen stable isotope composition in...
Data from: Quantifying climate sensitivity and climate-driven change in North American amphibian communitiesDavid A. W. Miller, Evan H. Campbell Grant, Erin Muths, Staci M. Amburgey, Michael J. Adams, Maxwell B. Joseph, J. Hardin Waddle, Pieter T. J. Johnson, Maureen E. Ryan, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Daniel L. Calhoun, Courtney L. Davis, Robert N. Fisher, David M. Green, Blake R. Hossack, Tracy A. G. Rittenhouse, Susan C. Walls, Larissa L. Bailey, Sam S. Cruickshank, Gary M. Fellers, Thomas A. Gorman, Carola A. Haas, Ward Hughson, David S. Pilliod, Steven J. Price … & Brent H. Sigafus
Changing climate will impact species’ ranges only when environmental variability directly impacts the demography of local populations. However, measurement of demographic responses to climate change has largely been limited to single species and locations. Here we show that amphibian communities are responsive to climatic variability, using >500,000 time-series observations for 81 species across 86 North American study areas. The effect of climate on local colonization and persistence probabilities varies among eco-regions and depends on local...
Data from: RAD sequencing data reveal a radiation of willow species (Salix L., Salicaceae) in the Hengduan Mountains and adjacent areasLi He, Natascha Wagner & Elvira Hörandl
Radiation_of_willows_in_Hengduan_Mountains_He_et_al_2020 Demultiplexed Restriction-site Associated DNA (RAD) read data of 58 samples and four phylip files generated from RAD reads of 72 samples used in "RAD sequencing data reveal a radiation of willow species (Salix L., Salicaceae) in the Hengduan Mountains and adjacent areas". The other relevant 14 samples from Wagner et al. (2018) are available at the National Center for Biotechnology Information SequenceReadArchive: BioProject ID PRJNA433286.
Supplemental Online Materials of Trends in Land Surface Phenology across the Conterminous United States (1982-2016) Analyzed by NEON DomainsLiang Liang, Geoffrey Henebry, lingling liu, Xiaoyang Zhang & Li-Chih Hsu
This research investigated land surface phenology trends across the conterminous United States (1982-2016)by National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) domains. The Supplemental Online Materials (SOM) contain two Appendices. Appendix S1 contains NEON domain-specific results, supplemental tables and figures. Appendix S2 contains datasets of the analysis results. Users can utilize these data to perform customized analysis in lieu of the published outcomes.
Relatedness and the composition of communities over time: evaluating phylogenetic community structure in the late Cenozoic record of bivalvesLucy Chang & Phillip Skipwith
Understanding the mechanisms that prevent or promote the coexistence of taxa at local scales is critical to understanding how biodiversity is maintained. Competitive exclusion and environmental filtering are two processes thought to limit which taxa become established in a community. However, determining the relative importance of the two processes is a complex task, especially when the critical initial stages of colonization cannot be directly observed. Here, we explore the use of phylogenetic community structure for...
Comparative Studies of Reproductive Diapause in North American Populations of Three Hippodamia Species (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)John Obrycki
Adult Hippodamia parenthesis were collected from McLean County, Illinois (40.34°N, 88.77°W), Johnson County, Iowa (41.67°N, 91.52°N), Onondaga County, New York (43.03°N, 76.00°W) and Jefferson County, New York (43.98°N, 75.91°W) (Supplemental Figure 1). Eggs were collected daily from 4 to 6 females in each population and placed in L:D 16:8, 14:10, 12:12,10:14, at 22°C ± 1.0°C. F1 offspring were individually reared in glass vials at each photoperiod on pea aphids and Ephestia kuehniella eggs to examine...
The Pacific lamprey genomic divergence, association mapping, temporal Willamette Falls, spatial rangewide datasetsJon Hess, Jeramiah Smith, Nataliya Timoshevskaya, Cyndi Baker, Christopher Caudill, David Graves, Matthew Keefer, Andrew Kinziger, Mary Moser, Laurie Porter, Greg Silver, Steven Whitlock & Shawn Narum
High rates of dispersal can breakdown coadapted gene complexes. However, concentrated genomic architecture (i.e., genomic islands of divergence) can suppress recombination to allow evolution of local adaptations despite high gene flow. Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) is a highly dispersive anadromous fish. Observed trait diversity and evidence for genetic basis of traits suggests it may be locally adapted. We addressed whether concentrated genomic architecture could influence local adaptation for Pacific lamprey. Using two new whole genome...
Maternally transmitted bacterial symbionts can be important mediators of the interactions between insect herbivores and their foodplants. These symbionts are often facultative (present in some host individuals but not others) and can have large effects on their host’s phenotype, thus giving rise to heritable variation upon which selection can act. In the cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora) it has been established that the facultative endosymbiont Arsenophonus improves aphid performance on black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia) but...
Based on the number of pollen hosts utilised, bees have been categorised as generalists (polylectic) or specialists (oligolectic). Faced with a changing habitat, polylectic bees can diversify their pollen ‘portfolio’, while oligolectic bees cannot and therefore may go locally extinct. Research into the evolution and maintenance of broad polylecty is scant. Instead, research has mainly focussed on the factors that constrain oligolectic species to a narrow diet. Here, we developed a molecular phylogeny of a...
Data from: Diverse and complex muscle spindle afferent firing properties emerge from multiscale muscle mechanicsKyle Blum, Brian Horslen, Kenneth Campbell, Brian Horslen, Paul Nardelli, Stephen Housley, Timothy Cope & Lena Ting
Despite decades of research, we lack a mechanistic framework capable of predicting how movement-related signals are transformed into the diversity of muscle spindle afferent firing patterns observed experimentally, particularly in naturalistic behaviors. Here, a biophysical model demonstrates that well-known firing characteristics of mammalian muscle spindle Ia afferents – including movement history dependence, and nonlinear scaling with muscle stretch velocity – emerge from first principles of muscle contractile mechanics. Further, mechanical interactions of the muscle spindle...
Plant characteristics, sample sites, and non-native bee assemblages for a bee survey conducted in 2014-2017 by Bernadette Mach in the Daniel A. Potter lab at the University of Kentucky.
1. Repeatability is the cornerstone of science and it is particularly important for systematic reviews. However, little is known on how researchers’ choice of database and search platform influence the repeatability of systematic reviews. Here, we aim to unveil how the computer environment and the location where the search was initiated from influence hit results. 2. We present a comparative analysis of time-synchronized searches at different institutional locations in the world, and evaluate the consistency...
Pathotype complexity and genetic characterization of Phytophthora sojae populations in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and OhioLinda Hebb, Carl A. Bradley, Santiago Xavier Mideros, Darcy E. P. Telenko, Kiersten Wise & Anne Elizabeth Dorrance
Phytophthora sojae, the causal agent of Phytophthora root and stem rot of soybean, has been managed with single Rps genes since the 1960’s, but has subsequently adapted to many of these resistance genes, rendering them ineffective. The objective of this study was to examine the pathotype and genetic diversity of P. sojae from soil samples across Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio by assessing which Rps gene(s) were still effective and identifying possible population clusters. There...
This dataset characterizes the types and distributions of surficial geologic materials in the Cecilia, Constantine, Howe Valley, and Sonora 7.5-minute quadrangles. The primary goal for this mapping project was to identify and map the spatial distribution and understand the mechanical and chemical properties of surficial geologic materials in a rapidly developing area of Kentucky. This new dataset will have immediate utility to a range of users in local, state, and Federal agencies that are working...
Supplementary material and supplementary data files for: Handling logical character dependency in phylogenetic inference: Extensive performance testing of assumptions and solutions using simulated and empirical dataTiago R. Simões, Oksana Vernygora, Bruno A. S. Medeiros & April M. Wright
Logical character dependency is a major conceptual and methodological problem in phylogenetic inference of morphological datasets, as it violates the assumption of character independence that is common to all phylogenetic methods. It is more frequently observed in higher-level phylogenies or in datasets characterizing major evolutionary transitions, as these represent parts of the tree of life where (primary) anatomical characters either originate or disappear entirely. As a result, secondary traits related to these primary characters become...
Single nucleus RNA sequencing of human sural nerve injury collected from two participants at A proteomic analysis, using mass spectrometry and immunoassays, of the human peripheral nervous system's response to a transection injury. We obtained, from the same participants, the protein levels in freshly cut and degenerating human sural nerve tissue.
sj-xlsx-2-tct-10.1177_15330338221124658 - Supplemental material for In Vitro and in Vivo Study of the Effect of Osteogenic Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Breast and Lung Cancer CellsMike Y. Chen, Jing Li, Nianli Zhang, Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Philip Fedor, Yongsheng Jia & Yujun Wang
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-2-tct-10.1177_15330338221124658 for In Vitro and in Vivo Study of the Effect of Osteogenic Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Breast and Lung Cancer Cells by Mike Y. Chen, Jing Li, Nianli Zhang and Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Philip Fedor, Yongsheng Jia, Yujun Wang in Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
sj-xlsx-3-tct-10.1177_15330338221124658 - Supplemental material for In Vitro and in Vivo Study of the Effect of Osteogenic Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Breast and Lung Cancer CellsMike Y. Chen, Jing Li, Nianli Zhang, Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Philip Fedor, Yongsheng Jia & Yujun Wang
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-3-tct-10.1177_15330338221124658 for In Vitro and in Vivo Study of the Effect of Osteogenic Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Breast and Lung Cancer Cells by Mike Y. Chen, Jing Li, Nianli Zhang and Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Philip Fedor, Yongsheng Jia, Yujun Wang in Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Additional file 1 of A CT-based nomogram for differentiating invasive fungal disease of the lung from bacterial pneumoniaMeilin Gong, Jingmei Xu, Kang Li, Ke Li, Yuwei Xia, Yang Jing, Jiafei Chen, Jing Li, Jing Yang, Mingshan Du, Wenjing Hou, Yuan Ou, Lian Li & Wei Chen
Additional file 1. On the orininal data of the study.
Additional file 12 of Genome-wide identification and characterization of lncRNAs in sunflower endospermShuai Yu, Zhichao Zhang, Jing Li, Yanbin Zhu, Yanzhe Yin, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yuxin Dai, Ao Zhang, Cong Li, Yanshu Zhu, Jinjuan Fan, Yanye Ruan & Xiaomei Dong
Additional file 12: Table S7. GO Gene Ontology analysis of co-expressed protein-coding genes with lncRNAs of allelic bias toward cultivated lines for oil.
University of Kentucky234
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College57
Chinese Academy of Sciences53
University of California, San Francisco50
Shanghai Jiao Tong University49
Capital Medical University47