234 Works

Additional file 11 of Genome-wide identification and characterization of lncRNAs in sunflower endosperm

Shuai Yu, Zhichao Zhang, Jing Li, Yanbin Zhu, Yanzhe Yin, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yuxin Dai, Ao Zhang, Cong Li, Yanshu Zhu, Jinjuan Fan, Yanye Ruan & Xiaomei Dong
Additional file 11: Table S6. GO Gene Ontology analysis of co-expressed protein-coding genes with lncRNAs of allelic bias toward cultivated lines for edible fruit.

Changes in arthropod communities mediate the effects of landscape composition and farm management on pest control ecosystem services in organically managed strawberry crops

Adrian Lu, David Gonthier, Amber Sciligo, Karina Garcia, Taiki Chiba, Gila Juarez & Claire Kremen
Landscape composition and local diversification practices such as polyculture, cover cropping, and hedgerows may promote natural pest control by benefiting natural enemy communities on farms. Our study employs piecewise structural equation modeling (PSEM) to test causal hypotheses regarding the effects of landscape composition and local diversification practices on arthropod communities and pest control ecosystem services. We sampled 27 organic strawberry fields in California’s Central Coast region in 2015 and 2016 (17 repeated between years) for...

Faster‐haplodiploid evolution under divergence‐with‐gene‐flow: Simulations and empirical data from pine‐feeding hymenopterans

Emily Bendall, Catherine Linnen, Robin K. Bagley & Vitor C. Sousa
Although haplodiploidy is widespread in nature, the evolutionary consequences of this mode of reproduction are not well characterized. Here, we examine how genome-wide hemizygosity and a lack of recombination in haploid males affects genomic differentiation in populations that diverge via natural selection while experiencing gene flow. First, we simulated diploid and haplodiploid “genomes” (500-kb loci) evolving under an isolation-with-migration model with mutation, drift, selection, migration, and recombination; and examined differentiation at neutral sites both tightly...

Additional file 1 of The microbial community associated with Parascaris spp. infecting juvenile horses

Jennifer L. Cain, Jamie K. Norris, Nichol E. Ripley, Parul Suri, Constance A. Finnerty, Holli S. Gravatte & Martin K. Nielsen
Additional file 1: Table S1. Relative abundances of all genera, families, and phyla for each whole worm sample.

Additional file 2 of The microbial community associated with Parascaris spp. infecting juvenile horses

Jennifer L. Cain, Jamie K. Norris, Nichol E. Ripley, Parul Suri, Constance A. Finnerty, Holli S. Gravatte & Martin K. Nielsen
Additional file 2: Table S2. Relative abundances of all genera, families, and phyla for each organ sample.

Light controls alpine meadow community assembly during succession by affecting species recruitment from the seed bank

Miaojun Ma, Carol C. Baskin, Yunpeng Zhao & Hang An
1. This data including two parts, plant communtiy and soil seed bank data. 2. There are 3 successional stages and 10 replications in each stage in plant community data. 3. There are 3 light intensity treatment (low, mid and high) in soil seed bank experiment, and including 5 replications.

Identification of downstream targets and signaling pathways of long non-coding RNA NR_002794 in human trophoblast cells

Yinyao Ma, Hua Wu, Xuxia Liang, Chun Zhang, Yanhua Ma, Yanfen Wei, Jing Li & Hui Chen
Preeclampsia (PE) is a huge threat to pregnant women. Our previous study demonstrated that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR_002794 was highly expressed in placentas of PE patients and could regulate the phenotypes of trophoblast cells. However, the downstream regulatory mechanisms of NR_002794 remain unknown. In this text, some potential downstream targets or signaling pathways of NR_002794 were identified through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and bioinformatics analysis in SWAN71 trophoblast cells. Western blot assay demonstrated that NR_002794...

Additional file 4 of Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Additional file 4. Table S2: Information of viruses with complete genomes determined in the present study.

Additional file 4 of Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Additional file 4. Table S2: Information of viruses with complete genomes determined in the present study.

Additional file 1 of Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Additional file 1. Table S1: Plant species and library information.

Delivery of mesenchymal stem cells-derived extracellular vesicles with enriched miR-185 inhibits progression of OPMD

Lin Wang, Panpan Yin, Jiaqi Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zheng Sun, Yu Zhou & Xiaobing Guan
Oral leukoplakia is one of the most common oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and its malignant transformation to oral cancer is highly associated with chronic inflammation. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosome-delivered microRNAs modulate inflammatory responses and alleviate irritations that predisposes to cancer. We previously reported that microRNA-185 (miR-185) was significantly decreased in the buccal tissue of patients with oral cancer. In this study, we utilized genetically modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived EVs with high...

Data from: Concordance analysis in mitogenomic phylogenetics

David W. Weisrock
Here I advocate the utility of Bayesian concordance analysis as a mechanism for exploring the magnitude and source of phylogenetic signal in concatenated mitogenomic phylogenetic studies. While typically applied to the study of independently evolving gene trees, Bayesian concordance analysis can also be applied to linked, but individually analyzed, gene regions using a prior probability that reflects the expectation of similar phylogenetic reconstructions. For true branches in the mitogenomic tree, concordance factors should represent the...

Data from: Parallel tagged amplicon sequencing reveals major lineages and phylogenetic structure in the North American tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) species complex

Eric M. O'Neill, Rachel Schwartz, C. Thomas Bullock, Joshua S. Williams, H. B. Shaffer, X. Aguilar-Miguel, Gabriela Parra-Olea & David W. Weisrock
Modern analytical methods for population genetics and phylogenetics are expected to provide more accurate results when data from multiple genome-wide loci are analyzed. We present the results of an initial application of parallel tagged sequencing (PTS) on a next generation platform to sequence thousands of barcoded PCR amplicons generated from 95 nuclear loci and 93 individuals sampled across the range of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) species complex. To manage the bioinformatic processing of this...

Data from: Species tree reconstruction of a poorly resolved clade of salamanders (Ambystomatidae) using multiple nuclear loci

Joshua S. Williams, John H. Niedzwiecki & David W. Weisrock
The analysis of diverse data sets can yield different phylogenetic estimates that challenge systematists to explain the source of discordance. The mole salamanders (family Ambystomatidae) are a classic example of this phylogenetic conflict. Previous attempts to resolve the ambystomatid species tree using allozymic, morphological, and mitochondrial sequence data have yielded different estimates, making it unclear which data source best approximates ambystomatid phylogeny and which ones yield phylogenetically inaccurate reconstructions. To shed light on this conflict,...

Data from: The role of inbreeding depression and mating system in the evolution of heterostyly

Jennifer J. Weber, Stephen G. Weller, Ann K. Sakai, Olga V. Tsyusko, Travis C. Glenn, Cesar A. Dominguez, Francisco E. Molina-Freaner, Juan Fornoni, Mike Tran, Nhu Nguyen, Karen Nguyen, Lien-Khuong Tran, Greg Joice & Ellen Harding
We investigated the role of morph-based differences in the expression of inbreeding depression in loss of the mid-styled morph from populations of tristylous Oxalis alpina as proposed by theoretical analyses. The extent of self-compatibility of reproductive morphs, the degree of self-fertilization, and the magnitude of inbreeding depression were investigated in three populations of O. alpina differing in their tristylous incompatibility relationships. All three populations exhibited significant inbreeding depression. In two populations with highly modified tristylous...

Data from: Insecticides promote viral outbreaks by altering herbivore competition

Huipeng Pan, Evan L. Preisser, Dong Chu, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Yves Carrière, Xuguo Zhou & Youjun Zhang
While the management of biological invasions is often characterized by a series of single-species decisions, invasive species exist within larger food webs. These biotic interactions can alter the impact of control/eradication programs and may cause suppression efforts to inadvertently facilitate invasion spread and impact. We document the rapid replacement of the invasive Bemisia MEAM1 cryptic species by the cryptic MED species throughout China, and demonstrate that MED is more tolerant of insecticides and a better...

Data from: Facultative endosymbionts mediate dietary breadth in a polyphagous herbivore

Steven M. Wagner, Adam J. Martinez, Yong-Ming Ruan, Kyungsun L. Kim, Paul A. Lenhart, Allison C. Dehnel, Kerry M. Oliver & Jennifer A. White
1. Intraspecific variation in dietary breadth can influence important ecological and evolutionary processes, yet the mechanisms generating this variation are usually unknown. Maternally-transmitted bacterial symbionts frequently infect insect herbivores, and many have been shown to mediate key ecological interactions. For polyphagous herbivores, infection with particular symbionts is often strongly correlated with feeding on particular plant species, suggesting that facultative symbionts might directly determine herbivore food plant specificity. However, previous tests of this hypothesis have returned...

Data from: Gender differences in patterns of authorship do not affect peer review outcomes at an ecology journal

Charles W. Fox, C. Sean Burns, Anna D. Muncy & Jennifer A. Meyer
There is a widespread perception in the academic community that peer review is subject to many biases and can be influenced by the identity and biographic features (such as gender) of manuscript authors. We examined how patterns of authorship differ between men and women, and whether author gender influences editorial and peer review outcomes and/or the peer review process for papers submitted to the journal Functional Ecology between 2010 and 2014. Women represented approximately a...

Data from: Multigenerational exposure to silver ions and silver nanoparticles reveals heightened sensitivity and epigenetic memory in Caenorhabditis elegans

Carolin L. Schultz, Anye Wamucho, Olga V. Tsyusko, Jason M. Unrine, Alison Crossley, Claus Svendsen & David J. Spurgeon
The effects from multigenerational exposures to engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in their pristine and transformed states are currently unknown despite such exposures being an increasingly common scenario in natural environments. Here, we examine how exposure over 10 generations affects the sensitivity of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to pristine and sulfidized Ag ENPs and AgNO3. We also include populations that were initially exposed over six generations but kept unexposed for subsequent four generations to allow recovery from...

Data from: Mechanical conflict system: a novel operant method for the assessment of nociceptive behavior

Steven Harte, Jessica B. Meyers, Renee R. Donahue, Bradley K. Taylor, Thomas J. Morrow & Steven E. Harte
A new operant test for preclinical pain research, termed the Mechanical Conflict System (MCS), is presented. Rats were given a choice either to remain in a brightly lit compartment or to escape to a dark compartment by crossing an array of height-adjustable nociceptive probes. Latency to escape the light compartment was evaluated with varying probe heights (0, .5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 mm above compartment floor) in rats with neuropathic pain induced by constriction...

Data from: Mutualism effectiveness of a fungal endophyte in an annual grass is impaired by ozone

Andrea C. Ueno, Pedro E. Gundel, Marina Omacini, Claudio M. Ghersa, Lowell P. Bush & María Alejandra Martínez-Ghersa
1. Ozone is an increasing tropospheric contaminant of climate change. Exposure to ozone may affect the symbiotic relationship between plants and beneficial microorganisms. In particular, the herbivore resistance mechanism conferred by fungal endophytes (defensive mutualism) may be affected, as any of the ozone-triggered effects (such as elicitation of defence mechanisms against biotrophic fungi or oxidative stress in the apoplastic space) may target the symbiont. 2. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic Lolium multiflorum plants were exposed to ozone...

Data from: Species discovery and validation in a cryptic radiation of endangered primates: coalescent-based species delimitation in Madagascar's mouse lemurs

Scott Hotaling, Mary Foley, Nicolette Lawrence, Jose Bocanegra, Marina B. Blanco, Rodin Rasoloarison, Peter M. Kappeler, Meredith A. Barrett, Anne D. Yoder, David W. Weisrock, Mary E. Foley & Nicolette M. Lawrence
Implementation of the coalescent model in a Bayesian framework is an emerging strength in genetically based species delimitation studies. By providing an objective measure of species diagnosis, these methods represent a quantitative enhancement to the analysis of multilocus data, and complement more traditional methods based on phenotypic and ecological characteristics. Recognized as two species 20 years ago, mouse lemurs (genus Microcebus) now comprise more than 20 species, largely diagnosed from mtDNA sequence data. With each...

Data from: Crop pests and predators exhibit inconsistent responses to surrounding landscape composition

Daniel S. Karp, Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer, Timothy D. Meehan, Emily A. Martin, Fabrice DeClerck, Heather Grab, Claudio Gratton, Lauren Hunt, Ashley E. Larsen, Alejandra Martínez-Salinas, Megan E. O’Rourke, Adrien Rusch, Katja Poveda, Mattias Jonsson, Jay A. Rosenheim, Nancy A. Schellhorn, Teja Tscharntke, Stephen D. Wratten, Wei Zhang, Aaron L. Iverson, Lynn S. Adler, Matthias Albrecht, Audrey Alignier, Gina M. Angelella, Muhammad Zubair Anjum … & Yi Zou
The idea that noncrop habitat enhances pest control and represents a win–win opportunity to conserve biodiversity and bolster yields has emerged as an agroecological paradigm. However, while noncrop habitat in landscapes surrounding farms sometimes benefits pest predators, natural enemy responses remain heterogeneous across studies and effects on pests are inconclusive. The observed heterogeneity in species responses to noncrop habitat may be biological in origin or could result from variation in how habitat and biocontrol are...

Data from: Natatanuran frogs used the Indian Plate to step-stone disperse and radiate across the Indian Ocean

Zhi-Yong Yuan, Bao-Lin Zhang, Christopher J. Raxworthy, David W. Weisrock, Paul M. Hime, Jie-Qiong Jin, Emily M. Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Sean D. Holland, Michelle L. Kortyna, Wei-Wei Zhou, Min-Sheng Peng, Jing Che & Elizabeth Prendini
Natatanura raw assembled sequencesNatatanura_seqs.zip

Data from: Two complete mitochondrial genomes from Praticolella mexicana Perez, 2011 (Polygyridae) and gene order evolution in Helicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda)

Russell L. Minton, Marco A. Martinez Cruz, Mark L. Farman & Kathryn E. Perez
Helicoidea is a diverse group of globally distributed land snails. While much is known regardingthe relationships of helicoid taxa, comparatively little is known about the evolution of themitochondrial genome in the superfamily. We sequenced two complete mitochondrial genomesfrom Praticolella mexicana Perez, 2011 representing the first such data from the helicoid familyPolygyridae, and used them in an evolutionary analysis of mitogenomic gene order. We foundthe mitochondrial genome of P. mexicana to be 14,008 bp in size,...

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